Abstract: A semiconductor device with liner-free contact structures and a method of fabricating the same are disclosed. The method includes forming first and second source/drain (S/D) regions on first and second fin structures, forming a first dielectric layer between the first and second S/D regions, forming first and second gate-all-around (GAA) structures on the first and second fin structures, forming a second dielectric layer on the first and second GAA structures and the first dielectric layer, forming a tapered trench opening in the second dielectric layer and on the first and second GAA structures and the first dielectric layer, selectively forming a seed layer on top surfaces of the first and second GAA structures and the first dielectric layer that are exposed in the tapered trench opening, and selectively depositing a conductive layer on the seed layer to fill the tapered trench opening.
Abstract: A robust, high-transmission pellicle for extreme ultraviolet lithography systems is disclosed. In one example, the present disclosure provides a pellicle that includes a membrane and a frame supporting the membrane. The membrane may be formed from at least one of a transparent carbon-based film and a transparent silicon based film. The at least one of the transparent carbon-based film and the transparent silicon based film may further be coated with a protective shell. The frame may include at least one aperture to allow for a flow of air through a portion of the pellicle.
Abstract: A method includes forming a first transistor and a second transistor over a substrate, wherein the first transistor comprises a first source/drain, a second source/drain, and a first gate between the first and second source/drains, and the second transistor comprises a third source/drain, a fourth source/drain, and a second gate between the third and fourth source/drains; forming an isolation layer to cover the second source/drain of the first transistor; and forming a first source/drain contact on and in contact the fourth source/drain of the second transistor and the isolation layer.
Abstract: In an embodiment, a device includes: a first metallization layer over a substrate, the substrate including active devices; a first bit line over the first metallization layer, the first bit line connected to first interconnects of the first metallization layer, the first bit line extending in a first direction, the first direction parallel to gates of the active devices; a first phase-change random access memory (PCRAM) cell over the first bit line; a word line over the first PCRAM cell, the word line extending in a second direction, the second direction perpendicular to the gates of the active devices; and a second metallization layer over the word line, the word line connected to second interconnects of the second metallization layer.
Abstract: An apparatus includes a substrate stage configured to secure a substrate thereon and a motion mechanism configured to rotate the substrate stage. The substrate stage includes a plurality of holding pins for holding an edge of the substrate. Rotating the substrate stage causes a chemical solution dispensed on an upper surface of the substrate to spread outwardly toward the edge of the substrate. At least one of the plurality of holding pins includes at least one opening or at least one tapered side surface, or both, for guiding the chemical solution to flow off the substrate.
Abstract: A clock distribution circuit configured to output a clock signal includes a first circuit configured to use a reference clock signal to provide first and second reference signals, wherein the second reference signal indicates whether the first reference signal is locked with the reference clock signal; a second circuit configured to use the reference clock signal to provide an output signal and an indication signal indicative whether the output signal is locked with the reference clock signal; and a monitor circuit, coupled to the first and second circuits, and configured to use at least one of the first reference signal, the second reference signal, the output signal, and the indication signal to determine whether the second circuit is functioning correctly.
Abstract: A memory cell includes: a first electrode; a resistive material layer comprising one horizontal portion and two vertical portions that are respectively coupled to ends of the horizontal portion; and a second electrode, wherein the second electrode is partially surrounded by a top boundary of the U-shaped profile and the first electrode extends along part of a bottom boundary of the U-shaped profile.
Abstract: Methods and apparatus for protecting a physical unclonable function (PUF) generator are disclosed. In one example, a PUF generator is disclosed. The PUF generator includes a PUF cell array, a PUF control circuit and a reset circuit. The PUF cell array comprises a plurality of bit cells. Each of the plurality of bit cells is configurable into at least two different stable states. The PUF control circuit is coupled to the PUF cell array and is configured to access each of the plurality of bit cells to determine one of the at least two different stable states upon a power-up of the plurality of bit cells, and generate a PUF signature based on the determined stable states of the plurality of bit cells. The reset circuit is coupled to the PUF cell array and is configured to set the plurality of bit cells to represent their initialization data based on an indication of a voltage tempering event of a supply voltage of the PUF cell array.
Abstract: Embodiments disclosed herein relate generally to forming an effective metal diffusion barrier in sidewalls of epitaxy source/drain regions. In an embodiment, a structure includes an active area having a source/drain region on a substrate, a dielectric layer over the active area and having a sidewall aligned with the sidewall of the source/drain region, and a conductive feature along the sidewall of the dielectric layer to the source/drain region. The source/drain region has a sidewall and a lateral surface extending laterally from the sidewall of the source/drain region, and the source/drain region further includes a nitrided region extending laterally from the sidewall of the source/drain region into the source/drain region. The conductive feature includes a silicide region along the lateral surface of the source/drain region and along at least a portion of the sidewall of the source/drain region.
Abstract: Embodiments of the present disclosure provide a substrate measuring device in a lithography projection apparatus that provides multiple light sources having different wavelengths. In some embodiments, a lithography projection apparatus includes a substrate measuring system disposed proximate to a substrate stage, the substrate measuring system further including an emitter including multiple light sources configured to provide multiple beams of light, each of at least some of the multiple beams of light having a different wavelength, at least one optical fiber, wherein each of respective portions of the at least one optical fiber is configured to pass a respective one of the multiple beams of light, and a receiver positioned to collected light emitted from the emitter and reflected off of a substrate disposed on the substrate stage.
Abstract: The current disclosure describes techniques for individually selecting the number of channel strips for a device. The channel strips are selected by defining a three-dimensional active region that include a surface active area and a depth/height. Semiconductor strips in the active region are selected as channel strips. Semiconductor strips contained in the active region will be configured to be channel strips. Semiconductor strips not included in the active region are not selected as channel strips and are separated from source/drain structures by an auxiliary buffer layer.
October 1, 2019
Date of Patent:
August 9, 2022
Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd., National Taiwan University
Abstract: A semiconductor device includes: a transistor layer including components of at least one transistor, a waveguide having a long axis extending in a first direction, and an alpha interconnection layer over the waveguide; a stack of metallization layers over the transistor layer, the stack including one or more beta interconnection layers interposed between corresponding pairs of neighboring ones of the metallization layers; and a heater in the alpha interconnection layer or in one of the one or more beta interconnection layers; and wherein, relative to a second direction substantially perpendicular to the first direction, the heater substantially overlaps at least a portion of the waveguide.
Abstract: Embodiments of the present disclosure provide methods for processing a substrate using a measuring device in a lithography projection apparatus that provides multiple light sources having different wavelengths. In some embodiments, a lithography projection apparatus includes a substrate measuring system disposed proximate to a substrate stage, the substrate measuring system further including an emitter including multiple light sources configured to provide multiple beams of light, each of at least some of the multiple beams of light having a different wavelength, at least one optical fiber, wherein each of respective zones of the at least one optical fiber is configured to pass a respective one of the multiple beams of light, and a receiver positioned to collected light emitted from the emitter and reflected off of a substrate disposed on the substrate stage.
Abstract: Semiconductor devices including lids having liquid-cooled channels and methods of forming the same are disclosed. In an embodiment, a semiconductor device includes a first integrated circuit die; a lid coupled to the first integrated circuit die, the lid including a plurality of channels in a surface of the lid opposite the first integrated circuit die; a cooling cover coupled to the lid opposite the first integrated circuit die; and a heat transfer unit coupled to the cooling cover through a pipe fitting, the heat transfer unit being configured to supply a liquid coolant to the plurality of channels through the cooling cover.
Abstract: The current disclosure describes a tunnel FET device including a P-I-N heterojunction structure. A high-K dielectric layer and a metal gate wrap around the intrinsic channel layer with an interlayer positioned between high-K dielectric layer and the intrinsic channel layer of the P-I-N heterojunction. The interlayer prevents charge carriers from reaching the interface with high-K dielectric layer under the trap-assisted tunneling effect and reduces OFF state leakage.
Abstract: A magnetoresistive memory device includes a plurality of bottom conductive lines, a plurality of top conductive lines, a first memory cell, and a second memory cell. The top conductive lines are over the bottom conductive lines. The first memory cell is between the bottom conductive lines and the top conductive lines and includes a first magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) stack. The second memory cell is adjacent the first memory cell and between the bottom conductive lines and the top conductive lines. The second memory cell includes a second MTJ stack, and a top surface of the second MTJ stack is higher than a top surface of the first MTJ stack.
September 16, 2019
Date of Patent:
August 9, 2022
TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURING CO., LTD., NATIONAL TAIWAN UNIVERSITY
Abstract: A semiconductor device includes a gate stack over a semiconductor substrate. A spacer extends along a first sidewall of the gate stack. An epitaxy structure is in the semiconductor substrate. A liner wraps around the epitaxy structure and has an outer surface in contact with the semiconductor substrate and an inner surface facing the epitaxy structure. The outer surface of the liner has a first facet extending upwards and towards the gate stack from a bottom of the first liner and a second facet extending upwards and towards an outer sidewall of the spacer from a top of the first facet to a top of the liner, such that a corner is formed between the first facet and the second facet, and the inner surface of the first liner defines a first curved corner pointing towards the corner formed between the first facet and the second facet.
Abstract: In an embodiment, a device includes: a first fin; a gate structure over the first fin; a first source/drain region adjacent the gate structure; an etch stop layer over the first source/drain region; a conductive line over the etch stop layer, the conductive line isolated from the first source/drain region by the etch stop layer, a top surface of the conductive line being coplanar with a top surface of the gate structure; and a power rail contact extending through the first fin, the power rail contact connected to the first source/drain region.
Abstract: An embodiment is a method including recessing a gate electrode over a semiconductor fin on a substrate to form a first recess from a top surface of a dielectric layer, forming a first mask in the first recess over the recessed gate electrode, recessing a first conductive contact over a source/drain region of the semiconductor fin to form a second recess from the top surface of the dielectric layer, and forming a second mask in the second recess over the recessed first conductive contact.
Abstract: A method includes forming a dielectric layer over a substrate, the dielectric layer having a top surface; etching an opening in the dielectric layer; forming a bottom electrode within the opening, the bottom electrode including a barrier layer; forming a phase-change material (PCM) layer within the opening and on the bottom electrode, wherein a top surface of the PCM layer is level with or below the top surface of the dielectric layer; and forming a top electrode on the PCM layer.