Abstract: A control device for a compression-ignition (CI) engine in which partial CI combustion including spark ignition (SI) combustion performed by combusting a portion of mixture gas inside a cylinder by spark ignition followed by CI combustion performed by causing the rest of the mixture gas inside the cylinder to self-ignite is executed within a part of an engine operating range, is provided, including an EGR (exhaust gas recirculation) controller configured to change an EGR ratio, and a combustion controller configured to control the EGR controller during the partial compression-ignition combustion to switch a combustion mode between first and second modes in which the EGR ratio is higher than the first mode. After the first mode is switched to the second mode, if a condition is satisfied, the combustion controller causes the resumption to the first mode after a given period of time has elapsed from the switching.
Abstract: A failure diagnosis device for an in-cylinder pressure sensor includes an in-cylinder pressure sensor, and a controller comprised of circuitry configured to execute a diagnosis module into which a signal of the in-cylinder pressure sensor is inputted and configured to diagnose a failure of the sensor based on the signal. The diagnosis module includes a reading module configured to read the signals of the in-cylinder pressure sensor at a first timing that is a timing retarded by a specific crank angle from a compression top dead center, and at a second timing that is a timing advanced by the specific crank angle from the compression top dead center, and a failure determining module configured to determine that the in-cylinder pressure sensor has failed when the failure determining module determines that a difference between signal values at the first timing and at the second timing exceeds a predefined threshold.
Abstract: In an engine (1), when an intake valve (16) opens, a downstream end portion (61) of a first intake port (6) extends to direct to between a shade back (162a) positioned on a cylinder axis (C) side with respect to a valve stem (161) and a ceiling surface (51) facing the shade back (162a). As viewed in a section perpendicular to a direction perpendicular to an intake air flow direction, a second intake port side inner wall surface (61a) at the downstream end portion (61) of the first intake port (6) curves apart from a second intake port (7) in a direction from an exhaust side to an intake side as compared to the shape of an opposite second intake port side inner wall surface (61b) mirror-reversed to a second intake port (7) side.
Abstract: A method of implementing control logic of a compression-ignition engine is provided. A controller outputs a signal to a injector and a variable valve operating mechanism so that a gas-fuel ratio (G/F) becomes leaner than a stoichiometric air fuel ratio, and an air-fuel ratio (A/F) becomes equal to or richer than the stoichiometric air fuel ratio, and to an ignition plug so that unburnt mixture gas combusts by self-ignition after the ignition plug ignites mixture gas inside a combustion chamber. The method includes steps of determining a geometric compression ratio and determining the control logic defining an intake valve close timing IVC. IVC (deg.aBDC) is determined so that the following expression is satisfied: if the geometric compression ratio ? is 10??<17, 0.4234?2?22.926?+207.84+C?IVC??0.4234?2+22.926??167.84+C where C is a correction term according to an engine speed NE (rpm), C=3.3×10?10NE3?1.0×10?6NE2+7.0×10?4NE.
Abstract: A cylinder head cover structure of an engine includes a positive crankcase ventilation (PCV) valve releasing blow-by gas from an oil separating chamber to an intake system of the engine. The oil separating chamber is included in an oil separator provided to an interior of a cylinder head cover. In the oil separating chamber, oil mist is separated and removed from the blow-by gas. The PCV valve is located between a portion of a defining wall and an exterior wall of the cylinder head cover, and supported by the defining wall and the exterior wall, the defining wall defining the oil separating chamber and the cam housing, and the exterior wall being spaced apart from the portion of the defining wall. The PCV valve is surrounded by a space communicating with the cam housing.
Abstract: A frictional engagement element includes: a first piston, a second piston, a first urging member for urging the first piston in a direction of releasing a friction plate, and a second urging member for urging the second piston in the direction of releasing the friction plate with an urging force larger than the urging force of the first urging member. One of the first and second pistons has a communicating hole for connecting an engaging hydraulic chamber with an opposite hydraulic chamber and the other of the first and second pistons has a valve part for closing the communicating hole. The difference in travel distance between the first and second pistons in motion due to the different urging forces of the first and second urging members causes the valve part to open the communicating hole.
Abstract: A second dynamic vibration absorber is higher in resonance frequency than a first dynamic vibration absorber. At least one of the resonance frequency of the first dynamic vibration absorber or the resonance frequency of the second dynamic vibration absorber is shifted from associated at least one of the first resonance frequency or the second resonance frequency such that a peak frequency of antiresonance occurring in a higher frequency region of the first dynamic vibration absorber than the resonance frequency of the first dynamic vibration absorber is substantially different from that of antiresonance occurring in a lower frequency region of the second dynamic vibration absorber than the resonance frequency of the second dynamic vibration absorber.
Abstract: A method of implementing control logic of a compression-ignition engine is provided. A control part of the engine performs a calculation according to the control logic corresponding to an engine operating state in response to a measurement of a measurement part, controls a fuel injection part, a variable valve operating mechanism, an ignition part and a supercharger so that a G/F becomes leaner than a stoichiometric air fuel ratio and a A/F becomes equal to or richer than the stoichiometric air fuel ratio, while causing the supercharger to boost, and controls the ignition part so that unburnt mixture gas combusts by self-ignition after the ignition. The method includes determining a supercharging pressure P, and determining control logic defining a close timing IVC of an intake valve. When determining the control logic, the close timing IVC (deg.aBDC) is determined so that the supercharging pressure P (kPa) satisfies the following expression: P?8.0×10?11IVC6?1.0×10?8IVC5+3.0×10?7IVC4?4.0×10?6IVC3+0.
Abstract: A vehicle includes a driver's seat and a passenger's seat, an interior member, and an instrument panel. The instrument panel has a meter cluster portion and an information display portion. The interior member has, on a front side of the vehicle, a extending portion extending around a back side of the information display portion so as to be spaced from the information display portion, and the information display portion has a panel capable of displaying at least either one information of images or characters, and at least when the information is not displayed, enters a light transmission state so as to allow a driver to visually recognize the extending portion.
August 30, 2018
Date of Patent:
September 1, 2020
MAZDA MOTOR CORPORATION
Norihito Iwao, Seiji Sekine, Daiki Hamanaga, Jun Maruyama
Abstract: A turbocharger engine includes a dual stage turbocharger in which a first turbo unit is disposed on the upstream side of a second turbo unit on an exhaust passage. The turbocharger is disposed in such a manner that a second turbine shaft of the second turbo unit is far from an engine output shaft than a first turbine shaft of the first turbo unit in a plan view in an axis direction of a cylinder. Further, a second turbine is rotated clockwise around an axis thereof in a side view when the turbocharger is viewed from the side of the turbine, and an intra-turbine passage is disposed on the side of an engine body than the second turbine shaft.
Abstract: There are provided first and second loop-shaped structure sections which are respectively provided to extend continuously along a lower wall part, right-and-left both side wall parts, and an upper wall part of a vehicle body so as to have a loop shape in a vehicle elevational view. The first loop-shaped structure section is positioned in front of a damper support section. A lower-side part of the second loop-shaped structure section which is located at a lower level than the damper support section is formed by a part of the first loop-shaped structure section and its upper-side part is positioned in back of the damper support section. Each of these loop-shaped structure sections is formed by a closed-cross section portion where a closed-cross section is partitioned by plural members and/or a thick plate portion having a thicker plate thickness than a vehicle-body panel.
Abstract: The vehicle body structure including an inner rein coupled to a first portion of a vibration source in a vehicle and a component constituting a vehicle body; an outer rein coupled to the component and a second portion different from the first portion of the vibration source; and a damping structure arranged between the inner rein and the outer rein and configured to dampen vibrations transmitted along the inner rein and the outer rein, wherein the inner rein includes a portion that interrupts transmission of the vibration transmitted along the inner rein, and is connected to the second reinforcing member via the damping structure.
Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a vehicle rear body structure in which a meeting section is constructed at an upper corner of a rear gate opening that is opened rearward in a body rear portion, and in the meeting section, a roof side rail that extends in a vehicle longitudinal direction in a body side portion and a rear header that extends in a vehicle width direction in the body rear portion meet. The vehicle rear body structure that improves rigidity of the body rear portion while suppressing relative displacement between the rear header and the roof side rail.
Abstract: There are provided first and second loop-shaped structure sections which are provided to extend continuously along respective lower wall parts, respective right-and-left both side wall parts, and respective upper wall parts of a vehicle body so as to have a loop shape in a vehicle elevational view, respectively. The first and second loop-shaped structure sections are respectively positioned on an forward side and on a rearward side, in a vehicle longitudinal direction, of a damper support section. Each of these sections is formed by a closed-cross section portion where a closed-cross section is partitioned by plural members and/or a thick plate portion having a thicker plate thickness than a vehicle-body panel.
Abstract: A first loop-shaped structure section is provided on a forward side of and closely to a damper support section so as to have a loop shape in a vehicle elevational view. A second loop-shaped structure section is provided around a rear-gate opening portion so as to have a loop shape in the vehicle elevational view. A third loop-shaped structure section is provided to extend continuously along a lower side wall part interconnecting lower wall parts of the first and second loop-shaped structure sections, a side wall part of the first loop-shaped structure section, an upper side wall part interconnecting upper end portions of upper wall parts of the first and second loop-shaped structure sections, and a side wall part of the second loop-shaped structure section so as to have a loop shape in a vehicle side view.
Abstract: Present application discloses display apparatus including: display panel having display surface to display image; and overlaid member overlaid on display surface. Overlaid member partitions display surface into inner region at least partially surrounded by overlaid member, and outer region situated outside overlaid member. Image contains inner and outer images displayed in inner and outer regions. Display panel includes signal generator for generating first image signal for changing content of the inner image displayed in inner region in response to first switching signal outputted from first switch. Signal generator generates second image signal for changing content of the outer image displayed in outer region in response to second switching signal outputted from second switch which is more distant from steering wheel than first switch.
February 27, 2018
Date of Patent:
August 25, 2020
Mazda Motor Corporation
Yo Kitamura, Hado Morokawa, Seiji Hisada
Abstract: An intake and exhaust system of an engine is provided, which includes an exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) passage configured to recirculate a portion of exhaust gas as EGR gas, from an exhaust passage of the engine to an intake passage, and an EGR cooler disposed in the EGR passage, the EGR cooler being coupled to a passage wall of the exhaust passage at an EGR gas inlet side, and having a center line intersecting with a flow direction of exhaust gas in the exhaust passage. A through-hole communicating the EGR cooler with the exhaust passage is formed into a long hole elongated in the flow direction in the exhaust passage.
Abstract: Disclosed herein is a support structure for a rotary part of an engine (2). The support structure includes crank journal bearing metals (14) and crank pin bearing metals (24, 124). Each crank journal bearing metal (14) includes chamfers (16) and crowned portions (17). On the other hand, each crank pin bearing metal (24, 124) includes chamfers (26) and no crowned portion or crowned portions (127) on its inner peripheral surface. The crowned portions (127) are inclined at a smaller angle than the crowned portions (17).