Abstract: A machine tool includes a spindle, a spindle X-axis moving mechanism for moving the spindle in an X-axis direction, a tool rest equipped with a cutting tool for machining a workpiece, and a tool rest X-axis moving mechanism for moving the tool rest in the X-axis direction, wherein the tool rest is provided with a swivel mechanism for causing swiveling the cutting tool. The machine tool further includes a calculating means for calculating a moving distance of the cutting tool in the X-axis direction when the cutting tool has swiveled by a desired swivel angle, and a control means for controlling the operation of the spindle X-axis moving mechanism such that the spindle is moved in the X-axis direction to follow the cutting tool in accordance with the moving distance.
Abstract: A turret tool holder includes an engagement means having engaging elements on a turret side and a support base side, a clutch member for transmitting a driving power to a turret drive section, and a moving mechanism. The moving mechanism includes a rotatably supported drive shaft, a first feed screw mechanism and a second feed screw mechanism rotatable in response to the rotational drive of the drive shaft for moving the clutch member and the engagement elements, and a coordination mechanism arranged between the drive shaft and the first feed screw mechanism or the second feed screw mechanism, for moving the engaging elements in response to the rotational drive of the drive shaft, with a feed amount smaller than the feed amount of the clutch member.
Abstract: Disclosed are threading device and threading method, including a turning step for threading a rotating workpiece with a predetermined cutting depth, by relatively moving a tool in the axial direction of the workpiece and then rounding-up the workpiece obliquely by relatively moving the tool in the axial direction and radially outward. The workpiece is subjected to the threading process by repeatedly carrying out the turning step while sequentially shifting the axial position for starting the rounding-up of the workpiece relative to an axial position where the rounding-up of the workpiece has been started in a previous turning step.
Abstract: A vibration cutting insert includes a top surface having a rake face and a breaker face, a first side surface, a second side surface, and a bottom surface. In a cross section which includes a bisector of an angle formed between a first ridgeline and a second ridgeline when viewed in a direction from the top surface toward the bottom surface, and which is parallel to the direction from the top surface toward the bottom surface, a rake angle formed between the rake face and a plane parallel to the bottom surface has a positive angle. The angle formed between the first ridgeline and the second ridgeline is an acute angle. The rake face constitutes a cylindrical surface. The breaker face constitutes a flat surface.
Abstract: A machine tool includes: a cutting tool; rotating means; feeding means; and vibration means for reciprocatingly vibrating the cutting tool and the workpiece relative to each other; wherein the cutting process is carried out by a relative rotation of the workpiece and the cutting tool, and feeding of the cutting tool, to thereby move the cutting tool continuously along a plurality of predetermined movement paths each having a different machining feeding direction. The machine tool further includes vibration restriction means that operates as the movement of the cutting tool changes from one movement path of two consecutive movement paths to the other movement path, for restricting the reciprocating vibration for a predetermined period from the movement starting position of the movement paths, and starting the reciprocating vibration after the lapse of said predetermined period.
Abstract: The invention provides a control apparatus for a machine tool, which can perform reciprocating vibration in consideration of a vibration frequency, increase flexibility in machining a workpiece, and perform vibration cutting by means of an external spindle or the like without rotating a spindle. The control apparatus and the machine tool include control means. The control means includes an imaginary spindle regarded as a spindle for rotating a workpiece W or a cutting tool. The control means sets the number of rotations of the imaginary spindle and the number of reciprocating vibrations in accordance with a vibration frequency attributable to a cycle during which an operation instruction can be issued.
Abstract: In a machine tool, under user set conditions, a cutting tool is fed in a feeding direction while the cutting tool is moved repetitively to cut a workpiece smoothly while separating chips easily. In the machine tool and a control apparatus thereof, control means is configured to set the number of rotations of relative rotation for executing machining of a workpiece, and the number of repetitions of repetitive movement during one rotation of the relative rotation in accordance with a repetitive movement frequency attributable to a cycle during which an operation instruction can be issued.
Abstract: A machine tool includes: a cutting tool; rotating means; feeding means; vibrating means for reciprocatingly vibrating the cutting tool and the workpiece relative to each another; and amplitude control means for controlling the amplitude of the reciprocating vibration by the vibrating means. The cutting process is carried out by rotation of the workpiece and the cutting tool relative to each other and feeding of the cutting tool accompanied by the reciprocating vibration with said amplitude in the machining feeding direction of the cutting tool, to thereby move the cutting tool along a predetermined movement path relative to the workpiece. The movement path comprises a plurality of divisional paths divided at predetermined coordinate positions on the movement path. The amplitude control means is adapted to set the amplitude individually for each of the divisional paths.
Abstract: A numerical control device is for machining a machining object by moving a tool and the machining object relative to each other along a movement path while applying vibration, by use of a drive axis provided for the tool or the machining object. The device includes a storage unit that holds an invalid frequency region, and a vibration condition determining unit to determine a frequency for the vibration, based on a rotational speed of a main shaft for rotating the machining object, a number of vibrations of the vibration in each one rotation of the main shaft, and the invalid frequency region.
Abstract: An automatic lathe includes a main spindle that rotates a workpiece about a shaft center, a cutting tool that processes the workpiece, a feeder that moves the cutting tool, an input receiver that receives inputs regarding an eccentric distance and a radius, and a controller that controls the movement by the feeder such as to set a virtual circle having a radius of the distance, to set an offset virtual circle having a center at a position where a center of the virtual circle is offset from the shaft center of the workpiece in the radial direction of the workpiece by the radius, and to move the cutting tool along an circumference of the offset virtual circle in relation to a rotation of the workpiece by the main spindle. A hole is processed, which has the radius at a position away from the shaft center by the distance.
Abstract: A control device for a machine tool and a machine tool capable of easily performing cutting with vibration according to the amount of feed is provided. A control device (180) for a machine tool comprises a control means (181) for controlling the relative rotation and feeding of a cutting tool and a material, the control means performing control such that cutting is performed with vibrating the cutting tool relative to the material by combining a forward feed movement in the machining direction, in which the cutting tool machines the material, and a return movement in the counter-machining direction.
Abstract: A numerical control apparatus includes: a drive unit controlling a main shaft rotating a workpiece, a first drive shaft feeding a cutting tool relatively to the workpiece along a perpendicular direction to a lead direction of a thread, and a second drive shaft feeding the cutting tool relatively to the workpiece along the lead direction; and a vibration unit superimposing, on movement of the first drive shaft, vibration having a period having a predetermined ratio with a rotation period of the main shaft, and forms a thread on the workpiece by moving the cutting tool and the workpiece relative to each other and performing cut processes on the workpiece. The numerical control apparatus includes a thread-cutting vibration adjustment unit controlling the drive unit to shift phase of the vibration with respect to phase of the main shaft by a predetermined vibration phase shift amount every time in the cut processes.
Abstract: A tool rest for a machine tool, with a plurality of rotary tools and a tool-rotating drive shaft supported rotatably so that its rotation is transmitted to each rotary tool. The tool rest includes: a plurality of input portions fixed to the tool-rotating drive shaft; and engaging portions corresponding to the respective input portions, rotatably supported and adopted to be driven in rotation by the input portions for engaging with engaged portions of each rotary tool to transmit power when a prescribed rotational phase is reached. Adjusting means is provided between a prescribed input portion and the engaging portion, for adjusting the phase of the engaging portion relative to the tool-rotating drive shaft such that the engaging portions and the corresponding engaged portions are engaged simultaneously.
Abstract: A control apparatus for machine tool, in accordance with user set conditions, feeds a cutting tool in a feeding direction while reciprocatively vibrating the cutting tool, smoothly cuts a workpiece, and achieves a machined surface having an improved appearance. In a machine tool and a control apparatus thereof, a control means is configured to set the number of rotations of relative rotation and the number of vibrations of reciprocating vibration during one rotation of the relative rotation in accordance with a vibration frequency attributable to a cycle during which an operation instruction can be issued, and the control means includes adjusting means configured to adjust the number of rotations or the number of vibrations set by the control means.
Abstract: A machine forms threads on a workpiece by relatively feeding the workpiece and a cutting tool in a feeding direction while relatively rotating the workpiece and the cutting tool, and by performing a helical cutting work multiple times while carrying out relative reciprocal vibration of the workpiece and the cutting tool in a radial direction of the workpiece. The machine tool or a control device of the machine tool includes a vibration setting unit to set a pattern of vibration during each cutting work accompanied by the reciprocal vibration so that a cut portion of one cutting work partially includes a portion that has been cut in another cutting work. The machine tool and the control device prevent a long, continuous chip from becoming entangled with a workpiece or a cutting tool in the process of forming threads on the workpiece.
Abstract: A coolant coupling device (20) includes: a cylinder chamber (25) provided for a support member (2) for a tool rest (4) in a machine tool and supplied with coolant; a piston (P) movably arranged in the cylinder chamber (25); and a coolant supply flow channel (30) provided for the piston (P) for passing coolant therethrough. The piston (P) is driven by the coolant supplied to the cylinder chamber (25) so that an outlet (32) of the coolant supply flow channel (30) is connected to a coolant inlet port (10) of the tool rest (4) to supply the coolant to the tool rest (4). The piston (P) comprises a cylindrical projection (29) protruding toward and into the cylinder chamber (25), and the coolant supply flow channel (30) has an inlet (34) that opens at an outer peripheral surface of the cylindrical projection (29).
Abstract: A machine tool includes a machining chamber, an illuminator in the machining chamber, and an NC unit. The NC unit includes a manual execution unit for executing the machining operation via a pulse signal generated in response to operation of a manually operated part, and has a one-block stop mode in which the NC program is executed for one block and then stopped. A notification unit issues a notification of completion of the execution of one block of the NC program while the machining operation is executed manually using the manual execution unit in the one-block stop mode, and the notification unit includes the illuminator. A change in the illumination state of the illuminator enables an operator to observe the interior of the machining chamber continuously while being notified of the completion of the execution of the one block of the NC program.
Abstract: In a machine tool and a control apparatus thereof, a repetitive movement unit is configured so that the cutting tool performs one repetitive movement with respect to multiple relative rotations between the workpiece and the cutting tool and so that a rotation angle of the relative rotation between the workpiece and the cutting tool during relative movement at a second speed is smaller than a rotation angle of the relative rotation during relative movement at a first speed in one repetitive movement. This configuration limits degradation of machining efficiency when the cutting tool machines the workpiece by performing one repetitive movement with respect to multiple relative rotations between the workpiece and the cutting tool.
Abstract: This start limiting device (1) is provided with a start prohibiting means (11) which prohibits starting a device (2) when movement of said device (2) is detected, and a start prohibition releasing means (14) which releases the prohibition by the start prohibiting means (11) on starting the device (2); when movement of said device (2) is detected, the start prohibiting means (11) prohibits starting the device (2) such that the prohibition on starting the device can be released by the start prohibition releasing means (14). This start limiting device (1) is provided with a command receiving means (12) which receives a prescribed command, and the start prohibition releasing means (14) is configured to release the prohibition on starting the device until it is determined that a prescribed time condition has been satisfied from the time that the command receiving means (12) receives the aforementioned command.
Abstract: A control device for a machine tool to produce a plurality of different-shaped products efficiently and successively is provided. In the control device, each driving shaft of modules is assigned to different control systems. The device includes a multi-system program storage part for storing a plurality of multi-system programs to machine a workpiece in different shapes, a multi-system program dividing part for dividing the multi-system programs into machining programs, a divided program storage part for storing the divided machining programs individually, a system-based program storage part for storing the machining programs for the respective control systems, and a machining program selection part for selecting the machining program from the divided program storage part in accordance with the machining step to be executed and for storing the selected machining program in the system-based program storage part for the respective control systems.