Abstract: The problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a monolith adsorbent which can adsorb a target sample easily in a short time or regardless of whether the amount of the sample is small or large and extract the sample with a small amount of solvent, and easily secure the sample necessary for analysis, and a method and an apparatus for adsorption and retention using the same. The present invention, as the means for solving the problem, is a monolith adsorbent formed by allowing a monolith structure body to contain an adsorbing material such as activated carbon or graphite, exposing the adsorbing material on the surface of the structure body and further surface-treating the surface of the monolith structure body with a hydrophobic or hydrophilic compound or a resin.
Abstract: To use a monolithic silica body in chromatography with a HPLC column or a GC column and to simplify the use thereof as a separation medium, it is intended to provide a method of cladding a main body of a monolithic adsorbent or separating agent with glass so as to protect the outer surface, and to provide a separation medium prepared by the method. To this end, a monolithic silica body alone is formed by molding, and the molding is coated with a glass body; and then the glass body and the monolithic silica body are fused and integrated at the melting temperature of the glass body at an appropriate pressure. The surface of the resulting monolithic silica body clad with glass is strongly protected by the glass, and the homogeneity of the interior of the monolithic silica body is maintained, and thus uniform flow of a sample solution ensures analytical accuracy.
Abstract: An optical cell and a method of operating an optical cell comprising employing a first mirror comprising a first hole therein at approximately a center of the first mirror and through which laser light enters the cell, employing a second mirror comprising a second hole therein at approximately a center of the second mirror and through which laser light exits the cell, and forming a Lissajous pattern of spots on the mirrors by repeated reflection of laser light entering the cell.
Abstract: An apparatus and method for quantifying ketone or alydehyde concentrations of gas. The invention includes passing a gas sample through a reactor and an optical cell and determining a concentration of a gaseous reaction product. Using the concentration of the gaseous reaction product and a predetermined reaction conversion efficiency, a ketone or aldehyde concentration is calculated. This invention can be used for diabetes screening, diabetes maintenance, identification and quantification of ketosis, explosives detection and formaldehyde detection.
Abstract: Provided is a capillary tube flow cell used in analyses at very low flow rates and, particularly, in liquid chromatographic analyses. To ensure that high detection sensitivity and low noise can be realized, a flow cell which houses a liquid sample and exposes the liquid sample to radiant light for analysis purposes comprises a capillary tube which has a bent portion for incident light, a bent portion for emergent light and a linear passage of appropriate length formed between the bent portions, a passage portion of the capillary tube being inserted into a slit and the slit being provided with a light pass preventing portion.
Abstract: An electric field forming apparatus for a fryer includes an electrode which is disposed along an inner wall surface of an oil vat, and a power supply which supplies an alternating current at a frequency higher than a power line frequency to the electrode.
Abstract: An optical spectroscopy apparatus and method for measurement of species concentration, number density, or column density comprising emitting light from a laser light source, receiving light via a fixed length optical path from the source and containing a species to be detected, receiving light via a detector at an end of the path, determining one or more of species concentration, number density, and column density via signal processing electronics connected to the detector, and switching between a plurality of operational modes measuring a same absorption feature of the species depending on measured absorbance.
February 27, 2007
Date of Patent:
November 10, 2009
Southwest Sciences Incorporated
Joel A. Silver, Mark E. Paige, David S. Bomse
Abstract: A vision testing system and method to assess vision function. In one embodiment, the vision testing system comprises: (1) a display; (2) a computer coupled to the display and configured to provide dynamic images, each including a substantially constant fixed point of fixation; and (3) a human input device coupled to the computer, wherein responses from a test subject are fed back to the computer to assess the test subject's vision function.
Abstract: A multiple pass optical cell and method comprising providing a pair of opposed cylindrical mirrors having curved axes with substantially equal focal lengths, positioning an entrance hole for introducing light into the cell and an exit hole for extracting light from the cell, wherein the entrance hole and exit hole are coextensive or non-coextensive, introducing light into the cell through the entrance hole, and extracting light from the cell through the exit hole.
Abstract: An apparatus and method for differential spectral interferometry comprising providing an interferometer comprising a light source; employing an element to provide a dithered relative phase shift between target and reference arms of the interferometer, detecting output from the interferometer, demodulating signals received from the detector at different multiples of the dither frequencies, generating more than one real-valued interferograms from demodulated signals, and using the real-valued interferograms to obtain the complex spectral interferogram.
May 22, 2006
Date of Patent:
July 1, 2008
Southwest Sciences Incorporated
Andrei B. Vakhtin, Daniel J. Kane, Kristen A. Peterson
Abstract: An apparatus and method for monitoring oxygen concentrations in fuel tank ullage comprising providing a sensor head comprising an optical cavity, exposing the optical cavity to an ambient gaseous environment of a fuel tank or air separation module, via a laser light source emitting wavelength modulated light through the cavity, and receiving the wavelength modulated light with a detector.
Abstract: Genes up-regulated in hepatocellular carcinomas and polypeptides encoded by these genes are provided. Vectors, transformants and methods for producing the recombinant polypeptides are also provided. Probes and primers of these genes and antibodies against the polypeptides are also provided. The probes, primers and antibodies can be used as reagents for detecting hepatocellular carcinomas. Methods for detecting hepatocellular carcinomas using such detection reagents are further provided. Antisense nucleolide sequences of these genes are also provided and can be used to inhibit growth of hepatocellular carcinomas.
Abstract: A multiple pass optical cell and method comprising providing a pair of opposed mirrors, one cylindrical and one spherical, introducing light into the cell via an entrance mechanism, and extracting light from the cell via an exit mechanism, wherein the entrance mechanism and exit mechanism are coextensive or non-coextensive.
Abstract: An orthodontic bracket assembly. The bracket assembly may generally include a base defining an archwire slot and having an occlusal portion and a gingival portion, a pivot member supported by the occlusal portion and defining a pivot axis, and a locking member supported by the pivot member for pivoting movement between an open position, in which the locking member permits access to the archwire slot, and a closed position, in which the locking member inhibits access to the archwire slot. The locking member may generally include a labial portion having a compressible gingival end engageable with the gingival portion of the base to retain the locking member in the closed position and an occlusal end, and a looped portion connected to the occlusal end of the labial portion, the looped portion extending below and then at least partially around the pivot member to support the locking member on the pivot member.
Abstract: A high-purity fragment is obtained by a simple mechanism and method for separating and purifying a nucleic acid, particularly fragment DNA, extremely efficiently and with a high reproducibility, wherein elution with a high-concentration salt is not performed and necessity of elution and purification is eliminated. This mechanism is a mechanism for purifying a nucleic acid, particularly fragment DNA using a monolith structure formed with glass or silica, specifically, an integral porous body having an open structure with pores that communicate the upper end with the lower end, wherein through-pores corresponding to nucleic acid sizes of 35 bp (mer) to 100 Kbp (mer) are provided.
Abstract: An external cavity laser and a method of generating laser light via an external cavity laser comprising emitting laser light from a source, collimating light output by the source, receiving collimated light with a diffraction grating, reflecting light received from the diffraction grating back to the diffraction grating with a cavity feedback mirror, wherein at least a portion of the mirror is curved, and tuning the external cavity laser to a set of wavelengths.
Abstract: A spectrometer and spectrometry method comprising modulating a light source with a carrier waveform multiplied by an envelope function, directing light from the light source through a sample region and to a photodetector, and demodulating current from the photodetector at a reference frequency. Also a method for computing a modulation waveform comprising specifying a target detection efficiency in a Fourier space, computing a response of a waveform that comprises a carrier wave multiplied by an envelope function, and modifying the envelope function using nonlinear optimization means to minimize a difference between the computed response and a predetermined target detection efficiency.
Abstract: Provided is a direct heating tube which has a sufficient heating rate and a sufficient cooling rate, and has no cold spots therein, making it possible to ensure a uniform temperature distribution in the whole part thereof or a temperature distribution having a desired temperature gradient, and making it possible to keep constant the temperature of a fluid which is caused to flow through the tube or to give a desired change to the temperature of the fluid. Provided also is a direct heating tube which does not exert an adverse influence on devices near the tube, such as a detector and an oven, even by heating the tube. In a desired portion of the tube to be heated, a second heated tube connected to a first heated tube is provided outside the first heated tube, and an electrode portion is connected to the second heated tube.
Abstract: An orthodontic bracket assembly and method of assembling an orthodontic bracket assembly. The bracket assembly may generally include a base defining an archwire slot and having a lingual surface attachable to a tooth, the base defining a recess extending from the lingual surface, an insert positionable in the recess, a slot being at least partially defined by the insert, and a locking member including a lingual portion receivable in the slot to support the locking member on the base, the lingual portion being movable in the slot between an open position, in which the locking member permits access to the archwire slot, and a closed position, in which the locking member inhibits access to the archwire slot.