Patents Assigned to Inphi Corporation
  • Patent number: 11011886
    Abstract: A package structure of a directly modulated laser in a photonics module includes a thermoelectric cooler including multiple conductor traces formed in a cool surface. The package structure further includes a directly modulated laser (DML) chip having a first electrode being attached with the cool surface and a second electrode at a distance away from the cool surface. Additionally, the package structure includes an interposer having a plurality of through-holes formed between a first surface to a second surface. The first surface is mounted to the cool surface such that each through-hole is aligned with one of the multiple conductor traces and the second surface being leveled with the second electrode. Moreover, the package structure includes a driver disposed on the second surface of the interposer with at least a galvanically coupled output port coupled directly to the second electrode of the DML chip.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2021
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Frank Gelhausen, Ahmed Sanaa Ahmed Awny, Edward Pillai, Ulrich Schacht, Oliver Piepenstock
  • Patent number: 11012265
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to communication methods and systems thereof. In a specific embodiment, a noise cancelation system includes a slicer that processes a data stream generates both PAM symbols and error data. An RIN estimator generates RIN data based on the PAM symbols and the error data. A filter removes non-RIN information from the RIN data. The filtered RIN data includes an offset term and a gain term, which are used to remove RIN noise from the data stream. There are other embodiments as well.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2021
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jamal Riani, Ilya Lyubomirsky
  • Patent number: 11002913
    Abstract: An optical dispersion compensator integrated with a silicon photonics system including a first phase-shifter coupled to a second phase-shifter in parallel on the silicon substrate characterized in an athermal condition. The dispersion compensator further includes a third phase-shifter on the silicon substrate to the first phase-shifter and the second phase-shifter through two 2×2 splitters to form an optical loop. A second entry port of a first 2×2 splitter is for coupling with an input fiber and a second exit port of a second 2×2 splitter is for coupling with an output fiber. The optical loop is characterized by a total phase delay tunable via each of the first phase-shifter, the second phase-shifter, and the third phase-shifter such that a normal dispersion (>0) at a certain wavelength in the input fiber is substantially compensated and independent of temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2021
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Xiaoguang Tu, Radhakrishnan L. Nagarajan, Masaki Kato
  • Patent number: 11005571
    Abstract: A method and structure for compensation techniques in coherent optical receivers. The present invention provides a coherent optical receiver with an improved 8×8 adaptive MIMO (Multiple Input, Multiple Output) equalizer configured within a digital signal processor (DSP) to compensate the effects of transmitter I/Q skew in subcarrier multiplexing (SCM) schemes. The 8×8 MIMO equalizer can be configured such that each of the 8 outputs is electrically coupled to 3 of 8 inputs, wherein each of the input-output couplings is configured as a filter. The method includes compensating for impairments to the digital conversion of an optical input signal via the 8×8 MIMO equalizer following other signal processing steps, such as chromatic dispersion (CD)/polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) compensation, carrier recovery, timing synchronization, and cycle slip correction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2021
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Mario Rafael Hueda, José L. Correa Lust, Damian Alfonso Morero
  • Patent number: 11005690
    Abstract: A device and method of operation for digital compensation of dynamic distortion. The transmitter device includes at least a digital-to-analog converter (DAC) connected to a lookup table (LUT), a first shift register, and a second shift register. The method includes iteratively adjusting the input values via the LUT to induce changes in the DAC output that compensate for dynamic distortion, which depends on precursors, current cursors, and postcursors. More specifically, the method includes producing and capturing average output values for each possible sequence of three symbols using the shift register and LUT configuration. Then, the LUT is updated with estimated values to induce desired output values that are adjusted to eliminate clipping. These steps are performed iteratively until one or more check conditions are satisfied. This method can also be combined with techniques such as equalization, eye modulation, and amplitude scaling to introduce desirable output signal characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2021
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Dragos Cartina, Ankit Bhargav, Jamal Riani, Wen-Sin Liew, Yu Liao, ChangFeng Loi
  • Patent number: 10999053
    Abstract: A receiver system that includes a clock and data recovery (CDR) system for aligning a local clock signal to an incoming data signal to extract correct timing information from the incoming data signal is provided. A timing error detector generates an output phase error signal representing the phase difference between the incoming data signal and the local clock signal. The timing error detector determines the phase difference according to recovered symbols and the difference between the recovered symbols and digital samples of the incoming data signal. The digital samples of the incoming data signal include intersymbol interference. The output timing information is suitable for aligning the local clock signal to the incoming data signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2021
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventor: Fernando De Bernardinis
  • Patent number: 10992377
    Abstract: A receiver applies a calibration method to compensate for skew between input channels. The receiver skew is estimated by observing the coefficients of an adaptive equalizer which adjusts the coefficients based on time-varying properties of the multi-channel input signal. The receiver skew is compensated by programming the phase of the sampling clocks for the different channels. Furthermore, during real-time operation of the receiver, channel diagnostics is performed to automatically estimate differential group delay and/or other channel characteristics based on the equalizer coefficients using a frequency averaging or polarization averaging approach. Framer information can furthermore be utilized to estimate differential group delay that is an integer multiple of the symbol rate. Additionally, a DSP reset may be performed when substantial signal degradation is detected based on the channel diagnostics information.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2020
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2021
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shih Cheng Wang, Seyedmohammadreza Motaghiannezam, Matthew C. Bashaw
  • Patent number: 10989937
    Abstract: An integrated differential Electro-Absorption Modulator (EAM) device. The device includes a substrate, an electrical driver, and two EAM modules. The electrical driver circuit is configured overlying the substrate member and has one output electrically coupled to the first EAM module and the other output electrically coupled to the second EAM module. The first and second EAM modules have a first and a second output, respectively. A beam splitter can be configured to split an optical input into two optical outputs, each of which can be optically coupled to the optical inputs of the first and second EAM modules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2021
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventor: Radhakrishnan L. Nagarajan
  • Patent number: 10958354
    Abstract: A method and structure for signal propagation in a coherent optical receiver device. Asynchronous equalization helps to reduce complexity and power dissipation, and also improves the robustness of timing recovery. However, conventional devices using inverse interpolation filters ignore adaptation algorithms. The present invention provides for forward propagation and backward propagation. In the forward case, the filter input signal is forward propagated through a filter to the adaptation engine, while, in the backward case, the error signal is backward propagated through a filter to the asynchronous domain. Using such forward and backward propagation schemes reduces implementation complexity while providing optical device performance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2021
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Damián Alfonso Morero, Mario Rafael Hueda, Oscar Ernesto Agazzi
  • Patent number: 10951003
    Abstract: A light source based on integrated silicon photonics includes a die of a silicon substrate having at least one chip site configured with a surface region, a trench region, and a first stopper region located separately between the surface region and the trench region. The trench region is configured to be a depth lower than the surface region. The light source includes a laser diode chip having a p-side facing the chip site and a n-side being distal to the chip site. The p-side includes a gain region bonded to the trench region, an electrode region bonded to the surface region, and an isolation region engaged with the stopper region to isolate the gain region from the electrode region. The light source also includes a conductor layer in the die configured to connect the gain region to an anode electrode and separately connect the electrode region to a cathode electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2020
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2021
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Xiaoguang He, Radhakrishnan L. Nagarajan
  • Patent number: 10951318
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to data communication. More specifically, embodiments of the present invention provide a transceiver that processes an incoming data stream and generates a recovered clock signal based on the incoming data stream. The transceiver includes a voltage gain amplifier that also performs equalization and provides a driving signal to track and hold circuits that hold the incoming data stream, which is stored by shift and holder buffer circuits. Analog to digital conversion is then performed on the buffer data by a plurality of ADC circuits. Various DSP functions are then performed over the converted data. The converted data are then encoded and transmitted in a PAM format. There are other embodiments as well.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2021
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Karthik Gopalakrishnan, Jamal Riani, Arun Tiruvur
  • Patent number: 10951343
    Abstract: An integrated apparatus with optical/electrical interfaces and protocol converter on a single silicon substrate. The apparatus includes an optical module comprising one or more modulators respectively coupled with one or more laser devices for producing a first optical signal to an optical interface and one or more photodetectors for detecting a second optical signal from the optical interface to generate a current signal. Additionally, the apparatus includes a transmit lane module coupled between the optical module and an electrical interface to receive a first electric signal from the electrical interface and provide a framing protocol for driving the one or more modulators. Furthermore, the apparatus includes a receive lane module coupled between the optical module and the electrical interface to process the current signal to send a second electric signal to the electrical interface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2020
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2021
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventor: Radhakrishnan L. Nagarajan
  • Patent number: 10944620
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to data communication. In certain embodiments, the present invention provides switching mechanism for choosing between redundant communication links. Data received from a first set of communication links are processed to have alignment markers removed, and first figure of merit value is determined based on the data without alignment markers. Similarly, a second figure of merit value is determined for the data received from the second set of communication links. A switch selects between the first set of communication links and the second set of communication links based on their respective figure of merit values. Alignment markers are inserted into the data transmitted through the selected set of data links. There are other embodiments as well.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2020
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2021
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Arash Farhoodfar, Jitendra Swarnkar, Michael Duckering, Andre Sczapanek, Scott Feller, Shaun Lytollis
  • Patent number: 10944485
    Abstract: A method and structure for tap centering in a coherent optical receiver device. The center of gravity (CG) of the filter coefficients can be used to evaluate a proper convergence of a time-domain adaptive equalizer. However, the computation of CG in a dual-polarization optical coherent receiver is difficult when a frequency domain (FD) adaptive equalizer is adopted. In this case, the implementation of several inverse fast-Fourier transform (IFFT) stages is required to back time domain impulse response. Here, examples of the present invention estimate CG directly from the FD equalizer taps and compensate for an error of convergence based off of the estimated CG. This estimation method and associated device architecture is able to achieve an excellent tradeoff between accuracy and complexity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2021
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Mario R. Hueda, José Correa, Oscar E. Agazzi
  • Patent number: 10944484
    Abstract: A method and structure for a coherent optical receiver device. Timing recovery (TR) is implemented after channel dispersion (i.e., chromatic dispersion (CD) and polarization mode dispersion (PMD)) compensation blocks. This architecture provides both improves performance and reduces power consumption of the device. Also, a TR loop is provided, enabling computing, by an error evaluation module, a first sampling phase error (SPE) and computing, by a timing phase information (TPI) module coupled to the error evaluation module, a second SPE from a plurality of CD equalizer taps PMD equalizer taps. The first and second SPE are combined into a total phase error (TPE) in a combining module, and the resulting TPE is filtered by a timing recovery (TR) filter coupled to an interpolated timing recovery (ITR) module and the combining module. The ITR module then synchronizes an input signal of the coherent optical receiver according to the TPE.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2021
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Mario R. Hueda, Oscar E. Agazzi
  • Patent number: 10944430
    Abstract: Multiple data permutation operations in respective different dimensions are used to provide an overall effective data permutation using smaller blocks of data in each permutation than would be used in directly implementing the overall permutation in a single permutation operation. Data that has been permuted in one permutation operation is block interleaved, and the interleaved data is then permuted in a subsequent permutation operation. A matrix transpose is one example of block interleaving that could be applied between permutation operations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2020
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2021
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Arash Farhoodfar, Frank R. Kschischang, Benjamin P. Smith, Andrew Hunt
  • Patent number: 10944476
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to data communication system and methods. More specifically, various embodiments of the present invention provide a communication interface that is configured to transfer data at high bandwidth using nDSQ format(s) over optical communication networks. In certain embodiments, the communication interface is used by various devices, such as spine switches and leaf switches, within a spine-leaf network architecture, which allows large amount of data to be shared among servers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2021
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jamal Riani, Sudeep Bhoja
  • Patent number: 10942323
    Abstract: An apparatus for dissipating heat from a photonic transceiver module. The apparatus includes a top-plate member disposed in a length direction of a package for the photonic transceiver module. The apparatus further includes multiple fins formed on the top-plate member along the length direction from a backend position to a frontend position except at least one fin with a shorter length, forming an elongated void from the backend position to one backend of the at least one fin. Additionally, the apparatus includes a cover member disposed over the multiple fins with a horizontal sheet, two vertical side sheets, and a flange bent vertically from a middle portion of backend of the horizontal sheet. Furthermore, the apparatus includes a spring loaded in the elongated void between the flange and the one backend of the at least one fin to minimize an air gap at the backend of the horizontal sheet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2021
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Chris Togami, Radhakrishnan L. Nagarajan, Gary Sasser, Brian Taylor
  • Patent number: 10935723
    Abstract: A surface grating coupler for polarization splitting or diverse includes a planar layer and an array of scattering elements arranged in the planar layer at intersections of a first set of concentric elliptical curves crossing with a second set of concentric elliptical curves rotated proximately 90 or 180 degrees to form a two-dimensional (2D) grating. Additionally, the grating coupler includes a first waveguide in double-taper shape and a second waveguide in double-taper shape respectively for split or diverse an incident light into the 2D grating into two output light to two output ports with a same (either TE or TM) polarization mode or one output port with TE polarization mode and another output port with TM polarization mode. The polarization diverse grating coupler is required to test multiple polarization sensitive photonics components and can be used with other single polarization grating coupler via a fiber array to perform wafer-level testing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 2, 2021
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Samira Karimelahi, Masaki Kato
  • Patent number: 10929325
    Abstract: A method of operating a computer network system configured with disaggregated inputs/outputs. This system can be configured in a leaf-spine architecture and include a router coupled to a network source, a plurality of core switches coupled to the router, a plurality of aggregator switches coupled to each of the plurality of core switches, and a plurality of rack modules coupled to each of the plurality of aggregator switches. Each of rack modules can include an I/O appliance with a downstream aggregator module, a plurality of server devices each with PCIe interfaces, and an upstream aggregator module that aggregates each of the PCIe interfaces. A high-speed link can be configured between the downstream and upstream aggregator modules via aggregation of many serial lanes to provide reliable high speed bit stream transport over long distances, which allows for better utilization of resources and scalability of memory capacity independent of the server count.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2020
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2021
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Sreenivas Krishnan, Nirmal Raj Saxena