Patents Assigned to Inphi Corporation
  • Patent number: 10432313
    Abstract: Apparatus and method for digital signal constellation transformation are provided herein. In certain configurations, an integrated circuit includes an analog front-end that converts an analog signal vector representing an optical signal into a digital signal vector, and a digital signal processing circuit that processes the digital signal vector to recover data from the optical signal. The digital signal processing circuit generates signal data representing a signal constellation of the digital signal vector. The digital signal processing circuit includes an adaptive gain equalizer that compensates the signal data for distortion of the signal constellation arising from biasing errors of optical modulators used to transmit the optical signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2019
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventor: Shu Hao Fan
  • Patent number: 10425164
    Abstract: The present invention relates to telecommunication techniques and integrated circuit (IC) devices. More specifically, embodiments of the present invention provide an off-quadrature modulation system. Once an off-quadrature modulation position is determined, a ratio between DC power transfer amplitude and dither tone amplitude for a modulator is as a control loop target to stabilize off-quadrature modulation. DC power transfer amplitude is obtained by measuring and sampling the output of an optical modulator. Dither tone amplitude is obtained by measuring and sampling the modulator output and performing calculation using the optical modulator output values and corresponding dither tone values. There are other embodiments as well.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2019
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Todd Rope, Radhakrishnan L. Nagarajan, Hari Shankar
  • Patent number: 10417176
    Abstract: The present invention provides an integrated system-on-chip device. The device is configured on a single silicon substrate member. The device has a data input/output interface provided on the substrate member. The device has an input/output block provided on the substrate member and coupled to the data input/output interface. The device has a signal processing block provided on the substrate member and coupled to the input/output block. The device has a driver module provided on the substrate member and coupled to the signal processing block. The device further includes a driver interface and coupled to the driver module and configured to be coupled to a silicon photonics device. In an example, a control block is configured to receive and send instruction(s) in a digital format to the communication block and is configured to receive and send signals in an analog format to communicate with the silicon photonics device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2019
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Radhakrishnan L. Nagarajan, Chao Xu
  • Patent number: 10409758
    Abstract: The present invention provides an integrated system-on-chip device. The device is configured on a single silicon substrate member. The device has a data input/output interface provided on the substrate member. The device has an input/output block provided on the substrate member and coupled to the data input/output interface. The device has a signal processing block provided on the substrate member and coupled to the input/output block. The device has a driver module provided on the substrate member and coupled to the signal processing block. The device further includes a driver interface and coupled to the driver module and configured to be coupled to a silicon photonics device. In an example, a control block is configured to receive and send instruction(s) in a digital format to the communication block and is configured to receive and send signals in an analog format to communicate with the silicon photonics device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2019
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Siddharth Sheth, Radhakrishnan L. Nagarajan
  • Patent number: 10411666
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to electrical circuits. More specifically, embodiments of the present invention provide a variable gain amplifier (VGA) device that includes a low-gain tuning section and a high-gain tuning section. The low-gain tuning section includes both resistor and transistor elements. The high-gain tuning section includes a transistor element and is activated when an output gain is greater than a predetermined threshold level. There are other embodiments as well.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2019
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventor: James Gorecki
  • Patent number: 10411684
    Abstract: The present invention relates generally to integrated circuits. More particularly, the present invention provides a circuit and method for a CMOS interpolator for an output clock signal with a desirable phase for a high speed serializer/deserializer device. In a specific embodiment, the present invention provides a phase interpolator device that mixes phase-shifted clock signals according to a predetermined weight values at predetermined time intervals. There are other embodiments as well.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2019
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventor: Irene Quek
  • Patent number: 10404289
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to data communication. More specifically, an embodiment of the present invention provides an error correction system. Input data signals are processed by a feedforward equalization module and a decision feedback back equalization module. Decisions generated by the decision feedback equalization module are processed by an error detection module, which determines error events associated with the decisions. The error detection module implements a reduced state trellis path. There are other embodiments as well.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jamal Riani, Farshid Rafiee Rad, Benjamin Smith, Yu Liao, Sudeep Bhoja
  • Patent number: 10396896
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to data communication system and methods. More specifically, various embodiments of the present invention provide a communication interface that is configured to transfer data at high bandwidth using nDSQ format(s) over optical communication networks. In certain embodiments, the communication interface is used by various devices, such as spine switches and leaf switches, within a spine-leaf network architecture, which allows large amount of data to be shared among servers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jamal Riani, Sudeep Bhoja
  • Patent number: 10382125
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to communication systems and methods. According to an embodiment, a receiving optical transceiver determines signal quality for signals received from a transmitting optical transceiver. Information related to the signal quality is embedded into back-channel data and sent to the transmitting optical transceiver. The transmitting optical transceiver detects the presence of the back-channel data and adjusts one or more of its operating parameters based on the back-channel data. There are other embodiments as well.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Todd Rope, Radhakrishnan L. Nagarajan
  • Patent number: 10382236
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to data communication. In a specific embodiment, a known data segment is received through a data communication link. The received data is equalized by an equalizer using an adjustable equalization parameter. The output of the equalizer is sampled, and a waveform is obtained by sweeping one or more sampler parameters. The waveform is evaluated by comparing it to the known data segment. Based on the quality of the waveform, equalizer parameter is determined. There are other embodiments as well.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2019
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Richard Ward, Parmanand Mishra
  • Patent number: 10374750
    Abstract: An optical module processes first FEC (Forward Error Correction) encoded data produced by a first FEC encoder. The optical module has a second FEC encoder for further coding a subset of the first FEC encoded data to produce second FEC encoded data. The optical module also has an optical modulator for modulating, based on a combination of the second FEC encoded data and a remaining portion of the first FEC encoded data that is not further coded, an optical signal for transmission over an optical channel. The second FEC encoder is an encoder for an FEC code that has a bit-level trellis representation with a number of states in any section of the bit-level trellis representation being less than or equal to 64 states. In this manner, the second FEC encoder has relatively low complexity (e.g. relatively low transistor count) that can reduce power consumption for the optical module.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Benjamin P. Smith, Arash Farhoodfar
  • Patent number: 10374752
    Abstract: The present invention relates to data communication systems and methods thereof. More specifically, embodiments of the present invention provide a data transmission method. Data are encoded with staircase encoder, and staircase coded blocks are first interleaved then combined into outer code frames. Code frames additionally include sync words and padding bits. A second interleaving is applied to the bits of the code frames, and Hamming encoding is performed on the output of the second interleaver. Hamming codewords are Gray-mapped to dual-polarized quadrature-amplitude-modulation (DP-QAM) symbols, and a third interleaving of the symbols from a set of successive Hamming codewords is performed. Pilot symbols are inserted periodically into the stream of DP-QAM symbols. There are other embodiments as well.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Benjamin Smith, Jamal Riani, Arash Farhoodfar, Sudeep Bhoja
  • Patent number: 10374842
    Abstract: The present invention relates to data communication techniques and integrated circuit devices. More specifically, embodiments of the present invention provide an input buffer module that utilizes one or more equalization elements. The input buffer module includes an array of inverters arranged in a series. An equalization element is configured in series relative to a segment of the array of inverters. The resistance value of the equalization element is predetermined based on a delay associated with the segment of the array of inverters. There are other embodiments as well.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Karim Abdelhalim, Michael Le, Haidang Lin
  • Patent number: 10365435
    Abstract: A surface grating coupler for polarization splitting or diverse includes a planar layer and an array of scattering elements arranged in the planar layer at intersections of a first set of concentric elliptical curves crossing with a second set of concentric elliptical curves rotated proximately 90 or 180 degrees to form a two-dimensional (2D) grating. Additionally, the grating coupler includes a first waveguide in double-taper shape and a second waveguide in double-taper shape respectively for split or diverse an incident light into the 2D grating into two output light to two output ports with a same (either TE or TM) polarization mode or one output port with TE polarization mode and another output port with TM polarization mode. The polarization diverse grating coupler is required to test multiple polarization sensitive photonics components and can be used with other single polarization grating coupler via a fiber array to perform wafer-level testing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2019
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Samira Karimelahi, Masaki Kato
  • Patent number: 10355886
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to data communication systems and methods. More specifically, embodiments of the present invention provide techniques for transceivers to quickly identify FEC mode used in data communication. A transmitting transceiver embeds FEC mode information in a designated field of an alignment marker. The receiving transceiver acknowledges the receipt of the FEC mode information and processes the incoming data accordingly. There are other embodiments as well.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Arun Tiruvur, Sudeep Bhoja
  • Patent number: 10355804
    Abstract: An integrated apparatus with optical/electrical interfaces and protocol converter on a single silicon substrate. The apparatus includes an optical module comprising one or more modulators respectively coupled with one or more laser devices for producing a first optical signal to an optical interface and one or more photodetectors for detecting a second optical signal from the optical interface to generate a current signal. Additionally, the apparatus includes a transmit lane module coupled between the optical module and an electrical interface to receive a first electric signal from the electrical interface and provide a framing protocol for driving the one or more modulators. Furthermore, the apparatus includes a receive lane module coupled between the optical module and the electrical interface to process the current signal to send a second electric signal to the electrical interface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventor: Radhakrishnan L. Nagarajan
  • Publication number: 20190212507
    Abstract: A photonic transceiver apparatus in QSFP package. The apparatus includes a case having a base member, two partial side members, and a lid member to provide a spatial volume with an opening at a back end of the base member. Additionally, the apparatus includes a PCB, installed inside the spatial volume over the base member having a pluggable electrical connector at the back end. Further, the apparatus includes multiple optical transmitting devices in mini-transmit-optical-sub-assembly package, each being mounted on a common support structure and having a laser output port in reversed orientation toward the back end. Furthermore, the apparatus includes a silicon photonics chip, including a fiber-to-silicon attachment module, mounted on the PCB and coupled to a modulation driver module and a trans-impedance amplifier module. Moreover, the apparatus includes a pair of optical input/output ports being back connected to the fiber-to-silicon attachment module.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2019
    Publication date: July 11, 2019
    Applicant: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Radhakrishnan L. NAGARAJAN, Peng-Chih LI, Masaki KATO
  • Patent number: 10341030
    Abstract: A receiver architecture and method recovers data received over an optical fiber channel in the presence of cycle slips. In a first cycle slip recovery architecture, a receiver detects and corrects cycle slips based on pilot symbols inserted in the transmitted data. In a second cycle slip recovery architecture, a coarse cycle slip detection is performed based on pilot symbols and a cycle slip position estimation is then performed based on carrier phase noise. The receiver compensates for cycle slips based on the position estimation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2019
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Mario Alejandro Castrillon, Damian Alfonso Morero, Mario Rafael Hueda
  • Patent number: 10333627
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a communication signal tracking system comprising an optical receiver including one or more delay line interferometers (DLIs) configured to demultiplex incoming optical signals and a transimpedance amplifier configured to convert the incoming optical signals to incoming electrical signals. The communication signal tracking system further includes a control module configured to calculate a bit-error-rate (BER) of the incoming electrical signals before forward-error correction decoding, and use the BER as a parameter for optimizing settings of the one or more DLIs in one or more iterations in a control loop and generating a back-channel data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: Inphi Corporation
    Inventors: Todd Rope, Sung Choi, James Stewart, Radhakrishnan L. Nagarajan, Paul Yu, Ilya Lyubomirsky
  • Patent number: 10333527
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention provide techniques for duty cycle correction of clock signals. An input clock signal passes through a pair of output transistors, which provides an output clock signal based on the input clock signal. A duty cycle sensor generates a first correction signal based on the output clock signal. The first correction signal is at least partially opposite of the output clock signal. A duty cycle corrector generates a second correction signal based on the first correction signal. The duty cycle corrector includes two or more transistors for generating the second correction signal. The second correction signal is applied to the output clock signal. There are other embodiments as well.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: INPHI CORPORATION
    Inventors: Simon Forey, Rajasekhar Nagulapalli, Parmanand Mishra