Patents Represented by Attorney Sidney Carter
  • Patent number: 4381755
    Abstract: A method for protecting vehicle emissions control catalyst from phosphorus poisoning comprising contacting at least one of the crankcase ventilation stream and the exhaust gas recirculation stream with a bed of solid adsorbent capable of removing phosphorus compounds in the gas stream, and circulating the treated gas stream to the intake side of the engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 1980
    Date of Patent: May 3, 1983
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventor: Frank Caracciolo
  • Patent number: 4374044
    Abstract: A high strength, high macro-pore volume, porous cordierite bead support having a dimpled or respberry-like surface resulting from processing of inexpensive raw materials to produce cordierite on firing and including high plasticity clay and colloidal silica.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 1981
    Date of Patent: February 15, 1983
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Carl F. Schaefer, Raymond E. Bedford
  • Patent number: 4331565
    Abstract: An alumina base catalyst carrier material which is thermally stable and possesses a high surface area consisting of a cerium oxide coating on active alumina granules. The carrier is prepared by the precipitation of cerium hydroxide from an aqueous slurry of the alumina granules also containing the water soluble salts of cerium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 1980
    Date of Patent: May 25, 1982
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Carl F. Schaefer, Raymond E. Bedford
  • Patent number: 4312770
    Abstract: This invention relates to resistor compositions comprising, in % by weight, about 5-24% RuO.sub.2, about 10-20% Ag, about 3-8% Sb.sub.2 O.sub.3, about 8-12% CdO, about 35 to 70% lead-borosilicate glass, up to about 4% Ta.sub.2 O.sub.5 and up to about 2% thermistor powder such as at least one of the transition metals Mn.sub.2 O.sub.3, NiO, CuO, Cr.sub.2 O.sub.3 and ZnO. These resistor compositions are adapted to be dispersed in a liquid vehicle to form a resistor ink or paste that can be applied to a surface of a ceramic substrate and fired to form a resistor having stable electrical and mechanical properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1979
    Date of Patent: January 26, 1982
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Ruey J. Yu, Morris Berg
  • Patent number: 4299865
    Abstract: An abradable ceramic seal coating on at least one of a pair of members having relative rotational movement, the coating being formed of stabilized zirconia which is codeposited with a thermally decomposable organic powder, the codeposited layer being heated to decompose the organic filler and produce a porous coating of from about 20 to about 33% voids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 1980
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1981
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventors: David L. Clingman, John R. Cavanagh, Berton Schechter, Kenneth R. Cross
  • Patent number: 4269903
    Abstract: An abradable ceramic seal coating on at least one of a pair of members having relative rotational movement, the coating being formed of stabilized zirconia which is codeposited with a thermally decomposable organic powder, the codeposited layer being heated to decompose the organic filler and produce a porous coating of from about 20 to about 33% voids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 1979
    Date of Patent: May 26, 1981
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventors: David L. Clingman, John R. Cavanagh, Berton Schechter, Kenneth R. Cross
  • Patent number: 4235583
    Abstract: A method is provided for forming an extrusion die of the type used to form a ceramic monolith having thin walls defining a multiplicity of parallel tubular passageways with at least about 100 passageways per square inch, the die having a feed face and a discharge face, the feed face having a plurality of feed holes extending partially through said die and interconnecting with a network of grid slots in the discharge portion of said die formed by a plurality of grid pins which define the slot width and the wall thickness, shape and size of said passageways. The method involves the steps of forming the width of the slots larger than the desired wall thickness of the passageways, and metal plating the slot defining surfaces of the grid pins to obtain the slot width corresponding to the desired wall thickness. Plating is accomplished by the electroless plating technique using a metal selected from the group consisting of nickel, chromium, cobalt and cobalt-nickel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 1978
    Date of Patent: November 25, 1980
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventor: James R. Reed
  • Patent number: 4222236
    Abstract: A method for decreasing CO and HC emissions in a vehicle exhaust stream during the period of engine warm-up following the start of engine operation, in which the A/F mixture to the engine is pulsed by first using a mixture which is leaner than that otherwise used thus reducing the CO and HC content of the exhaust stream exiting the engine to an amount below that of the CO and HC otherwise present and then using an A/F mixture which is richer than such lean mixture and is substantially that otherwise used thus increasing the amount of CO and HC in the vehicle exhaust stream to substantially the amount otherwise present, passing the pulsed exhaust stream through a catalytic converter adapted to oxidize the CO and HC constituents, and repeating this pulsing continuously through the period of engine warm-up and at a rate sufficient to achieve increased catalytic conversion of CO and HC over that obtained without pulsing, the rate being also sufficiently rapid so as to preclude engine-stall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 1978
    Date of Patent: September 16, 1980
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Louis Hegedus, Se H. Oh, Kenneth Baron
  • Patent number: 4208454
    Abstract: A method for controlling the coating with alumina of ceramic monolithic catalyst supports on a production basis to achieve repeatability of coating utilizing a vacuum system to distribute a coating slurry of alumina over the interior surfaces of and purge the excess coating slurry from the support at the same time that plugged tubular passageways through the support are unplugged, comprising the steps of applying the coating slurry to the support which has at least about 100 axially aligned tubular passageways to the square inch and subjecting the support to a vacuum to draw the slurry through the passageways and remove plugging and excess slurry to form a coating of alumina on the passageway surfaces. The support is dried and calcined to fix the alumina coating on the passageway surfaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 1978
    Date of Patent: June 17, 1980
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventors: James R. Reed, Terrance Way, Richard A. Leal
  • Patent number: 4199477
    Abstract: The method for obtaining a tightly adherent, uniformly dispersed porous wash coat by the use of dilute aqueous hydrofluoric acid, 1-5% HF, as an etchant for refractory low porosity catalytic monolith supports to produce substantial improvement of the adhesion, dispersion and uptake characteristics of such supports for porous wash coats. The application of an ultrasonic energy field to the etchant bath greatly accelerates the etching process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 1975
    Date of Patent: April 22, 1980
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventor: Louis Hegedus
  • Patent number: 4191126
    Abstract: A method for controlling the coating of ceramic monolithic catalyst supports on a production basis to achieve repeatability of coating utilizing a vacuum system to distribute the coating slurry over the interior surfaces of and purge the excess coating slurry from the support at the same time that plugged tubular passageways through the support are unplugged, comprising the steps of applying the coating slurry to the support and subjecting the support to a vacuum to draw the slurry through the passageways and remove plugging and excess slurry to form a coating on the passageway surfaces. Apparatus for practicing the method is adapted to either dipping the support in the slurry or charging the slurry to the support at its upper end as positioned in the apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 1978
    Date of Patent: March 4, 1980
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventors: James, R. Reed, Terrance Way, Richard A. Leal
  • Patent number: 4153579
    Abstract: A three-way layered catalyst for use in a stoichiometric air/fuel ratio system comprising an alumina support having deposited thereon the catalyst materials platinum, palladium and rhodium and having a first layer of platinum positioned at the support surface, a second layer of catalyst material selected from the group consisting of rhodium and a mixture of palladium and rhodium adjacent to and radially inward of the first layer with palladium inward of and adjacent to said second layer where the catalyst material of such layer is rhodium. Cerium oxide may be added to the support for improved performance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 1978
    Date of Patent: May 8, 1979
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Jack C. Summers, Louis Hegedus
  • Patent number: 4152301
    Abstract: A layered catalyst having significantly improved performance characteristics including greater resistance to poisoning and sintering in automotive exhaust comprising an alumina support having a first layer of platinum positioned at the support surface and penetrating the body thereof to a desired depth with a second layer of at least one of the catalytically active materials selected from the group consisting of rhodium and palladium, the second layer being adjacent to the first layer and penetrating the body of the support for a depth beyond that of the first layer, maximum concentration of platinum being in the first layer together with minimum concentration of the catalytically active materials, and minimum concentration of platinum with maximum concentration of the catalytically active materials being in the second layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 1978
    Date of Patent: May 1, 1979
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Jack C. Summers, Louis Hegedus
  • Patent number: 4128506
    Abstract: A three-way layered catalyst adapted for use in a system operating at about the stoichiometric air/fuel ratio having significantly improved resistance to poisoning in automotive exhaust comprising an alumina support having a first layer of the catalyst material platinum positioned at the support surface and penetrating the body thereof to a desired depth with an inner second layer of the catalyst material rhodium, the second layer being adjacent to the first layer and penetrating the body of the support, the maximum concentration of platinum being at or near the surface of the support with the minimum concentration of rhodium in the first layer being at or close to the surface and increasing in concentration to a maximum to define the boundary between the first and second layers, the concentrations of platinum and rhodium decreasing inwardly from the boundary with the greater portion of rhodium being in the second layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 1978
    Date of Patent: December 5, 1978
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Louis Hegedus, Jack C. Summers
  • Patent number: 4119571
    Abstract: This invention relates to oxidation catalysts wherein the catalytically active metallic material has an impregnation depth of at least 90 microns up to about 250 microns on the porous support which has a surface area of at least 100 m.sup.2 /g. up to about 250 m.sup.2 /g. and a pore structure characterized by a macropore volume of at least 0.020 cm.sup.3 /g. and a macropore radius greater than about 10,000 A.degree., the maximum value for macropore volume being that at which the catalyst is unable to sustain the load and vibration forces to which it is subjected in the converter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 1977
    Date of Patent: October 10, 1978
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Louis Hegedus, Jack C. Summers
  • Patent number: 4116883
    Abstract: A catalyst support coating slurry resistant to gel formation and adapted to form a tightly adherent thermally durable coating on a refractory ceramic or metallized ceramic substrate, consisting essentially of fumed alumina in the amount of from 5 to 70 weight percent of the solids and at least one of the active alumina forming materials, e.g., gamma system aluminas, consisting of the alumina hydrates boehmite and pseudoboehmite in the amount of 30 to 95 weight percent of the solids, said aluminas being suspended in sufficient deionized water to form a slurry having the desired application characteristics and constituting about 30-36% by weight of said slurry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 1975
    Date of Patent: September 26, 1978
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventor: James F. Rhodes
  • Patent number: 4112330
    Abstract: An electrically stable, radio frequency interference suppressing glass-type resistor seal composition forming a gas-tight seal within the center bore of a ceramic insulator wherein the glass is formed from a mixture, in % by weight, of about 25-50% borosilicate glass and about 50-75% barium borate glass and wherein the metal powder used in the composition consists essentially of a mixture, in parts by weight, of about 1-4 parts antimony and about 2-8 parts silicon. The end portion of the terminal screw positioned within the glass seal may be unroughened for a length of from about 0.065 to about 0.10 inch from the end to preclude breaking of conductivity at the interface of the glass seal with the end portion of the terminal screw.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 1977
    Date of Patent: September 5, 1978
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Grant L. Stimson, Patrick N. Kesten
  • Patent number: 4071600
    Abstract: A process for improved three-way emissions control comprising the steps of contacting the emissions stream with a first catalyst consisting of rhodium supported on a refractory substrate to effect the selective chemical reduction of nitric oxide to nitrogen, said rhodium being present in an amount of at least about 0.002% by weight of the catalyst, said emissions stream being then contacted with a second catalyst consisting of at least one of the noble metals selected from the group of platinum and palladium, said noble metal being present in a small but effective amount to accomplish the oxidation of the hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide left in said emissions stream, said process being accomplished without the addition of oxygen to said emissions stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 1976
    Date of Patent: January 31, 1978
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventors: James C. Schlatter, Kathleen C. Taylor
  • Patent number: 4051073
    Abstract: This invention relates to oxidation catalysts wherein the catalytically active metallic material has an impregnation depth of at least 90 microns up to about 250 microns on the porous support which has a surface area of at least 100 m.sup.2 /g. up to about 250 m.sup.2 /g. and a pore structure characterized by a macropore volume of at least 0.020 cm.sup.3 /g. up to about 0.200 cm.sup.3 /g. and a macropore radius greater than about 10,000 A.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 1976
    Date of Patent: September 27, 1977
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Louis Hegedus, Jack C. Summers
  • Patent number: 4051072
    Abstract: A method for making improved pellet type catalysts utilizing a support material having relatively high alkali metal content, comprising the steps of grinding the support material to the desired size, forming the pellet into the desired shape and size, calcining the pellet to obtain the desired surface area, soaking the calcined pellet in a dilute acid for a short period of time to form the alkali metal salt of the acid to a controlled depth inward from the surface of the pellet, and impregnating the pellet with the desired catalytically active metallic material after draining the acid wash solution, the depth of penetration of the catalytic material being limited to the depth treated by the acid wash.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 1976
    Date of Patent: September 27, 1977
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventors: Raymond E. Bedford, Morris Berg