Patents Examined by Andrea M. Valenti
  • Patent number: 7555996
    Abstract: A birdcage feeder assembly is configured with a feeding unit, which includes a cup and a transparent shield shaped and dimensioned to minimize the distribution of food debris from the cup, and a holder operative to removably couple the feeding unit to the birdcage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2009
    Assignee: J.W. Pet Compnay, Inc.
    Inventors: Jonathan Willinger, Klaus Woltmann
  • Patent number: 7540260
    Abstract: A bird feeder has telescopically aligned inner and outer cylindrical housings with opposed surfaces of complementary shape that are reverse tapered in a substantially vertical direction to enable guided vertical movement of the housings with respect to each other. The housings have openings in their side walls which are substantially in alignment when the outer housing is in an upper position and misaligned when the outer housing is in a lower position. A compression spring centrally located about the vertical axis of the feeder is confined within a lower portion of the feeder and biases the outer housing to its upper position. When the outer housing is moved to its lower position by the weight of a squirrel overcoming the biasing force of the compression spring, the housing openings are substantially misaligned such that no significant through opening exists, thereby preventing access to the birdseed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2009
    Assignee: Woodstream Corporation
    Inventors: Christopher T Rich, Robert T. Cruz, Edward J. Holliday
  • Patent number: 7533493
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for growing plants wherein a spherical array of seeds or seedlings radially face the center of the sphere and a growth promoting light source is generally at the center of the sphere; plant growth is promoted and approximately equal weight distribution among growing plants is maintained by rotating the sphere on its horizontal axis around the light source, simultaneously delivering water optionally containing plant nutrients to all the seeds or seedlings and regulating the light source during periods of plant growth and non-growth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2009
    Assignee: Terrasphere Systems LLC
    Inventor: Nicholas Gordon Brusatore
  • Patent number: 7527018
    Abstract: An apparatus has a base having a side that defines an interior space, and a periphery that defines an aperture above the interior space. A bowl element has a rim and is shaped to fit into the interior space such that the rim abuts the periphery. A lever mechanism has a lever, a fulcrum having an aperture, a pair of ears on opposite sides of the aperture, pins extending from each of the pair of ears into the lever for pivotally mounting the lever on the fulcrum, and an attachment element for attaching the fulcrum to the base. The lever has a proximal end adapted to abut the bowl element, and a distal end opposite the proximal end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2009
    Inventor: Gloria L. Manley-Hood
  • Patent number: 7523717
    Abstract: An animal feeder apparatus includes a food storage hopper which includes a top hopper portion and a bottom hopper portion. A food retainer assembly is attached to the bottom hopper portion, and the food retainer assembly includes a top retainer portion, a bottom retainer portion, and top-to-bottom connection means connected between the top retainer portion and the bottom retainer portion. The top retainer portion includes a top food passage channel, and the bottom retainer portion includes a bottom food passage channel. A timer-controlled food distribution assembly is attached to the bottom retainer portion in registration with the bottom food passage channel, and a stand is provided for supporting the food storage hopper, the food retainer assembly, and the timer-controlled food distribution assembly. The animal feeder apparatus of the invention can be used to attract wildlife at predetermined times that can coincide when a hunter or wildlife photographer is near.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2009
    Inventor: Christopher T. Nicholes
  • Patent number: 7520247
    Abstract: A manually operated dog treat dispensing machine capable of dispensing dog treats one at a time, the dispenser having a rectangular housing with a hinged housing door and hinged capital that serves as a food supply reservoir which is gravity fed into a spring loaded spindle chamber mounted on an axel and hand crank. Treats exit the dispenser through a chute output consisting of a hinged chute lid, two side walls and a base block and a retaining plate mounted in the end of the chute lid and adjacent to the spindle chamber acts as a stop preventing dispensing of more than one dog treat at a time. The dispenser also can function using a magazine that is inserted inside the rectangular housing area. Magazine stop tabs at the base of the magazine along with the retaining plate mounted on the chute lid prevent the dispenser from dispensing more than one dog treat at a time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2009
    Inventor: Jerry D. Rutledge
  • Patent number: 7506615
    Abstract: An animal waste collection and disposal system having a portable carrying housing with a plurality of separately sealable compartments, an integral ergonomic handle and integral apparatus to mount a leash. The collection and disposal system includes an animal waste collection tongs device having an integral protective shield, and also includes a waste disposal device having a biodegradable bag and a catalyst pouch integral to the bag.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2009
    Assignee: Mar Mar PS Development Co., LLC
    Inventors: Mary M. Sansone, Michael A. Sansone
  • Patent number: 7506473
    Abstract: An irrigation device for delivering water to the roots of a plant include an elongated mass of capillary material bound together by an impermeable sheath with a pair of cone shaped ends. A sponge like filter covers an upper one of the cone shaped ends and a second porous filter covers the opposite end. A plurality of impermeable tapered rings are provided for blocking off one or more portions of the capillary material to prevent water from flowing through those portions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2009
    Inventor: Qassim A. Al-Qafas
  • Patent number: 7497048
    Abstract: A plant protector includes a flexible cover having an apex, a base, plural sides and plural vertices defining intersections between adjacent sides, together with plural elongated frame members each respectively attached to the cover at one of the vertices. The frame members each have a first end proximate to the cover apex and a second end proximate to the cover base. The frame member first ends are mutually interconnected for pivoting at or below the cover apex. The pivotal interconnection may be provided by hinge connector hardware, but is more preferably provided by the cover itself functioning as a living hinge. The frame members are pivotable from an open position wherein the frame members are angled relative to each other to a collapsed position wherein the frame members are substantially parallel to each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2009
    Inventor: Steven M. Bakowski
  • Patent number: 7490436
    Abstract: A method of preventing defective germination or growth of a plant is provided, by which even plant seeds having small size can be sown easily and securely. The method of preventing defective germination or growth of a plant includes the steps of: encapsulating plant seeds in an aqueous gel capsule; refrigerating the plant seeds under the condition that the plant seeds do not germinate; and sowing the plant seeds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2009
    Assignee: Agritecno Yazaki Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasushi Kohno, Noritoshi Katsutani
  • Patent number: 7484329
    Abstract: The present invention provides unique technology, systems and methods of cultivating different types of seaweeds, including, but not limited to, Porphyra (Nori), Laminaria, Undaria, Eucheuma, Gracillaria, Ulva, Sargassum, Codium, Cladophora, Ascophyllum, Palmaria, Furcellaria, Fucus or Enteromorpha, in land-based seawater ponds having a climatically suitable and nutrient controlled environment. These land-based ponds may be built in any part of the world with structural engineering and architectural modifications. The land based units for cultivation of seaweeds comprise phycological laboratory facilities, U-shaped sleeves, to allow the maturation of the sporelings; growth tanks, U-shaped cultivation tanks, a plurality of small inoculation tanks aerated with air, and a harvesting unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2009
    Assignee: Seaweed Bio-Technology Inc.
    Inventor: Israel Levy
  • Patent number: 7481180
    Abstract: An animal feeder includes an open ended food container that is hinge mounted at a normal inclined position on a ground support. The container pivots upwardly about a fixed horizontal transverse axis when the animal tries to remove the container from the support. This unnatural, upwardly pivoting movement discourages further attempts to remove the feeder, and the animal, thus discouraged, continues to feed at the site.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2009
    Inventor: Keith Wayne Snipes, Jr.
  • Patent number: 7467599
    Abstract: A trough is disclosed for supplying piglets with mineral supplements in the suckling period. The trough is designed to awaken the piglets' curiosity and thus make them root in the bottom of the trough, where the mineral supplements are dispensed in form of a dry powder mixture, and thus reduce spillage as compared to placing the mineral supplements on the floor of the pen. During the pre-weaning of the piglets the trough can be converted to serve as a normal trough for solid feed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2008
    Assignee: Biofiber-Damino A/S
    Inventors: Karl J. Jensen, Frank B. Andersen, Jens K. Munk
  • Patent number: 7458336
    Abstract: There is disclosed an animal identification, feeding and entry control system based on a radio frequency identification (RFID) system including an animal collar-mounted RFID tag, and RFID circuitry including a single antenna housed within a bezel placed forward of and surrounding the entry aperture to optimize signal reception. The bezel shape allows only one animal to enter at a time. To conserve power, the circuitry is only activated when an animal pushes against a door within the device, triggering a switch mechanism. A circuit-controlled latch prevents animals from opening the door unless a code match is detected between the programmed code in the tag and a stored code in the circuit controlling the system. Multiple codes may be stored for identifying multiple animals wearing collars tagged with unique identifying codes. The system's applications include but are not limited to controlling animal entry to feeding enclosures, human housing and animal housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2008
    Inventor: Philip Stephen Eu
  • Patent number: 7451569
    Abstract: The present invention provides methods for promoting the growth of shoots from a log, the methods each including the step of applying a fertilizer solution, that includes less than about 0.01% (w/v) nitrogen, to a member of the group consisting of an Alder log, a Beech log and a Birch log, in an amount sufficient to promote the growth of shoots from the log.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2008
    Assignee: Weyerhaeuser Company
    Inventor: Barrington Herman
  • Patent number: 7444960
    Abstract: The muzzle release apparatus allows an operator to remotely and wirelessly disengage a restraint system from the snout of an animal. The system is activated using a small hand-held transmitter. A receiver on the collar detects the signal from the transmitter and electronically engages a solenoid mounted on a restraint under the animal's jaw. The solenoid retracts a locking mechanism that secures two metal pins to the restraint. Each pin is attached to a strap that goes around the animal's snout and is permanently mounted to the opposite side of the restraint. When the pins are released from the restraint, the straps slide off the snout allowing the restraint to fall freely away from the jaw area. The plate is attached to a collar around the animal's neck. The plate will stay attached to the collar at all times, even if deactivated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2008
    Inventors: Edward Williams, Thinderene Williams
  • Patent number: 7444780
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for converting spent water-based drilling mud into fertile indigenous top soil at a well site or location. The fertile indigenous top soil is produced by the steps of: admixing, at a well site, effective amounts of spent water-based drilling mud, mature compost, organic fertilizer, and top soil from the well site to provide a mixture containing spent water-based drilling mud, from about 30 to about 150 volume percent mature compost, from about 5 to 20 volume percent organic fertilizer, and from about 5 to 20 volume percent top soil from the well site wherein each of the volume percents is based on the volume of the spent water-based drilling mud present in the mixture; stirring the mixture for a period of time effective to form a substantially homogenous mixture; and drying the substantially homogenous mixture so as to provide fertile indigenous top soil possessing similar microbial and enzyme characteristics as the top soil at the well site.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2008
    Inventor: Houston E. Hill
  • Patent number: 7428881
    Abstract: A rotary nail filing apparatus for animals is described that includes a shroud or housing, an opening in the shroud that is suitable sized and shaped to allow an end portion of an animal's nail to be put through the opening, and a suitably shaped and oriented rotary grinder that is contained within the shroud grinding at least a portion of an animal's nail when put through the opening, where at least a portion of the nail particles that are grinded away by the rotary grinder are contained in a portion of the shroud. In some embodiments, the rotary grinder position/orientation and/or its surface are adjustable and/or replaceable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2008
    Inventor: Jay Drelinger
  • Patent number: 7415796
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for growing plants includes an enclosed vessel having a growth medium containing a plant seed or seedling in the upper part thereof and a free space below into which plant roots can enter, a mechanism to feed water and nutrients to the vessel to saturate the growth medium, a mechanism to remove excess water and nutrients after reaching saturation, and a mechanism to regulate the amounts, intervals and rates of water and nutrients being fed for optimum plant growth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2005
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2008
    Assignee: Terrasphere Systems LLC
    Inventor: Nicholas Gordon Brusatore
  • Patent number: 7392614
    Abstract: A reinforced unitized mat to facilitate growing plants includes at least two material layers defining fluid-conveying passageways forming distribution headers and a flow restrictor, an inlet for delivery of a fluid into the distribution headers, and an outlet for dispensing fluid into a root zone area covered by at least one layer of the material layers. The material layers are sized and shaped to cover an area immediately around at least one plant. The flow restrictor, for metering the fluid, is in fluid connection with the distribution header and extend outwardly to a multi-dimensional array of outlets. There may also be an additional reinforcing layer attached to the material layers. The reinforcing layer for the unitized mat can be a polymeric material layer, a fibrous material layer, a foam layer, a metal layer, or a composite layer. The fibrous layer, foam layer, metal layer, or composite layer may also form a portion of, or replace, one or more of the material layers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2008
    Inventors: Thomas R. Kruer, Hugh A. Thompson