Patents Represented by Attorney, Agent or Law Firm Macheledt Bales & Johnson LLP
  • Patent number: 6301603
    Abstract: The present invention provides apparatus and methods which allow music synthesis and audio processing tasks to dynamically scale from a default processor to additional processors in a heterogeneous array of processors in a manner transparent to the user. A router running on one of the processors in the array knows or estimates the load on each processor, and dynamically allocates processing tasks based upon the current load on each processor and its capacity. Processing parameters are shared between all the audio processors to ensure that perceived audio quality is independent of where a task is running.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2001
    Assignee: EuPhonics Incorporated
    Inventors: Robert Crawford Maher, Jeffrey Barish
  • Patent number: 6294954
    Abstract: Apparatus for adaptively reducing dead time in a switching circuit includes overlap detection circuitry for measuring the dead time/overlap of the switches, and control circuitry for setting the dead time to the optimum level (generally the minimum possible dead time without any overlap occurring). The dead time/overlap may be detected by measuring the current through the switches, the current into the power supply, the voltage waveform at the switch point, or the average voltage waveform at the switch point. The dead time may be controlled by utilizing delay elements prior to the drivers, or by utilizing circuitry to control the driver timing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2001
    Assignee: AudioLogic, Incorporated
    Inventor: John Laurence Melanson
  • Patent number: 6259317
    Abstract: A switching output stage for Class D amplifiers and the like utilizes a floating power supply providing a relative positive output voltage VP at a first line and a relative negative output voltage VM at a second line. Two switches are connected in parallel across the two lines. The first switch has a common to ground and switches between VP and VM, and the second switch has a common to a low pass output filter and switches between VP and VM. The input to the filter can take on three values, VP, VM, and 0. The input VP to the filter is achieved by switching the first switch to VM and the second switch to VP, and the input VM to the filter is achieved by switching the first switch to VP and the second switch to VM. The input 0 to the filter may be achieved by switching both the first switch and the second switch either to VP or to VM.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2001
    Assignee: Audio Logic, Inc.
    Inventor: John Laurence Melanson
  • Patent number: 6253478
    Abstract: A holder for receiving a placard with indicia, comprising a unitary upper member having a backing and a front face, at least a portion of which is transparent, the placard to be positioned therebetween. The front face and backing each have a lower edge portion oppositely positioned. An outwardly-directed protuberance extends above, and generally the length of, each of the lower edge portions. Each protuberance can have an eave. A recessed top portion of a support member receives and engages the lower edge portions. The engagement of the upper member to the support can be by way of sliding or downward snap- or press-fit engagement. The lower edge portions may inwardly dovetail (whether to the point of releasable interlock). A first vertical-side of the backing can be sealed along a first vertical-side of the front face and the recessed top can have open and closed ends.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2001
    Assignee: Integra Design, Inc.
    Inventor: Karen F. Kalavity
  • Patent number: 6256395
    Abstract: A digital hearing aid applies clipping to the processed digital signal after at least part of the interpolation of the signal has occurred. The clipping may be incorporated into the output demodulation stage of the hearing aid. The final stages of interpolation may also be incorporated into the demodulation stage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2001
    Assignee: GN ReSound as
    Inventor: John Laurence Melanson
  • Patent number: 6256096
    Abstract: A flow cytometer for detecting target particles such as microorganisms including biological cells and viruses as well as molecular species. The flow cytometer includes a detection system involving a CCD having a time delay integration capability to thereby increase the signal from the target particle and decrease the noise detected by the CCD. Calibration particles can be included in the sample stream of the flow cytometer for coordinating the readout of the CCD with the rate of flow of the sample stream to improve the detection capability of the CCD. Statistical analysis techniques can also be used to determine the rate of flow of target particles in the sample stream to thereby coordinate the readout rate of the CCD with the rate of flow of the target particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2001
    Assignee: SoftRay
    Inventor: Paul E. Johnson
  • Patent number: 6223411
    Abstract: A retainer for removably holding an elongated item to a larger member including the following features: a closed-loop band having elasticity for arrangement around a periphery of the larger member; and a loop for retaining the elongated item, wherein first and second ends of this loop protrude from a wall of the band. Also, a retainer including the band and a looped portion (integrated with the band) that has a taper angled to guide an end of the elongated item into the loop to be retained thereby. The band may have an outwardly-facing grip surface against which the elongated item can lean. The loop/looped portion, whether it has a taper, can have gripping teeth or suitable textured surface. A system comprising a retainer with its band arranged around the periphery of a larger member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 1999
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2001
    Inventor: Kevin E. Willey
  • Patent number: 6220719
    Abstract: A renewable energy flashlight comprises a housing and a barrel located within the housing. A wire coil wraps around the barrel, between the barrel and the housing. A magnet oscillates within the barrel when the flashlight is shaken, generating an alternating current in the coil. Two springs at either end of the barrel cause the magnet to recoil when the magnet strikes the springs. As an alternative, rebound magnets oriented to repel the charging magnet may be installed within the barrel at either end, to cause the magnet to recoil from the ends. An electronics assembly within the housing includes a capacitor for storing charge, a rectifier connected to the capacitor, and means for conducting current flowing in the coil to the rectifier, to charge the capacitor. An LED is connected to the capacitor by means of a switch, and lights up when the switch is switched on.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2001
    Assignee: Applied Innovative Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Steven Robert Vetorino, James Victor Platt, Douglass Anderson Springer
  • Patent number: 6219427
    Abstract: Feedback cancellation apparatus uses a cascade of two filters along with a short bulk delay. The first filter is adapted when the hearing aid is turned on in the ear. This filter adapts quickly using a white noise probe signal, and then the filter coefficients are frozen. The first filter models parts of the hearing-aid feedback path that are essentially constant over the course of the day. The second filter adapts while the hearing aid is in use and does not use a separate probe signal. This filter provides a rapid correction to the feedback path model when the hearing aid goes unstable, and more slowly tracks perturbations in the feedback path that occur in daily use. The delay shifts the filter response to make the most effective use of the limited number of filter coefficients.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 1998
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2001
    Assignee: GN ReSound as
    Inventors: James Mitchell Kates, John Laurence Melanson
  • Patent number: 6189266
    Abstract: The mechanism comprises a bracket, to which are mounted a fixed roller shaft and a rotatable brake shaft. The roller shaft has a roller which runs in the door track. A cylindrical torsion spring is positioned on the brake shaft. One end of the spring is anchored to the brake shaft. The other end of the spring is connected to a tensioning ring, so that the tension of the spring can be adjusted. The tensioning ring is disengagably secured to the bracket. An arm protrudes from the brake shaft. The lift cable for the door extends through an eye carried by the arm. As long as the cable is taut, the brake shaft is prevented from turning. At its outer end, the brake shaft carries a cam member with braking teeth. The teeth are positioned to bite into the exterior surface of the track if the cable breaks and the spring rotates the brake shaft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 1999
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2001
    Inventor: Arthur A. Mihalcheon
  • Patent number: 6173063
    Abstract: In a hearing aid having feedback cancellation, a voltage regulator is provided to regulate the voltage from the hearing aid battery to the class D output. Feedback cancellation processing dynamically models the entire acoustic feedback path from the hearing aid processing to microphone, including the gain of the output stage. The gain of the output stage varies with the voltage of the battery, and the battery voltage depresses when a loud signal is processed by hearing aid, so the voltage regulator prevents the output stage gain from varying with time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2001
    Assignee: GN ReSound as
    Inventor: John Laurence Melanson
  • Patent number: 6169397
    Abstract: The operation of a planar geometry superconducting coil used in conjunction with a ground plane is improved by intracoil damping. This damping reduces coil resonances. The improvement consists of an intracoil shunt, which damps the resonances of the coil by connecting each turn, or loop, of the multiturn/multiloop coil with resistors. One example of a planar geometry superconducting coil which is effectively damped according to the present invention is the input coil to a superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID). The intracoil shunt may be added to the SQUID at the same time in the SQUID fabrication as the junction shunts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 1998
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2001
    Assignees: University Technology Corp., National Institute of Standards and Technology
    Inventors: Andrew Harvey Steinbach, Martin Emile Huber, Ronald Hajime Ono
  • Patent number: 6152883
    Abstract: A compression algorithm for the compression of ECG recordings uses the Karhunen-Loeve Transform (KLT) to transform a set of N sampled ECG beats from a matrix of N.times.M samples into a new form, from which a selected subset can be retained for storage, transmission, or analysis. In order to reduce computation time and storage space, a multirate downsampling operation may be applied, which retains the appropriate spectral information in each block. The downsampled beats are then padded to make them of uniform size, and a Karhunen-Loeve Transform is applied to the sample set. Coefficients from the Karhunen-Loeve Transform of the sample set are retained for reconstruction according to one of two criteria. The average variance of the reconstructed sample set may be controlled, or different numbers of coefficients may be retained for each beat. The KLT compressed data may be reconstituted by reverse KLT transforming the data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2000
    Assignee: Dalhousie University
    Inventors: Travis Paul Blanchett, Guy Cecil Kember, Gordon Ashley Fenton
  • Patent number: 6150969
    Abstract: A delta sigma modulator of at least second order includes correction means applied to each feedback loop in the modulator, to account for systemic nonlinear output distortions. Since the output distortion is nonlinear, the correction applied to each feedback loop is nontrivially different. Such a corrected delta sigma modulator may be used in a demodulator including an output digital to analog converter (DAC) to account for systemic imperfections in the pulses formed by the DAC. The corrected delta sigma modulator is also useful in correcting output errors associated with high quality multilevel demodulators and class D power amplifiers. The corrected delta sigma modulator may be one bit or multilevel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2000
    Assignee: AudioLogic, Incorporated
    Inventor: John Laurence Melanson
  • Patent number: 6110491
    Abstract: A liposome composition containing encapsulated compound in stable precipitated form, and a method for producing the composition, are disclosed. The concentration of precipitated compound within the liposomes is severalfold higher than that in the bulk medium, and the concentration of compound within the liposomes is not reduced in the presence of a proton or alkali metal-ion ionophore added to the suspension.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2000
    Assignee: Hermes Biosciences, Inc.
    Inventor: Dmitri Kirpotin
  • Patent number: 6111958
    Abstract: A spatial enhancement system broadens the sound image of a stereo signal. The system emphasizes dissimilarity between the left and right channels by (i) boosting the level of the dissimilar components, (ii) providing spectral equalization to enhance the perception of breadth, and (iii) injecting an equalized, attenuated and inverted version of the dissimilar component into the opposite channel to broaden the components stereo image. The present invention avoids spectral coloration by providing a generally flat transfer function from input to output. Interchannel dissimilarity is estimated by performing a first order comparison of the left and right input signals. The comparison may be implemented by a peak detector on the L-R signal, a cross-correlation procedure, or some other scheme. As a feature, a feedback mechanism alters the equalization characteristics of the signals in a manner that is responsive to the dissimilarity of the output signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2000
    Assignee: EuPhonics, Incorporated
    Inventor: Robert Crawford Maher
  • Patent number: 6097824
    Abstract: An improved multiband audio compressor is well behaved for both wide band and narrow band signals, and shows no undesirable artifacts at filter crossover frequencies. The compressor includes a heavily overlapped filter bank, which is the heart of the present invention. The filter bank filters the input signal into a number of heavily overlapping frequency bands. Sufficient overlapping of the frequency bands reduces the ripple in the frequency response, given a slowly swept sine wave input signal, to below about 2 dB, 1 dB, or even 0.5 dB or less with increasing amount of overlap in the bands. Each band is fed into a power estimator, which integrates the power of the band and generates a power signal. Each power signal is passed to a dynamic range compression gain calculation block, which calculates a gain based upon the power signal. Each band is multiplied by its respective gain in order to generate scaled bands. The scaled bands are then summed to generate an output signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2000
    Assignee: AudioLogic, Incorporated
    Inventors: Eric Lindemann, Thomas Lee Worrall
  • Patent number: 6082371
    Abstract: A hair clip includes a low profile clip mechanism which translates linear pressure on the ends of the clip into rotational action for opening the curved comb moldings. Springs cause the clip to close when pressure on the clip ends is removed. The barrel of the clip may comprise sections which are fixed with respect to the clip ends and sections which are attached to the comb moldings, and which are rotated by the clip mechanism. Or, the barrel may comprise alternating sections attached to each comb molding. Removable decorative attachments attach to the fixed portions of the barrel of the clip, via magnets, snap on grips, velcro.TM. or the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2000
    Assignee: Geraldine Rose Bader-Saltzman
    Inventors: Geraldine Rose Bader-Saltzman, Rodney Brent McKeever, Ray Louis Hauser
  • Patent number: 6078669
    Abstract: Audio spatial localization is accomplished by utilizing input parameters representing the physical and geometrical aspects of a sound source to modify a monophonic representation of the sound or voice and generate a stereo signal which simulates the acoustical effect of the localized sound. The input parameters include location and velocity, and may also include directivity, reverberation, and other aspects. The input parameters are used to generate control parameters which control voice processing. Thus, each voice is Doppler shifted, separated into left and right channels, equalized, and one channel is delayed, according to the control parameters. In addition, the left and right channels may be separated into front and back channels, which are separately processed to simulate front and back location and motion. The stereo signals may be fed into headphones, or may be fed into a crosstalk cancellation device for use with loudspeakers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2000
    Assignee: EuPhonics, Incorporated
    Inventor: Robert Crawford Maher
  • Patent number: 6074674
    Abstract: The present invention provides, inter alia, formulations useful to ameliorate symptoms associated with mucosal abrasions, specifically those due to dental orthodontic brackets; oral surgery; periodontal surgery or other procedures. For instance, there is a formulation comprising: 65 to 75% microcrystalline wax; 5 to 15% non-ionic polymer; 15 to 25% topical anesthetic; and 1 to 5% surfactant, wherein the ratio of non-ionic polymer to microcrystalline wax is no greater than 0.2. Preferably, for solid topical anesthetics, the particle size is less than the apertures of a 100-mesh screen. However, the topical anesthetic may also be a liquid. Formulations wherein the mixture is a homogeneous matrix is preferred.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2000
    Assignee: University of Kentucky Research Foundation
    Inventors: Michael Joseph Jay, G. Thomas Kluemper, Sang Hun Kim