Patents Represented by Attorney Raymond C. Von Bodungen
  • Patent number: 5322524
    Abstract: Novel cellulosic fiber with improved resistance to abrasion and increased permeability to chemicals characterized by highly stable crystalline cellulose III and cellulose IV forms is disclosed. Cellulose selected from either fiber, yarn, fabric, cotton, or mercerized cotton is treated with ammonia vapors at from about ambient to 140.degree. C. and from about 100 psi to 1700 psi for sufficient time to alter the interatomic planar distances and produce stable crystalline cellulose III polymorph. Crystalline cellulose III can also be immersed in ethylenediamine and then boiled in dimethylformamide to completely convert the III to cellulose IV.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 1991
    Date of Patent: June 21, 1994
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventors: Lawrence Y. Yatsu, Timothy A. Calamari, Jr., Ruth R. Benerito
  • Patent number: 4871370
    Abstract: Novel cellulosic fiber with improved resistance to abrasion and increased permeability to chemicals characterized by highly stable crystalline cellulose III and cellulose IV forms is disclosed. Cellulose is selected from either fiber, yarn, fabric, cotton, or mercerized cotton treated with ammonia vapors at from about ambient to 140.degree. C. and from about 100 psi to 1700 psi for sufficient time to alter the interatomic planar distances and produce stable crystalline cellulose III polymorph. Crystalline cellulose III can also be immersed in ethylenediamine and then boiled in dimethylformamide to completely convert the III to cellulose IV.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 1987
    Date of Patent: October 3, 1989
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Agriculture
    Inventors: Lawrence Y. Yatsu, Timothy A. Calamari, Jr., Ruth R. Benerito
  • Patent number: 4824940
    Abstract: Partially deamidated oilseed proteins having improved functionality for food use are prepared by partial hydrolysis of oilseed proteins with long chain alkylsulfate, alkanesulfonate, or arylsulfonate catalysts under conditions which minimize hydrolysis of the peptide bonds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 25, 1989
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventor: Frederick S. Shih
  • Patent number: 4818530
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method for preparing pellets containing living biocontrol fungi. Fungi are selected and grown for sufficient time to produce inoculum. The fungal propagules are harvested, homogenized and diluted with sodium alginate solution. Pelletization is then accomplished by dropwise addition of the fungal propagule-alginate mixture into a solution of calcium chloride or calcium gluconate. The resultant alginate gel pellets containing living fungi can then be dried and are used to inoculate agricultural fields infested with soilborne plant diseases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 4, 1989
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventors: James J. Marois, Deborah R. Fravel, William J. Connick, Jr., H. Lynn Walker, Paul C. Quimby, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4818243
    Abstract: Acetals of glyceraldehyde, when applied to cotton fabric by conventional pad-dry-cure procedures using special combined acid catalysts, were found to crosslink the cellulose hydroxyl groups at a very rapid rate (e.g., 10 seconds at 170.degree. C.), thereby imparting improved wrinkle recovery. In particular, the aldehydes studied were the diethyl and dimethyl acetals of glyceraldehyde. The best results were obtained with glyceraldehyde dimethyl acetal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 1987
    Date of Patent: April 4, 1989
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventors: Leon H. Chance, Gary F. Danna
  • Patent number: 4780102
    Abstract: Processes for dyeing, print-dyeing and differentially dyeing smooth-dry cellulose containing fabric are disclosed. Cellulose containing fabric is treated with a solution of crosslinking agent and a reactive additive which can be either polyethylene glycol or choline quaternary. The resultant fabric can then be dyed with a cellulosic dye. Print-dyeing is accomplished by selective application of a choline quaternary to a fabric padded crosslinking agent or by printing with a combination of crosslinking agent and choline quaternary on an untreated cellulosic fabric. These treatments are then followed by curing and dyeing. Differential dyeing is accomplished by first treating separate yarns with different solutions containing crosslinking agent with and without choline quaternary, drying, knitting, curing and dyeing the knitted fabric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 1986
    Date of Patent: October 25, 1988
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventor: Robert J. Harper, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4764371
    Abstract: A method for treating postharvest stone fruit to prevent or inhibit brown rot of stone fruit with effective amounts of any of the following active ingredients in a carrier is disclosed: Bacillus subtilis B-3; Bacillus subtilis B-3 in combination with 2,6-dichloro-4-nitroaniline; Bacillus subtilis B-3 in combination with water based wax; and, Bacillus subtilis B-3 in combination with paraffin and mineral oil base.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 1985
    Date of Patent: August 16, 1988
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventors: Paul L. Pusey, Charles L. Wilson
  • Patent number: 4735651
    Abstract: The following novel oligopeptide compounds which possess phytotoxic and plant growth regulating properties and methods for their use are disclosed: R.sub.1 -N(R.sub.2)-D,L-Ala-D,L-Leu-N(R.sub.2).DELTA.Phe-Gly-OR.sub.3 ; in which R.sub.1 is H or a protecting group at the amino terminus of the type 9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl, or benzyloxycarbonyl, R.sub.2 is an alkyl of 2 to 3 carbon atoms, R.sub.3 is hydrogen or an alkyl of 2 to 3 carbon atoms, and .DELTA.Phe is dehydrophenylalanine. R.sub.1 -D,L-Leu-N(R.sub.4)-.DELTA.Phe-Gly-OR.sub.3 ; R.sub.1 Aib-N(R.sub.2)-.DELTA.Phe-Gly-OR.sub.3 ; R.sub.1 -Ala-N(R.sub.5)-.DELTA.Phe-Gly-OR.sub.3 ; R.sub.1 -Val-N(R.sub.2)-.DELTA.Phe-Gly-OR.sub.3 ; wherein R.sub.1 is H or a protecting group at the amino terminus of the type tert-butyloxycarbonyl-(BOC), 9-fluorenylmethyloxycarbonyl, or benzyloxycarbonyl, R.sub.2 is an alkyl of 1 to 3 carbon atoms, R.sub.3 is hydrogen or an alkyl of 1 to 3 carbon atoms, and .DELTA.Phe is dehydrophenylalanine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 1986
    Date of Patent: April 5, 1988
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventors: Judson V. Edwards, Alan R. Lax
  • Patent number: 4724147
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method for preparing pellets containing living biocontrol fungi. Fungi are selected and grown for sufficient time to produce inoculum. The fungal propagules are harvested, homogenized and diluted with sodium alginate solution. Pelletization is then accomplished by dropwise addition of the fungal propagule-alginate mixture into a solution of calcium chloride or calcium gluconate. The resultant alginate gel pellets containing living fungi can then be dried and are used to inoculate agricultural fields infested with soilborne plant diseases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 1985
    Date of Patent: February 9, 1988
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventors: James J. Marois, Deborah R. Fravel, William J. Connick, Jr., H. Lynn Walker, Paul C. Quimby, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4722739
    Abstract: Dyeable smooth-dry crosslinked cellulose fabrics characterized by an amino acid derived of an N-methylol crosslinking agent on a cellulose substrate which can be dyed with basic or direct dyes are disclosed. Exemplary amino acids can be selected from the group such as glycine, alanine, serine, aspartic acid and glutamic acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 1987
    Date of Patent: February 2, 1988
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventors: Eugene J. Blanchard, Elwood J. Gonzales
  • Patent number: 4722851
    Abstract: A new flan-type pudding using cereal flour to improve human nutrition is disclosed. The flan comprises the following combination of ingredients: Non Fat Dry Milk of from about 10 to 30 g; Sucrose of from about 10 to 20 g; Carrageanan of from about 0.2 to 1.0 g; Locust Bean gum of from about 0.07 to 0.3 g; Pectin of from about 0.05 to 0.3 g; Tetra Potassium Pyrophosphate of from about 0.1 to 1.0 g; and, Rice Flour of from about 0.5 to 8.0 g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 1986
    Date of Patent: February 2, 1988
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventors: Ranjit S. Kadan, George M. Ziegler, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4722839
    Abstract: Novel diolefin insect pheromone mimics are used to disrupt the sexual communication between insects when applied to an agricultural area in behaviorally effective amounts as follows: (Z)-1,12-heptadecadiene used for Heliothis zea Boddie; (Z)-15-methyl-1,9-heptadecadiene used for Trogoderma variable; (E)-15-methyl-1,9-heptadecadiene used for Trogoderma glabrum; and (Z,Z)-1,12,14-heptadecatriene used for Amyelois transitella.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 1985
    Date of Patent: February 2, 1988
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventors: David A. Carlson, John R. McLaughlin
  • Patent number: 4723038
    Abstract: Processes for preparing compounds which exhibit seed germinating activity are disclosed. An ester of acetoacetic acid is condensed with a ketone to produce a substituted cyclohexenone which is reacted with a thiol to get a dithioketal which is then desulfurized to produce an ester of a substituted cyclohex-2-ene-1-carboxylic acid which exhibits seed germinating activity. The same compound can be produced by a different process which reacts the substituted cyclohexenone with a reducing agent. An exemplary reducing agent would be an organosilane and a Lewis acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 31, 1985
    Date of Patent: February 2, 1988
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventor: Oliver D. Dailey, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4720574
    Abstract: The antimicrobial compound, bis(carbomethoxymethyl) adipate is disclosed. It was prepared by condensing the methyl ester of glycolic acid and the acid chloride of adipic acid. Tests for antimicrobial activity exhibit potent antimicrobial activity against molds, yeasts, and gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 1984
    Date of Patent: January 19, 1988
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventors: August V. Bailey, Gordon J. Boudreaux, Gene Sumrell
  • Patent number: 4718935
    Abstract: This invention relates to alginate gel pellets containing living fungus capable of producing conidia when exposed to sufficient light and moisture. Fungi are selected and grown for sufficient time to produce inoculum. The fungus cultures are harvested and homogenized for approximately 30 seconds and diluted to a ratio of about 1:3 (v/v) with 1.33% (w/v) sodium alginate in distilled water producing a final concentration of 1.0% sodium alginate and pH of 6.6 to 7.3. Pelletization is then accomplished by dropwise addition into 0.25M CaCl.sub.2 in water. The resultant alginate gel pellets of approximately 3 to 5 mm in diameter can then be dried and used to inoculate agriculture fields to kill selected weeds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 1985
    Date of Patent: January 12, 1988
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventors: Harrell L. Walker, William J. Connick, Jr., Paul C. Quimby, Jr., Harrell L. Walker, William J. Connick, Jr., Paul C. Quimby, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4711640
    Abstract: Processes for producing multicolor crossdyed cellulosic fabrics which are fully or partly crosslinked are disclosed. These processes include: (1) crosslinking preselected areas of fabric with a grafted cationic group and leaving other areas untreated; immersing the fabric in an acidic anionic dyebath to dye the cationic areas and then immersing in a different colored, alkaline, unreactive dyestuff dyebath to dye the untreated areas and produce a bicolored fabric, (2) crosslinking fabric areas with a grafter cationic group and then the remaining areas with an anionic group; immersing in an acidic, anionic dyebath to dye the cationic areas and the immersing in a different colored cationic dyebath to dye the anionic areas and produce bicolored fabric, and (3) preselecting and treating areas of fabric to be cationic, anionic and untreated; immersion dyeing as above the cationic, untreated and then the anionic areas of fabric to produce a multicolored fabric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 1986
    Date of Patent: December 8, 1987
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventor: Robert J. Harper, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4680106
    Abstract: A method for separating components of a mixture containing particles which can be electrically charged from particles which can be only negligibly charged is disclosed. The mixture is fed onto an electric undulating traveling wave contact panel which is energized to a charging potential using A. C. voltage. The voltage is then increased to a separation voltage to effect levitation and movement of the charged particles away from the uncharged particles. Separation is accomplished by cycling the voltage between the separation and charging voltages until the charged particles are moved off the panel and the uncharged particles remain on the surface of the panel. The separated particles can then be collected separately.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 1985
    Date of Patent: July 14, 1987
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventors: Louis C. Weiss, Devron P. Thibodeaux, Mary Ann Godshall
  • Patent number: 4678473
    Abstract: Cellulosic fibers are converted to cellulosate by immersion in an alkali metal hydroxide and then reacted with an aqueous solution of thioarylsulfonium salts to produce modified cellulosic fibers which are substantive to acid, direct, disperse, reactive and sulfur dyes. Cellulosic/synthetic and cellulosic/wool blends can also be treated to produce a fabric blend comprising modified cellulosic components that are substantive to diverse dye classes and synthetic and wool components which are substantive to a single dye class. When using a disperse dyebath of one color the entire fabric blend is dyed one color. When adding an acid, reactive or sulfur dye of a second color to the dyebath, the synthetic or wool component is dyed one color and the cellulosic component is dyed a different color.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 1986
    Date of Patent: July 7, 1987
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventors: Tyrone L. Vigo, Eugene J. Blanchard
  • Patent number: 4671114
    Abstract: The sound created by moving and chewing of insect larvae infested inside an agricultural commodity is acoustically detected and amplified, and thereafter transduced into an electrical signal which is electrically amplified for observation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 1986
    Date of Patent: June 9, 1987
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventors: Carl A. Litzkow, J. C. Webb, Shuichi Masuda
  • Patent number: 4668512
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method for preparing pellets containing living biocontrol fungi and nutrient dispersed throughout. Living fungi are selected and grown for inoculum. The fungal propagules and wheat bran are added to a sodium alginate solution. The fungal propagule-alginate-bran mixture is added dropwise into a solution of calcium chloride. The resultant alginate gel pellets containing living fungi can be dried and used to inoculate agricultural fields infested with soilborne diseases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 1985
    Date of Patent: May 26, 1987
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventors: Jack A. Lewis, George C. Papavizas, William J. Connick, Jr.