Dolby Labs Patents

Dolby Laboratories, Inc. licenses its audio technologies, including its noise-reduction systems, to the media industry. Its product portfolio includes Dolby Digital Plus (DD+), Dolby Digital (DD), AAC and HE-AAC, Dolby TrueHD, Dolby Atmos, Dolby AC-4, Dolby Voice and Dolby Vision. Products that incorporate Dolby technologies include televisions, set-top boxes, computers, DVD and Blu-ray devices, soundbars, smartphones, tablets, video game consoles, and automobile entertainment systems.

Dolby Labs Patents by Type

  • Publication number: 20180218576
    Abstract: Techniques for low bit rate parametric encoding of haptic-tactile signals. The techniques encompass a parametric encoding method. The parametric encoding method includes the steps of: for at least one frame of a plurality of frames of a source haptic-tactile signal, representing the source haptic-tactile signal in the frame as a set of parameters and according to a functional representation; and including the set of parameters in a bit stream that encodes the source haptic-tactile signal. The functional representation is based on one of a set of orthogonal functionals, or polynomial approximation. For example, the functional representation can be based on one of Chebyshev functionals of the first kind through order n, Chebyshev functionals of the second kind through order n, or k-th order polynomial approximation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 3, 2016
    Publication date: August 2, 2018
    Applicants: DOLBY LABORATORIES LICENSING CORPORATION, DOLBY INTERNATIONAL AB
    Inventors: Sunil BHARITKAR, Charles Q. ROBINSON, Vivek KUMAR, Jeffrey RIEDMILLER, Christof FERSCH
  • Publication number: 20180220144
    Abstract: In a method to code and transmit scalable HDR video signals, HDR signals are processed and encoded in the IPT-PQ color space to generate a base layer at reduced spatial resolution and/or dynamic range, and an enhancement layer with a residual signal. A signal reshaping block before the base layer encoder allows for improved coding of HDR signals using a reduced bit depth. A decoder can use a BL decoder and backward reshaping to generate a decoded BL HDR signal at a reduced dynamic range and/or spatial resolution, or it can combine the decoded BL HDR signal and the EL stream to generate a decoded HDR signal at full dynamic range and full resolution.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 20, 2016
    Publication date: August 2, 2018
    Applicant: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Guan-Ming Su, Sheng Qu, Samir N. Hulyalkar, David Brooks
  • Patent number: 10037763
    Abstract: Apparatus and methods for generating an encoded audio bitstream, including by including substream structure metadata (SSM) and/or program information metadata (PIM) and audio data in the bitstream. Other aspects are apparatus and methods for decoding such a bitstream, and an audio processing unit (e.g., an encoder, decoder, or post-processor) configured (e.g., programmed) to perform any embodiment of the method or which includes a buffer memory which stores at least one frame of an audio bitstream generated in accordance with any embodiment of the method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Jeffrey Riedmiller, Michael Ward
  • Patent number: 10038916
    Abstract: Encoding and decoding architectures for 3D video delivery are described, such as 2D compatible 3D video delivery and frame compatible 3D video delivery. The architectures include pre-processing stages to pre-process the output of a base layer video encoder and/or decoder and input the pre-processed output into an enhancement layer video encoder and/or decoder of one or more enhancement layers. Multiplexing methods of how to combine the base and enhancement layer videos are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Alexandros Tourapis, Peshala V. Pahalawatta, Athanasios Leontaris, Kevin J. Stec, Walter J. Husak
  • Patent number: 10037764
    Abstract: When compressing an HOA data frame representation, a gain control (15, 151) is applied for each channel signal before it is perceptually encoded (16). The gain values are transferred in a differential manner as side information. However, for starting decoding of such streamed compressed HOA data frame representation absolute gain values are required, which should be coded with a minimum number of bits. For determining such lowest integer number (?e) of bits the HOA data frame representation (C(k)) is rendered in spatial domain to virtual loudspeaker signals lying on a unit sphere, followed by normalisation of the HOA data frame representation (C(k)). Then the lowest integer number of bits is set to ?e=? log2(?log2(?{square root over (KMAX)}·O)?+1)?.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Alexander Krueger, Sven Kordon
  • Patent number: 10038965
    Abstract: The invention improves HOA sound field representation compression. The HOA representation is analyzed for the presence of dominant sound sources and their directions are estimated. Then the HOA representation is decomposed into a number of dominant directional signals and a residual component. This residual component is transformed into the discrete spatial domain in order to obtain general plane wave functions at uniform sampling directions, which are predicted from the dominant directional signals. Finally, the prediction error is transformed back to the HOA domain and represents the residual ambient HOA component for which an order reduction is performed, followed by perceptual encoding of the dominant directional signals and the residual component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Alexander Krueger, Sven Kordon, Johannes Boehm
  • Patent number: 10036938
    Abstract: Projection systems and/or methods for efficient use of light by recycling a portion of the light energy are disclosed. In one embodiment, a projection display system is disclosed comprising a light source; an integrated rod that receives light from said light source at a proximal end that comprise a reflective surface which may reflecting/recycle light down said integrating rod; and a modulator comprising at least one moveable mirror that reflects light received from the integrating rod in either a projection direction or a light recycling direction. In other embodiments, dual and multiple modulator projector display systems are disclosed. A first modulator may affect either a pre-modulated halftone image or may affect a highlights modulated image for a desired image to be displayed. A second modulator may be provided for primary modulation of a desired image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Douglas J. Gorny, Martin J. Richards
  • Patent number: 10038961
    Abstract: Example embodiments disclosed herein relate to modelling a frequency response characteristic of an electro-acoustic transducer. A method includes obtaining at least one measurement of the frequency response characteristic for at least one electro-acoustic transducer of the category. A model of a frequency response characteristic specific to a category of electro-acoustic transducers is generated at least in part based on perceptual importance of a frequency band, an averaged, normalized or microphone compensated measurement such that the distortion of the model is optimized. A further method for estimating a frequency response characteristic of an electro-acoustic transducer is based on the generated model and the sensitivity of the electro-acoustic transducer or headphone. Corresponding system and computer program product are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Guilin Ma, Xiguang Zheng, C. Phillip Brown
  • Patent number: 10037762
    Abstract: Soundfield signals such as e.g. Ambisonics carry a representation of a desired sound field. The Ambisonics format is based on spherical harmonic decomposition of the soundfield, and Higher Order Ambisonics (HOA) uses spherical harmonics of at least 2nd order. However, commonly used loudspeaker setups are irregular and lead to problems in decoder design. A method for improved decoding an audio soundfield representation for audio playback comprises calculating a panning function (W) using a geometrical method based on the positions of a plurality of loudspeakers and a plurality of source directions, calculating a mode matrix (?) from the loudspeaker positions, calculating a pseudo-inverse mode matrix (?+) and decoding the audio soundfield representation. The decoding is based on a decode matrix (D) that is obtained from the panning function (W) and the pseudo-inverse mode matrix (?+).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Johann-Markus Batke, Florian Keiler, Johannes Boehm
  • Patent number: 10038891
    Abstract: Stereoscopic images are subsampled and placed in a “checkerboard” pattern in an image. The image is encoded in a monoscopic video format. The monoscopic video is transmitted to a device where the “checkerboard” is decoded. Portions of the checkerboard (e.g., “black” portions) are used to reconstruct one of the stereoscopic images and the other portion of the checkerboard (e.g., “white” portions) are used to reconstruct the other image. The subsamples are, for example, taken from the image in a location coincident to the checkerboard position in which the subsamples are encoded.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Coporation
    Inventors: Walter J. Husak, David Ruhoff, Alexandros Tourapis, Athanasios Leontaris
  • Publication number: 20180210217
    Abstract: 3D glasses include an absorptive layer in a single lens of the glasses. The absorptive layer may be specifically tailored for spectral separation characteristics of a 3D filter portion of the lens. The absorptive layer may be combined with, and work in conjunction with, interference layers of a lens while also operating separately as an absorber. The absorptive layer may include biometric variations and/or positive runout. The absorptive layer may selectively absorb more of one color than other colors. A balancing absorber may be included in an opposite eye channel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 23, 2018
    Publication date: July 26, 2018
    Applicant: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Barret LIPPEY, Martin J. RICHARDS
  • Publication number: 20180210695
    Abstract: Embodiments are described for a method of rendering audio for playback through headphones comprising receiving digital audio content, receiving binaural rendering metadata generated by an authoring tool processing the received digital audio content, receiving playback metadata generated by a playback device, and combining the binaural rendering metadata and playback metadata to optimize playback of the digital audio content through the headphones.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 23, 2018
    Publication date: July 26, 2018
    Applicant: DOLBY LABORATORIES LICENSING CORPORATION
    Inventors: Nicolas R. TSINGOS, Rhonda WILSON, Sunil BHARITKAR, C. Phillip BROWN, Alan J. SEEFELDT, Remi AUDFRAY
  • Publication number: 20180211440
    Abstract: Directional image sensor data may be acquired with one or more directional image sensors. A light source and illumination image may be generated based on the directional image sensor data. A number of operations may be caused to be performed for an image based at least in part on light source information in the light source image. The operations may include display management operations, device positional operations, augmented reality superimposition operations, ambient light control operations, etc.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 21, 2016
    Publication date: July 26, 2018
    Applicant: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Timo KUNKEL, Patrick GRIFFIS, Gregory John WARD
  • Publication number: 20180211682
    Abstract: In an apparatus configured to perform signal processing on audio data of a first sampling rate, methods disclosed herein comprise receiving audio data of a second sampling rate, the second sampling rate being higher than the first sampling rate. The methods comprise applying filtering to the audio data of the second sampling rate to thereby produce first filtered audio data and second filtered audio data, the first filtered audio data comprising mainly component frequencies which are audible to the human ear, the second filtered audio data comprising mainly components frequencies which are substantially inaudible to the human ear. The methods further comprise applying first signal processing to the first filtered audio data; and applying second signal processing to the second filtered audio data, the second signal processing having a lower computational complexity than the first signal processing. Corresponding apparatus and computer readable media are also disclosed herein.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 21, 2016
    Publication date: July 26, 2018
    Applicant: DOLBY LABORATORIES LICENSING CORPORATION
    Inventors: Nicholas L. ENGEL, Nicholas Luke APPLETON, Alan J. SEEFELDT
  • Publication number: 20180210220
    Abstract: Shaped glasses have curved surface lenses with spectrally complementary filters disposed thereon. The filters curved surface lenses are configured to compensate for wavelength shifts occurring due to viewing angles and other sources. Complementary images are projected for viewing through projection filters having passbands that pre-shift to compensate for subsequent wavelength shifts. At least one filter may have more than 3 primary passbands. For example, two filters include a first filter having passbands of low blue, high blue, low green, high green, and red, and a second filter having passbands of blue, green, and red. The additional passbands may be utilized to more closely match a color space and white point of a projector in which the filters are used. The shaped glasses and projection filters together may be utilized as a system for projecting and viewing 3D images.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 21, 2018
    Publication date: July 26, 2018
    Applicant: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Martin J. Richards, Wilson Allen, Gary D. Gomes
  • Publication number: 20180211672
    Abstract: A method for performing audio inpainting, wherein missing portions in an input audio signal are recovered and a recovered audio signal is obtained, comprises computing a Short-Time Fourier Transform (STFT) on portions of the input audio signal, computing conditional expectations of the source power spectra of the input audio signal, wherein estimated source power spectra P(f, n, j) are obtained and wherein the variance tensor V and complex Short-Time Fourier Transform (STFT) coefficients of the input audio signals are used, iteratively re-calculating the variance tensor V from the estimated power spectra P(f, n, j) and re-calculating updated estimated power spectra P(f, n, j), computing an array of STFT coefficients ? from the resulting variance tensor V according to ?(f, n, j)=E{S(f, n, j)|x, Is, IL, V}, and converting the array of STFT coefficients ? to the time domain, wherein coefficients {tilde over (s)}1, {tilde over (s)}2, . . . , {tilde over (s)}j of the recovered audio signal are obtained.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 6, 2016
    Publication date: July 26, 2018
    Applicant: Dolby International AB
    Inventors: Cagdas BILEN, Alexey OZEROV, Patrick PEREZ
  • Publication number: 20180211677
    Abstract: The present document relates an audio encoding and decoding system (referred to as an audio codec system). In particular, the present document relates to a transform-based audio codec system which is particularly well suited for voice encoding/decoding. A quantization unit configured to quantize a first coefficient of a block of coefficients is described. The block of coefficients comprises a plurality of coefficients for a plurality of corresponding frequency bins. The quantization unit is configured to provide a set of quantizers. The set of quantizers comprises a plurality of different quantizers associated with a plurality of different signal-to-noise ratios, referred to as SNR, respectively. The plurality of different quantizers includes a noise-filling quantizer; one or more dithered quantizers; and one or more un-dithered quantizers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 22, 2018
    Publication date: July 26, 2018
    Applicant: DOLBY INTERNATIONAL AB
    Inventors: Janusz KLEJSA, Lars VILLEMOES, Per HEDELIN
  • Publication number: 20180213246
    Abstract: Implementations are provided that relate, for example, to view tiling in video encoding and decoding. A particular method includes accessing a video picture that includes multiple pictures combined into a single picture (826), accessing information indicating how the multiple pictures in the accessed video picture are combined (806, 808, 822), decoding the video picture to provide a decoded representation of at least one of the multiple pictures (824, 826), and providing the accessed information and the decoded video picture as output (824, 826). Some other implementations format or process the information that indicates how multiple pictures included in a single video picture are combined into the single video picture, and format or process an encoded representation of the combined multiple pictures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 26, 2018
    Publication date: July 26, 2018
    Applicant: DOLBY LABORATORIES LICENSING CORPORATION
    Inventors: Purvin Bibhas PANDIT, Peng YIN, Dong TIAN
  • Patent number: 10033999
    Abstract: A method for coding includes; segmenting an image into blocks; grouping blocks into a number of subsets; coding, using an entropy coding module, each subset, by associating digital information with symbols of each block of a subset, including, for the first block of the image, initializing state variables of the coding module; and generating a data sub-stream representative of at least one of the coded subsets of blocks. Where a current block is the first block to be coded of a subset, symbol occurrence probabilities for the first current block are determined based on those for a coded and decoded predetermined block of at least one other subset. Where the current block is the last coded block of the subset: writing, in the sub-stream representative of the subset, the entire the digital information associated with the symbols during coding of the blocks of the subset, and implementing the initializing sub-step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby International AB
    Inventors: Felix Henry, Stephane Pateux, Gordon Clare
  • Patent number: 10033940
    Abstract: A camera has two distinct image sensor arrays. The image sensor arrays are at least one of different types and different resolutions. The image sensor arrays have different dynamic ranges such that one of the image sensor arrays is a high dynamic range image sensor array configured to capture a wider range of light intensity than the other of the image sensor arrays. The camera has an imaging mechanism configured to combine information collected by each of the image sensor arrays to produce a high dynamic range image. The image sensor arrays include one low resolution image sensor array having a high dynamic range, and one high resolution image sensor array having a normal dynamic range smaller than the high dynamic range wherein luminance values within the normal dynamic range represent a subset of luminance values within the high dynamic range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Gregory John Ward, Helge Seetzen, Wolfgang Heidrich
  • Patent number: 10033993
    Abstract: A system 8 for delivering stereoscopic images for viewing without 3-D glasses being required comprises a video display element 1, an image direction element 4, a front holder element 5, a rear holder element 3, and a resolution enhancement element 2. The video display element 1 outputs a plurality of left-eye images and a plurality of right-eye images. The image direction element 4 directs each left-eye image at a desired left-eye angle and directs each right-eye image at a desired right-eye angle. The front holder element 5 is movable relative to the rear holder element 3 to move the image direction element 4 to adjust each left-eye angle at which each left-eye image is directed and to adjust each right-eye angle at which each right-eye image is directed to suit each viewer. The resolution enhancement element 2 is modulated simultaneously with the image direction element 4.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Andrew Healy, Thao D. Hovanky, John Gilbert
  • Patent number: 10032262
    Abstract: A processor for signal reshaping receives an input image with an input bit depth. Block-based standard deviations are computed. The input codewords are divided into codeword bins and each bin is assigned a standard deviation value. For each bin, a standard deviation to bit-depth function is applied to the bin values to generate minimal bit depth values for each codeword bin. An output codeword mapping function is generated based on the input bit depth, a target bit depth, and the minimal bit depth values. The codeword mapping function is applied to the input image to generate an output image in the target bit depth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Amin Kheradmand, Guan-Ming Su, Cheng-Chi Li
  • Patent number: 10032458
    Abstract: An apparatus for processing an input audio signal relies on a cascade of filterbanks, the cascade having a synthesis filterbank for synthesizing an audio intermediate signal from the input audio signal, the input audio signal being represented by a plurality of first subband signals generated by an analysis filterbank, wherein a number of filterbank channels of the synthesis filterbank is smaller than a number of channels of the analysis filterbank. The apparatus furthermore has a further analysis filterbank for generating a plurality of second subband signals from the audio intermediate signal, wherein the further analysis filterbank has a number of channels being different from the number of channels of the synthesis filterbank, so that a sampling rate of a subband signal of the plurality of second subband signals is different from a sampling rate of a first subband signal of the plurality of first subband signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2018
    Assignees: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der angewandten Forschung e.V., Dolby International AB
    Inventors: Lars Villemoes, Per Ekstrand, Sascha Disch, Frederik Nagel, Stephan Wilde
  • Patent number: 10034117
    Abstract: The positions of a plurality of speakers at a media consumption site are determined. Audio information in an object-based format is received. Gain adjustment value for a sound content portion in the object-based format may be determined based on the position of the sound content portion and the positions of the plurality of speakers. Audio information in a ring-based channel format is received. Gain adjustment value for each ring-based channel in a set of ring-based channels may be determined based on the ring to which the ring-based channel belongs and the positions of the speakers at a media consumption site.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2018
    Assignees: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation, Dolby International AB
    Inventors: Nicolas R. Tsingos, David S. McGrath, Freddie Sanchez, Antonio Mateos Sole
  • Publication number: 20180204581
    Abstract: According to an aspect of the present invention, a method for reconstructing an audio signal having a baseband portion and a highband portion is disclosed. The method includes obtaining a decoded baseband audio signal by decoding an encoded audio signal and obtaining a plurality of subband signals by filtering the decoded baseband audio signal. The method further includes generating a high-frequency reconstructed signal by copying a number of consecutive subband signals of the plurality of subband signals and obtaining an envelope adjusted high-frequency signal. The method further includes generating a noise component based on a noise parameter. Finally, the method includes adjusting a phase of the high-frequency reconstructed signal and obtaining a time-domain reconstructed audio signal by combining the decoded baseband audio signal and the combined high-frequency signal to obtain a time-domain reconstructed audio signal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2018
    Publication date: July 19, 2018
    Applicant: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Michael M. Truman, Mark S. Vinton
  • Patent number: 10027963
    Abstract: An encoder receives an input enhanced dynamic range (EDR) image and a corresponding lower dynamic range (LDR) image to be coded at a given target rate. Before coding, a pre-dithering process is applied to the input LDR image to generate a dithered LDR image at a second bit depth, lower than its original bit depth. The pre-dithering process includes: generating uniformly-distributed noise, applying a spatial filter to the noise to generate low-pass or high-pass filtered noise, applying a temporal high pass or low pass filter to the spatially-filtered noise to generate output noise, adding the output noise to the input LDR image to generate a noise-enhanced LDR image, and quantizing the noise-enhanced image to generate the dithered LDR image. Selecting the characteristics of the dithering filters is based on both the target bit rate and luminance characteristics of the pixels in the input LDR image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Guan-Ming Su, Qian Chen, Bongsun Lee, Scott Daly
  • Patent number: 10026139
    Abstract: A method of detecting and extracting a watermark (digital watermarking) in a digital signal. The watermark is composed by the repetition of elementary components of a load to be transmitted. At least one repetition of an elementary component in the digital signal is detected. At least one quality attribute is assigned to each repetition of at least one elementary component. The repetitions of an elementary component are sorted according to a function of the quality attributes of these repetitions. Certain repetitions, dubbed individualities, of an elementary component are selected. The selected repetitions are fused.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Philippe Nguyen, Camille Rizko
  • Patent number: 10026408
    Abstract: Exemplary embodiments provide encoding and decoding methods, and associated encoders and decoders, for encoding and decoding of an audio scene which at least comprises one or more audio objects (106a). The encoder (108, 110) generates a bit stream (116) which comprises downmix signals (112) and side information which includes individual matrix elements (114) of a reconstruction matrix which enables reconstruction of the one or more audio objects (106a) in the decoder (120).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby International AB
    Inventors: Heiko Purnhagen, Lars Villemoes, Leif Jonas Samuelsson, Toni Hirvonen
  • Patent number: 10027961
    Abstract: Techniques are provided to encode and decode image data comprising a tone mapped (TM) image with HDR reconstruction data in the form of luminance ratios and color residual values. In an example embodiment, luminance ratio values and residual values in color channels of a color space are generated on an individual pixel basis based on a high dynamic range (HDR) image and a derivative tone-mapped (TM) image that comprises one or more color alterations that would not be recoverable from the TM image with a luminance ratio image. The TM image with HDR reconstruction data derived from the luminance ratio values and the color-channel residual values may be outputted in an image file to a downstream device, for example, for decoding, rendering, and/or storing. The image file may be decoded to generate a restored HDR image free of the color alterations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Wenhui Jia, Ajit Ninan, Arkady Ten, Gregory John Ward
  • Publication number: 20180197561
    Abstract: Embodiments are directed to a companding method and system for reducing coding noise in an audio codec. A compression process reduces an original dynamic range of an initial audio signal through a compression process that divides the initial audio signal into a plurality of segments using a defined window shape, calculates a wideband gain in the frequency domain using a non-energy based average of frequency domain samples of the initial audio signal, and applies individual gain values to amplify segments of relatively low intensity and attenuate segments of relatively high intensity. The compressed audio signal is then expanded back to the substantially the original dynamic range that applies inverse gain values to amplify segments of relatively high intensity and attenuating segments of relatively low intensity. A QMF filterbank is used to analyze the initial audio signal to obtain a frequency domain representation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 7, 2018
    Publication date: July 12, 2018
    Applicants: DOLBY INTERNATIONAL AB, DOLBY LABORATORIES LICENSING CORPORATION
    Inventors: Per Hedelin, Arijit Biswas, Michael Schug, Vinay Melkote
  • Publication number: 20180199130
    Abstract: A time heuristic audio control system, comprises a receiver for receiving time-based data from a personal computing device and a memory storing one or more sets processing parameters comprising instructions for processing the ambient sound based upon the time-based data. The system further includes a processor coupled to the memory and the receiver configured to adjust the ambient sound as directed by a selected set of processing parameters retrieved from the memory to create adjusted audio, the selected set of processing parameters retrieved based upon the time-based data and at least one speaker for outputting the adjusted audio.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 9, 2018
    Publication date: July 12, 2018
    Applicant: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Matthew J. Jaffe, Noah Kraft, Richard Fritz Lanman, III, Jeffrey Baker
  • Publication number: 20180197562
    Abstract: Embodiments are directed to a companding method and system for reducing coding noise in an audio codec. A compression process reduces an original dynamic range of an initial audio signal through a compression process that divides the initial audio signal into a plurality of segments using a defined window shape, calculates a wideband gain in the frequency domain using a non-energy based average of frequency domain samples of the initial audio signal, and applies individual gain values to amplify segments of relatively low intensity and attenuate segments of relatively high intensity. The compressed audio signal is then expanded back to the substantially the original dynamic range that applies inverse gain values to amplify segments of relatively high intensity and attenuating segments of relatively low intensity. A QMF filterbank is used to analyze the initial audio signal to obtain a frequency domain representation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 8, 2018
    Publication date: July 12, 2018
    Applicants: DOLBY INTERNATIONAL AB, DOLBY LABORATORIES LICENSING CORPORATION
    Inventors: Per Hedelin, Arijit Biswas, Michael Schug, Vinay Melkote
  • Patent number: 10021508
    Abstract: Spherical microphone arrays capture a three-dimensional sound field (P(?c, t)) for generating an Ambisonics representation (Anm(t)), where the pressure distribution on the surface of the sphere is sampled by the capsules of the array. The impact of the microphones on the captured sound field is removed using the inverse microphone transfer function. The equalization of the transfer function of the microphone array is a big problem because the reciprocal of the transfer function causes high gains for small values in the transfer function and these small values are affected by transducer noise. The invention minimizes that noise by using a Wiener filter processing in the frequency domain, which processing is automatically controlled per wave number by the signal-to-noise ratio of the microphone array.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Sven Kordon, Johann-Markus Batke, Alexander Krueger, Mark R. P. Thomas
  • Patent number: 10021390
    Abstract: Inter-color image prediction is based on multi-channel multiple regression (MMR) models. Image prediction is applied to the efficient coding of images and video signals of high dynamic range. MMR models may include first order parameters, second order parameters, and cross-pixel parameters. MMR models using extension parameters incorporating neighbor pixel relations are also presented. Using minimum means-square error criteria, closed form solutions for the prediction parameters are presented for a variety of MMR models.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Guan-Ming Su, Sheng Qu, Hubert Koepfer, Yufei Yuan, Samir Hulyalkar
  • Patent number: 10020001
    Abstract: A method for decoding an encoded audio signal is described. The encoded audio signal comprises a sequence of frames, and is indicative of a plurality of different dynamic range control (DRC) profiles for a corresponding plurality of different rendering modes. The method comprises determining a first rendering mode from the plurality of different rendering modes; determining one or more DRC profiles from a subset of DRC profiles comprised within a current frame of the sequence of frames; determining whether at least one of the one or more DRC profiles is applicable to the first rendering mode; selecting a default DRC profile as a current DRC profile, if none of the one or more DRC profiles is applicable to the first rendering mode; wherein definition data of the default DRC profile is known at a decoder; and decoding the current frame using the current DRC profile.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby International AB
    Inventors: Holger Hoerich, Jeroen Koppens
  • Patent number: 10021502
    Abstract: A multi-channel decoder for generating a binaural signal from a downmix signal using upmix rule information on an energy-error introducing upmix rule for calculating a gain factor based on the upmix rule information and characteristics of head related transfer function based filters corresponding to upmix channels. The one or more gain factors are used by a filter processor for filtering the downmix signal so that an energy corrected binaural signal having a left binaural channel and a right binaural channel is obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby International AB
    Inventor: Lars Villemoes
  • Publication number: 20180192062
    Abstract: In a decoder, a processor extracts a control map of false contour filtering from a part of a multi-layer video signal that includes a low dynamic range image mapped from an original high-dynamic range (HDR) image. It determines one or more filter parameters for a sparse finite-impulse-response (FIR) filter, where the one or more filter parameters relate to at least in part on the control map of false contour filtering and a predicted image predicted from the low dynamic range image. It applies the sparse FIR filter to filter pixel values in a portion of the predicted image based at least in part on the control map of false contour filtering, and it reconstructs a version of the original HDR image based at least in part on the portion of the predicted image as filtered by the FIR filter.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 30, 2017
    Publication date: July 5, 2018
    Applicant: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Guan-Ming Su, Qian Chen, Peng Yin, Sheng Qu
  • Publication number: 20180192230
    Abstract: Embodiments are described for an adaptive audio system that processes audio data comprising a number of independent monophonic audio streams. One or more of the streams has associated with it metadata that specifies whether the stream is a channel-based or object-based stream. Channel-based streams have rendering information encoded by means of channel name; and the object-based streams have location information encoded through location expressions encoded in the associated metadata. A codec packages the independent audio streams into a single serial bitstream that contains all of the audio data. This configuration allows for the sound to be rendered according to an allocentric frame of reference, in which the rendering location of a sound is based on the characteristics of the playback environment (e.g., room size, shape, etc.) to correspond to the mixer's intent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2018
    Publication date: July 5, 2018
    Applicant: DOLBY LABORATORIES LICENSING CORPORATION
    Inventors: Charles Q. ROBINSON, Nicolas R. TSINGOS, Christophe CHABANNE
  • Publication number: 20180190215
    Abstract: Dual modulator displays are disclosed incorporating a phosphorescent plate interposed in the optical path between a light source modulation layer and a display modulation layer. Spatially modulated light output from the light source modulation layer impinges on the phosphorescent plate and excites corresponding regions of the phosphorescent plate which in turn emit light having different spectral characteristics than the light output from the light source modulation layer. Light emitted from the phosphorescent plate is received and further modulated by the display modulation layer to provide the ultimate display output.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2018
    Publication date: July 5, 2018
    Applicant: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Lorne A. Whitehead, Gregory John Ward, Louis D. Silverstein, Helge Seetzen
  • Publication number: 20180190266
    Abstract: Various disclosed implementations involve processing and/or playback of a recording of a conference involving a plurality of conference participants. Some implementations disclosed herein involve receiving speech recognition results data, including a plurality of speech recognition lattices and a word recognition confidence score for each of a plurality of hypothesized words of the speech recognition lattices, for a conference recording. A primary word candidate and alternative word hypotheses may be determined for hypothesized words in the speech recognition lattices. A term frequency metric may be calculated for sorting the primary word candidates and the alternative word hypotheses. Hypothesized words may be rescored according to an alternative hypothesis list.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 3, 2016
    Publication date: July 5, 2018
    Applicant: DOLBY LABORATORIES LICENSING CORPORATION
    Inventors: Xuejing SUN, Richard J. CARTWRIGHT
  • Publication number: 20180192186
    Abstract: Input audio data, including first microphone audio signals and second microphone audio signals output by a pair of coincident, vertically-stacked directional microphones, may be received. An azimuthal angle corresponding to a sound source location may be determined, based at least in part on an intensity difference between the first microphone audio signals and the second microphone audio signals. An elevation angle corresponding to a sound source location may be determined, based at least in part on a temporal difference between the first microphone audio signals and the second microphone audio signals. Output audio data, including at least one audio object corresponding to a sound source, may be generated. The audio object may include audio object signals and associated audio object metadata. The audio object metadata may include at least audio object location data corresponding to the sound source location.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 1, 2016
    Publication date: July 5, 2018
    Applicant: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventor: Nicolas R. TSINGOS
  • Publication number: 20180191912
    Abstract: Various disclosed implementations involve processing and/or playback of a recording of a conference involving a plurality of conference participants. Some implementations disclosed herein involve receiving audio data corresponding to a recording of at least one conference involving a plurality of conference participants. In some examples, only a portion of the received audio data will be selected as playback audio data. The selection process may involve a topic selection process, a talkspurt filtering process and/or an acoustic feature selection process. Some examples involve receiving an indication of a target playback time duration. Selecting the portion of audio data may involve making a time duration of the playback audio data within a threshold time difference of the target playback time duration.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 3, 2016
    Publication date: July 5, 2018
    Applicant: DOLBY LABORATORIES LICENSING CORPORATION
    Inventors: Richard J. CARTWRIGHT, Xuejing SUN
  • Patent number: 10014657
    Abstract: Methods and systems for optical assemblies are disclosed. Optical assemblies can comprise optical elements that may not require active alignment and allow for reduced performance variations. To allow for passive assembly with a machine like a bonder tool, assembly components can have bonding pads and/or fiducial markers that are fabricated using laser micromachining techniques.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Gregory David Miller, Gennady Imeshev, James Thomas Triplett
  • Patent number: 10015614
    Abstract: A multi-channel decoder for generating a binaural signal from a downmix signal using upmix rule information on an energy-error introducing upmix rule for calculating a gain factor based on the upmix rule information and characteristics of head related transfer function based filters corresponding to upmix channels. The one or more gain factors are used by a filter processor for filtering the downmix signal so that an energy corrected binaural signal having a left binaural channel and a right binaural channel is obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby International AB
    Inventor: Lars Villemoes
  • Patent number: 10014005
    Abstract: Embodiments are described for harmonicity estimation, audio classification, pitch determination and noise estimation. Measuring harmonicity of an audio signal includes calculation a log amplitude spectrum of audio signal. A first spectrum is derived by calculating each component of the first spectrum as a sum of components of the log amplitude spectrum on frequencies. In linear frequency scale, the frequencies are odd multiples of the component's frequency of the first spectrum. A second spectrum is derived by calculating each component of the second spectrum as a sum of components of the log amplitude spectrum on frequencies. In linear frequency scale, the frequencies are even multiples of the component's frequency of the second spectrum. A difference spectrum is derived subtracting the first spectrum from the second spectrum. A measure of harmonicity is generated as a monotonically increasing function of the maximum component of the difference spectrum within predetermined frequency range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Xuejing Sun, Zhiwei Shuang, Shen Huang
  • Patent number: 10015465
    Abstract: Stereoscopic video data and corresponding depth map data for multi-view auto-stereoscopic displays are coded using a multiplexed asymmetric image frame that combines an image data partition and a depth map data partition, wherein the size of the image data partition is different than the size of the depth map data partition. The image data partition comprises one or more of the input views while the depth map partition comprises at least a portion of the depth map data rotated with respect to the orientation of the image data in the multiplexed output image frame.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2018
    Assignees: Dolby International AB, Koninklijke Philips N.V.
    Inventors: Wilhelmus Henrikus Bruls, Klaas Heinrich Schueuer, Philipp Kraetzer
  • Patent number: 10015612
    Abstract: Some methods may involve receiving a block of audio data, the block including N pulse code modulated (PCM) audio channels, including audio samples for each of the N channels, receiving metadata associated with the block of audio data and receiving a first set of values corresponding to reference audio samples. A second set of values, corresponding to audio samples from the block of audio data, may be determined. The first and second set of values may be compared. Based on the comparison, it may be determined whether the block of audio data is synchronized with the metadata.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Kent Bennett Terry, Scott Gregory Norcross, Jeffrey Riedmiller
  • Patent number: 10013991
    Abstract: The present invention proposes a new method for improving the performance of a real-valued filterbank based spectral envelope adjuster. By adaptively locking the gain values for adjacent channels dependent on the sign of the channels, as defined in the application, reduced aliasing is achieved. Furthermore, the grouping of the channels during gain-calculation, gives an improved energy estimate of the real valued subband signals in the filterbank.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby International AB
    Inventors: Kristofer Kjoerling, Lars Villemoes
  • Patent number: 10015525
    Abstract: In high-dynamic range (HDR) coding, content mapping translates an HDR signal to a signal of lower dynamic range. Coding and prediction in layered coding of HDR signals is improved if content mapping utilizes signal color ranges beyond those defined by a traditional electro-optical transfer function (EOTF) or its inverse (IEOTF or OETF). Extended EOTF and IEOTF functions are derived based on their mirror points. Examples of extended EOTFs are given for ITU BT. 1886 and SMPTE ST 2084.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby Laboratories Licensing Corporation
    Inventors: Robin Atkins, Guan-Ming Su, Tao Chen
  • Patent number: 10015597
    Abstract: A multi-channel input signal having at least three original channels is represented by a parameter representation of the multi-channel signal. A first balance parameter, a first coherence parameter, or a first inter-channel time difference between a first channel pair and a second balance parameter, or a second coherence parameter, or a second inter-channel time difference parameter between a second channel pair are calculated. This set of parameters is the parameter representation of the original signals. The first channel pair has two channels, which are different from two channels of a second channel pair. Furthermore, each channel of the two channel pairs is one of the original channels, or a weighted combination of the original channels, and the first channel pair and the second channel pair include information on the three original channels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2018
    Assignee: Dolby International AB
    Inventors: Heiko Purnhagen, Lars Villemoes, Jonas Engdegard, Jonas Roeden, Kristofer Kjoerling