Patents Represented by Attorney William B. Batzer
  • Patent number: 7434457
    Abstract: Micro-Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) based fluid sensors adapted to measure physical properties of oilfield reservoir fluids under downhole conditions. Certain embodiments of the invention may be characterized as a MEMS based reservoir fluid sensor adapted for downhole conditions having a planar member machined from a substrate material, an electrical conductor formed at least partly on the planar member; and a gauge formed on the planar member and adapted to measure a physical effect on the planar member, the physical effect being indicative of a property of a fluid in contact with the planar member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2008
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Anthony Goodwin, Eric Donzier, Maria Manrique, Sarah Pelham, Gerry Meeten
  • Patent number: 7095012
    Abstract: Methods of analyzing formation fluids in an oilfield environment are near-infrared absorption spectroscopy. Indications of near-infrared absorptions are analyzed to determine the concentration of compounds in a formation fluid sample.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2006
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Go Fujisawa, Oliver C. Mullins, Toru Terabayashi, Fredrick A. Jenet, Maria A. van Agthoven, Philip A. Rabbito
  • Patent number: 7082368
    Abstract: A method of correlating seismic events associated with different types of seismic transmission modes and includes calculating a shift estimate between a first set of seismic events or attributes associated with the seismic events attributable to one type of transmission mode and a second set of seismic events or attributes associated with the seismic events attributable to a different type of transmission mode using a smoothed version of at least one of the sets of seismic events or attributes associated with the seismic events, and updating the shift estimate using a less severely smoothed or unsmoothed version of the at least one set of seismic events or attributes associated with the seismic events. A related computer system and computer program products associated with the method are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2006
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventor: Michael Nickel
  • Patent number: 6844729
    Abstract: A method of using nuclear spectroscopy measurements acquired while drilling a subsurface formation including: measuring indicators of a plurality of absolute or relative formation elemental concentrations; processing the measurements to determine a petrophysical parameter associated with the subsurface formation while drilling, and using the petrophysical parameter to determine a drilling parameter. The petrophysical parameter may include, for instance, the permeability of the subsurface formation and the drilling parameter may include, for instance, a change in the orientation of a directional drilling assembly or the point at which to stop drilling. The invention further involves an apparatus adapted to carry out the inventive method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 18, 2005
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Michael M. Herron, Susan L. Herron
  • Patent number: 6836448
    Abstract: A system and method of creating a filter for use with locally dense seismic data is disclosed. The method includes obtaining survey geometry characteristics from a locally dense seismic survey. A filter is designed which uses spatial derivatives of the wavefield of order between (1) and the maximum order of spatial derivatives of the wavefield that can be estimated within a group. The filter can be designed so as to separate up/down going components, p/s components, or both up/down and p/s components. Partial derivatives in space and time of the wavefield can be calculated, using, for example, a taylor series expansion as an approximation. The seismic data is filtered by combining estimated near surface material properties, the seismic data, and the calculated partial derivatives.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 28, 2004
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Johan Olof Anders Robertsson, Andrew Curtis
  • Patent number: 6831470
    Abstract: A method and apparatus is disclosed for estimating brine water conductivity in a multiphase mixture of brine water and other substances by combining measured mixture permittivity and conductivity with a known or derived relationship between brine water conductivity and brine water permittivity. The mixture permittivity and conductivity are measured using an open-ended coaxial probe or other probes at microwave frequencies. A number of applications for the brine water conductivity estimate are disclosed including making salinity corrections of a dual energy flow meter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2004
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Cheng-Gang Xie, Gerard Segeral, Gilles Roux, Paul Hammond
  • Patent number: 6829570
    Abstract: An oilfield data analysis system is based on a four-tier software model which includes a “shared earth model” and a federation of “directory services”. The first tier is a universal graphical user interface (GUI) which can operate on any inexpensive computer as well as on an expensive workstation, i.e. a “web browser”. The second tier is an application server which is coupled to users via the worldwide web and serves geoscientific software applications. The third tier is a geometric modelling system where geometric data is stored and processed. The third tier embodies the “shared earth model”. The fourth tier is a database management system where non-geometric data is stored. According to the invention, there can be (and preferably are) multiple instances of each tier. Communication of data between different tiers is accomplished via XML data exchange.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2000
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2004
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Raj Kumar Michael Thambynayagam, Peter G. Tilke, Ian D. Bryant, Francois M. Auzerais, Nicholas N. Bennett, Terizhandur S. Ramakrishnan
  • Patent number: 6827144
    Abstract: A method for optimally orienting perforations in a subterranean formation is disclosed, the optimization process being based on establishing the orientation of bedding planes in the formation and, where applicable, hole size effects while determining an orientation of the perforation that balances the stress concentration along the circumference of the cross-section between perforation and bedding plane in further improvements of the method inhomogeneous stress distributions and permeability are included into the optimization process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2004
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventor: Elizabeth Diane Nicholson
  • Patent number: 6825657
    Abstract: Nuclear magnetic resonance techniques are used in a fluid sampling tool that extracts a fluid from subsurface earth formations into a flow channel within the tool. The magnetic resonance techniques involve applying a static magnetic field and an oscillating magnetic field to the fluid in the flow channel, and magnetic resonance signals are detected from the fluid and analyzed to extract information about the fluid such as composition, viscosity, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 30, 2004
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Robert L. Kleinberg, David P. Madio, Oliver C. Mullins
  • Patent number: 6826486
    Abstract: A method of predicting values of formation parameters (e.g., compressional velocity, density, pore pressure, and fracture pressure) as a function of depth includes generating an initial prediction of a profile of the formation parameters and uncertainties associated therewith using information available regarding the formation, obtaining information related to the formation parameters during drilling, and updating the uncertainties as a function of the first prediction and the information obtained in a recursive fashion. Known equations are used for finding initial values, and uncertainties associated therewith are quantified by using probability density functions (PDFs). A Bayesian approach is utilized where “prior PDFs” describe uncertainty prior to obtaining additional information, and “posterior PDFs” account for the additional information acquired. As additional information is acquired while drilling, the posterior PDFs are redefined.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 30, 2004
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventor: Alberto Malinverno
  • Patent number: 6792798
    Abstract: The present invention discloses an acoustic resonator device capable of nucleating bubbles in a formation fluid under borehole-like conditions wherein the static pressure is higher than the bubble point pressure. The device is comprised of one or more coaxial layers forming a central conduit, wherein at least one of the coaxial layers is comprised of an electro-acoustic transducer material such as including piezoelectric or magnetorestrictive materials. This device is preferably designed to be in fluid communication with a host tool to allow in-situ sampling and bubble point determination. Also disclosed is an in-situ method of fluid analysis in a borehole for determining phase characteristics of a formation fluid using the device. Cavitation may be induced using the device in either a captured volume sample or a flow-line sample.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2004
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventor: Kenneth K. Liang
  • Patent number: 6791901
    Abstract: Seismic detection apparatus comprising seismic detection means capable of detecting a plurality of seismic components over a defined tetrahedral volume is provided. The seismic detection means comprises four three-component geophones. Seismic data acquired by the geophones is processed to separate P-wave components from S-wave components. The geophones are spaced apart by distances smaller than the wavelength of the detected seismic components. The apparatus may be used on surface or in a marine environment or transition zone. A method of processing seismic data is also provided comprising acquiring seismic data relating to a wavefield over a selected volume of acquisition, and measuring the curl and divergence of the wavefield from the seismic data, to thereby identify seismic components within the seismic data. Additionally, an apparatus and method for hydrocarbon exploration is disclosed for using three or more seismic receivers placed in a plane and spaced closely to each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 14, 2004
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Johan Olof Anders Robertsson, Andrew Curtis
  • Patent number: 6782970
    Abstract: A shaftless acoustic source is disclosed having a solenoid, a bullet and driving electronics. The bullet, which is positioned inside the solenoid's coil, can be accelerated by a magnetic force generated when a current pulse is applied to the coil. Acoustic energies are generated upon the impact of the bullet with an object, such as a borehole wall. This impact force can be described by the Hertzian Contact Theory (also referred to herein as Hertzian Theory) as a point of normal force with a time function similar to a half period sine function. A retraction device may be used to retract the bullet back into the solenoid after firing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2004
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventor: Chung Chang
  • Patent number: 6776256
    Abstract: A method of generating seismic waves in a rock mass surrounding a well comprises the steps of: (a) providing a packer and a fluid withdrawal line within the well, wherein the packer is located below the weathering zone and defines the upper limit of a working volume within the well, and the fluid withdrawal line is adapted to withdraw fluid from the working volume; and (b) providing and detonating an air-fuel mixture in the working volume to generate seismic waves, combustion products of the detonation being withdrawn from the working volume via the fluid withdrawal line.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2004
    Assignees: Schlumberger Technology Corporation, The Institute for Dynamics of Geospheres, Russian Academy of Sciences
    Inventors: Vladimir Nikolaevich Kostyuchenko, Gevorg Grantovich Kocharyan, Igor Stepanovich Svintsov
  • Patent number: 6776054
    Abstract: A method and apparatus is disclosed for determining the flow rates of fluid phases in a pipe containing multiple fluid phases. A Venturi is provided to measure total volumetric flow rate measurement and a holdup measurement is taken approximately 3-10 pipe diameters downstream of the Venturi. The holdup measurement is made at a downstream location where a substantial amount of mixing occurs and the differences between the velocities of the fluid phases can effectively be ignored. The flow rates of the phases can thus be determined directly from the holdup measurements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2004
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Kenneth Edward Stephenson, John William James Ferguson, John Barry Fitzgerald, Anthony Robert Holmes Goodwin, Gerald Henry Meeten, Sarah Elizabeth Pelham
  • Patent number: 6777669
    Abstract: A method of analysing scale at a location in a hydrocarbon well flow system comprises the steps of: using an in situ gamma-ray detector to obtain a gamma-ray spectrum from said scale, and spectroscopically analysing said spectrum to determine the abundances of radioactive isotopes in said scale.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2004
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventor: John Barry Fitzgerald
  • Patent number: 6776233
    Abstract: A method and system for cable-based communication between the drilling rig and the bottom hole assembly is disclosed. A cable is provided along the outside of an upper portion of the drillstring. The cable is connected to a cross-over sub assembly below which is attached a second cable that extends down towards the bottom hole assembly. During drilling the cable rotates with the drillstring, and the unused cable is stored in a reel mounted on the top drive unit. New pipe stands are connected and the cable is clamped to the outside of the drillstring. The method and system are particularly well suited for use in deep-water drilling environments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 17, 2004
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventor: Richard John Meehan
  • Patent number: 6775578
    Abstract: Methods for optimization of oil well production with deference to reservoir and financial uncertainty include the application of portfolio management theory to associate levels of risk with Net Present Values (NPV) of the amount of oil expected to be extracted from the reservoir. Using the methods of the invention, production parameters such as pumping rates can be chosen to maximize NPV without exceeding a given level of risk, or, for a given level of risk, the minimum guaranteed NPV can be predicted to a 90% probability. An iterative process of generating efficient frontiers for objective functions such as NPV is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 10, 2004
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Benoit Couet, Robert Burridge, David Wilkinson
  • Patent number: 6775618
    Abstract: An improved de-ghosting method and system that utilizes multi-component marine seismic data recorded in a fluid medium. The method makes use of two types of data: pressure data that represents the pressure in the fluid medium, such as sea water, at a number of locations; and vertical particle motion data that represents the vertical particle motion of the acoustic energy propagating in the fluid medium at a number of locations within the same spatial area as the pressure data. The vertical particle motion data can be in various forms, for example, velocity, pressure gradient, displacement, or acceleration. A spatial filter is designed so as to be effective at separating up and down propagating acoustic energy over substantially the entire range of non-horizontal incidence angles in the fluid medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 10, 2004
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Johan Olaf Anders Robertsson, Julian Edward Kragh, James Edward Martin
  • Patent number: 6772066
    Abstract: A method and system is disclosed for interactively displaying estimated stability of rock surrounding a wellbore. The display shows a three-dimensional representation of the orientation of a portion of the wellbore and the associated estimation of stability of the rock surrounding the wellbore. The user can alter the orientation of the portion of the wellbore, after which in real time the stability estimation is recalculated and redisplayed. The method and system can be used for planning or modifying a well plan, either before or during the drilling process. The method and system can also be used for diagnosis of stability problems. The method and system can also be used for displaying and analyzing the estimated stability of perforations surrounding a wellbore and for planning and arranging such perforations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2004
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventor: John Mervyn Cook