Patents Assigned to Pulse Finland Oy
  • Patent number: 9680212
    Abstract: Grounding apparatus for mobile devices and methods of utilizing and manufacturing the same. In one embodiment, an outer metallized surface of a mobile device is configured to capacitively couple a metal back cover to the device ground. Specifically, in one implementation, an exterior surface of the mobile device is metalized and coupled to the device ground via galvanic contacts. The exterior metalized surface is configured to be capacitively coupled a metal back cover of a mobile device to the device ground when the back cover is installed on the mobile device. By capacitively coupling the back cover to the device ground via the exterior metalized surface, the need to otherwise ground the back cover through the use of galvanic contacts is obviated, thereby reducing the number of components needed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignee: Pulse Finland OY
    Inventors: Jarmo Konu, Prasadh Ramachandran, Petteri Annamaa
  • Patent number: 9673507
    Abstract: A chassis-excited antenna apparatus, and methods of tuning and utilizing the same. In one embodiment, a distributed loop antenna configuration is used within a handheld mobile device (e.g., cellular telephone). The antenna comprises two radiating elements: one configured to operate in a high-frequency band, and the other in a low-frequency band. The two antenna elements are disposed on different side surfaces of the metal chassis of the portable device; e.g., on the opposing sides of the device enclosure. Each antenna component comprises a radiator and an insulating cover. The radiator is coupled to a device feed via a feed conductor and a ground point. A portion of the feed conductor is disposed with the radiator to facilitate forming of the coupled loop resonator structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2017
    Assignee: Pulse Finland OY
    Inventors: Prasadh Ramachandran, Petteri Annamaa
  • Patent number: 9647338
    Abstract: Antenna apparatus and methods of use and tuning. In one exemplary embodiment, the solution of the present disclosure is particularly adapted for small form-factor, metal-encased applications that utilize satellite wireless links (e.g., GPS), and uses an electromagnetic (e.g., capacitive) feeding method that includes one or more separate feed elements that are not galvanically connected to a radiator element of the antenna. In addition, certain implementations of the antenna apparatus offer the capability to carry more than one operating band for the antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2017
    Assignee: Pulse Finland Oy
    Inventors: Pertti Nissinen, Kimmo Koskiniemi, Prasadh Ramachandran
  • Patent number: 9634383
    Abstract: An antenna apparatus with isolated non-interactive sectors and methods operating and forming the same. In one embodiment, an antenna with a radiative element comprising a planar layer with multiple sectors is disclosed. The sectors are configured to be interactive or non-interactive. The interactive sectors contribute to the radiative profile of the antenna. The non-interactive sectors are galvanically isolated from the interactive sectors and do not substantially affect the radiative profile of the antenna. Region borders are present between various ones of the interacting and non-interacting sectors. These region borders provide the galvanic isolation between the interacting and non-interacting sectors. The antenna further includes feed portions coupled to the interactive sectors, thereby defining the antenna pattern. The non-interactive sectors are largely transparent to the radiative mode and thus do not substantially affect the antenna pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2017
    Assignee: PULSE FINLAND OY
    Inventors: Juha Lundbom, Petteri Annamaa
  • Patent number: 9531058
    Abstract: A multiband internal antenna apparatus and methods of tuning and utilizing the same. In one embodiment, the antenna configuration is used within a handheld mobile device (e.g., cellular telephone or smartphone). The device enclosure is fabricated from a conductive material and has two parts: the main portion, housing the device electronics and ground plane, and the antenna cap, which substantially envelops a directly fed radiator structure of the antenna. Electromagnetic coupling of the cap portion to the device feed effects formation of a parasitic antenna radiator in a lower frequency band. The cap portion is separated from the main portion by a narrow gap, extending along circumference of the device, and is grounded at a location selected to cause desired resonance and to widen antenna bandwidth. In one implementation, a second parasitic radiator is disposed proximate the directly feed radiator to further expand antenna frequency bands of operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2016
    Assignee: PULSE FINLAND OY
    Inventor: Anne Isohätälä
  • Patent number: 9509054
    Abstract: A right-hand circular polarized antenna and associated methods. In one embodiment, a quarter-wave antenna configuration is used within a small form factor portable device (e.g. wristwatch). The antenna comprises a radiator element which operates in as a linear polarized antenna while the device is operating in free space. However, when the device is attached to a user (e.g. at a user's wrist), the antenna utilizes the loading of the user's body tissue in order to suppress unwanted signals (e.g. left hand polarized signals) to permit operation in circular polarized mode (e.g. right hand polarized mode), thereby allowing for increased sensitivity to received circularly polarized signals such as those emanated from global positioning satellites.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2016
    Assignee: Pulse Finland OY
    Inventors: Kimmo Koskiniemi, Pertti Nissinen
  • Patent number: 9484619
    Abstract: An active diversity antenna apparatus and methods of tuning and utilizing the same. In one embodiment, the active diversity antenna is used within a handheld mobile device (e.g., cellular telephone or smartphone), and enables device operation in several low frequency bands (LBs). The exemplary implementation of the active LB diversity antenna comprises a directly fed radiator portion and a grounded (coupled fed) radiator portion. The directly fed portion is fed via a feed element connected to an antenna feed. The coupled fed portion of the LB antenna is grounded, forming a resonating part of the low frequency band. A gap between the two antenna portions is used to adjust antenna Q-value. Resonant frequency tuning is achieved by changing the length of the grounded element. The LB feed element is disposed proximate the feed element of a high band diversity antenna, thus reducing transmission losses and improving diplexer operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2016
    Assignee: PULSE FINLAND OY
    Inventors: Heikki Korva, Ari Raappana, Petteri Annamaa
  • Patent number: 9461371
    Abstract: An antenna structure that provides spatial multiplexing capabilities. In one embodiment, the antenna comprises two antenna components with a substrate and radiator, the components being located on opposite sides of the circuit board of a radio device. Each antenna component operates in combination with the ground plane of the radio device to form a partial antenna, the operating band of which is below the frequency of 1 GHz. The ground plane and the feed points of the partial antennas are arranged so that the ‘dipole axes’ of the partial antennas have clearly different directions at the frequencies of said operating band.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2016
    Assignee: Pulse Finland OY
    Inventor: Reetta Kuonanoja
  • Patent number: 9450291
    Abstract: A multiband slot loop antenna apparatus, and methods of tuning and utilizing the same. In one embodiment, the antenna configuration is used within a handheld mobile device (e.g., cellular telephone or smartphone). The antenna comprises two radiating structures: a ring or loop structure substantially enveloping an outside perimeter of the device enclosure, and a tuning structure disposed inside the enclosure. The ring structure is grounded to the ground plane of the device so as to create a virtual portion and an operating portion. The tuning structure is spaced from the ground plane, and includes a plurality of radiator branches effecting antenna operation in various frequency bands; e.g., at least one lower frequency band and three upper frequency bands. On one implementation, a second lower frequency band radiator is effected using a reactive matched circuit coupled between a device feed and a radiator branch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2016
    Assignee: PULSE FINLAND OY
    Inventors: Heikki Korva, Petteri Annamaa
  • Patent number: 9406998
    Abstract: A distributed multiband antenna intended for radio devices, and methods for designing manufacturing the same. In one embodiment, a planar inverted-F antenna (PIFA) configured to operate in a high-frequency band, and a matched monopole configured to operate in a low-frequency band, are used within a handheld mobile device (e.g., cellular telephone). The two antennas are placed on substantially opposing regions of the portable device. The use of a separate low-frequency antenna element facilitates frequency-specific antenna matching, and therefore improves the overall performance of the multiband antenna. The use of high-band PIFA reduces antenna volume, and enables a smaller device housing structure while also reducing signal losses in the high frequency band. These attributes also advantageously facilitate compliance with specific absorption rate (SAR) tests; e.g., in the immediate proximity of hand and head “phantoms” as mandated under CTIA regulations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2016
    Assignee: Pulse Finland OY
    Inventors: Heikki Korva, Petteri Annamaa, Ari Raappana
  • Patent number: 9350081
    Abstract: Switchable multi-radiator high band antenna apparatus, and methods of tuning and utilizing the same. In one embodiment, the antenna apparatus is configured to operate in lower and upper frequency bands, for use within a handheld mobile device (e.g., cellular telephone or smartphone). In one variant, the antenna apparatus includes a metal cup, two feeding elements, and a ground element. One feeding element is used to tune the antenna in both the lower and the upper bands. The other feed element is used to tune the antenna in the upper band. A switching element is configured to change the signal routing for the feed elements. During device operation, a user's body (e.g., hand) may cover or obstruct one of the antenna elements. Responsive to a determination of reduced performance associated with covered/obstructed antenna element, the signal route may be automatically switched to the other element, thereby improving robustness of mobile device communications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2016
    Assignee: Pulse Finland OY
    Inventors: Ilkka Heikura, Petteri Annamaa
  • Patent number: 9325060
    Abstract: A conductive element such as an antenna, for use in electronic devices, including mobile devices such as cellular phones, smartphones, personal digital assistants (PDAs), laptops, and wireless tablets. In one exemplary aspect, the present disclosure relates to a conductive antenna formed using deposition of conductive fluids as well as the method and equipment for forming the same. In one embodiment, a “thick” antenna element can be formed in one pass of a dispensing head or nozzle, thereby reducing manufacturing cost and increasing manufacturing efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2016
    Assignee: Pulse Finland OY
    Inventors: Esa Kalistaja, Elli Galla, Dan Kuehler, Winthrop Childers
  • Patent number: 9246210
    Abstract: A monopole antenna applicable especially to small mobile stations. In one embodiment, the radiator of the antenna is trough-like in shape so that it covers the head surface, front and rear surfaces and both side surfaces of the dielectric cover of the radio device at an end of the device. On the side of the side surfaces slots are formed in the radiator, starting from its edge, for increasing the electric size. The radiator is fed electromagnetically by a separate element which is shaped so that the antenna has at least two operating bands. The ground plane of the antenna is in one embodiment disposed apart from the radiator, thus not extending inside the ‘trough’.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2016
    Assignee: PULSE FINLAND OY
    Inventor: Heikki Korva
  • Patent number: 9203154
    Abstract: An internal dual band antenna meant for small radio devices. In one embodiment, the antenna contains two radiators and a parasite element, which is shared between them. The parasite element is implemented on three sides of the antenna module, which are perpendicular to the side where the two radiators are implemented. The short-circuit conductor of the parasite element extends close to the supply point/points of the antenna on the circuit board of the radio device and is connected to the ground plane of the radio device. The antenna structure is dimensioned such that the two resonance frequencies on both functional bands are at a lower frequency than the resonance frequencies of the actual radiators. Accordingly, both the lower and upper frequency band is widened. The shape of the parasite element does not weaken the adaptation of the antenna in either functional band.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2015
    Assignee: Pulse Finland Oy
    Inventor: Heikki Korva
  • Patent number: 9123990
    Abstract: A space efficient multi-feed antenna apparatus, and methods for use in a radio frequency communications device. In one embodiment, the antenna assembly comprises three (3) separate radiator structures disposed on a common antenna carrier. Each of the three antenna radiators is connected to separate feed ports of a radio frequency front end. In one variant, the first and the third radiators comprise quarter-wavelength planar inverted-L antennas (PILA), while the second radiator comprises a half-wavelength grounded loop-type antenna disposed in between the first and the third radiators. The PILA radiators are characterized by radiation patterns having maximum radiation axes that are substantially perpendicular to the antenna plane. The loop radiator is characterized by radiation pattern having axis of maximum radiation that is parallel to the antenna plane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2015
    Assignee: Pulse Finland OY
    Inventors: Prasadh Ramachandran, Ari Raappana, Petteri Annamaa
  • Patent number: 8988296
    Abstract: A right-hand circular polarized antenna and associated methods. In one embodiment, a quarter-wave antenna configuration is used within a small form factor portable device (e.g. wristwatch). The antenna comprises a radiator element which operates in as a linear polarized antenna while the device is operating in free space. However, when the device is attached to a user (e.g. at a user's wrist), the antenna utilizes the loading of the user's body tissue in order to suppress unwanted signals (e.g. left hand polarized signals) to permit operation in circular polarized mode (e.g. right hand polarized mode), thereby allowing for increased sensitivity to received circularly polarized signals such as those emanated from global positioning satellites.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Pulse Finland Oy
    Inventors: Kimmo Koskiniemi, Pertti Nissinen
  • Patent number: 8866689
    Abstract: A multiband dipole antenna solution suitable for use in various wireless device applications, and methods of tuning and utilizing the same. In one embodiment, the antenna is adapted for use in long term evolution (LTE or LTE-A) radio devices. In one implementation, the antenna comprises (i) two planar directly fed radiating elements operating in a lower frequency band and disposed on two opposing sides of a dielectric structure, and (ii) two electromagnetically coupled radiating elements operating in an upper frequency band also disposed on the opposing sides of the dielectric structure. An additional pair of electromagnetically coupled radiator elements is utilized to achieve wider antenna operating bandwidth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Pulse Finland OY
    Inventor: Muhammad Nazrul Islam
  • Patent number: 8847833
    Abstract: A radiating antenna element intended for portable radio devices and methods for designing manufacturing the same. In one embodiment, a loop resonator structure for enhanced field (e.g., electric field) is provided, the resonator having an inductive and a capacitive element forming a resonance in a first frequency band. The loop resonator structure is disposed substantially on the ground plane, thereby altering electrical energy distribution. The location of the resonant element is selected to reduce electric field strength proximate to one or more sensitive components, such as a mobile device earpiece, thereby improve hearing aid compliance. Capacitive tuning of the resonator, and the use of multiple resonator structures on the same device, are further described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Pulse Finland Oy
    Inventors: Heikki Korva, Petteri Annamaa
  • Patent number: 8786499
    Abstract: An antenna system internal to the device especially intended for small-sized mobile stations, the system having separate operating bands. The system is implemented as decentralized in a way that the device (300) has a plurality of separate antennas (310-360). Each antenna is based on (a) radiating element(s) on the surface of a dielectric substrate. The substrate can be, for example, a piece of ceramics or a part of the outer casing of the device. The antennas are located at suitable places in the device. The operating band of an individual antenna covers the frequency range used by one radio system, the frequency ranges close to each other and is used by two different radio systems or only the transmitting or receiving band of the frequency range used by a radio system. If the device has a shared transmitter and a shared receiver for the radio systems using frequency ranges close to each other, there can anyway be a separate antenna for each system or the antenna can also be shared.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: Pulse Finland Oy
    Inventors: Pertti Nissinen, Antti Leskelä, Jari Perunka, Zlatoljub Milosavljevic, Petteri Annamaa, Kimmo Koskiniemi
  • Patent number: 8648752
    Abstract: A chassis-excited antenna apparatus, and methods of tuning and utilizing the same. In one embodiment, a distributed loop antenna configuration is used within a handheld mobile device (e.g., cellular telephone). The antenna comprises two radiating elements: one configured to operate in a high-frequency band, and the other in a low-frequency band. The two antenna elements are disposed on different side surfaces of the metal chassis of the portable device; e.g., on the opposing sides of the device enclosure. Each antenna component comprises a radiator and an insulating cover. The radiator is coupled to a device feed via a feed conductor and a ground point. A portion of the feed conductor is disposed with the radiator to facilitate forming of the coupled loop resonator structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Assignee: Pulse Finland Oy
    Inventors: Prasadh Ramachandran, Petteri Annamaa