Patents Represented by Attorney Joseph H. Smith
  • Patent number: 6765197
    Abstract: A compound refractive lens for neutrons is provided having a plurality of individual unit Fresnel lenses comprising a total of N in number. The unit lenses are aligned substantially along an axis, the i-th lens having a displacement ti orthogonal to the axis, with the axis located such that ∑ i = 1 N ⁢   ⁢ t i = 0. Each of the unit lenses comprises a lens material having a refractive index decrement &dgr;<1 at a wavelength &lgr;<200 Angstroms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2004
    Assignee: Adelphi Technology Inc.
    Inventors: Melvin A. Piestrup, Richard H. Pantell, Hector R. Beguiristain
  • Patent number: 5770859
    Abstract: A time of flight spectrometer having a dynode detector in which a set of dynode plates at an output end of the dynode is each connected to an associated capacitor that functions as a charge reservoir for said dynode, thereby substantially avoiding saturating this dynode. A grid is place adjacent to and parallel to a front surface of a target to produce an acceleration region that accelerates ions substantially perpendicularly away from said front surface, thereby reducing time of flight deviations caused by nonperpendicular emission of ions from the target. A biased guide wire aligned perpendicular to the front surface of the target produces an electric field that images ions from the target onto a detector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 1994
    Date of Patent: June 23, 1998
    Assignee: The Perkin-Elmer Corporation
    Inventor: Jacek Bielawski
  • Patent number: 5653259
    Abstract: A manifold block and valving system using the manifold block are provided, which are used for conducting chemical reagents, solvents, and other fluids. The manifold block includes a "straight-through" common passage in fluid connection with several entry ports, including also a number of projections in the common passage in the vicinity of the entry ports. These projections partially obstruct the fluid flow, causing a turbulence that provides a washing action in those port regions. The manifold may be constructed of a photosensitive glass ceramic such as Fotoceram.TM. which consists of a number of layers which have been processed to form the manifold block, or of other suitable materials such as silicon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 5, 1997
    Assignee: Applied Biosystems, Inc.
    Inventor: Paul O. Ramstad
  • Patent number: 5597468
    Abstract: An apparatus is disclosed for providing capillary electrophoresis, which includes an electronically controlled valve system for automatically introducing a sample into the capillary by means of a vacuum at the end of the capillary tube. This approach of sucking in the sample is extremely accurate and reproducible, and results in a minimum of band broadening. Furthermore, it enables the entire capillary electrophoresis sytem to be easily automated. An automated temperature control system is provided which enables the temperature of the capillary tube (and hence the solvent/solute system) to be controlled during electrophoresis, thereby very directly controlling pH and electrophoretic mobility. In another embodiment, the capillary is prewashed and equilibrated to achieve substantially zero charge on the capillary wall, thereby essentially eliminating electroosmotic flow and substantially improving resolution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1994
    Date of Patent: January 28, 1997
    Assignee: The Perkin-Elmer Corporation
    Inventors: Henk H. Lauer, Paul D. Grossman, Dennis E. Mead
  • Patent number: 5581414
    Abstract: Disclosed is a lens assembly having a first cylindrical microlens having a first microlens longitudinal axis. A flat sheet of material having a hole therein is attached to the microlens, with the microlens traversing the hole. The microlens is oriented with the first microlens longitudinal axis being parallel to the flat sheet, such that the microlens can be illuminated through the hole. In a second embodiment, a second microlens is attached on the opposite side of the sheet and is oriented at an angle relative to the first microlens.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 3, 1996
    Assignee: Blue Sky Research Incorporated
    Inventor: James J. Snyder
  • Patent number: 5553174
    Abstract: A new cylindrical minilens and a new lens system for collimating and circularizing the output beam from a laser diode are provided which can be mounted outside the can of a laser diode. The system is made up of two lens elements. The first lens element is a collimating lens which is located to receive the output beam from the laser diode. The collimating lens is typically a standard small lens used in the art for collimating the output beam on a first axis, such that the output beam when it leaves the collimating lens has a desired amount of collimation and has a desired dimension on a second axis that is orthogonal to the first axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 3, 1996
    Assignee: Blue Sky Research, Incorporated
    Inventor: James J. Snyder
  • Patent number: 5533214
    Abstract: A self-powered drum for rolling up and unrolling protective covers has a driven pendulum within for applying a rotary moment to cause the drum to roll. The pendulum is powered in one rotary direction or the other by an electrical motor according to a signal from outside the drum, and battery packs are enclosed with the drive elements to provide a power source. A sealed drum is provided to float in swimming pools.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 9, 1996
    Inventor: Wayne B. Graham
  • Patent number: 5443791
    Abstract: A liquid-handling instrument has a worksurface with registration for modular stations to support containers of liquid, pipette apparatus with a pipette tip coupled to a sensing circuit, a robotic translation system for moving the pipette tip, and a control system with an iconic user interface for programming and editing. A gauge block registered on the worksurface provides for calibration using the sensing tip, and register cavities on the worksurface provide for modular stations. There is a wash station fop the pipette tip on the worksurface. An automated laboratory based on the liquid-handling system has heating and cooling and a sealable incubation station as well as a magnetic separation station. Methods are disclosed using the apparatus to convey droplets of liquid, to aspirate with minimum tip contamination, to mix liquids in containers, and to validate the worksurface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 1992
    Date of Patent: August 22, 1995
    Assignee: Perkin Elmer - Applied Biosystems Division
    Inventors: G. Richard Cathcart, Thomas Brennan-Marquez, John A. Bridgham, George S. Golda, Harry A. Guiremand, Marianne Hane, Louis B. Hoff, Eric Lachenmeier, Melvyn N. Kronick, Douglas H. Keith, Paul E. Mayrand, Michael L. Metzker, William J. Mordan, Lincoln J. McBride, John Shigeura, Chen-Hanson Ting, Norman M. Whiteley
  • Patent number: 5384024
    Abstract: An instrument for capillary electrophoresis has a vertically translatable carrier holding one end of the capillary and an electrode connected to a power supply, and a rotary carousel for presenting containers of sample and buffer solutions to a load position where the end of the capillary and the electrode may be inserted by operating the carrier. The other end of the capillary and a second electrode connected to the power supply are immersed in an outlet buffer reservoir. The instrument has a vacuum supply for providing a relative vacuum over the solution in the outlet buffer reservoir, so simple material may be injected into the capillary either by electromigration or by differential pressure. After injection, the first end of the capillary and the electrode may be immersed in buffer to accomplish electrophoresis. By manipulating the carousel and carrier, multiple samples may be electrophoresed in series.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 24, 1995
    Assignee: Applied Biosystems, Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen E. Moring, Michael S. Albin, Reid B. Kowallis, Thomas E. Lee, Dennis E. Mead, John H. Nickel, Mark F. Oldham, Richard T. Reel, Timothy S. Orpin, Janice C. Woods
  • Patent number: 5346999
    Abstract: An automated apparatus is provided which implements a new method of extracting and purifying nucleic acids from cells without the use of centrifugation. In the method, a lysate is created by treating the cells with proteinase K in the presence of a lysis buffer having a high concentration of a salt. The lysate is mixed with a phenol-based solvent system, thereby creating an emulsion. The emulsion is heated to promote phase separation. Similarly, the rate of phase separation is also enhanced by increasing the surface area of the emulsion. Once the phase separation is complete, the lower organic phase is removed and the upper aqueous phase is repeatedly extracted with the phenol-based solvent a preselected number of times, and is finally extracted using chloroform. The remaining aqueous phase is then dialyzed to further purify and concentrate the nucleic acid solution. Two preferred embodiments of apparatus are presented to accomplish this extraction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 1989
    Date of Patent: September 13, 1994
    Assignee: Applied Biosystems, Inc.
    Inventors: Guy R. Cathcart, Paul D. Grossman, P. Eric Mayrand, Eric S. Nordman, Norman M. Whiteley
  • Patent number: 5338426
    Abstract: An electrophoresis apparatus has a gel film cast between two plates and buffer reservoirs at each end of the film with electrodes connectable to an external power supply for providing electromotive force for driving electrophoresis. The reservoirs are configured to wet the ends of the gel film and submerge the electrodes with the apparatus positioned either horizontally or vertically, so gel films can be cast horizontally with sample wells formed in the end of the gel between the plates. Samples may be added to the wells and run into the gel with the apparatus positioned vertically, and the analytical separation may be performed with the apparatus again positioned horizontally, such as in an automatic scanning apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 1992
    Date of Patent: August 16, 1994
    Assignee: Applied Biosystems, Inc.
    Inventors: John Shigeura, John A. Bridgham, Louis B. Hoff, P. Eric Mayrand
  • Patent number: 5304497
    Abstract: A method of forming a thiohydantoin from an N-protected amino acid. The method employs a uronium or phosphonium compound to activate the terminal carboxyl group of the amino acid and a thiocyanate reagent to cyclize the activated amino acid to the thio-hydantoin. The thiohydantoin can be cleaved from its N-protecting group, for use in C-terminal peptide sequencing. Particularly preferred uronium compounds include salts of 2-chlorouronium. Preferred thiocyanate reagents include trimethylsilyl isothiocyanate and crown ether adducts of metallothiocyanates, such as the 18-crown-6 adduct of KSCN.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 1992
    Date of Patent: April 19, 1994
    Assignee: Applied Biosystems, Inc.
    Inventors: Victoria L. Boyd, MeriLisa Bozzini, Piotr J. Guga, Gerald Zon
  • Patent number: 5298259
    Abstract: A polymer composition having a biopolymer subunit entrapped in a swellable polymer matrix is described. The composition may be supplied in a disposable cartridge, for use in delivering a solution of the subunit in an automated biopolymer synthesis operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 1991
    Date of Patent: March 29, 1994
    Assignee: Applied Biosystems, Inc.
    Inventors: David H. Lloyd, Robert J. DeFranco
  • Patent number: 5294568
    Abstract: A method of selective etching of native oxide on a substrate is disclosed in which hydrogen halide vapor and water vapor are exposed to the substrate surface under appropriate conditions and long enough to remove native oxide but not long enough to remove any significant amount of other oxides. Treating conditions are maintained to prevent water vapor from condensing on the substrate until sufficient native oxide is etched so that substantially all the native oxide will be etched before appreciable other oxides are etched.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 15, 1994
    Assignee: Genus, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael A. McNeilly, Bruce E. Deal, Dah-Bin Kao, John de Larios
  • Patent number: 5274227
    Abstract: A detector cell, having a capillary entrance elbow through which a beam of exposing light can be directed into the bore of a central leg of the detector cell capillary. Ray traces, to determine the effect of the entrance elbow on the beam of exposing light are used to optimize performance of this detector cell. Back ray tracing is implemented to illustrate an optimized embodiment. Forward ray tracing is also illustrated and can be used to determine system performance for a range or choices of a single parameter or for concurrent ranges of choices of a subset of the parameters of the beam of exposing light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 1992
    Date of Patent: December 28, 1993
    Assignee: Applied Biosystems, Inc.
    Inventor: Stephen E. Moring
  • Patent number: 5273715
    Abstract: An automated system for providing a preselected sequence of chemicals to a reaction. This apparatus includes a track on which a set of cartridges are placed in a preselected order corresponding to an order in which they are to be used in a reaction process. These cartridges are moved past a point at which these chemicals are extracted for use in the process. The chemicals are preferably in liquid form and are contained in containing having a top seal through which a needle can penetrate to extract chemicals for use in the process. These containers preferably contain the aliquot portion needed for the process, thereby providing a mechanism for providing accurate amounts of each chemical to the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 1992
    Date of Patent: December 28, 1993
    Assignee: Applied Biosystems, Inc.
    Inventors: John Bridgham, Timothy G. Geiser, Michael W. Hunkapiller, Stephen B. H. Kent, Mark P. Marplott, Paul O. Ramstad
  • Patent number: 5258538
    Abstract: The compounds of the invention include novel linking agents comprising 2-substituted-3-protected-1,3,2-oxazaphosphacycloalkanes and their phosphoramidite precursors. The compounds of the invention further include conjugates of the above linking agents with oligonucleotides and polymer supports. The compounds of the present invention are useful for linking organic moieties, such as fluorescent or chromogenic dyes, to polymer supports and oligonucleotides, particularly single- and double-stranded DNA and RNA fragments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 1991
    Date of Patent: November 2, 1993
    Assignee: Applied Biosystems, Inc.
    Inventors: Steven Fung, Sam L. Woo, Lloyd M. Smith
  • Patent number: 5242794
    Abstract: The invention provides a method for diagnosis of genetic abnormalities or other genetic conditions which can be readily automated. The method is used to determine the presence or absence of a target sequence in a sample of denatured nucleic acid and entails hybridizing the sample with a probe complementary to a diagnostic portion of the target sequence (the diagnostic probe), and with a probe complementary to a nucleotide sequence contiguous with the diagnostic portion (the contiguous probe), under conditions wherein the diagnostic probe remains bound substantially only to the sample nucleic acid containing the target sequence. The diagnostic probe and contiguous probe are then covalently attached to yield a target probe which is complementary to the target sequence, and the probes which are not attached are removed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 1989
    Date of Patent: September 7, 1993
    Assignee: Applied Biosystems, Inc.
    Inventors: Norman M. Whiteley, Michael W. Hunkapiller, Alexander N. Glazer
  • Patent number: D344680
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 1991
    Date of Patent: March 1, 1994
    Inventor: Thomas G. Henning
  • Patent number: D345310
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 1991
    Date of Patent: March 22, 1994
    Assignee: Precision Navigation, Incorporated
    Inventor: Thomas G. Henning