Patents Represented by Attorney, Agent or Law Firm Martin J. Moran
  • Patent number: 8138861
    Abstract: A catch assembly coupled to the operating mechanism of the ATS is provided. The catch assembly is structured to arrest movement within the operating mechanism when the operating mechanism moves at more than the speed for which it was designed. That is, the catch assembly does not engage when the operating mechanism is stationary, or moving at a standard speed, i.e. the speed at which the operating mechanism was intended to move. When there is a strong over-current, such as during a withstand test, a magnetic field causes a movable contact to separate from a fixed contact assembly which, in turn, causes the operating mechanism to move at a speed that is faster than the standard speed. The catch assembly is structured to engage and arrest the motion of the operating mechanism when the operating mechanism moves at a speed that is faster than the standard speed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2012
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventors: James William Krieger, Paul Alan Merck, Robert Michael Slepian, Amelia Marie Stay
  • Patent number: 8094426
    Abstract: An electrical switching apparatus includes a number of separable contacts, an operating mechanism structured to open and close the separable contacts, a number of sensors structured to sense at least current flowing through the separable contacts, and a processor structured to cooperate with the operating mechanism to open and close the separable contacts. The processor determines a fault from the sensed current flowing through the separable contacts. The processor further responsively opens the separable contacts if the sensed current associated with the fault is less than the interrupting rating of the electrical switching apparatus. The processor keeps the separable contacts closed and waits for another circuit interrupter to interrupt the fault if the sensed current associated with the fault is greater than the interrupting rating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2012
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventors: Joe M. Kellis, Lawrence B. Farr
  • Patent number: 8089747
    Abstract: A power pedestal provides power to a vehicle and a structure disposed separate from the vehicle. The power pedestal includes a housing having an exterior, a first end fixed to a platform, and a second end disposed opposite and distal from the first end. A meter socket assembly is housed by the housing. At least one first branch circuit breaker and a second main circuit breaker are electrically connected to the meter socket assembly within the housing. At least one of the at least one first branch circuit breaker is electrically connected to the vehicle by a corresponding one of a number of first electrical conductors. The second main circuit breaker is electrically connected to the structure by a second electrical conductor. A meter, which is electrically connected to the meter socket assembly, measures electric energy consumed by the vehicle and the structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2012
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventors: Gregory Mitchell Storck, Barry James Sharp, Alston Gareth Brooks, Steven Christopher Saad, Paul David Seff
  • Patent number: 8089737
    Abstract: An arc fault circuit interrupter includes separable contacts, an operating mechanism and an arc fault detector structured to detect an arc fault condition operatively associated with the contacts. The arc fault detector includes a tuned current sensor structured to sense broadband noise of a current flowing through the contacts, a compression circuit including an input of the sensed broadband noise and an output. The compression circuit compresses the dynamic range of the sensed broadband noise. A minimum detector includes an input of the compression circuit output and an output of the minimum value of the minimum detector input. A processor includes a number of inputs and an output. One of the inputs is the output of the minimum value of the minimum detector. A trip mechanism cooperates with the output of the processor and the operating mechanism to trip open the contacts responsive to the detected arc fault condition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2012
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventors: Kevin L. Parker, Theodore J. Miller
  • Patent number: 8080748
    Abstract: An adjustable carrier assembly is provided for an electrical switching apparatus such as, for example, a circuit breaker. The adjustable carrier assembly includes a carrier body having a first carrier member and a second carrier member pivotably coupled to the first carrier member. An adjustment mechanism is coupled to the carrier body, and a plurality of springs is disposed between the adjustment mechanism and the second carrier member. The springs apply a bias force on the second carrier member, and the adjustment mechanism is adjustable with respect to the carrier body in order to adjust the bias force.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2011
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventors: Lawrence Joseph Kapples, David Curtis Turner, Mark Allen McAfee
  • Patent number: 8068320
    Abstract: A network unit includes an enclosure having first and second compartments, plural input terminals, and a primary switch having an input and an output, the input being electrically connected to the input terminals. The output of the primary switch is electrically connected to the input of a network transformer. A network protector includes an input, an output and a circuit breaker electrically connected between the input and the output of the network protector. The network protector input is electrically connected to the network transformer output. Plural circuit protection devices are electrically connected between the network protector output and plural output terminals. The circuit breaker is substantially enclosed by the second compartment. The network transformer, the primary switch and part of the network protector are enclosed by the first compartment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2011
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventors: Mark A. Faulkner, Rodney L. Spottsville, Jose L. Martinez
  • Patent number: 8063328
    Abstract: A charging assembly is provided for an electrical switching apparatus, such as a circuit breaker. The charging assembly includes a compression arm and a charging cam. The compression arm includes a pivot and first and second legs extending outwardly from the pivot, preferably in a generally L-shape. An engagement portion disposed at or about a second end of the first leg cooperates with an outer cam surface of the charging cam. A shaped contact surface disposed at or about a second end of the second leg includes a first edge for engaging and moving an impact member of the circuit breaker closing assembly to charge a biasing element of the closing assembly, and a second edge. The second edge is disposed at an angle with respect to the first edge, and is structured to engage the impact member when the biasing element is disposed in the charged position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2011
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventors: Andrew L. Gottschalk, Robert Michael Slepian
  • Patent number: 8058751
    Abstract: A circuit breaker includes a line terminal, a load terminal, separable contacts electrically connected in series between the terminals, a neutral conductor, and an operating mechanism structured to open and close the contacts and trip open the contacts in response to a trip signal. A first sensor senses an electrical characteristic operatively associated with the contacts. A second sensor detects zero crossings, a consecutive pair of the crossings defining a corresponding half-cycle and a first frequency. A processor cooperates with the sensors and includes a routine and a timer having a second frequency. The routine determines, for each of the half-cycles and responsive to the timer, plural samples of the sensed electrical characteristic in a phase synchronized relationship to a corresponding one of the crossings, and determines whether one of the frequencies exceeds a number of corresponding predetermined values for a number of times and responsively outputs the trip signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2011
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventor: Kevin L. Parker
  • Patent number: 8058580
    Abstract: A linking assembly is provided for an electrical switching apparatus, such as a circuit breaker. The linking assembly includes a hatchet having first and second edges and an arcuate portion extending therebetween. The hatchet moves between a latched position in which the first edge engages a D-shaft, and an unlatched position in which the hatchet pivots with respect to the D-shaft to unlatch the linking assembly. A cradle includes first and second opposing ends and an intermediate portion disposed therebetween. A latch plate, which is pivotally coupled to the housing, includes a protrusion that cooperates with the hatchet. A latch link is disposed between and is pivotally coupled to the cradle and the latch plate. A toggle assembly includes first and second linking elements coupled between the circuit breaker poleshaft and the cradle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2011
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventors: Andrew L. Gottschalk, Robert Michael Slepian
  • Patent number: 8053694
    Abstract: A circuit interrupter mechanism includes a first member movable in a first longitudinal direction and an opposite second longitudinal direction, and a second member pivotal in a first pivotal direction and an opposite second pivotal direction. A first tab is fixedly coupled to one of the first and second members, and a second tab is pivotally coupled to the other of the members. The first tab engages and disengages from the second tab during movement of the first member in the first longitudinal direction and in the second longitudinal direction. The second tab pivots with respect to the other of the members when engaged by the first tab during movement of the first member in the first longitudinal direction. The second tab does not pivot with respect to the other of the members when engaged by the first tab during movement of the first member in the second longitudinal direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2011
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventors: Yuri C. Spitsberg, Thomas A. Whitaker
  • Patent number: 8039547
    Abstract: A composition for coating a surface of an electrical contact includes a polymer matrix comprising elastomer, at least one nano-particle material, and crosslinker.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2011
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventors: Javed Abdurrazzaq Mapkar, Xin Zhou, Alaa Abdel-Azim Elmoursi, James Jeffery Benke
  • Patent number: 8039771
    Abstract: A vacuum envelope is for a fixed contact mounted on a fixed electrode and a moveable contact mounted on a moveable electrode. The vacuum envelope includes a ceramic tube including a first open end and a second open end. A first end member is secured to the first open end. A second end member includes an inside surface and is secured to the second open end. A self-aligning end shield includes a first end having an opening therein, a second open end, an intermediate portion disposed between the first end and the end shield second open end, and a flange portion disposed from the end shield second open end. The flange portion extends outwardly from the intermediate portion and generally back toward the first end. The flange portion includes an edge engaging the inside surface of the second end member, and is normally offset from the ceramic tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2011
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventor: William J. Trondsen
  • Patent number: 8039770
    Abstract: A movable arm assembly is for an electrical switching apparatus including a stationary contact and an operating mechanism. The arm assembly includes a biasing member and an arm member having a first end, an opposite second end, a pivot point therebetween, and a portion having a longitudinal axis. A movable contact is disposed at or about the first end. The arm member engages a crossbar member at or about the pivot point such that the arm member can pivot from a first position to a second position. The biasing member engages the arm member at a point between the pivot point and the second end and includes a portion that engages and biases against a housings of the crossbar member. The longitudinal axis of the portion of the arm member is oriented generally parallel to the portion of the biasing member when the arm member is at the first position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2011
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventors: Brian J. Schaltenbrand, Mark A. Janusek, Craig J. Puhalla, Louis F. Grahor
  • Patent number: 8040644
    Abstract: An electrical switching apparatus comprises: a first terminal; a second terminal; separable contacts electrically connected between the first terminal and the second terminal; an operating mechanism structured to open and close the separable contacts; and an arc fault trip circuit cooperating with the operating mechanism and structured to trip open the separable contacts responsive to an arc fault condition. An inductor is electrically connected in series between the first terminal and the second terminal. A capacitor includes a first lead electrically connected between the inductor and the second terminal, and a second lead electrically connected to a ground or neutral conductor. The inductor and the capacitor are structured to cooperate with a power circuit impedance downstream of the second terminal to form a filter trap circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2011
    Assignee: Gaton Corporation
    Inventors: Jerome K. Hastings, Xin Zhou, Joseph C. Zuercher, Thomas J. Schoepf, William E. Beatty, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8008587
    Abstract: A spring guide is provided for a carrier assembly of an electrical switching apparatus such as, for example, a circuit breaker. The carrier assembly includes a carrier body, a plurality of movable contact arms pivotably coupled to the carrier body, and a plurality of contact springs. Each of the contact springs is disposed between a portion of the carrier body and a corresponding number of the movable contact arms. Each spring guide includes a guide member disposed between a corresponding one of the contact springs and the corresponding number of movable contact arms to maintains alignment therebetween. The guide member preferably includes a planar portion including a first side, which spans a pair of adjacent movable contact arms, and a second side, which includes a projection. The projection is disposed within the coils of the corresponding one of the contact springs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2011
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventors: Lawrence Joseph Kapples, David Curtis Turner, Mark Allen McAfee
  • Patent number: 8004418
    Abstract: A system includes a number of electrical switching apparatus having separable contacts, an operating mechanism structured to open and close the separable contacts, a trip mechanism cooperating with the operating mechanism to trip open the separable contacts, a test circuit structured to test the trip mechanism and determine a failure to protect condition thereof, and a communication circuit structured to communicate the failure to protect condition. The system also includes an electrical distribution panel having a housing housing the number of electrical switching apparatus, and a communication interface structured to receive the failure to protect condition from the communication circuit and annunciate the failure to protect condition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2011
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventors: Engelbert Hetzmannseder, William J. Murphy, Robert T. Elms
  • Patent number: 8004376
    Abstract: A shunt separator is provided for an electrical switching apparatus including a housing, separable contacts enclosed within the housing, an operating assembly including a trip bar, and a trip assembly. The trip assembly cooperates with the trip bar to trip open the separable contacts in response to a fault condition. The trip assembly includes a number of shunts. The shunt separator includes a molded projection, which extends outwardly from the housing of the electrical switching apparatus. The molded projection at least partially surrounds a portion of the trip bar, thereby separating the number of shunts from the trip bar.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2011
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventors: James Gerard Maloney, Luis Enrique Betances Sansur
  • Patent number: 8004802
    Abstract: An operational amplifier circuit is for an arc fault circuit interrupter including a current sensor having a secondary and an envelope detector circuit having an input. The operational amplifier circuit includes a band pass filter having an input structured to be electrically interconnected with the secondary of the current sensor and an output; and a rectifier circuit. The rectifier circuit includes an operational amplifier having an input electrically interconnected with the output of the band pass filter and an output, a half-wave rectifier having an input electrically interconnected with the output of the operational amplifier, an output, and a forward voltage between the input and the output of the half-wave rectifier, the half-wave rectifier output being structured to be electrically interconnected with the input of the envelope detector circuit, and a voltage compensation circuit cooperating with the input and the output of the operational amplifier to compensate for the forward voltage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2011
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventor: Robert T. Elms
  • Patent number: 7974078
    Abstract: An electrical enclosure assembly is provided including a first enclosure and a second enclosure disposed within the first enclosure. The first enclosure having a plurality of walls defining an interior and an exterior with one of the walls including a first number of one way vents. The interior being substantially sealed from the exterior except at the first number of one way vents. The second enclosure having a plurality of walls defining an interior separate from the interior of the first enclosure. One of the plurality of walls of the second enclosure including a second number of one way vents. The interior of the second enclosure being substantially sealed from the interior of the first enclosure except at the second number of one way vents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2011
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventors: Jarrod L. Coomer, Michael H. Abrahamsen, David A. Metcalf, Timothy Fair
  • Patent number: 7973253
    Abstract: An interlock assembly for a bypass isolation open or closed transition ATS assembly is disclosed. The interlock assembly ensures that a switch assembly being worked upon and/or being inserted is in a neutral configuration, i.e. the switch assembly is not engaging a power source. The interlock assembly is, preferably, an electrical interlock having a control system structured to configure the switch assemblies and to monitor the configuration of the switch assemblies. That is, the switch assemblies each include a power operated, conductive, movable contact arm. The position of each contact arm is controlled, and monitored by, the control system which controls the single actuator for each contact arm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2011
    Assignee: Eaton Corporation
    Inventors: Irving A. Gibbs, Justin Hoglund, Cathleen Clausen, Mark Steven Tomassi, Jonathan Scott Adams