Abstract: A method for transmitting data for a security device, in particular for access authorization systems and/or driving authorization systems of a motor vehicle, in which data are transmitted over the air from a transmitter unit to a receiver unit. In a method in which, despite contactless interrogation of the identification signal transmitter, an authorizing access information item cannot be obtained by a third party, the data are transmitted, after capacitive coupling of the transmitter unit and receiver unit, from the transmitter to the receiver using a signal which is generated by a capacitive alternating field.
Abstract: A force measuring apparatus comprises has a force-transmitting component, that holds a strain measuring element with a carrier element and a displacement transducer. The carrier element has two fixing sections at a predefined distance from each other in a direction of the strain with which it is fixed to the component. Furthermore, the carrier element has a strain section, which is provided between the fixing sections and which has a shorter length in the direction of the strain than the distance between the fixing sections, and which has a smaller cross section than the remaining carrier element. The displacement transducer is connected to the strain section in order to register the strain of the strain section.
Abstract: The invention relates to a closure cap (1) which cooperates with a bottle container (4). A catching protection (5) is disposed on the neck (3) of the bottle container (4) and a lower-engaging projection (6?) is disposed on the closure cap (1). An insert (2) is associated with the closure cap (1). Said insert (2) can be fixed to the neck (3) of the bottle, resulting in a structurally advantageous, functionally reliable solution whereby the insert (2) is provided with means (22, 26) for rotationally secure retention on the neck (3) of the bottle and the closure cap (1) which can be pressed onto said insert (2) can be unscrewed from the insert (2).
Abstract: A composite material has a laminated structure of fiber-reinforced resin layers and films of a shape-memory alloy. A predetermined strain has been applied to each film. A damage sensor has a film of an alloy of nickel and titanium. An electric circuit is bonded to the film, and strain gages are connected to the electric circuit. The damage sensor can be laminated to the resin layers in place of the film of the shape-memory alloy. Damage to the composite material is suppressed as follows: A current is applied to the films of the shape-memory alloy, to monitor change in electric resistance of the films. The damage is located in response to the change in electric resistance. Another current is applied to a film of the shape-memory alloy for which the change is larger than the other films to generate heat for deforming the film to generate shrinking stress or shear stress to the damage.
Abstract: Screwing tool (1) having a grip (2) and a shank (3), which is received removably in a cavity (4) open toward an end of the grip (2) and which at its free end has an actuating portion (5). The shank (3) is retained in a position of use such that it is fixed in terms of rotation on the grip, to avoid sliding in the axial direction, by a retaining element (14) associated with the grip (2). The retaining element (14) can be displaced into a removal position by displacement of an actuating member (6) in order for the shank to be removed from the grip (2). In a storage position, a large part of the shank (3) is located in the cavity (4), where it is held by a holding element (H). The holding element (H) is releasable, so that part of the shank (3) can be moved out.
Abstract: A pilot-operated pressure shut-off valve having a main control piston which, when an upper system limit pressure in the hydraulic system is reached, connects an inlet, via which pressure medium can be fed to a hydraulic system, to an outlet by taking up a first switching position and, when a lower system limit pressure is reached, separates from the outlet by taking up a second switching position. The pressure shut-off valve has a pilot valve arrangement by which the fluidic connection of a control space adjacent to the main control piston can be changed in order to control the main control piston, and which has a valve housing, with a first pilot piston and a second pilot piston accommodated within the first pilot piston for compact construction and capability to adjust the two pilot pistons mechanically completely independently of each other.
October 19, 2001
Date of Patent:
April 17, 2007
Bosch Rexroth AG
Günter Krenzer, Karl Josef Meyer, Peter Lauer
Abstract: Roller (1), particularly a castor-type roller, with rotational movement of a running wheel (12), with an operating shaft (20) which passes through a control cam (19) of the roller (1) and on which an electric motor (37) acts via a gear mechanism to operate it, wherein the electric motor (37) acts on the operating shaft (20) by means of an electric motor shaft (39) via a toothed gear mechanism (38), the toothed gear mechanism (38) having a driven gear wheel (41), a hub (40) of which is passed through by the operating shaft (20).
Abstract: Dispenser for delivering portions of pasty substances has an emptying nozzle (18) associated with a squeeze head (13), and a tubular housing (1) in which a plunger (9) is displaced in a stepwise manner during a process of emptying the dispenser. Displacement of the plunger occurs in the direction toward the nozzle (18). The squeeze head can be pressed in, in the direction of the plunger (9), and can be actuated via a handle (H). A cover (21) closes an opening (20) of the nozzle (18). A pivot-pin connection (DV) is provided between the cover and the nozzle, and a slit/pivot pin mounting (23/22) is disposed between cover and the housing such that, once the cover has been displaced open partially, the pivot pin (22) is displaced in the pressing-in direction of the squeeze head (13), and the nozzle is carried along in the process, by way of support against a housing-side abutment (w).
Abstract: A method for reversing the direction of rotation of a two-stroke engine whose rotational speed and crank mechanism position are sensed by a sensor system. To reverse the direction of rotation of the engine, the ignition and/or the fuel supply is first switched off, and upon a subsequent coasting of the engine, a targeted early ignition is set when a specific limiting rotational speed is undershot and after, if appropriate, the fuel supply has been resumed. Early ignition reverses the direction of rotation of the engine, and the fuel supply and ignition are subsequently controlled in accordance with the reversed direction of rotation. A single sensor interacts with an incremental transducer having a specific number of transducer segments distributed uniformly over a circumference to determine the instantaneous angular speed of the crank mechanism and the crank mechanism position.
January 8, 2003
Date of Patent:
February 6, 2007
Reinhard Beil, Thomas Herm, Frank Kutzner
Abstract: An ultrasonic filling level sensor (1), has an elongated measuring chamber (2), which is provided with an opening (3) at each of its two ends, wherein a liquid has the same filling level as outside the measuring chamber (2). The sensor includes an ultrasonic transceiver (6), which is associated with one end of the measuring chamber (2) and the emitted sound signals of which are reflected at the surface of the liquid and at a calibrating reflector (5) and received by the ultrasonic transceiver (6), in order to determine the filling level from the relationship between the transit times of the two signals. It is provided that the cross-section of the measuring chamber (2) and the nature of a wall of the measuring chamber are made to suit the properties of the liquid in such a way that, even in a tilted position of the measuring chamber (2), the surface of the liquid forms a meniscus (14) which forms a reflection portion directed toward the ultrasonic transceiver (6).
Abstract: For a data card unit (1), in which the data cards (68) are transported by motor into the reading/writing position, a two-armed rocker (13), on one arm of which a closing element (57) is arranged, is provided for closing the insertion opening. The other arm of the rocker (13) has a sensing element (66, 67). The distance between the closing element (57) and the sensing element (66, 67) is chosen to be equal to or greater than the length of the data card (68) and the assignment of the closing element (57) and the sensing element (66, 67) to the plane of movement of the data card (68) is set up such that, during the insertion/ejection of a data card (68), the rocker (13) is pivoted by the data card (68) and either the closing element (57) or the sensing element (66, 67) enters the plane of movement of the data card (68).
Abstract: A mass flow sensor (1) has a sensor element whose measuring signal is representative of a mass flow in a main duct (4), specifically without taking into account the direction of flow of the mass flow which flows past the sensor element. In addition, a further sensor element is provided which is arranged in a recess in a body and which is coupled via a coupling element to the main duct (4), with the coupling element being embodied in such a way that the recess lies in the wind shadow of the main direction of flow of the mass flow in the main duct (4) and brings about a flow in the recess counter to the main direction of flow. A mass current is determined in the main duct (4) as a function of the measuring signal of the sensor element. A correction value is determined as a function of the measuring signal of the further sensor element. The mass flow which is determined is corrected by means of the correction value.
Abstract: In a Wien-Robinson oscillator, a negative feedback path and a positive feedback path are arranged between the output of an operational amplifier and a reference ground potential. The negative feedback path contains two resistors which are connected in series and whose common circuit point is connected to the inverting input of the operational amplifier. The positive feedback path is formed from two RC elements which are connected in series and whose common circuit point is connected to the non-inverting input of the operational amplifier. If the aim is to keep the amplitude of the output voltage from the oscillator constant, additional measures are required, which increase the circuitry complexity. In order to stabilize the output voltage from the oscillator with little complexity, a third resistor is arranged between the output of the operational amplifier and that end of the positive feedback path which faces away from the reference ground potential.
Abstract: Method for producing an electrical connector connecting between a first and a second mating contact partner, wherein at least one contact partner is surrounded by a plug housing. The first and the second contact partners are lead with latching means together to form a plug-in electrical connection in the plug housing. Laser-welding is applied to the first and the second contact partners to make the connection an integral, non-detachable connection, by directing a laser beam through a single opening in the plug housing.
Abstract: A drive mechanism for an injection molding machine has an output element that is moveable in a straight line and an electric motor drive unit having an electric motor and a piston-cylinder unit which has a first piston-cylinder unit in the force chain between the output element of the electric-motor drive unit and the movable component. A rapid actuating movement is possible and, the action of a high force is also achievable wherein a second piston-cylinder unit and a third piston-cylinder unit. A fluidic connection between the first cylinder chamber and the second cylinder chamber is controllable via a valve. When the valve is open, the second hydraulic piston displaces pressurized liquid from the second cylinder chamber into the first cylinder chamber, to actuate the movable component and, when the valve is closed, the third hydraulic piston displaces pressurized liquid from the third cylinder chamber into the first cylinder chamber to exert a high force on the movable component.
Abstract: An injection unit for a plastic injection molding machine having a screw, having a motion spindle as first drive element, via which the screw can be rotationally driven for the plasticization and is movable in the axial direction for the injection, having a spindle nut as second drive element, which is coupled to the motion spindle via a motion screw thread, having a large electric motor which is arranged so as to be fixed to the frame and by which, while one drive element is held against rotation, the other drive element can be rotationally driven for moving the screw during the injection, and having a device which is arranged so as to be fixed to the frame and by which a rotational speed of the one drive element can be preset during the plasticization, this rotational speed being different from the rotational speed at which the large electric motor simultaneously drives the other drive element.
Abstract: Inductive proximity switch has a first transmitting coil (S1) and a first receiving coil (E1) of a receiving coil arrangement. The transmitting coil (S1) transmits an exciting field inducing eddy currents in a metallic trip (1) brought into the vicinity of the proximity switch. The eddy currents generate a voltage-inducing eddy current field in the first coil (E1) of the receiving coil arrangement. The first coil E1 and a second coil (E2) of the receiving coil arrangement are disposed and connected so that the exciting field generates a differential voltage (3), in the receiving coil arrangement. A pair of compensating coils includes the second coil (E2) of the receiving coil arrangement and a compensating coil (S2) connected in series with the transmitting coil (S1), the pair of compensating coils being isolated from the eddy current field.
Abstract: A closure cap (1) which interacts with a bottle vessel (4), a latching projection (5) being formed on a bottle neck (3) of the bottle vessel (4), and an engage-under projection (6?) being formed on the closure cap (1), an insert part (2) furthermore being coordinated to the closure cap (1), said insert part (2) is fastenable to the bottle neck (3), and the closure cap (1), which is knockable on to the insert part (2), is unscrewable from the insert part (2), and wherein the insert part (2) has means for holding on the bottle neck (3) in a manner secured against rotation, the latching projection (5) is formed as a screw thread on the insert part (2), and for childproof holding of the closure (1) on the insert part (2), the insert part (2) or the bottle neck (3), in a region of a pedestal step (31), has a latching shaped-out portion (30) which interacts with a mating projection or a recess on the closure cap (1).
Abstract: With a magnet arrangement for an electromechanical drive with a cylindrical armature guided in a pole tube, the position of the armature is transformed into an electrical signal. Provided for this is a displacement sensor which is connected to the armature and has a fixed part and a movable part. One side of the armature is formed such that it transfers the movement of the armature, and the other side of the armature is connected to the movable part of the displacement sensor. The pole tube is provided with a closure part on the side of the displacement sensor. A pressure tube is led to the outside through an axial clearance of the closure part. The movable part of the displacement sensor moves in the pressure tube. The pressure tube is enclosed by the fixed part of the displacement sensor. In order to prevent the displacement sensor from being damaged by vibrations, the fixed part of the displacement sensor is arranged in a clearance of the closure part.