Abstract: In accordance with the present invention, a method of manufacturing a luminescent screen assembly on a substrate of a CRT includes the steps of providing a coating of a non-luminescent screen structure material in a predetermined pattern on the substrate and depositing a plurality of color-emitting screen structure materials on the substrate. The color-emitting screen structure materials are surrounded by the non-luminescent material. An electrostatically-charged dry-powdered resin is deposited onto the aforementioned color-emitting and non-luminescent screen structure materials and fused to form a substantially continuous film.
Abstract: A color cathode-ray tube-yoke combination comprises a color cathode-ray tube having a glass envelope and a yoke for producing magnetic fields positioned thereon. At least one semi-flexible corrective magnet is attached to a curved portion of the envelope. The novel corrective magnet is improved over prior corrective magnets by the inclusion therein of at least one portion of reduced thickness which increases the flexibility of the corrective magnet to provide conformity to the curved surface portion of the envelope.
Abstract: A cathode-ray tube-yoke combination comprises a cathode-ray tube having a glass envelope and a yoke fixedly positioned on the envelope with a body of cured polymeric material. The novel composition of the polymeric material comprises a UV-curable adhesive and UV-transmissive particles of a suitable material in an amount sufficient to accelerate the curing of the adhesive. A method to accelerate the curing is also described.
Abstract: The method of surface-treating dry-powdered phosphor particles for use in manufacturing a viewing screen for a CRT to control the triboelectric charge characteristics of the phosphor particles includes the steps of dissolving a suitable quantity of a polymeric coupling agent in a suitable solvent to form a mixture, surface-treating the phosphor particles by adding them to the mixture to provide a coating of the coupling agent thereon, and then drying the surface-treated phosphor particles. The resultant dry-powdered surface-treated phosphor particles are used to make a luminescent viewing screen for a CRT. The coupling agent controls the triboelectric charge characteristics of the phosphor particles during the electrophotographic manufacturing of the screen.
December 22, 1989
Date of Patent:
April 30, 1991
RCA Licensing Corp.
Pabitra Datta, Ronald N. Friel, Robert P. Thompson
Abstract: A color picture tube, includes an envelope having a faceplate panel and a tubular neck interconnected by a funnel. A three-color phosphor screen is formed on the interior surface of the faceplate and a multi-apertured color selection electrode is spaced from the screen. An electron gun is disposed within the neck of the tube. The electron gun includes three cathodes and a plurality of spaced-apart electrodes, having substantially aligned apertures therethrough, for generating and directing three electron beams along paths toward the screen. Each of the electrodes is secured to a plurality of longitudinally extending insulative support rods by at least two oppositely disposed, integral attachment elements, each having a distal end, a proximal end and an appendage portion therebetween. The distal end of each attachment elements includes a bifurcated portion including spaced-apart grasping members to facilitate attachment to the support rods.
Abstract: The invention describes a method of manufacturing a color cathode-ray tube having a color selection electrode attached to a plurality of support studs distributed about and affixed to an interior surface portion of a faceplate panel. The manufacturing steps include: attaching a plurality of support means, each of which includes stud-engaging means, and at least one of the stud-engaging means comprising a washer having a stud-receiving aperture therethrough, to the color selection electrode; positioning the color selection electrode within the faceplate panel with the stud-engaging means positioned on the support studs; and, then, welding the washer to the support means.
Abstract: A method of surface-treating dry-powdered phosphor particles to control the triboelectric charge characteristics thereof includes the steps of providing the phosphor particles with a first coating of silica, dissolving a coupling agent selected from the group consisting of silanes and titanates in a suitable solvent to form a mixture, surface-coating the silica-coated phosphor particles with the mixture to provide a second coating of the coupling agent on the phosphor particles, filtering the surface-treated particles, rinsing the surface-treated particles with the solvent, and drying the surface-treated particles. The resultant dry-powdered surface-treated phosphor particles are used to make a luminescent viewing screen for a CRT. The coupling agent overlying the silica coating controls the triboelectric charging characteristics of the phosphor particles during the electrophotographic manufacturing of the screen.
Abstract: An antistatic, glare-reducing coating, as for the surface of the viewing surface of a CRT is prepared by (a) warming a glass support surface above room temperature, (b) coating a surface of the warm support with an aqueous solution containing a lithium-stabilized silica sol and an inorganic metallic compound, and drying the deposited coating, (c) heating the glass support surface and the coating to a temperature of about 65.degree. C. for about 30 seconds, and (d) washing and then drying the coating.
Abstract: An electron gun assembly includes a plurality of cathode assemblies and a plurality of spaced successive electrodes mounted on at least two electrically insulative support rods. At least one of the electrodes comprises a deep-drawn substantially rectangular cup-shaped member having a base portion, a supporting flange portion, including a plurality of attachment tabs, and a sidewall extending therebetween. The sidewall includes a plurality of coined welding areas that provide a substantially flat welding surface having structural rigidity for securing studs thereto to facilitate attachment of the electrode to the support rods.
Abstract: An electron gun assembly for use in a color CRT includes a pair of insulating support rods, three inline indirectly heated cathode disposed between the support rods, a heater for each of the cathodes and a pair of improved, reinforced heater tabs. The heater includes a pair of heater legs which are attached to the heater tabs. Heater bead straps are provided for attaching the heater tabs to the support rods. The electron gun also includes a plurality of electrodes for focusing and accelerating an electron beam generated by the cathodes. The reinforced heater tabs comprise a main body portion including a first and a second part. Each of the parts is attached to one of the heater legs. Each of the heater tabs has a pair of outwardly directed feet each of which is connected to one of the parts of the main body portion by a pair of substantially orthogonal legs extending therebetween.
Abstract: The method of electrophotographically manufacturing a screen assembly on a substrate for use within a CRT, according to the present invention, includes the steps of sequentially coating a substrate with a conductive layer and an overcoating of a photoconductive layer, establishing an electrostatic charge on the photoconductive layer, and exposing selected areas of the photoconductive layer to visible light to affect the charge thereon. Then the photoconductive layer is developed with a charged screen structure material. The improved process utilizes a dry-powdered screen structure material having at least a surface charge control agent thereon to control the triboelectrical charging of the screen structure material.
Abstract: The novel spot-knocking method for an electron gun mount assembly having a gun axis in an evacuated CRT comprises interconnecting a heater, a cathode, a control electrode and a screen electrode. Then, providing a magnetic field along the gun axis while applying spot-knocking voltages between an anode and the interconnected gun elements. The magnetic field facilitates the initiation of arcs parallel to the magnetic field and to the gun axis and between the adjacent gun elements, and inhibits the initiation of arcs in directions transverse to the magnetic field and the gun axis.
Abstract: The novel spot-knocking method for an electron gun mount assembly in an evacuated CRT comprises applying a spot knocking voltage between a first and second anode, and a first focus electrode with the remaining gun elements including a heater, a cathode, a control electrode, a screen electrode and a second focus electrode electrically floating.
Abstract: A color cathode-ray tube comprises an evacuated envelope having an electron gun for producing at least one electron beam and, preferably three beams, a phosphor screen and a shadow mask adjacent to the screen. The mask has an improved heat dissipative, electron reflective coating on its electron gun-facing surface to minimize the effects of overall mask doming and blister warpage. The coating comprises a compound selected from the group consisting of bismuth (tri)oxide-potassium silicate and tungsten-potassium silicate. A method of making and applying the coating also is disclosed.
Abstract: An improved color display system includes a cathode-ray tube and a magnetic deflection yoke positioned on the tube. The tube includes an envelope having an inline electron gun for generating and directing three inline beams along initially coplanar paths toward a screen on an interior surface portion of the envelope. The gun includes a plurality of spaced electrodes which comprise three lenses. The first lens includes a beam-forming region for providing substantially symmetrical beams to a second lens. The second lens includes a first modulation electrode for providing asymmetrically-shaped beams to a third, or main, lens. At least one and preferably two dynamic voltage signals are applied to the modulation electrode of the second lens. Another dynamic voltage signal is applied to a second modulation electrode of the third lens. The voltage signals are related to the deflection of the beams and improve the electron beam spot size at the periphery of the tube screen.
October 27, 1988
Date of Patent:
October 31, 1989
RCA Licensing Corp.
Loren L. Maninger, David A. New, Carl L. Lundvall, II
Abstract: The method comprises applying to a surface to be etched a coating of a borax-free, low dichromate, casein photoresist liquid composition comprising an acid-precipitated casein, sodium hydroxide as an alkalizing agent, an alkali dichromate photosensitizer and water. The composition has a pH in the range of 6.0 to 7.0, and reduced quantities of the alkalizing agent and photosensitizer compared to prior coating compositions.
September 28, 1987
Date of Patent:
September 12, 1989
RCA Licensing Corp.
Peter M. Ritt, Kevin M. Rapp, Kenneth G. Minnerly
Abstract: The improved color display system includes a cathode-ray tube and a magnetic deflection yoke positioned on the tube. The tube includes a faceplate having a phosphor screen thereon; a shadow mask adjacent to said screen; and an electron gun for generating three electron beams, a center and two side beams, and directing the beams along paths through the yoke toward the mask and screen. The yoke forms a magnetic deflection field for scanning the electron beams vertically and in horizontal lines across the screen. The improvement comprises the combination of two features. First, the mask has greater curvature than the faceplate, with the spacing between the mask and screen increasing from the center to the sides of the mask in the horizontal scan direction. Second, means are included for dynamically varying the spacing between the side beams and the center beam in inverse relation to the variation in mask-to-screen spacing during each horizontal scan line of the electron beams.
Abstract: An improved transfer printing ink for printing indicia on impervious surfaces, such as glass, is comprised of a liquid resin component comprising one or more liquid acrylate monomers, one or more polyfunctional acrylate monomers, one or more polymeric binders and one or more photoinitiators. The transfer ink also is comprised of a solid component comprising one or more pigment materials and a particulate glass frit mixture. The glass frit mixture consists of a pluality of wetting agents and a frit flux. The wetting agents melt at an elevated temperature to fuse the pigments and the frit flux to the glass.
Abstract: A phase-lock-loop circuit of a two-loop deflection arrangement is located in a first integrated circuit. The phase-lock-loop circuit generates a first signal at 32Xf.sub.H that is capacitively coupled to a tank circuit. A regenerative amplifier stage that is located in a second integrated circuit has an input terminal that is coupled to the tank circuit and an output terminal for producing a second signal. During normal operation, the second signal is synchronized to the first signal. The second signal is utilized in a phase-control-loop circuit of the two-loop deflection arrangement for generating a synchronized deflection current in a deflection winding.
Abstract: A first pair of transistors, Q721 and Q723, operating, each, as an emitter follower, has a relatively low emitter current. The emitter followers drive corresponding base electrodes of transistors of a second pair of transistors, Q148 and Q149, coupled as a differential amplifier. A current gain compensating transistor Q726 has a current gain that tracks current gain variations of each of the transistors of the second pair. A base electrode current of the compensating transistor and a second current i.sub.Q727 that is unaffected by current gain variations are summed. The summed current is coupled via transistors Q722 and Q724 of a current mirror arrangement to first and second junction terminals, 610e and 610f. The junction terminals are coupled between the respective emitter electrodes of the emitter followers and the base electrodes of the second pair.