Abstract: An apparatus for indicating that a motor vehicle's headlamps are in their high beam condition. Rather than mounting a light source on the dashboard as conventional, the indicator light is mounted in the top center portion of the vehicle's steering wheel with the wiring therefore routed through the rim and spokes of the steering wheel to the steering column.
Abstract: A convertible carrier for infants and small children is adjustable to alternative stroller and car seat configurations. The rear wheels of the carrier are mounted on levers which pivot relative to a frame supporting a contoured shell of the carrier. A telescoping handle, mounted pivotally to the levers at points spaced apart from the rear wheels, can be pushed or pulled to pivot the levers, to position the rear wheels in respective operative and storage (car seat) positions. The forward wheels of the carrier can be rotatably mounted directly to the frame. Alternatively, the front wheels can be mounted to the frame through forward levers which pivot on the frame, and are associated with the rearward levers through linking rods, whereby pivoting of the rearward levers causes a corresponding pivoting of the forward levers between operative and storage positions.
Abstract: An apparatus is disclosed for automatically welding sheet metal panels to form part of a revolving drum for concrete transit mixers. The apparatus includes a fixture having an annular central core, linear and generally longitudinal ribs extended away from the core, and circumferential ribs extended radially outwardly of the core. The ribs intersect to define compartments in the fixture which are closed when the sheet metal panels are placed on the fixture. The compartments are then evacuated, creating a pressure differential to fix the panels on the fixture. A welding carriage is slidably supported on a rail above the fixture. The fixture can be tilted to selectively align panels along the rail for welding linear seams. Circumferential seams are welded by rotation of the fixture while the carriage is held stationary. To more positively maintain the panels in place during welding, compartments along the interfacing edges of adjacent panels are subjected to a higher vacuum.
Abstract: An explosive detonator consisting of an integrated circuit chip having a silicon substrate on which is formed an amorphous or polysilicon bridge, the bridge extending between two metal wire-bonding pads also on the substrate. The integrated circuit chip is disposed in close proximity to a primary charge such that when the bridge is energized by an electric current, it heats to the point where the charge is ignited. By back-etching the silicon substrate under the bridge, parasitic heat conduction is avoided. Further, by bonding a pyrex tube to the chip with the tube's bore surrounding the bridge, it is possible to pack the bore with an explosive train in fabricating the detonator assembly.
April 18, 1988
Date of Patent:
May 23, 1989
Eldon Nerheim, Leonard D. Hones, Patricia A. Douma, Earl W. McDonald
Abstract: A manually operable touch pad for generating steering signals and enable signals for manipulating an image on a CRT display or for controlling the operation of plural motors whereby the image or object being driven can be positioned using appropriate hand/eye coordination. The touch pad comprises a box-like mounting base supporting a rectangular printed circuit board on which are mounted four opto-switches centered on the respective edges thereof. The printed circuit board also supports other circuit components and the necessary interconnecting conductors. Overlaying the base in covering relation with respect to the printed circuit board is a molded plastic top having a center post which depends downwardly from the underside thereof, passing through an apertrue in the printed circuit card and adaptive to be secured to the center of the base by a flexible coupling.
Abstract: This invention relates to covers for plants used to protect the plants from meteorological elements, insects, birds and other small animals. More particularly, it relates to a plant protector for protecting young bushes, shrubs, vegetable plants or flowers from wind, rain, snow, frost and sudden temperature changes as well as from infestation by bugs, rabbits and birds which can damage young plants. The invention also promotes growth in that it extends the length of the growing season.
October 15, 1987
Date of Patent:
May 16, 1989
Nickodemus J. Koffler, Ronald J. Schoch
Abstract: A biocompatible covering, soluble in body fluids, surrounds the fixation helix of an implantable cardiac electrode as the electrode, and its adjoining lead, are inserted intravenously to a selected cardiac chamber. The covering size and shape are selected for protection of blood vessels and other body tissues during insertion, and for exposure of the fixation element shortly after its proper positioning. The covering may be applied to the fixation element by a dip coating process, or formed separately by casting or injection molding, for later attachment to the lead distal end using an adhesive.
April 13, 1987
Date of Patent:
May 9, 1989
Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc.
David W. Mayer, Byron L. Gilman, Susan M. Walgren, June M. Berglund
Abstract: A vest garment to be worn by persons working out of doors and which has an array of photovoltaic cells mounted on the back panel thereof. The individual cells are connected in series relationship with one another across a pair of output terminals which are brought out through a belt attached along the waistband of the vest to an output jack. The voltage developed across the photocell array may then be used to charge rechargeable batteries suspended from the belt or, alternatively, they be coupled to an input jack of a power tool having a self-contained rechargeable battery whereby charging current is generated when the vest is being worn out of doors.
Abstract: An apparatus for automatically operating the transmission of a small internal combustion engine includes an elongate actuator rod pivotally attached at one end to a pivotally mounted gear shift lever. The other end of the rod is contained in a housing, and attached to a diaphragm reciprocable in the housing and dividing the housing into two fluid chambers. Separate fluid conduits join each chamber with the air intake passage of the engine, and are normally open to maintain a relative vacuum in each chamber. A microprocessor receives electrical input signals corresponding to engine RPM, vehicle velocity, throttle setting and other vehicle operating parameters, and generates output signals for momentarily and selectively closing the fluid conduit to one of the chambers, and simultaneously opening the selected chamber to a source of atmospheric pressure.
Abstract: A poultry litter is disclosed in two preferred embodiments: compacted peat in fragments ranging in nominal diameter from 1/8 of an inch to 11/2 inches, and compacted peat fragments combined with a conventional litter material such as wood shavings, with the peat accounting for at least ten percent of the mixture weight. In this latter case, the peat fragments preferably have nominal diameters no greater than 1/8 of an inch. Preferably the peat is of the reed sedge type, with a pH of from 3.5 to 4.5, and a moisture content of no more than fifty percent by weight. For enhanced capacity to absorb moisture and dust control, the peat fragments are provided with a coating of a feed grade petroleum based oil, vegetable oil or animal fat.
Abstract: A system for determining the relative orientation in three dimensions between a fixed frame of reference and an unconstrained object. Mutual coupling between three orthogonally disposed transmitting coils driven by a multifrequency source and three orthogonal receiving coils produce sets of analog voltages which are sampled; digitized and processed using a fast fourier transform device to yield directional components for determining the pitch and yaw angles about a line-of-sight axis. By using a multi-frequency source to drive the transmitting coils and by deriving coordinate component measurements to at least two discrete frequencies, errors in the results due to eddy currents in surrounding conductive structures can be compensated for.
Abstract: A low-cost system for allowing manual or automatic aiming of a plurality of motor-driven devices distributed throughout an area from a common control center location. When in a manual mode, the operator may manipulate a four quadrant touch pad or a joy stick device to develop binary control signals indicative of rotational direction and the on/off state of a motor control chip associated with each of the motors. The control signals are distributed over a master bus and optionally over additional local buses to the appropriate motor control chips. In an automatic mode, the same control signals are generated to produce repetitive sweeping of the motor-driven devices through a predetermined arc.
Abstract: A frame for properly aligning to glass masters on opposite sides of a substrate is disclosed. The frame includes: (a) first alignment means comprised of spherical balls projecting from one frame member intended to mate with associated concave ball receiving surfaces associated with the other frame member; and (b) second alignment means comprised of pins capable of being inserted into bores in one frame member and pin seats in the second frame member. The frame also includes a pump and solenoid valve. Depending upon the position of the valve, the pump will either draw air from between the frame members to close the frame or push air between the frame members to open the frame.
Abstract: An injector device for a plunger-type pump of the type having one or more cylinders, an intake valve for each cylinder operatively disposed between the pump's low pressure inlet port and each of its cylinders and outlet valve(s) for each cylinder operatively disposed between the cylinders and the pump's high pressure outlet port, where the intake and outlet valves are held in place by removable threaded plugs which afford access to the valves so that they can be repaired or replaced. The injector device comprises a threaded plug member adapted to replace one of the removable plugs used to hold an intake valve in place, but also includes a longitudinal bore in which is mounted a one-way check valve. The inlet side of the check valve is adapted to be coupled to a chemical supply tank. Also, a restrictor is placed between the particular intake valve held in place by the injector plug and the pump's inlet port.
Abstract: Gas permselective membranes having a high selectivity and high flux are prepared by plasma polymerizing a coating onto the surface of a microporous membrane substrate. Two types of coatings are disclosed. Gas separatory modules utilize the novel membranes in the form of hollow fibers.
Abstract: A locking mechanism to secure a coin operated vending machine includes an elongate locking bar insertable into a housing of the vending machine to secure closed a door hingedly mounted to the housing. A pair of metal loops integral with the door, and a pair of cover plates integral with the housing, are aligned to simultaneously contain the locking bar when the door is closed. A key-operated lock cylinder, mounted in recessed fashion inside the housing, supports a latch for pivotal movement toward and away from a latching position, wherein the latch enters a slot formed in the locking bar to keep the locking bar in its locking position. A reinforcing plate, with a keyway and a larger opening to permit insertion of the locking bar, protects the locking mechanism against tampering to discourage unauthorized entry into the vending machine.
Abstract: A positive fixation cardiac lead includes an electrode sleeve/crimp tube assembly in which a recess is formed for retaining a drug impregnated matrix. The electrode sleeve and crimp tube threadedly engage, to permit insertion of the matrix prior to their assembly. The distal end section of the crimp tube can be provided with a helical groove corresponding to the shape of a fixation helix, with the sleeve and distal section spaced from one another to permit insertion of an annular drug matrix. The distal portion of the electrode sleeve can have an annular groove formed to receive a length of platinum wire, for increased electrode sensitivity.