Patents Assigned to Science Incorporated
  • Patent number: 10707019
    Abstract: An electro-polarizable compound has the following general formula: where Core1 is an aromatic polycyclic conjugated molecule having two-dimensional flat form and self-assembling by pi-pi stacking in a column-like supramolecule, which is tetrapirolic macro-cyclic fragment, R1 is an dopant group connected to Core1, m is number of R1 which is equal to 1, 2, 3 or 4, R2 is a substituent comprising one or more ionic groups, p is number of R2 which is equal to 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4. The fragment marked NLE containing the Core1 with at least one R1 has a nonlinear effect of polarization. Core2 is an electro-conductive oligomer self-assembling by pi-pi stacking in a column-like supramolecule, n is number of Core2 which is equal to 2, or 4, R3 is a substituent comprising one or more ionic groups, s is number of R3 which is equal to 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4. R4 is a non-polar resistive substituent, k is a number of R4 which is equal to 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 or 8.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2020
    Assignee: CAPACITOR SCIENCE INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Pavel Ivan Lazarev, Paul T. Furuta, Barry K. Sharp, Yan Li
  • Patent number: 10685782
    Abstract: A capacitor includes a first electrode, a second electrode, and a dielectric layer of molecular material disposed between said first and second electrodes. The molecular material is described by the general formula: Dp-(Core)-Hq, where Core is a polarizable conductive anisometric core, having conjugated ?-systems, and characterized by a longitudinal axis, D and H are insulating substituents, and p and q are numbers of the D and H substituents accordingly. And Core possesses at least one dopant group that enhances polarizability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2020
    Assignee: CAPACITOR SCIENCES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Pavel Ivan Lazarev, Barry K. Sharp, Paul Furuta, Yan Li, Ian S. G. Kelly-Morgan, Matthew R. Robinson, Daniel Membreno
  • Patent number: 10672560
    Abstract: An electro-polarizable compound having the following formula (I): where Core1 is an aromatic polycyclic conjugated molecule having two-dimensional flat form and self-assembling by pi-pi stacking in a column-like supramolecule comprising one or more rylene fragments, R1 is an electron donor group connected to Core1 and R1? is an electron acceptor group connected to the Core1, m is number of acceptor group R1, m? is a number of donor group R?, m and m? are equal to 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6, wherein m and m? are not both equal to 0, R2 is a substituent comprising one or more ionic groups from a class of ionic compounds that form ionic liquids connected to the Core1-directly or via a connecting group, p is a number of ionic groups R2 which is equal to 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4; wherein the fragment marked NLE containing the Core1 with at least one group R1 and/or R1? has a nonlinear effect of polarization, wherein Core2 is an electro-conductive oligomer, n is a number equal to 0, 2, or 4, R3 is a substituent comprising on
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2020
    Assignee: CAPACITOR SCIENCES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Pavel Ivan Lazarev, Paul T. Furuta, Barry K. Sharp, Yan Li, Ian S.G. Kelly-Morgan
  • Patent number: 10672561
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a coiled capacitor comprising a coil formed by a flexible multilayered tape, and a first terminating electrode and a second terminating electrode which are located on butts of the coil. The flexible multilayered tape contains the following sequence of layers: first metal layer, a layer of a plastic, second metal layer, a layer of energy storage material. The first metal layer forms ohmic contact with the first terminating electrode and the second metal layer forms ohmic contact with the second terminating electrode. The energy storage material comprises material selected from the list comprising rylene fragments, doped oligoaniline and p-oligo-phenylene, supramolecular structures, colloidal composite with dispersion (suspension) of electro-conductive anisometric particles in an insulator matrix, material comprises a surfactant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2020
    Assignee: CAPACITOR SCIENCES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Matthew R. Robinson, Paul Furuta, Pavel Ivan Lazarev
  • Patent number: 10636575
    Abstract: An organic polymeric compound called a Furuta or para-Furuta polymer is characterized by polarizability and resistivity has repeating units of a general structural formula: P1 may be acrylate, methacrylate, polypropylene, polyethylene, polyamide, polyaramid, polyester, siloxane, or polyethylene terephthalate. Tail is a resistive substitute. L is a linker group attached to an ionic functional group Q; j, a number of ionic functional groups Q, ranges from 1 to 5; n and m independently range from 3 to about 1000. Q is an ionic liquid ion, zwitterion, or polymeric acid. The number t ranges from 6 to 200,000. B is a counter ion, that can supply an opposite charge to balance a charge of the organic polymeric compound; s is a number of counter ions B. A plasticizer increases mobility of the polymers within the compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2020
    Assignee: CAPACITOR SCIENCES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Paul T. Furuta, Pavel I. Lazarev, Barry K. Sharp
  • Patent number: 10597407
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides an energy storage molecular material, crystal dielectric layer and capacitor which may solve a problem of the further increase of volumetric and mass density of reserved energy associated with some energy storage devices, and at the same time reduce cost of materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2020
    Assignee: CAPACITOR SCIENCES INCORPORATED
    Inventor: Pavel Lazarev
  • Patent number: 10600574
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides an organic compound characterized by electronic polarizability and having a following general structural formula: where Core is an aromatic polycyclic conjugated molecule, R1 is an insulating group, n is 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 or 8, R2 is substitute located in apex positions, R3 and R4 are located in side (lateral) positions and, the core has flat anisometric form and R2 are selected from hydrogen and nucleophilic groups (donors) and R3 and R4 are independently selected from hydrogen and electrophilic groups (acceptors) or vice versa R3 and R4 are independently selected from hydrogen and nucleophilic groups (donors) and R2 are selected from hydrogen and electrophilic groups (acceptors).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2020
    Assignee: CAPACITOR SCIENCES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Paul Furuta, Pavel Ivan Lazarev
  • Patent number: 10566138
    Abstract: An electro-polarizable compound has the following general formula: Core1 is an aromatic polycyclic conjugated molecule having two-dimensional flat form and that self-assembles to form supramolecular structures. R1 are electron donor groups connected to Core1 and R1? are electron acceptor groups connected to Corel, m is number of acceptor groups R1, m? is a number of donor groups R?. The numbers m and m? are equal to 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6, but both m and m? are not both equal to 0. R2 is a substituent comprising one or more ionic groups connected to Core1 directly or via a connecting group; a number p of ionic groups R2 is 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4. The fragment marked NLE has a nonlinear effect of polarization. Core2 is a self-assembling electro-conductive oligomer, a number n of the such oligomers is 0, 2, or 4. R3 is a substituent comprising one or more ionic groups connected to Core2; a number s of the ionic groups R3 is 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2020
    Assignee: CAPACITOR SCIENCES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Samuel Hein, Carine Edder, Pavel Ivan Lazarev
  • Patent number: 10403435
    Abstract: A metadielectric composite oligomeric organic material according to Formula shown in FIG. 4 wherein C is a linear chain oligomeric polarizable core with a system of conjugated multiple and single bonds wherein the linear chain oligomeric polarizable core possesses at least two different monomers with differing electron affinity, and the different monomers are positioned within the linear chain oligomeric polarizable core such that an electron affinity gradient is present, and the differing monomers have a low HOMO-LUMO bandgap between them, and there is at least one electron-donor group, D, attached to the linear chain oligomeric polarizable core, there is at least one electron-acceptor group, A, is attached to the linear chain oligomeric polarizable core, p? and q? represent the number of electron-donor and electron-acceptor groups present, respectively, and are any integer greater than zero, and at least one resistive insulating group is covalently attached to the molecular structure at any location.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: CAPACITOR SCIENCES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Carine Edder, Pavel Ivan Lazarev
  • Patent number: 10395841
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a multilayered electrode comprising an electro-conductive layer and at least one protective layer located on one side of the electro-conductive layer and selected from the list comprising a field-planarization layer, a tunneling injection blocking layer and a coulomb blocking layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2019
    Assignee: CAPACITOR SCIENCES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Pavel Ivan Lazarev, Paul T. Furuta, Barry K. Sharp, Yan Li
  • Patent number: 10347423
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides solid multilayer structure having m polarization layers, and m+1 insulating layers disposed in a repeating sequence with the polarization layers, At least one polarization layer is comprised of materials selected from non-linear polarizable composite compounds and side chain polymers with non-linear polarizable pendants, and m is a number greater than or equal to 1. The insulating layer has a breakdown voltage greater than or equal to 0.01 volts (V) per nanometer (nm), and the polarization layer has a dielectric permittivity greater than or equal to 100. The solid multilayer structure may be used as a dielectric layer between two electrodes in capacitor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignee: CAPACITOR SCIENCES INCORPORATED
    Inventor: Pavel Ivan Lazarev
  • Patent number: 10347424
    Abstract: The present invention relates generally to the fields of electrical engineering and electronics. More specifically, the present invention relates to passive components of electrical circuitry and more particularly to energy storage devices and method of production thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2019
    Assignee: CAPACITOR SCIENCES INCORPORATED
    Inventor: Pavel Ivan Lazarev
  • Patent number: 10340082
    Abstract: A capacitor includes a first electrode, a second electrode, and a dielectric layer of molecular material disposed between said first and second electrodes. The molecular material is described by the general formula: Dp-(Core)-Hq, where Core is a polarizable conductive anisometric core, having conjugated ?-systems, and characterized by a longitudinal axis, D and H are insulating substituents, and p and q are numbers of the D and H substituents accordingly. And Core possesses at least one dopant group that enhances polarizability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2019
    Assignee: CAPACITOR SCIENCES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Pavel Ivan Lazarev, Barry K Sharp, Paul Furuta, Yan Li, Ian SG Kelly-Morgan, Matthew R. Robinson, Daniel Membreno
  • Patent number: 10319523
    Abstract: A composite polymeric material includes one or more repeating backbone units; one or more polarizable units incorporated into or connected to one or more of the one or more repeating backbone units; and one or more resistive tails connected to one or more of the repeating backbone units or to the one or more polarizable units as a side chain on the polarizable unit, on a hydrocarbon chain linking a polarizable unit to a backbone unit, or directly attached to a backbone unit. The composite polymeric material may be used to form a metadielectric, which may be sandwiched between to electrodes to form a metacapacitor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 11, 2019
    Assignee: CAPACITOR SCIENCES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Yan Li, Pavel Ivan Lazarev, Paul T. Furuta, Barry K. Sharp, Samuel Hein
  • Patent number: 10305295
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides an energy storage cell comprising at least one capacitive energy storage device and a DC-voltage conversion device. The capacitive energy storage device comprises at least one meta-capacitor. The output voltage of the capacitive energy storage device is the input voltage of the DC-voltage conversion device. The present disclosure also provides a capacitive energy storage module and a capacitive energy storage system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2019
    Assignee: Capacitor Sciences Incorporated
    Inventors: Ian S. G. Kelly-Morgan, Matthew R. Robinson, Paul Furuta, Daniel Membreno, Pavel Ivan Lazarev
  • Publication number: 20190139705
    Abstract: An electro-polarizable compound has the following general formula: where Core1 is an aromatic polycyclic conjugated molecule having two-dimensional flat form and self-assembling by pi-pi stacking in a column-like supramolecule, which is tetrapirolic macro-cyclic fragment, R1 is an dopant group connected to Core1, m is number of R1 which is equal to 1, 2, 3 or 4, R2 is a substituent comprising one or more ionic groups, p is number of R2 which is equal to 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4. The fragment marked NLE containing the Core1 with at least one R1 has a nonlinear effect of polarization. Core2 is an electro-conductive oligomer self-assembling by pi-pi stacking in a column-like supramolecule, n is number of Core2 which is equal to 2, or 4, R3 is a substituent comprising one or more ionic groups, s is number of R3 which is equal to 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4. R4 is a non-polar resistive substituent, k is a number of R4 which is equal to 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 or 8.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 17, 2018
    Publication date: May 9, 2019
    Applicant: CAPACITOR SCIENCES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Pavel Ivan Lazarev, Paul T. Furuta, Barry K. Sharp, Yan Li
  • Patent number: 10163575
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a non-linear capacitor comprising a first electrode, a second electrode, and a dielectric layer disposed between said first and second electrodes. The dielectric layer comprises at least one organic compound selected from copolymer, homo-polymer, Sharp polymers, NLSD compounds and combination thereof which have at least one electro-polarizable aromatic polycyclic conjugated core. A relationship between a capacity C of the capacitor and a voltage V between the electrodes is characterized by the monotonously increasing polynomial dependence C0+?i=1m CiVi, when the voltage V satisfies by following inequality 0<V?Vmax, where the voltage Vmax is a maximum working voltage that does not exceed a breakdown voltage Vbd and which is selected out of safety reasons, where at least one coefficient Ci is not equal to 0 when the index i ranges from 2 to m, and m=2, 3, 4, 5, or 6.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2018
    Assignee: CAPACITOR SCIENCES INCORPORATED
    Inventor: Pavel Ivan Lazarev
  • Patent number: 10153087
    Abstract: An electro-polarizable compound has the following general formula: Core1 is an aromatic polycyclic conjugated molecule having two-dimensional flat form and self-assembling by pi-pi stacking in a column-like supramolecule. R1 are electron donor groups connected to Core1 and R1? are electron acceptor groups connected to Core1, m is number of acceptor groups R1, m? is a number of donor groups R?. The numbers m and m? are equal to 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6, but both m and m? are not both equal to 0. R2 is a substituent comprising one or more ionic groups connected to Core1 directly or via a connecting group; a number p of ionic groups R2 is 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4. The fragment marked NLE has a nonlinear effect of polarization. Core2 is a self-assembling electro-conductive oligomer, a number n of the such oligomers is 0, 2, or 4. R3 is a substituent comprising one or more ionic groups connected to Core2; a number s of the ionic groups R3 is 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2018
    Assignee: CAPACITOR SCIENCES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Pavel Ivan Lazarev, Paul T. Furuta, Barry K. Sharp, Yan Li, Ian S. G. Kelly-Morgan
  • Patent number: 10026553
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides an organic compound characterized by electronic polarizability and having a following general structural formula: where Core is an aromatic polycyclic conjugated molecule, R1 is group providing solubility of the organic compound in an organic solvent, n is 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 or 8, R2 is substitute located in apex positions, R3 and R4 are substitutes located in side (lateral) positions and, the core has flat anisometric form and the R2 substitutes are selected from hydrogen and electrophilic groups (acceptors) and R3 substitutes and R4 substitutes are independently selected from hydrogen and nucleophilic groups (donors) or vice versa R3 substitutes and R4 substitutes are independently selected from hydrogen and nucleophilic groups (donors) and R2 substitutes are selected from hydrogen and electrophilic groups (acceptors), and the substitutes R2, R3 and R4 cannot all be hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2018
    Assignee: CAPACITOR SCIENCES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Paul Furuta, Pavel Ivan Lazarev
  • Patent number: 9978517
    Abstract: An electro-polarizable compound has the following general formula: Core1 is an aromatic polycyclic conjugated molecule having two-dimensional flat form and self-assembling by pi-pi stacking in a column-like supramolecule, R1 is a dopant group connected to Core1; a number m of R1 groups is 1, 2, 3 or 4. R2 is a substituent comprising one or more ionic groups connected to Core1; a number p of ionic groups R2 is 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4. The fragment marked NLE has a nonlinear polarization effect. Core2 is an electro-conductive oligomer self-assembling by pi-pi stacking in a column-like supramolecule, a number n of such oligomers is 0, 2, or 4. R3 is a substituent comprising one or more ionic groups connected to Core2; a number s of the ionic groups R3 is 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4. R4 is a resistive substituent providing solubility of the compound in a solvent and electrically insulating the column-like supramolecules from each other. A number k of substituents R4 is 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 or 8.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2018
    Assignee: CAPACITOR SCIENCES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Pavel Ivan Lazarev, Paul T. Furuta, Barry K. Sharp, Yan Li