Patents Examined by A. L. Carrillo
  • Patent number: 5652326
    Abstract: A polyetheresteramide having good heat resistance, permanent antistatic property and superior compatibility with thermoplastic resins and a resin composition containing of the polyetheresteramide are disclosed, wherein the polyetherester-amide consists essentially of a polyamide oligomer with carboxylic chain ends having a number average molecular weight between 200 and 5,000 and a bisphenol compound with oxyalkylene units having a number average molecular weight between 300 and 3,000. Antistatic resin compositions with good antistatic property and heat resistance are obtained from compositions comprising 3 to 40% by weight of the polyetheresteramide and 60 to 97% by weight of thermoplastic resins. The antistatic resin compositions can contain as compatibilizers vinyl polymers having functional groups such as carboxyl and epoxy groups or block polymers containing polyolefin blocks and aromatic vinyl polymer blocks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 29, 1997
    Assignee: Sanyo Chemical Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasuhiro Ueda, Eiichi Senda, Yoshitsugu Takai, Tokiko Kokubu, Toshiaki Okamoto, Eiji Ichihara
  • Patent number: 5574106
    Abstract: Addition polymers suitable for imparting stain resistance to nylon carpets and other polyamide products are formed of styrene or other ethylenically unsaturated monomer containing cyclic hydrocarbon groups, sodium vinyl sulphonate or other ethylenically unsaturated strong acid monomer, and ethylenically unsaturated weak acid monomer that is preferably acrylic acid. The proportions of the monomer are, respectively, 7 to 50%, 1 to 20% and 40 to 90% by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 12, 1996
    Assignee: Allied Colloids Limited
    Inventor: Adrian S. Allen
  • Patent number: 5571874
    Abstract: A molecular composite material having excellent properties such as mechanical strength, heat resistance, solvent resistance, etc. is produced by dissolving a prepolymer of a rigid aromatic polymer in a monomer of a matrix polymer to form a homogeneous solution and then heating the homogeneous solution to cause a thiazole ring closure reaction of the prepolymer and a polymerization reaction of the monomer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 5, 1996
    Assignee: Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Tatsuya Hattori, Kazuhiro Kagawa, Hiroshi Akita, Hiroto Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 5569711
    Abstract: The cycloolefin resin compositions of the present invention comprise:[A] cycloolefin resin selected from (a-1) a cycloolefin random copolymer having recurring units derived from a cycloolefin of a specific structure, (a-2) a ring opening (co)polymer of the cycloolefin, (a-3) a hydrogenation product of the ring opening (co)polymer and (a-4) a graft-modified product of the random copolymer (a-1), the ring opening (co)polymer (a-2) and the hydrogenation product thereof (a-3);[B] at least one of (b-1) an unmodified elastomer, (b-2) a modified elastomer, (b-3) an unmodified crystalline polyolefin and (b-4) a modified crystalline polyolefin; and[C] a polyamide resin. Molded products formed from these cycloolefin resin compositions are excellent particularly in resistance to greases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 29, 1996
    Assignee: Mitsui Petrochemical Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Sanehiro Yamamoto, Toshio Kimura, Takasi Nakagawa, Akinori Toyota
  • Patent number: 5561201
    Abstract: The molecular composite material having excellent properties such as mechanical strength, heat resistance, solvent resistance, etc. is produced by (a) polymerizing an aromatic diaminodithiol compound, of which hydrogen atoms of thiol groups of aromatic diaminodithiol compound are substituted with substituted or unsubstituted alkyl groups, with a dicarboxylic acid derivative to form an aromatic polythiazole prepolymer, (b) dissolving the aromatic polythiazole prepolymer in an organic solvent to prepare a solution thereof; (c) adding a monomer of the matrix polymer to the solution to polymerize the monomer to the matrix polymer in the solution; (d) removing the organic solvent from a mixture of the aromatic polythiazole prepolymer and the matrix polymer; and (e) heating a mixture of the aromatic polythiazole prepolymer and the matrix polymer to cause a thiazole ring closure reaction of the aromatic polythiazole prepolymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 1, 1996
    Assignee: Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Tatsuya Hattori, Kazuhiro Kagawa
  • Patent number: 5561193
    Abstract: Thermoplastic molding materials containA) from 5 to 95% by weight of a partly aromatic, semicrystalline copolyamide composed essentially ofa.sub.1) from 30 to 44 mol % of units which are derived from terephthalic acida.sub.2) from 6 to 20 mol % of units which are derived from isophthalic acida.sub.3) from 43 to 49.5 mol % of units which are derived from hexamethylenediamine anda.sub.4) from 0.5 to 7 mol % of units which are derived from aliphatic cyclic diamines of 6 to 30 carbon atoms,the molar percentages of components a.sub.1) to a.sub.4) together being 100%, andB) from 5 to 95% by weight of a polyphenylene etherC) from 0 to 30% by weight of an elastomeric polymer,D) from 0 to 45% by weight of a fibrous or particulate filler or of a mixture thereof,E) from 0 to 20% by weight of a flameproofing agent andF) from 0 to 30% by weight of conventional additives and processing assistants,the percentages A) to F) summing to 100%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 1, 1996
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Axel Gottschalk, Herbert Fisch, Gunter Pipper, Martin Weber
  • Patent number: 5548017
    Abstract: This invention relates to a release coating for pressure sensitive adhesive designed primarily for use on paper and textile substrates. The basic release coating comprises a latex containing polymer material and a release additive. The improvement in the basic release coating comprises the incorporation of a polyamide resin having a softening point of less than 70.degree. C. as a release additive. Preferably, the polyamide resin is a dimer fatty acid reacted with an aliphatic or cycloaliphatic amine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 20, 1996
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventor: Frank V. DiStefano
  • Patent number: 5543452
    Abstract: A flame-resistant polyamide resin composition comprising components:(A) a polyamide or a blend of a polyamide with another polymer,(B) a flame retardant comprising a brominated styrene or styrene derivative polymer having acid anhydride groups, and(C) a flame retardant comprising a brominated polystyrene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 6, 1996
    Assignee: Asahi Kasei Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Junichi Nakahashi, Itaru Natori
  • Patent number: 5543474
    Abstract: There is provided a resin composition having well balanced moldability, heat resistance and mechanical strength, which comprises (A) all aromatic polyamideimide resin and (B) a Polyester resin, (C) a polyphenylene sulfide resin or (D) a resin capable of forming an anisotropic molten phase, said aromatic polyamideimide resin containing 5 to 95 mol % of a recurring unit of the formula (1) and 5 to 95 mol % of at least one of a recurring unit of the formula (2) and a recurring unit of the formula (3). Said aromatic polyamideimide resin is prepared by conducting a polymerization reaction of an aromatic tricarboxylic acid anhydride and at least any one of all aromatic dicarboxylic acid and an aliphatic dicarboxylic acid with a diisocyanate compound in plural steps in which in the first step the polymerization reaction is conducted in a temperature range of 50.degree. to 110.degree. C. and in the second and subsequent steps the polymerization reaction is conducted in a temperature range of higher than 110.degree.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 6, 1996
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Gas Company, Inc.
    Inventors: Takao Kawaki, Akikazu Amagai, Toshiaki Yamada, Hidefumi Harada, Hajime Ban, Yuji Takeda, Koji Yamamoto
  • Patent number: 5541267
    Abstract: A polyamide composition comprising an aliphatic polyamide such as nylon 6 and an oligomeric aromatic polyamide, such as oligomers of poly(tolylene diisophthalamide), which exhibit improved retention flexural modulus and flexural strength at ambient humidity, i.e. about 50% to about 65%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 30, 1996
    Assignee: AlliedSignal Inc.
    Inventors: Murali K. Akkapeddi, Jeffrey H. Glans, Gerald J. Dege, Sengshiu J. Chung
  • Patent number: 5534590
    Abstract: A polymer composite having excellent mechanical properties such as shock resistance, and good adhesiveness is obtained by polymerizing a vinyl monomer in the presence of a rubber-like copolymer and a thermoplastic resin without a substantial amount of a solvent. The polymer composite contains a matrix phase which comprises the thermoplastic resin and a graft copolymer formed from the resin and the vinyl monomer, and a dispersed phase which comprises the polymer of the vinyl monomer and a graft polymer formed from the vinyl monomer and the rubber-like copolymer. Preferably the reaction is carried out by kneading the vinyl monomer, the rubber-like copolymer and the thermoplastic resin with a high shearing force and removing an unreacted vinyl monomer. A single screw vent-extruder or a twin screw vent-extruder may be used for kneading. The polymer composite is useful for making a formed article and as a binder in a laminate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 9, 1996
    Assignee: Sanyo Chemical Industries, Ltd.
    Inventor: Takafumi Horiie
  • Patent number: 5532059
    Abstract: A fibrous pulp of a combination of poly(p-phenylene terephthalamide) and poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) is provided, along with a process for making it. The process involves conducting a poly(p-phenylene terephthalamide polymerization reaction in the presence of poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) and the product is an improved pulp with increased fibrils and no fiber stalks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 2, 1996
    Assignee: E. I. Du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventor: Kiu-Seung Lee
  • Patent number: 5525668
    Abstract: Novel thermoplastic elastomer compositions, made by dispersing a polyolefin elastomer phase containing functionalized EPM or EPDM in a polyamide resin followed by cross-linking of the elastomer phase, are described. The cross-linked phase exists as discreet particles, providing an overall blend which remains thermoplastic. The resulting blend may be used in the fabrication of elastomeric goods without the need for a separate vulcanization step after the desired object is formed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 1994
    Date of Patent: June 11, 1996
    Assignee: DSM Copolymer, Inc.
    Inventor: Errol J. Olivier
  • Patent number: 5523034
    Abstract: A poly(p-phenylene terephthalamide) composition is disclosed comprising 50 to 95 weight percent PPD-T and 5 to 50 weight percent PVP along with a process for making the composition and articles made from the composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 4, 1996
    Assignee: E. I. Du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventor: Kiu-Seung Lee
  • Patent number: 5523351
    Abstract: The subject invention relates to a process for preparing a compatibilized blend of a first polymer which is a rubber containing free nitrile groups, hydroxyl groups, carboxyl groups, amide groups, amine groups or mercapto groups and a second dissimilar polymer which is a thermoplastic polymer containing nitrile groups, hydroxyl groups, carboxyl groups, amide groups, amine groups or mercapto groups, which comprises reacting a rubber having pendant blocked isocyanate groups bound thereto with the first polymer and the second dissimilar polymer, wherein the compatibilized blend contains from about 55 weight percent to about 75 weight percent of the rubber containing nitrile groups, hydroxyl groups, amide groups, amine groups or mercapto groups.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 4, 1996
    Assignee: The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company
    Inventors: Howard A. Colvin, Muhanad A. Alsamarraie, Dane K. Parker
  • Patent number: 5523342
    Abstract: The invention describes a thermoplastic composition made of a continuous phase made of crystalline thermoplastic resin A, a dispersed phase made of polyphenylene ether resin B, and an amide compound C represented by formula 1,R.sub.4 --CONH--R.sub.2 --HNOC--R.sub.1 --CONH--R.sub.3 --HNOC--R.sub.5(1)wherein R.sub.1, R.sub.2, and R.sub.3 represent divalent hydrocarbon groups, which may be identical or different, and R.sub.4 and R.sub.5 represent monovalent hydrocarbon groups, which may be identical or different. The amide compound is present in an amount between about 0.1 and about 30 parts by weight per 100 parts by weight of the resins A and B mixed together.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 4, 1996
    Assignee: Sumitomo Chemical Company, Limited
    Inventors: Kenji Nagaoka, Kaoru Kitadono
  • Patent number: 5521257
    Abstract: Low-color polyaspartate homopolymers, copolymers or homopolymer/copolymer mixtures and the metal salts thereof, are produced by the oxidative, hydrolysis of polysuccinimide homopolymers, copolymers or homopolymer/copolymer mixtures, and metal salts thereof, in the presence of selected chlorine-free, non-chromogenic oxygen containing oxidizing agents. The preferred oxidizing agents are selected from the group consisting of hydrogen peroxide, sodium percarbonate, potassium percarbonate, sodium perborate tetrahydrate, sodium perborate monohydrate, sodium periodate, potassium periodate and peroxycarboxylic acids. The advantage of the claimed process is that low-color polyaspartates can be produced without the addition of further processing steps beyond the hydrolysis of the polysuccinimide presursor. Solid, low-color polyaspartates are obtained by evaporating to dryness the polyaspartate solutions obtained after oxidative hydrolysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 28, 1996
    Assignee: Donlar Corporation
    Inventor: Robert J. Ross
  • Patent number: 5516841
    Abstract: The cycloolefin resin compositions of the present invention comprise:[A] cycloolefin resin selected from (a-1) a cycloolefin random copolymer having recurring units derived from a cycloolefin of a specific structure, (a-2) a ring opening (co)polymer of the cycloolefin, (a-3) a hydrogenation product of the ring opening (co)polymer and (a-4) a graft-modified product of the random copolymer (a-1), the ring opening (co)polymer (a-2) and the hydrogenation product thereof (a-3);[B] at least one of (b-1) an unmodified elastomer, (b-2) a modified elastomer, (b-3) an unmodified crystalline polyolefin and (b-4) a modified crystalline polyolefin; and[C] a polyamide resin. Molded products formed from these cycloolefin resin compositions are excellent particularly in resistance to greases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 14, 1996
    Assignee: Mitsui Petrochemical Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Sanehiro Yamamoto, Toshio Kimura, Takasi Nakagawa, Akinori Toyota
  • Patent number: 5516855
    Abstract: Copolymers comprising amide units and ester units are prepared by melt phase interchange of diaryl esters of dicarboxylic acids and diamines with dihydric alcohols and diesters of aromatic dicarboxylic acids. The products are tough resins, useful per se as molding compounds, and to compatibilize and toughen other thermoplastic polymers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 14, 1996
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Donald C. Clagett, Daniel W. Fox, Louis M. Maresca, Sheldon J. Shafer
  • Patent number: 5512339
    Abstract: This invention relates to decomposable polyamide masses for packaging materials containing 5 to 25% by weight of an addition of linear, oligomeric aliphatic polyesters or polycarbonates with molecular weights from 800 to 4000. These additives preferably consist of polyesters of aliphatic diols and dicarboxylic acids having up to 10 carbon atoms or aliphatic carbonates having up to 10 carbon atoms.The use of such mixtures for easily degradable, decomposable polyamide packages is also claimed, in particular in the form of films or thin walled injection moulded parts for (food) packaging.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 30, 1996
    Assignee: Bayer AG
    Inventors: Ralf Dujardin, Rolf Dhein, Martin Wandel