Patents Represented by Attorney Robert F. Dropkin
  • Patent number: 6537393
    Abstract: A nickel base alloy for high temperature thermal processing hardware requiring ultra-low spallation and metal loss rates in oxidizing and nitriding atmospheres for use in wire mesh belting, thermocouple sheathing, resistive heating elements, heat sensing cables, furnace internals and like hardware. The compositional range of the alloy is 15.0-23.0 % Cr, 0.5-2.0 % Si, 0.0-4.0% Mo, 0.0-1.2 % Nb, 0.0-3.0 % Fe, 0.0-0.5 % Ti, 0.0-0.5 % Al, 0.0-0.3 % Mn, 0.0-0.1 % Zr, 0.0-0.06 % Ce, 0.005-0.025 % Mg, 0.0005-0.005 % B, 0.005-0.3 % C, 0.0-20.0 % Co, balance Ni. The alloy possesses a high degree of hot and cold workability, phase stability and strength retention at elevated temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2003
    Assignee: INCO Alloys International, Inc.
    Inventors: Norman C. Farr, Gaylord D. Smith
  • Patent number: 6491769
    Abstract: A high strength, corrosion resistant Cr—Co—Ni base alloy for long-life service at 530° C. to 820° C. containing in % by weight about 23.5-25.5% Cr, 15.0-22.0% Co, 0.2-2.0% Al, 0.5-2.5% Ti, 0.5-2.5% Nb, up to 2.0% Mo, up to 1.0% Mn, 0.3-1.0% Si, up to 3.0% Fe, up to 0.3% Ta, up to 0.3% W, 0.005-0.08% C, 0.01-0.3 % Zr, 0.001-0.01% B, up to 0.05% rare earth as misch metal, 0.005-0.025% Mg plus optional Ca, balance Ni including trace additions and impurities. The alloy provides a combination of strength, ductility, stability, toughness and oxidation/sulfidation resistance so as to render the alloy range uniquely suitable for engineering applications where oxygen/sulfur-containing atmospheres are life limiting, in applications such as exhaust valves for diesel engines and in tubes for coal-fired steam boilers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2002
    Assignee: Inco Alloys International, Inc.
    Inventors: Gaylord D. Smith, Brian A. Baker
  • Patent number: 6372181
    Abstract: A low cost, highly heat and corrosion resistant alloy useful for the manufacture of diesel engine components, particularly exhaust valves, comprises in % by weight about 0.15-0.65% C, 40-49% Ni, 18-22% Cr, 1.2-1.8% Al, 2-3% Ti, 0.9-7.8% Nb, not more than 1% Co and Mo each, the balance being essentially Fe and incidental impurities. The Ti:Al ratio is ≦2:1 and the Nb:C weight % ratio is within a range of 6:1 and 12:1. Ta may be substituted for Nb on an equiatomic basis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2002
    Assignee: INCO Alloys International, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael G. Fahrmann, Gaylord D. Smith
  • Patent number: 6315846
    Abstract: A heat treatment for hot or cold worked 725 corrosion resistant Ni-base alloys to increase the room temperature yield strength of the material to above about 140 ksi (965 MPa). The material is useful for oil patch and gas turbine applications. The process includes annealing the material at about 1825° F. (996° C.) for about 1.5-4 hours, age hardening the material at about 1400° F. (760° C.) for about 3.0 to 10.5 hours to precipitate double gamma prime, furnace cooling the material about 50° F. (28° C.) to 100° F. (56° C.) per hour and heat treating the material at about 1200° F. (649° C.) for about 4.0 to about 12.5 hours.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2001
    Assignee: Inco Alloys International, Inc.
    Inventors: Edward Lee Hibner, Sarwan Kumar Mannan
  • Patent number: 6287398
    Abstract: A high strength nickel-base alloy consisting essentially of, by weight percent, 50 to 60 nickel, 19 to 23 chromium, 18 to 22 iron, 3 to 4.4 aluminum, 0 to 0.4 titanium, 0.05 to 0.5 carbon, 0 to 0.1 cerium, 0 to 0.3 yttrium, 0.002 to 0.4 total cerium plus yttrium, 0.0005 to 0.4 zirconium, 0 to 2 niobium, 0 to 2 manganese, 0 to 1.5 silicon, 0 to 0.1 nitrogen, 0 to 0.5 calcium and magnesium, 0 to 0.1 boron and incidental impurities. The alloy forms 1 to 5 mole percent Cr7C3 after 24 hours at a temperature between 950 and 1150° C. for high temperature strength.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2001
    Assignee: Inco Alloys International, Inc.
    Inventors: Gaylord Darrell Smith, Norman Farr, Brian Allen Baker
  • Patent number: 6258317
    Abstract: An ultra supercritical boiler tubing alloy characterized by a microstructure stabilized and strengthened for 375 bar/700° C. steam, in weight percent, service and alloyed to resist coal ash/flue gas corrosion for 200,000 hours consisting of 10 to 24 cobalt, 22.6 to 30 chromium, 2.4 to 6 molybdenum, 0 to 9 iron, 0.2 to 3.2 aluminum, 0.2 to 2.8 titanium, 0.1 to 2.5 niobium, 0 to 2 manganese, 0 to 1 silicon, 0.01 to 0.3 zirconium, 0.001 to 0.01 boron, 0.005 to 0.3 carbon, 0 to 4 tungsten, 0 to 1 tantalum and balance nickel and incidental impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2001
    Assignee: Inco Alloys International, Inc.
    Inventors: Gaylord Darrell Smith, Shailesh Jayantilal Patel, Norman Charles Farr
  • Patent number: 6242113
    Abstract: A nickel, chromium, iron alloy for use in producing weld deposits. The alloy comprises, in weight percent, about 27 to 31.5 chromium; about 7 to 11 iron; about 0.005 to 0.05 carbon; less than about 1.0 manganese, preferably 0.30 to 0.95 manganese; about 0.60 to 0.95 niobium; less than 0.50 silicon, preferably 0.10 to 0.30 silicon; 0.01 to 0.35 titanium; 0.01 to 0.25 aluminum; less than 0.20 copper; less than 1.0 tungsten; less than 1.0 molybdenum; less than 0.12 cobalt; less than 0.10 tantalum; less than about 0.10 zirconium, preferably 0.002 to 0.10 zirconium; less than about 0.01 sulfur; less than about 0.01 boron, preferably 0.001 to 0.01 boron; less than about 0.02 phosphorous; and balance nickel and incidental impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2001
    Assignee: Inco Alloys International, Inc.
    Inventor: Samuel D. Kiser
  • Patent number: 5997809
    Abstract: An alloy resistant to carburization and high temperature oxidation. The alloy consists essentially of, by weight percent, 27 to 35 chromium, 0 to 7 iron, about 3 to 4.4 aluminum, 0 to 0.4 titanium, 0.2 to 3 niobium, 0.12 to 0.5 carbon, 0 to 0.05 zirconium, 0.002 to 0.05 total cerium and yttrium, 0 to I manganese, 0 to I silicon, 0 to 0.5 calcium plus magnesium, 0 to 0.1 boron and balance nickel plus incidental impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 7, 1999
    Assignee: Inco Alloys International, Inc.
    Inventors: Gaylord Darrell Smith, Norman Farr, Brian Allen Baker
  • Patent number: 5945067
    Abstract: The alloy consists of an age hardenable-corrosion resistant alloy useful for oil and gas applications that require resistance to low-level sour gas conditions. This alloy contains, by weight percent, 20 to 36 nickel, 18 to 25 chromium, 1 to 8 molybdenum, 1.2 to 4 titanium, less than 0.5 aluminum, 0.001 to 0.5 carbon, less than 1.5 niobium, less than 10 manganese, less than 5 copper, less than 4 cobalt, less than 0.1 total calcium, cerium and magnesium, 0 to 0.01 boron and balance iron and incidental impurities and deoxidizers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 31, 1999
    Assignee: Inco Alloys International, Inc.
    Inventors: Edward Lee Hibner, William Lawrence Mankins, Rickey Dale Corn
  • Patent number: 5490870
    Abstract: A multi-component composition suitable for amalgamation with mercury to form a dental amalgam, an amalgam and a method for producing such a multi-component composition. The multi-component composition has: from 30 to 90% (by weight) of a first component containing at least 30% silver, at least 20% tin and at least 10% copper; from 10 to 70% (by weight) of a second component, or alternatively, from 5 to 65% (by weight) of a second component and from 5 to 65% (by weight) of a fourth component, the second and fourth components containing at least 30% silver, at least 20% tin and at least 10% copper; and up to 15% (by weight) of a third component containing silver and/or alloy powder containing at least 80% (by weight) silver. The first component is spherically shaped atomized alloy powder. The second component is mechanically worked atomized alloy powder. The surface area to volume ratio of the powder of the second component is greater than the surface area to volume ratio of the powder of the first component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 13, 1996
    Assignee: Special Metals Corporation
    Inventors: Richard W. Fountain, Kamal Asgar
  • Patent number: 5451244
    Abstract: A process for preparing a consolidated nickel-base superalloy compact suitable for tensile force inducing high strain rate deformation. It includes the steps of: preparing a melt of a nickel-base superalloy in a vacuum; atomizing the melt into powder in a protective atmosphere; collecting the powder; screening the powder to proper size; introducing the powder into a container; evacuating and sealing the container in a vacuum; and consolidating the powder under pressure at a temperature below the solidus temperature of the alloy and at a temperature at which grain boundaries grow past prior particle boundaries.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 19, 1995
    Assignee: Special Metals Corporation
    Inventor: B. Wayne Castledine
  • Patent number: 5396986
    Abstract: A mixing capsule for mixing a first material with a second material, and in particular, a capsule in which the materials are kept separated and brought together only at the time they are to be mixed. The capsule is characterized by a pierceable partition which separates the materials to be mixed, a projection for piercing the partition and two grooves and a ridge. One of the grooves cooperates with the ridge so as to maintain the projection away from the pierceable partition during storage and transport. The other groove cooperates with the ridge so as to hold the mixing capsule together and prevent leakage once the partition is pierced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 1994
    Date of Patent: March 14, 1995
    Assignee: Special Metals Corporation
    Inventors: Richard W. Fountain, John W. Gillespie
  • Patent number: 5354353
    Abstract: A multi-component composition suitable for amalgamation with mercury to form a dental amalgam, an amalgam and a method for producing such a multi-component composition. The multi-component composition has: from 30 to 90% (by weight) of a first component containing at least 30% silver, at least 20% tin and at least 10% copper; from 10 to 70% (by weight) of a second component containing at least 30% silver, at least 20% tin and at least 10% copper; and up to 15% (by weight) of a third component containing silver and/or alloy powder containing at least 80% (by weight) silver. The first component is spherically shaped atomized alloy powder. The second component is mechanically worked atomized alloy powder. The surface area to volume ratio of the powder of the second component is greater than the surface area to volume ratio of the powder of the first component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 11, 1994
    Assignee: Special Metals Corporation
    Inventors: Richard W. Fountain, Kamal Asgar
  • Patent number: 5185125
    Abstract: A dental alloy having, upon amalgamation, a desirable combination of physical properties and both a desirable condense time and carve time. The alloy contains from 48.75 to 50.75% silver, 20.25 to 21.75% copper, 28.25 to 29.25% tin, 0.05 to 0.8% palladium and up to 2.7% of elements selected from the group consisting of zinc, indium, manganese, cadmium, aluminum, gallium, ruthenium and mercury.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 1991
    Date of Patent: February 9, 1993
    Assignee: Special Metals Corporation
    Inventors: Susan L. Smith, Richard W. Fountain
  • Patent number: 5103458
    Abstract: A process for casting an ingot of pre-alloyed metal from a consumable electrode. It includes the steps of: providing a consumable electrode corresponding to the desired metallurgical composition of the to-be-cast ingot; providing a second electrode; striking an arc between the consumable electrode and the second electrode to melt the consumable electrode and thereby form a molten pool; maintaining the arc between the consumable electrode and the molten pool; rotating or oscillating the consumable electrode about its axis during melting; providing a controlled atmosphere for the melting of the consumable electrode; delivering molten metal into a fluid cooled mold; and withdrawing the ingot from the mold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 1991
    Date of Patent: April 7, 1992
    Assignee: Special Metals Corporation
    Inventor: Ferhun H. Soykan
  • Patent number: 4808225
    Abstract: A process for producing an alloy product of improved ductility from metal powder. It includes the steps of: providing metal powder having at least 5 wt. % of one or more reactive elements from the group consisting of titanium, aluminum, hafnium, niobium, tantalum, vanadium and zirconium; consolidating the powder to an essentially fully dense shape; and progressively melting and solidifying localized areas of the consolidated shape so as to produce a product of improved ductility.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 1988
    Date of Patent: February 28, 1989
    Assignee: Special Metals Corporation
    Inventors: Stephen J. Donachie, James W. Fesko, James J. Furgal, Francis E. Sczerzenie
  • Patent number: 4664855
    Abstract: A process for manufacturing an atomized amalgamable alloy having mold adaptation characteristics superior to other atomized alloys and comparable or better than those for ad-mixed type alloys (alloys which are mixtures of spherical and irregularly shaped particles), and physical properties comparable to ad-mixed alloys. The process includes the steps of: producing a melt of an amalgamable alloy; atomizing the alloy so as to form particles which are primarily irregular in shape; collecting the particles; drying the particles; mechanically working the particles so as to fracture and change their shape; classifying the particles to finer than 53 microns; heat treating the particles; and reducing oxides from the surface of the particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 1985
    Date of Patent: May 12, 1987
    Assignee: Special Metals Corporation
    Inventors: David L. Tremblay, Kamal Asgar
  • Patent number: 4629521
    Abstract: A gamma prime strengthened nickel-base alloy characterized by a highly desirable combination of stress rupture life, hot corrosion resistance, oxidation resistance, phase stability and ductility. The alloy contains from 14 to 18% chromium, from 0.3 to 3% molybdenum, from 4 to 8% tungsten, from 0.01 to 1.0% vanadium, from 3.5 to 5.5% aluminum, from 1 to 4% titanium, from 3 to 7% cobalt, from 0.01 to 0.05% carbon and from 0.035 to 0.1% boron.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 1984
    Date of Patent: December 16, 1986
    Assignees: Special Metals Corporation, Societe National d'Etude et de Construction de Moteurs d'Aviation
    Inventors: Gernant E. Maurer, William J. Boesch, Jean M. Theret
  • Patent number: 4465159
    Abstract: An ear protecting device for protecting a wearer from annoying and/or damaging noise levels. The device is comprised of a connecting member and a pair of muffs suitable for covering a wearer's ears. The muffs are suspended from opposite portions of the connecting member. The muffs are each comprised of a cup and an earseal cushion. The muffs are characterized by greater attenuation in high intensity environments than in low intensity environments. Each muff has a cup which is at least partially porous. Each muff has a specific airflow resistance of from between 3,000 and 105,000 SI rayls. At least one porous portion of each cup defines a tortuous path. The mean pore size of this porous portion is at least 160 micrometers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 1983
    Date of Patent: August 14, 1984
    Assignee: Cabot Corporation
    Inventor: John P. Stallings
  • Patent number: 4464206
    Abstract: A process for producing a wrought product of improved ductility from substantially noncompactible prealloyed metal powder. The process comprises the steps of: comminuting substantially noncompactible prealloyed metal powder so as to flatten the particles thereof; heating the comminuted particles of metal powder at an elevated temperature, the particles adhering and forming a mass during heating; crushing the mass of metal powder; compacting the crushed mass of metal powder; sintering the metal powder; and hot working the metal powder into a wrought product. The wrought product has a chemistry which is substantially the same, with the exception of carbon and certain residuals, as the chemistry of the prealloyed powder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 1983
    Date of Patent: August 7, 1984
    Assignee: Cabot Corporation
    Inventors: Prabhat Kumar, Ronald D. Rivers, Anthony J. Hickl