Patents Assigned to Pulse Finland Oy
  • Patent number: 8618990
    Abstract: A wideband antenna for use portable radio devices, and methods for operating the same. In one embodiment, a monopole antenna is used within a laptop computing device. The antenna comprises a monopole radiator coupled to an auxiliary ground plane element, and is placed substantially outside of the footprint of the computer display ground plane. In one implementation, the auxiliary ground element is configured not to have electrical connections to the ground plane of the laptop. In another implementation, a solid state switch selectively connects an antenna parasitic element to the main ground thus enabling selective control of the antenna lower frequency operating band.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Pulse Finland Oy
    Inventor: Vesna Somero
  • Patent number: 8564485
    Abstract: An adjustable multi-band planar antenna especially applicable in mobile terminals and a radio device. The adjusting circuit (430) of the antenna is galvanically connected to a point (X) of the radiator, where the circuit can affect the places of at least two operating bands. The adjusting circuit comprises a multi-pole switch (433), by which said radiator point can be connected to one of alternative transmission lines. For example, one of two transmission lines (434, 435) is open and another shorted. A discrete capacitor (C2) can be located between the separate conductor of the transmission line and an output pole of the switch as an additive-tuning element. The adjusting circuit further comprises a LC circuit (432) between the radiator (320) and the switch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Assignee: Pulse Finland Oy
    Inventors: Zlatoljub Milosavljevic, Antti Leskelä, Christian Braun
  • Publication number: 20130241779
    Abstract: An internal dual band antenna meant for small radio devices. In one embodiment, the antenna contains two radiators and a parasite element, which is shared between them. The parasite element is implemented on three sides of the antenna module, which are perpendicular to the side where the two radiators are implemented. The short-circuit conductor of the parasite element extends close to the supply point/points of the antenna on the circuit board of the radio device and is connected to the ground plane of the radio device. The antenna structure is dimensioned such that the two resonance frequencies on both functional bands are at a lower frequency than the resonance frequencies of the actual radiators. Accordingly, both the lower and upper frequency band is widened. The shape of the parasite element does not weaken the adaptation of the antenna in either functional band.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 12, 2012
    Publication date: September 19, 2013
    Applicant: Pulse Finland Oy
    Inventor: Heikki Korva
  • Patent number: 8473017
    Abstract: An adjustable monopole antenna especially intended for the mobile terminals. The adjusting circuit (930) of the antenna is located between the radiator (920) and the antenna port of a radio device and forms, together with the antenna feed conductor (901), a feed circuit. This circuit comprises an adjustable reactance between the feed conductor and the ground in series with the feed conductor or in both of those places. For example, the feed conductor can be connected by a multi-way switch to one of alternative transmission lines, which are typically short-circuited or open at their tail end and shorter than the quarter wave, each line acting for a certain reactance. The antenna operating band covers at a time only a part of the frequency range used by one or two radio systems, in which case the antenna matching is easier to arrange than of a real broadband antenna. The space required for both the radiator and the adjusting circuit is relatively small.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Assignee: Pulse Finland Oy
    Inventors: Zlatoljub Milosavljevic, Anne Isohätälä-Lehmikangas, Jyrki Mikkola
  • Patent number: 8466756
    Abstract: A method and an arrangement for matching the antenna of a radio device in transmitting condition. The antenna impedance in the output of the power amplifier of a transmitter is adjusted by means of a ?-shaped reactive matching circuit, the component values of which can be selected from a relatively wide array of the alternatives. The component values are selected using multiple-way switches, which only are located in the transverse branches of the matching circuit. The switches are set by the control unit, input variables of which being the SWR value provided by the directional coupler, the operating band used each time and a value of the transmitting power. The matching is based on an adjusting process to be executed at regular intervals, in which process the control unit tries different combinations of the switch states and finally selects the combination, which brings the lowest SWR value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Assignee: Pulse Finland Oy
    Inventors: Zlatoljub Milosavljevic, Kimmo Koskiniemi, Petteri Annamaa, Prasadh Ramachandran
  • Patent number: 8390522
    Abstract: An antenna component (and antenna) with a dielectric substrate and a plurality of radiating antenna elements on the surface of the substrate. In one embodiment, the plurality comprises two (2) elements, each of them covering one of the opposite heads and part of the upper surface of the device. The upper surface between the elements comprises a slot. The lower edge of one of the antenna elements is galvanically coupled to the antenna feed conductor on a circuit board, and at another point to the ground plane, while the lower edge of the opposite antenna element, or the parasitic element, is galvanically coupled only to the ground plane. The parasitic element obtains its feed through the electromagnetic coupling over the slot, and both elements resonate at the operating frequency. Omni-directionality is also achieved. Losses associated with the substrate are low due to the simple field image in the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2013
    Assignee: Pulse Finland Oy
    Inventors: Juha Sorvala, Petteri Annamaa, Kimmo Koskiniemi
  • Patent number: 8378892
    Abstract: An antenna component (200) with a dielectric substrate and two radiating antenna elements. The elements are located on the upper surface of the substrate and there is a narrow slot (260) between them. The antenna feed conductor (241) is connected to the first antenna element (220), which is connected also to the ground by a short-circuit conductor (261). The second antenna element (230) is parasitic; it is galvanically connected only to the ground. The component is preferably manufactured by a semiconductor technique by growing a metal layer e.g. on a quartz substrate and removing a part of it so that the antenna elements remain. In this case the component further comprises supporting material (212) of the substrate chip. The antenna component is very small-sized because of the high dielectricity of the substrate to be used and mostly because the slot between the antenna elements is narrow. The efficiency of an antenna made by the component is high.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: Pulse Finland Oy
    Inventors: Juha Sorvala, Petteri Annamaa, Kimmo Koskiniemi
  • Patent number: 8179322
    Abstract: A dielectric dual antenna apparatus intended for applications such as small-sized radio frequency devices. The dual antenna comprises a first partial antenna which implements the lower operating band of the antenna and another partial antenna implementing the upper operating band. The partial antennas have a shared substrate, which together with the radiators constitutes an integrated antenna component. The matching of the dual antenna can be improved in either operating band without degrading it in the other operating band at the same time. Methods of operating the aforementioned apparatus are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2012
    Assignee: Pulse Finland Oy
    Inventor: Pertti Nissinen
  • Patent number: 8098202
    Abstract: A dielectric dual antenna (300) intended especially for small-sized radio apparatuses, with one partial antenna (310) of which is implemented the lower operating band of the antenna and with the second partial antenna (320) the upper operating band. The partial antennas have a shared feed point (FP) in the antenna structure, e.g. at the end of a radiating element (312) of one partial antenna, in which case the other partial antenna receives its feed galvanically through said radiating element by a short intermediate conductor (332). The partial antennas are located so that their substrates (311, 321) are heads face to face, and the main directions of the radiating elements i.e. the conductive coatings of the substrates starting from the shared feed point are opposing. The tunings of the partial antennas corresponding to different operating bands are obtained independent from each other without discrete matching components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2012
    Assignee: Pulse Finland Oy
    Inventors: Petteri Annamaa, Pertti Nissinen
  • Patent number: 8004470
    Abstract: An antenna component (and antenna) with a dielectric substrate and a plurality of radiating antenna elements on the surface of the substrate. In one embodiment, the plurality comprises two (2) elements, each of them covering one of the opposite heads and part of the upper surface of the device. The upper surface between the elements comprises a slot. The lower edge of one of the antenna elements is galvanically coupled to the antenna feed conductor on a circuit board, and at another point to the ground plane, while the lower edge of the opposite antenna element, or the parasitic element, is galvanically coupled only to the ground plane. The parasitic element obtains its feed through the electromagnetic coupling over the slot, and both elements resonate at the operating frequency. Omni-directionality is also achieved. Losses associated with the substrate are low due to the simple field image in the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2011
    Assignee: Pulse Finland Oy
    Inventors: Juha Sorvala, Petteri Annamaa, Kimmo Koskiniemi
  • Patent number: 7973720
    Abstract: A chip component with dielectric substrate and plurality of radiating antenna elements on the surface thereof. In one embodiment, two (2) substantially symmetric elements are used, each covering an opposite head and upper surface portion of the device. The surface between the elements comprises a slot. The chip is mounted on a circuit board (e.g., PCB) whose conductor pattern is part of the antenna. No ground plane is used under the chip or its sides to a certain distance. One of the antenna elements is coupled to the feed conductor on the PCB and to the ground plane, while the parasitic element is coupled only to the ground plane. The parasitic element is fed through coupling over the slot, and both elements resonate at the operating frequency. The antenna can be tuned and matched without discrete components, is substantially omni-directional, and has low substrate losses due to simple field image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2011
    Assignee: LKP Pulse Finland OY
    Inventor: Juha Sorvala
  • Patent number: 7916086
    Abstract: An antenna component suited for small-sized radio devices for forming a dielectric antenna. A small auxiliary circuit board (210) is used for the matching of the antenna, the matching being based on a conductor pattern on it. A substrate chip (220), on the surface of which the radiator is, and the auxiliary board are fastened to each other, whereby the radiator is electrically connected to said conductor pattern. The radiator, its substrate and the auxiliary board form a unitary, solid antenna component (200), which is mounted on the circuit board (PWB) of the radio device. The antenna with its feed and matching circuits can be designed and tested as a whole of its own, in which case the reproducibility is good. In the design of the circuit board of the radio device, the antenna needs to be taken into account only by reserving a space for the antenna component on the circuit board.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2011
    Assignee: Pulse Finland Oy
    Inventors: Kimmo Koskiniemi, Vesa Kuronen
  • Patent number: 7903035
    Abstract: An internal antenna especially aimed at flat radio devices. The antenna (200) comprises a planar radiator (220) with a branch (221) for forming a lower operating band for the antenna and a second branch (222) for forming an upper operating band. The branches typically form a frame-like pattern. There remains a slot (230) between the branches, opening to the outer edge of the radiator approximately in the middle of the edge running in the direction of the end of the circuit board (205) and being outside the circuit board as seen from above. The omnidirectional radiation of the antenna on its upper operating band improves as compared to the corresponding, known antennas, and its efficiency improves, because the average antenna gain increases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 8, 2011
    Assignee: Pulse Finland OY
    Inventors: Jyrki Mikkola, Ari Raappana, Pasi Keskitalo, Pertti Nissinen
  • Patent number: 7889143
    Abstract: An antenna system internal to a radio device, the system comprising separate antennas and having separate operating bands. The system is implemented as decentralized in a way that each antenna is typically based on a small-sized chip component, which are located at suitable places on the circuit board and possibly on also another internal surface in the device. The chip component comprises a ceramic substrate and at least one radiating element. The operating band of an individual antenna covers, for example, the frequency range used by a radio system or only the transmitting or receiving band in that range. At least one antenna is connected to an adjusting circuit with a switch, by which the antenna's operating band can be displaced in a desired way. In this case the operating band covers at a time a part of the frequency range used by one or two radio systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2011
    Assignee: Pulse Finland Oy
    Inventors: Zlatoljub Milosavljevic, Pertti Nissinen, Antti Leskelä, Petteri Annamaa
  • Patent number: 7786938
    Abstract: An antenna component (and antenna) with a dielectric substrate and a plurality of radiating antenna elements on the surface of the substrate. In one embodiment, the plurality comprises two (2) elements, each of them covering one of the opposite heads and part of the upper surface of the device. The upper surface between the elements comprises a slot. The lower edge of one of the antenna elements is galvanically coupled to the antenna feed conductor on a circuit board, and at another point to the ground plane, while the lower edge of the opposite antenna element, or the parasitic element, is galvanically coupled only to the ground plane. The parasitic element obtains its feed through the electromagnetic coupling over the slot, and both elements resonate at the operating frequency. Omni-directionality is also achieved. Losses associated with the substrate are low due to the simple field image in the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2010
    Assignee: Pulse Finland OY
    Inventors: Juha Sorvala, Petteri Annamaa, Kimmo Koskiniemi
  • Patent number: 7679565
    Abstract: A chip component with dielectric substrate and plurality of radiating antenna elements on the surface thereof. In one embodiment, two (2) substantially symmetric elements are used, each covering an opposite head and upper surface portion of the device. The surface between the elements comprises a slot. The chip is mounted on a circuit board (e.g., PCB) whose conductor pattern is part of the antenna. No ground plane is used under the chip or its sides to a certain distance. One of the antenna elements is coupled to the feed conductor on the PCB and to the ground plane, while the parasitic element is coupled only to the ground plane. The parasitic element is fed through coupling over the slot, and both elements resonate at the operating frequency. The antenna can be tuned and matched without discrete components, is substantially omni-directional, and has low substrate losses due to simple field image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2010
    Assignee: Pulse Finland Oy
    Inventor: Juha Sorvala
  • Patent number: 7589678
    Abstract: A multi-band antenna and associated apparatus for communication systems and other applications. In one embodiment, a common junction network is provided having a first and a second radiator. The first radiator resonates in a first frequency band. The second radiator resonates in a second frequency band. The first and second frequency bands are different from one another (yet may overlap). A first electrical component is coupled to the common junction network and proximately located to the first radiator. The first electrical component creates a resonance with the common junction network to create a third frequency band proximate to the first frequency band. The first radiator is capable of communicating RF energy in the first frequency band and the third frequency band.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2009
    Assignee: Pulse Finland Oy
    Inventors: Jari Perunka, Kimmo Koskiniemi
  • Patent number: 7468700
    Abstract: An adjustable multi-band planar antenna especially applicable in mobile terminals. A conductive element is placed in the structure of an antenna of PIFA type such that the conductive element has a significant electromagnetic coupling to the radiating plane. The parasitic element at issue is connected to a matching circuit (550) consisting of several reactive element. The parasitic element, the matching circuit and a line (540) between them constitute an adjusting circuit of the antenna. The circuit values of the matching circuit can be chosen from at least two alternatives. Alteration in the circuit values changes the coupling between the parasitic element and the ground, in which case an operation band of the antenna is displaced, because the electric length of the antenna's part corresponding that band is changed, measured from the short-circuit point. Regarding the shiftable operation band, proper impedance matching and a proper efficiency can be arranged for the antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2008
    Assignee: Pulse Finland Oy
    Inventor: Zlatoljub Milosavlejevic
  • Patent number: 7468709
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for mounting a radiating antenna element used especially in the manufacture of small-sized radio devices and a radio device with a radiator mounted by the method. A thin thermoplastic plate coated with a metal foil is used in the manufacture of the antenna. A radiator pattern is formed in the metal foil. The antenna component obtained is placed (401) on the surface of some plastic part of the radio device, preferably on the inner surface of the thermoplastic cover of the radio device. The plastic layer of the antenna component becomes positioned against said plastic part, and the component is fastened (402, 403) by fusing together the mating plastic materials, which are against each other. In the complete antenna, the radiator is electrically connected to the other parts of the radio device by means of contacts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2008
    Assignee: Pulse Finland Oy
    Inventors: Matti Niemi, Kimmo Antila, Ilkka Niemelä
  • Patent number: 7405702
    Abstract: An arrangement by which an external device is connected to a radio device via its antenna without modifying the radio device mechanically. The radiating element (311) of the antenna of the radio device is a conductive part of its casing, which is fed electromagnetically by means of a feed element (322). The connecting is implemented by a coupler (310) to be placed at the antenna on top of the casing, from which coupler there is an intermediate cable (350) to the external device. The coupler includes a coupling element (311), from which there is electromagnetic coupling to the radiating element (321) through a thin dielectric membrane, or direct galvanic coupling. From the coupling element to the jumper cable there is electromagnetic coupling through an intermediate element (312), or direct galvanic coupling. Because the radiating plane is located on the outer surface of the radio device, its distance to the coupling element can be made very small.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2008
    Assignee: Pulse Finland Oy
    Inventors: Petteri Annamaa, Veli Torvinen