Dolby Labs Patents

Dolby Laboratories, Inc. licenses its audio technologies, including its noise-reduction systems, to the media industry. Its product portfolio includes Dolby Digital Plus (DD+), Dolby Digital (DD), AAC and HE-AAC, Dolby TrueHD, Dolby Atmos, Dolby AC-4, Dolby Voice and Dolby Vision. Products that incorporate Dolby technologies include televisions, set-top boxes, computers, DVD and Blu-ray devices, soundbars, smartphones, tablets, video game consoles, and automobile entertainment systems.

Dolby Labs Patents by Type

  • Patent number: 9826327
    Abstract: Methods which uses interpolated primitive matrices to decode encoded audio to recover (losslessly) content of a multichannel audio program and/or to recover at least one downmix of such content, and encoding methods for generating such encoded audio. In some embodiments, a decoder performs interpolation on a set of seed primitive matrices to determine interpolated matrices for use in rendering channels of the program. Other aspects are a system or device configured to implement any embodiment of the method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Malcolm James Law, Vinay Melkote, Rhonda Wilson, Simon Plain, Andy Jaspar
  • Patent number: 9826226
    Abstract: An image sensor of a camera configured with a diffraction grating is used to capture a diffraction image of an image rendering surface of a display device, for example, while a target image is being rendered on the image rendering surface of the display device. The diffraction image of the image rendering surface of the display device is analyzed to obtain measurements of native display capabilities of the display device. Display capability data is transmitted to a display management module for the display device. At least a portion of the display capability data is generated from the measurements of native display capabilities of the display device that are obtained from analyzing the diffraction image of the image rendering surface of the display device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Timo Kunkel, Chun Chi Wan
  • Patent number: 9824330
    Abstract: 3D glasses having an RFID tag (embedded in one or more temples) are rented to theater or other venue operators. The glasses are shipped to a venue for distribution to patrons and collected from patrons in the trays. Inventory and other measures are implemented by RFID scanning while the glasses are in the trays (e.g., upon delivery to a theater, on collection from the theater, upon inspection at the 3D rental company, etc). Data gathered from RFID scanning and inspections allows the rental company to properly allocate rental costs to various venues based on shrinkage which includes, for example, extraordinary wear of the glasses, breakage or theft, which is attributable and traceable to the specific venues. The theater or venue may also independently scan the trays upon delivery and pick-up to maintain their own records. The invention includes 3D glasses with RFID, a washing rack, and rental systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Andrew Healy, Thao D. Hovanky, Gregory J. Long
  • Patent number: 9826328
    Abstract: Embodiments are described for a system of rendering object-based audio content through a system that includes individually addressable drivers, including at least one driver that is configured to project sound waves toward one or more surfaces within a listening environment for reflection to a listening area within the listening environment; a renderer configured to receive and process audio streams and one or more metadata sets associated with each of the audio streams and specifying a playback location of a respective audio stream; and a playback system coupled to the renderer and configured to render the audio streams to a plurality of audio feeds corresponding to the array of audio drivers in accordance with the one or more metadata sets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Sripal S. Mehta, Brett G. Crockett, Spencer Hooks, Alan Seefeldt, Christophe Chabanne, C. Phillip Brown, Joshua B. Lando, Brad Basler, Stewart Murrie
  • Publication number: 20170329849
    Abstract: Methods, systems, and apparatus, including computer programs encoded on computer storage media, for index variable bit stream audio files. One of the methods includes repeatedly receiving audio frames of a variable bit rate representation of an audio signal, wherein the variable bit rate representation comprises multiple portions that each represent one or more audio samples of the audio signal, and wherein at least two of the multiple portions have different respective bit rates. For each received audio frame, a position within the audio signal corresponding to the audio frame is determined. A location within an audio file corresponding to the position is determined. A hash value is computed from the determined position. A particular bucket of a plurality of buckets is identified according to the computed hash value. An indexed pair comprising the determined position and the determined location is generated and stored in association with the particular bucket.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 10, 2017
    Publication date: November 16, 2017
    Applicant: DOLBY INTERNATIONAL AB
    Inventors: Marek GAIK, Michal OLESZCZUK
  • Publication number: 20170332185
    Abstract: In an encoding section (100), a downmix section (110) forms first and second channels (L1, L2) of a downmix signal as linear combinations of first and second groups (401, 402) of channels, respectively, of an M-channel audio signal; and an analysis section (120) determines upmix parameters (?LU) for parametric reconstruction of the audio signal, and mixing parameters (?LM). In a decoding section (1200), a decorrelating section (1210) outputs a decorrelated signal (D) based on the downmix signal; and a mixing section (1220) determines mixing coefficients based on the mixing parameters or the upmix parameters, and forms a K-channel output signal ({tilde over (L)}1, . . . , {tilde over (L)}K) as a linear combination of the downmix signal and the decorrelated signal in accordance with the mixing coefficients. The channels of the output signal approximate linear combinations of K groups (501-502, 1301-1303) of channels, respectively, of the audio signal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 28, 2015
    Publication date: November 16, 2017
    Applicant: DOLBY INTERNATIONAL AB
    Inventors: Lars VILLEMOES, Heiko PURNHAGEN, Heidi-Maria LEHTONEN
  • Patent number: 9818412
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides methods, devices and computer program products which provide less complex and more flexible control of the introduced decorrelation in an audio coding system. According to the disclosure, this is achieved by calculating and using two weighting factors, one for an approximated audio object and one for a decorrelated audio object, for introduction of decorrelation of audio objects in the audio coding system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby International AB
    Inventors: Heiko Purnhagen, Lars Villemoes, Leif Jonas Samuelsson, Toni Hirvonen
  • Patent number: 9820077
    Abstract: Embodiments of the example embodiment relate to audio object extraction. A method for audio object extraction from audio content is disclosed. The method comprises determining a sub-band object probability for a sub-band of the audio signal in a frame of the audio content, the sub-band object probability indicating a probability of the sub-band of the audio signal containing an audio object. The method further comprises splitting the sub-band of the audio signal into an audio object portion and a residual audio portion based on the determined sub-band object probability. Corresponding system and computer program product are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Lianwu Chen, Lie Lu
  • Patent number: 9818413
    Abstract: A method for compressing a HOA signal being an input HOA representation with input time frames (C(k)) of HOA coefficient sequences comprises spatial HOA encoding of the input time frames and subsequent perceptual encoding and source encoding. Each input time frame is decomposed (802) into a frame of predominant sound signals (XPS(k?1)) and a frame of an ambient HOA component ({tilde over (C)}AMB (k?1)). The ambient HOA component ({tilde over (C)}AMB (k?1)) comprises, in a layered mode, first HOA coefficient sequences of the input HOA representation (cn(k?1)) in lower positions and second HOA coefficient sequences (cAMB,n(k?1)) in remaining higher positions. The second HOA coefficient sequences are part of an HOA representation of a residual between the input HOA representation and the HOA representation of the predominant sound signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Sven Kordon, Alexander Krueger, Oliver Wuebbolt
  • Patent number: 9819938
    Abstract: Techniques are provided to encode and decode image data comprising a tone mapped (TM) image with HDR reconstruction data in the form of luminance ratios and color residual values. In an example embodiment, luminance ratio values and residual values in color channels of a color space are generated on an individual pixel basis based on a high dynamic range (HDR) image and a derivative tone-mapped (TM) image that comprises one or more color alterations that would not be recoverable from the TM image with a luminance ratio image. The TM image with HDR reconstruction data derived from the luminance ratio values and the color-channel residual values may be outputted in an image file to a downstream device, for example, for decoding, rendering, and/or storing. The image file may be decoded to generate a restored HDR image free of the color alterations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Wenhui Jia, Ajit Ninan, Arkady Ten, Gregory John Ward
  • Patent number: 9819974
    Abstract: Several embodiments of a media processor for the creation of metadata from a set of images are given. The media processor receives a set of image data and computes metadata from the image data. The metadata may comprise statistical data based on the image data; from which the media processor may generate and store a multi-scale version of the metadata. The metadata may comprise statistical attributes derived directly from the image data or statistical attributes derived from image appearance correlates of the image data. The media processor may generate a subsampled set of the metadata and the subsampled set may be stored in an efficient data structure, such as a pyramidal structure. The pyramidal structure may be generated from spatial image information, from temporal image information or from spatial-temporal image information.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Timo Kunkel, Anders Ballestad, Joel N. Geddert
  • Patent number: 9818415
    Abstract: A method for selecting a subset of channels of (e.g., determined from) at least a segment of a multichannel audio program for watermarking and watermarking the selected subset of channels, and a system or device configured to implement any embodiment of the method, or including a buffer which stores at least one frame or other segment of a multichannel audio program generated by any embodiment of the method or steps thereof. Some embodiments generate watermarking metadata during program creation including by analyzing audio content to be included in segments of a multichannel program, determining at least one watermark suitability value for each channel of each of the segments, and including the watermark suitability values (or watermarking data determined therefrom) as metadata in the program. Some embodiments are implemented by a playback system which determines the selected subset of channels to be watermarked.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Dossym Nurmukhanov, Sripal S. Mehta, Dirk Jeroen Breebaart
  • Patent number: 9818417
    Abstract: A method performed in an audio decoder for reconstructing an original audio signal having a lowband portion and a highband portion is disclosed. The method includes receiving an encoded audio signal and extracting reconstruction parameters from the encoded audio signal. The method further includes decoding the encoded audio signal with a core audio decoder to obtain a decoded lowband portion and regenerating the highband portion based at least in part on a cross over frequency and the decoded lowband portion to obtain a regenerated highband portion. The method also includes creating a synthetic sinusoid with a level based at least in part on a spectral envelope value for the particular subband and a noise floor value for the particular subband and adding the synthetic sinusoid to the regenerated highband portion in the particular frequency band specified by the location information.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby International AB
    Inventors: Kristofer Kjoerling, Per Ekstrand, Holger Hoerich
  • Patent number: 9818418
    Abstract: A method performed in an audio decoder for reconstructing an original audio signal having a lowband portion and a highband portion is disclosed. The method includes receiving an encoded audio signal and extracting reconstruction parameters from the encoded audio signal. The method further includes decoding the encoded audio signal with a core audio decoder to obtain a decoded lowband portion and regenerating the highband portion based at least in part on a cross over frequency and the decoded lowband portion to obtain a regenerated highband portion. The method also includes creating a synthetic sinusoid with a level based at least in part on a spectral envelope value for the particular subband and a noise floor value for the particular subband and adding the synthetic sinusoid to the regenerated highband portion in the particular frequency band specified by the location information.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby International AB
    Inventors: Kristofer Kjoerling, Per Ekstrand, Holger Hoerich
  • Patent number: 9818433
    Abstract: According to one aspect, a method for detecting voice activity is disclosed, the method including receiving a frame of an input audio signal, the input audio signal having an sample rate; dividing the frame into a plurality of subbands based on the sample rate, the plurality of subbands including at least a lowest subband and a highest subband; filtering the lowest subband with a moving average filter to reduce an energy of the lowest subband; estimating a noise level for each of the plurality of subbands; calculating a signal to noise ratio value for each of the plurality of subbands; and determining a speech activity level of the frame based on an average of the calculated signal to noise ratio values and a weighted average of an energy of each of the plurality of subbands. Other aspects include audio decoders that decode audio that was encoded using the methods described herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventor: Hannes Muesch
  • Publication number: 20170324931
    Abstract: Example embodiments disclosed herein relate to spatial congruency adjustment. A method for adjusting spatial congruency in a video conference is disclosed. The method includes detecting spatial congruency between a visual scene captured by a video endpoint device and an auditory scene captured by an audio endpoint device that is positioned in relation to the video endpoint device, the spatial congruency being a degree of alignment between the auditory scene and the visual scene, comparing the detected spatial congruency with a predefined threshold and in response to the detected spatial congruency being below the threshold, adjusting the spatial congruency. Corresponding system and computer program products are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 17, 2015
    Publication date: November 9, 2017
    Applicant: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Xuejing SUN, Dong SHI, Shen HUANG, Kai LI, Hannes MUESCH, Glenn N. DICKINS, Gary SPITTLE
  • Patent number: 9810944
    Abstract: Techniques for driving a dual modulation display include generating backlight drive signals to drive individually-controllable illumination sources. The illumination sources emit first light onto a light conversion layer. The light conversion layer converts the first light, such as blue or ultraviolet light, into second light, such as white light. The light conversion layer can include quantum dot materials. Liquid crystal display (LCD) modulation drive signals are generated to determine transmission of the second light through individual color subpixels of the display. These LCD modulation drive signals can be adjusted based on one or more light field simulations to account for non-uniform, spatial color shifts. Alternatively, one or more light field simulations based on a uniformity assumption determine intermediate LCD modulation drive signals. A compensation field simulation, using backlight drive signals, is then used to adjust the intermediate LCD modulation drive signal for color correction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Chun Chi Wan, Ajit Ninan
  • Patent number: 9810943
    Abstract: Parallax in an optical device is reduced by apply one or a combination of several disclosed techniques, including reduced solid angle or increased collimation of light sources, increased diffusion/scattering at an output of the device, and/or reflective structures for collimation and containment of reflected light. The techniques are advantageously applied to a backlight LCD display, and particularly to high dynamic range dual modulation displays.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Lorne A. Whitehead, Vincent Kwong, Helge Seetzen, Gregory John Ward
  • Patent number: 9813834
    Abstract: Sound scenes in 3D can be synthesized or captured as a natural sound field. For decoding, a decode matrix is required that is specific for a given loudspeaker setup and is generated using the known loudspeaker positions. However, some source directions are attenuated for 2D loudspeaker setups like e.g. 5.1 surround. An improved method for decoding an encoded audio signal in soundfield format for L loudspeakers at known positions comprises steps of adding (10) a position of at least one virtual loudspeaker to the positions of the L loudspeakers, generating (11) a 3D decode matrix (D?), wherein the positions (Formula I) of the L loudspeakers and the at least one virtual position (Formula II) are used, downmixing (12) the 3D decode matrix (D?), and decoding (14) the encoded audio signal (i14) using the downscaled 3D decode matrix (Formula III). As a result, a plurality of decoded loudspeaker signals (q14) is obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Florian Keiler, Johannes Boehm
  • Patent number: 9813837
    Abstract: In some embodiments, methods for generating an object based audio program including screen-elated metadata indicative of at least one warping degree parameter for at least one audio object, or generating a speaker channel-based program including by warping audio content of an object based audio program to a degree determined at least in part by at least one warping degree parameter, or methods for decoding or rendering any such audio program. Other aspects are systems configured to perform such audio signal generation, decoding, or rendering, and audio processing units (e.g., decoders or encoders) including a buffer memory which stores at least one segment of any such audio program.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Charles Q. Robinson, Nicolas R. Tsingos, Freddie Sanchez
  • Patent number: 9812136
    Abstract: An audio processing system (100) comprises a front-end component (102, 103), which receives quantized spectral components and performs an inverse quantization, yielding a time-domain representation of an intermediate signal. The audio processing system further comprises a frequency-domain processing stage (104, 105, 106, 107, 108), configured to provide a time-domain representation of a processed audio signal, and a sample rate converter (109), providing a reconstructed audio signal sampled at a target sampling frequency. The respective internal sampling rates of the time-domain representation of the intermediate audio signal and of the time-domain representation of the processed audio signal are equal. In particular embodiments, the processing stage comprises a parametric upmix stage which is operable in at least two different modes and is associated with a delay stage that ensures constant total delay.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby International AB
    Inventors: Kristofer Kjoerling, Heiko Purnhagen, Lars Villemoes
  • Patent number: 9812142
    Abstract: A method performed in an audio decoder for reconstructing an original audio signal having a lowband portion and a highband portion is disclosed. The method includes receiving an encoded audio signal and extracting reconstruction parameters from the encoded audio signal. The method further includes decoding the encoded audio signal with a core audio decoder to obtain a decoded lowband portion and regenerating the highband portion based at least in part on a cross over frequency and the decoded lowband portion to obtain a regenerated highband portion. The method also includes creating a synthetic sinusoid with a level based at least in part on a spectral envelope value for the particular subband and a noise floor value for the particular subband and adding the synthetic sinusoid to the regenerated highband portion in the particular frequency band specified by the location information.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby International AB
    Inventors: Kristofer Kjoerling, Per Ekstrand, Holger Hoerich
  • Publication number: 20170318406
    Abstract: Higher Order Ambisonics represents three-dimensional sound independent of a specific loudspeaker set-up. However, transmission of an HOA representation results in a very high bit rate. Therefore compression with a fixed number of channels is used, in which directional and ambient signal components are processed differently. The ambient HOA component is represented by a minimum number of HOA coefficient sequences. The remaining channels contain either directional signals or additional coefficient sequences of the ambient HOA component, depending on what will result in optimum perceptual quality. This processing can change on a frame-by-frame basis.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 14, 2017
    Publication date: November 2, 2017
    Applicant: DOLBY LABORATORIES LICENSING CORPORATION
    Inventors: SVEN KORDON, ALEXANDER KRUEGER
  • Publication number: 20170318383
    Abstract: Embodiments are directed to a sealed pipe-loaded loudspeaker for augmenting low frequency response in a portable electronic device. A loudspeaker transducer is configured to radiate sound directly out of a forward radiation area and incidentally out of a rearward radiation area, and a sealed transmission line forming a closed pipe acoustically coupled to the transducer through which the rearward radiation propagates to produce standing waves corresponding to the dimensions of the closed pipe, wherein resonances apply a loading to a diaphragm element of the transducer to lower its resonance frequency. An acoustical wave front radiates away from the diaphragm element for the direct sound and is emitted outside of the device, and the rearward radiation is not emitted from the device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 2, 2017
    Publication date: November 2, 2017
    Applicant: DOLBY INTERNATIONAL AB
    Inventors: Kelvin Francis GRIFFITHS, Giuseppe DI CARLANTONIO
  • Publication number: 20170316758
    Abstract: An HDR display is a combination of technologies including, for example, a dual modulation architecture incorporating algorithms for artifact reduction, selection of individual components, and a design process for the display and/or pipeline for preserving the visual dynamic range from capture to display of an image or images. In one embodiment, the dual modulation architecture includes a backlight with an array of RGB LEDs and a combination of a heat sink and thermally conductive vias for maintaining a desired operating temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 17, 2017
    Publication date: November 2, 2017
    Applicant: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventor: Robin ATKINS
  • Patent number: 9804487
    Abstract: A locally dimmed display has a spatial light modulator illuminated by a light source. The spatial light modulator is illuminated with a low resolution version of a desired image. The illumination may comprise a series of lighting elements that vary smoothly from one element to another at the spatial light modulator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Lorne A. Whitehead, Gregory John Ward, Wolfgang Stuerzlinger, Helge Seetzen
  • Patent number: 9805727
    Abstract: Methods for generating an object based audio program, renderable in a personalizable manner, and including a bed of speaker channels renderable in the absence of selection of other program content (e.g., to provide a default full range audio experience). Other embodiments include steps of delivering, decoding, and/or rendering such a program. Rendering of content of the bed, or of a selected mix of other content of the program, may provide an immersive experience. The program may include multiple object channels (e.g., object channels indicative of user-selectable and user-configurable objects), the bed of speaker channels, and other speaker channels. Another aspect is an audio processing unit (e.g., encoder or decoder) configured to perform, or which includes a buffer memory which stores at least one frame (or other segment) of an object based audio program (or bitstream thereof) generated in accordance with, any embodiment of the method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2017
    Assignees: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation, Dolby International AB
    Inventors: Sripal S. Mehta, Thomas Ziegler, Giles Baker, Jeffrey Riedmiller, Prinyar Saungsomboon
  • Patent number: 9805725
    Abstract: Embodiments are directed a method of rendering object-based audio comprising determining an initial spatial position of objects having object audio data and associated metadata, determining a perceptual importance of the objects, and grouping the audio objects into a number of clusters based on the determined perceptual importance of the objects, such that a spatial error caused by moving an object from an initial spatial position to a second spatial position in a cluster is minimized for objects with a relatively high perceptual importance. The perceptual importance is based at least in part by a partial loudness of an object and content semantics of the object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Brett G. Crockett, Alan J. Seefeldt, Nicolas R. Tsingos, Rhonda Wilson, Dirk Jeroen Breebaart, Lie Lu, Lianwu Chen
  • Patent number: 9805728
    Abstract: An audio signal decoder for providing an upmix signal representation on the basis of a downmix signal representation and an object-related parametric information and in dependence on a rendering information has an object parameter determinator. The object parameter determinator is configured to obtain inter-object-correlation values for a plurality of pairs of audio objects. The object parameter determinator is configured to evaluate a bitstream signaling parameter in order to decide whether to evaluate individual inter-object-correlation bitstream parameter values to obtain inter-object-correlation values for a plurality of pairs of related audio objects, or to obtain inter-object-correlation values for a plurality of pairs of related audio objects using a common inter-object-correlation bitstream parameter value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2017
    Assignees: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der angewandten Forschung e.V., Dolby International AB
    Inventors: Juergen Herre, Johannes Hilpert, Andreas Hoelzer, Jonas Engdegard, Heiko Purnhagen
  • Patent number: 9807538
    Abstract: A spatial audio processing system and method including the steps of: dividing the series of virtual speakers into a series of horizontal planes around the expected listener; rendering the audio source to an intermediate spatial format for playback over a series of virtual speakers arranged in each of the series of planes around the listener, the rendering including: an initial panning of the spatialized virtual audio source to each of the horizontal planes to produce a plane rendered audio emission; a subsequent panning of each of the plane rendered audio emissions to a series of virtual speaker locations within each plane, with the subsequent panning utilizing a series of panning curves which are spatially smoothed to can include spatial frequency components which are less than the Nyquist sampling rate of the audio source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: David S. McGrath, Nicholas Claude Mariette
  • Patent number: 9806688
    Abstract: Systems and methods for leveling loudness variation in an audio signal are described. Embodiments use both a perceptual leveling algorithm and a standards-based loudness measure together to minimize audio process artifacts and ensure that the measured loudness of the processed audio is close to a required measure, according to a particular standard measurement of loudness. These systems and methods can be used either offline or in real-time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Andrew P. Reilly, Michael Smithers, Jeffrey Riedmiller
  • Patent number: 9807395
    Abstract: A method for decoding video includes receiving quantized coefficients representative of a block of video representative of a plurality of pixels. The quantized coefficients are dequantized based upon a function of a remainder. The dequantized coefficients are inverse transformed to determine a decoded residue.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby International AB
    Inventors: Louis Joseph Kerofsky, Kiran Misra, Christopher A. Segall
  • Publication number: 20170311081
    Abstract: This invention relates to the field of multichannel audio. More particularly, the invention relates to a method for the provision of audio channels suitable for application to loudspeakers located above conventional front loudspeakers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 7, 2017
    Publication date: October 26, 2017
    Applicant: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventor: Christophe Chabanne
  • Publication number: 20170308996
    Abstract: A processor for approximating a reshaping function using a multi-segment polynomial receives an input reshaping function. Given a number of target segments (N) and an initial maximum fitting error, in a first pass, it applies a first smoothing filter to the input reshaping function to generate a first smoothed reshaping function. Next, it generates a first multi-segment polynomial approximation of the input reshaping function based on one or more multi-segment polynomial approximation algorithms, the smoothed reshaping function, the number of target segments, and the initial maximum fitting error. The same process may be repeated in two or more similar passes that may include in each pass: reconstructing the reshaping function from the polynomial approximation of the previous pass, smoothing and segmenting the reconstructed reshaping function, and generating an updated multi-segment polynomial approximation according to an updated maximum fitting error.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 12, 2017
    Publication date: October 26, 2017
    Applicant: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Harshad Kadu, Subhayan Mukherjee, Guan-Ming Su
  • Publication number: 20170309295
    Abstract: The present document relates to audio source coding systems which make use of a harmonic transposition method for high frequency reconstruction (HFR), as well as to digital effect processors, e.g. exciters, where generation of harmonic distortion add brightness to the processed signal, and to time stretchers where a signal duration is prolonged with maintained spectral content. A system and method configured to generate a time stretched and/or frequency transposed signal from an input signal is described. The system comprises an analysis filterbank configured to provide an analysis subband signal from the input signal; wherein the analysis subband signal comprises a plurality of complex valued analysis samples, each having a phase and a magnitude. Furthermore, the system comprises a subband processing unit configured to determine a synthesis subband signal from the analysis subband signal using a subband transposition factor Q and a subband stretch factor S.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 10, 2017
    Publication date: October 26, 2017
    Applicant: Dolby International AB
    Inventor: Lars Villemoes
  • Publication number: 20170309288
    Abstract: There is provided a method for enhancing dialog in a decoder of an audio system. The method comprises receiving a plurality of downmix signals being a downmix of a larger plurality of channels; receiving parameters for dialog enhancement being defined with respect to a subset of the plurality of channels that is downmixed into a subset of the plurality of downmix signals; upmixing the subset of downmix signals parametrically in order to reconstruct the subset of the plurality of channels with respect to which the parameters for dialog enhancement are defined; applying dialog enhancement to the subset of the plurality of channels with respect to which the parameters for dialog enhancement are defined using the parameters for dialog enhancement to provide at least one dialog enhanced signal; and subjecting the at least one dialog enhanced signal to mixing to provide dialog enhanced versions of the subset of downmix signals.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2015
    Publication date: October 26, 2017
    Applicant: DOLBY INTERNATIONAL AB
    Inventors: Jeroen KOPPENS, Per EKSTRAND
  • Publication number: 20170309279
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides methods, devices and computer program products for encoding and decoding of a vector of parameters in an audio coding system. The disclosure further relates to a method and apparatus for reconstructing an audio object in an audio decoding system. According to the disclosure, a modulo differential approach for coding and encoding a vector of a non-periodic quantity may improve the coding efficiency and provide encoders and decoders with less memory requirements. Moreover, an efficient method for encoding and decoding a sparse matrix is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 6, 2017
    Publication date: October 26, 2017
    Applicant: DOLBY INTERNATIONAL AB
    Inventors: Leif Jonas SAMUELSSON, Heiko PURNHAGEN
  • Publication number: 20170309280
    Abstract: The present document relates to audio coding systems. In particular, the present document relates to efficient methods and systems for parametric multi-channel audio coding. An audio encoding system configured to generate a bitstream indicative of a downmix signal and spatial metadata for generating a multi-channel upmix signal from the downmix signal is described. The system comprises a downmix processing unit configured to generate the downmix signal from a multi-channel input signal; wherein the downmix signal comprises m channels and wherein the multi-channel input signal comprises n channels; n, m being integers with m<n. Furthermore, the system comprises a parameter processing unit configured to determine the spatial metadata from the multi-channel input signal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2017
    Publication date: October 26, 2017
    Applicant: DOLBY INTERNATIONAL AB
    Inventors: Tobias FRIEDRICH, Alexander MUELLER, Karsten LINZMEIER, Claus-Christian SPENGER, Tobias WAGENBLASS
  • Publication number: 20170309281
    Abstract: Encoding and decoding devices for encoding the channels of an audio system having at least four channels are disclosed. The decoding device has a first stereo decoding component which subjects a first pair of input channels to a first stereo decoding, and a second stereo decoding component which subjects a second pair of input channels to a second stereo decoding. The results of the first and second stereo decoding components are crosswise coupled to a third and a fourth stereo decoding component which each performs stereo decoding on one channel resulting from the first stereo decoding component, and one channel resulting from the second stereo decoding component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2017
    Publication date: October 26, 2017
    Applicant: Dolby International AB
    Inventors: Kristofer KJOERLING, Harald MUNDT, Heiko PURNHAGEN
  • Publication number: 20170309286
    Abstract: On the basis of a bitstream (P), an n-channel audio signal (X) is reconstructed by deriving an m-channel core signal (Y) and multichannel coding parameters (?) from the bitstream, where 1?m<n. Also derived from the bitstream are pre-processing dynamic range control, DRC, parameters (DRC2) quantifying an encoder-side dynamic range limiting of the core signal. The n-channel audio signal is obtained by parametric synthesis in accordance with the multichannel coding parameters and while cancelling any encoder-side dynamic range limiting based on the pre-processing DRC parameters. In particular embodiments, the reconstruction further includes use of compensated post-processing DRC parameters quantifying a potential decoder-side dynamic range compression. Cancellation of an encoder-side range limitation and range compression are preferably performed by different decoder-side components. Cancellation and compression may be coordinated by a DRC pre-processor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 13, 2017
    Publication date: October 26, 2017
    Applicants: DOLBY LABORATORIES LICENSING CORPORATION, DOLBY INTERNATIONAL AB
    Inventors: Jeffrey RIEDMILLER, Karl J. ROEDEN, Kristofer KJOERLING, Heiko PURNHAGEN, Vinay MELKOTE, Leif SEHLSTROM
  • Publication number: 20170311107
    Abstract: Audio content coded for a reference speaker configuration is downmixed to downmix audio content coded for a specific speaker configuration. One or more gain adjustments are performed on individual portions of the downmix audio content coded for the specific speaker configuration. Loudness measurements are then performed on the individual portions of the downmix audio content. An audio signal that comprises the audio content coded for the reference speaker configuration and downmix loudness metadata is generated. The downmix loudness metadata is created based at least in part on the loudness measurements on the individual portions of the downmix audio content.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 16, 2017
    Publication date: October 26, 2017
    Applicants: DOLBY LABORATORIES LICENSING CORPORATION, DOLBY INTERNATIONAL AB
    Inventors: Michael WARD, Jeffrey RIEDMILLER, Scott Gregory NORCROSS, Alexander GROESCHEL
  • Patent number: 9800991
    Abstract: Embodiments are described for an adaptive audio system that processes audio data comprising a number of independent monophonic audio streams. One or more of the streams has associated with it metadata that specifies whether the stream is a channel-based or object-based stream. Channel-based streams have rendering information encoded by means of channel name; and the object-based streams have location information encoded through location expressions encoded in the associated metadata. A codec packages the independent audio streams into a single serial bitstream that contains all of the audio data. This configuration allows for the sound to be rendered according to an allocentric frame of reference, in which the rendering location of a sound is based on the characteristics of the playback environment (e.g., room size, shape, etc.) to correspond to the mixer's intent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Charles Q. Robinson, Nicolas R. Tsingos, Christophe Chabanne
  • Patent number: 9800986
    Abstract: Encoding of Higher Order Ambisonics (HOA) signals commonly results in high data rates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Alexander Krueger, Sven Kordon
  • Patent number: 9799346
    Abstract: The present invention relates to audio coding systems which make use of a harmonic transposition method for high frequency reconstruction (HFR). A system and a method for generating a high frequency component of a signal from a low frequency component of the signal is described. The system comprises an analysis filter bank providing a plurality of analysis subband signals of the low frequency component of the signal. It also comprises a non-linear processing unit to generate a synthesis subband signal with a synthesis frequency by modifying the phase of a first and a second of the plurality of analysis subband signals and by combining the phase-modified analysis subband signals. Finally, it comprises a synthesis filter bank for generating the high frequency component of the signal from the synthesis subband signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby International AB
    Inventors: Lars Villemoes, Per Hedelin
  • Patent number: 9799340
    Abstract: The present invention provides improvements to prior art audio codecs that generate a stereo-illusion through post-processing of a received mono signal. These improvements are accomplished by extraction of stereo-image describing parameters at the encoder side, which are transmitted and subsequently used for control of a stereo generator at the decoder side. Furthermore, the invention bridges the gap between simple pseudo-stereo methods, and current methods of true stereo-coding, by using a new form of parametric stereo coding. A stereo-balance parameter is introduced, which enables more advanced stereo modes, and in addition forms the basis of a new method of stereo-coding of spectral envelopes, of particular use in systems where guided HFR (High Frequency Reconstruction) is employed. As a special case, the application of this stereo-coding scheme in scalable HFR-based codecs is described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby International AB
    Inventors: Fredrik Henn, Kristofer Kjoerling, Lars G. Liljeryd, Karl Jonas Roeden, Jonas Engdegard
  • Patent number: 9799341
    Abstract: The present invention provides improvements to prior art audio codecs that generate a stereo-illusion through post-processing of a received mono signal. These improvements are accomplished by extraction of stereo-image describing parameters at the encoder side, which are transmitted and subsequently used for control of a stereo generator at the decoder side. Furthermore, the invention bridges the gap between simple pseudo-stereo methods, and current methods of true stereo-coding, by using a new form of parametric stereo coding. A stereo-balance parameter is introduced, which enables more advanced stereo modes, and in addition forms the basis of a new method of stereo-coding of spectral envelopes, of particular use in systems where guided HFR (High Frequency Reconstruction) is employed. As a special case, the application of this stereo-coding scheme in scalable HFR-based codecs is described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby International AB
    Inventors: Fredrik Henn, Kristofer Kjoerling, Lars G. Liljeryd, Karl Jonas Roeden, Jonas Engdegard
  • Publication number: 20170301362
    Abstract: A method for decoding an encoded audio bitstream in an audio processing system is disclosed. The method includes extracting from the encoded audio bitstream a first waveform-coded signal comprising spectral coefficients corresponding to frequencies up to a first cross-over frequency for a time frame and performing parametric decoding at a second cross-over frequency for the time frame to generate a reconstructed signal. The second cross-over frequency is above the first cross-over frequency and the parametric decoding uses reconstruction parameters derived from the encoded audio bitstream to generate the reconstructed signal. The method also includes extracting from the encoded audio bitstream a second waveform-coded signal comprising spectral coefficients corresponding to a subset of frequencies above the first cross-over frequency for the time frame and interleaving the second waveform-coded signal with the reconstructed signal to produce an interleaved signal for the time frame.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 3, 2017
    Publication date: October 19, 2017
    Applicant: DOLBY INTERNATIONAL AB
    Inventors: Kristofer KJOERLING, Heiko PURNHAGEN, Harald MUNDT, Karl Jonas ROEDEN, Leif SEHLSTROM
  • Publication number: 20170301355
    Abstract: Audio objects are associated with positional metadata. A received downmix signal comprises downmix channels that are linear combinations of one or more audio objects and are associated with respective positional locators. In a first aspect, the downmix signal, the positional metadata and frequency-dependent object gains are received. An audio object is reconstructed by applying the object gain to an upmix of the downmix signal in accordance with coefficients based on the positional metadata and the positional locators. In a second aspect, audio objects have been encoded together with at least one bed channel positioned at a positional locator of a corresponding downmix channel. The decoding system receives the downmix signal and the positional metadata of the audio objects. A bed channel is reconstructed by suppressing the content representing audio objects from the corresponding downmix channel on the basis of the positional locator of the corresponding downmix channel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 2, 2017
    Publication date: October 19, 2017
    Applicant: DOLBY INTERNATIONAL AB
    Inventors: Toni HIRVONEN, Heiko PURNHAGEN, Leif Jonas SAMUELSSON, Lars VILLEMOES
  • Patent number: 9794570
    Abstract: Methods and systems for improving coding decoding efficiency of video by providing a syntax modeler, a buffer, and a decoder. The syntax modeler may associate a first sequence of symbols with syntax elements. The buffer may store tables, each represented by a symbol in the first sequence, and each used to associate a respective symbol in a second sequence of symbols with encoded data. The decoder decodes the data into a bitstream using the second sequence retrieved from a table.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby International AB
    Inventors: Yeping Su, Christopher A. Segall
  • Patent number: 9794564
    Abstract: The quantization parameter QP is well-known in digital video compression as an indication of picture quality. Digital symbols representing a moving image are quantized with a quantizing step that is a function QSN of the quantization parameter QP, which function QSN has been normalized to the most significant bit of the bit depth of the digital symbols. As a result, the effect of a given QP is essentially independent of bit depth a particular QP value has a standard effect on image quality, regardless of bit depth. The invention is useful, for example, in encoding and decoding at different bit depths, to generate compatible, bitstreams having different bit depths, and to allow different bit depths for different components of a video signal by compressing each with the same fidelity (i.e., the same QP).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2017
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Walter C. Gish, Christopher J. Vogt