Patents Examined by Andrea M. Valenti
  • Patent number: 7272912
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for converting spent water-based drilling mud into fertile indigenous top soil at a well site or location. The fertile indigenous top soil is produced by the steps of: admixing, at a well site, effective amounts of spent water-based drilling mud, mature compost, organic fertilizer, and top soil from the well site to provide a mixture containing spent water-based drilling mud, from about 30 to about 150 volume percent mature compost, from about 5 to 20 volume percent organic fertilizer, and from about 5 to 20 volume percent top soil from the well site wherein each of the volume percents is based on the volume of the spent water-based drilling mud present in the mixture; stirring the mixture for a period of time effective to form a substantially homogenous mixture; and drying the substantially homogenous mixture so as to provide fertile indigenous top soil possessing similar microbial and enzyme characteristics as the top soil at the well site.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2007
    Inventor: Houston E. Hill
  • Patent number: 7263799
    Abstract: The invention provides a plant base comprising a base section with a seat for a plant pot, in which a tail section extends in a horizontal direction from the rear of the base section. A groove/protuberance combination is provided at the front of the base section and the rear of the tail section that is able to be accommodated in the groove of another corresponding plant base. The groove and the protuberance each has a support surface that is lower or higher than the support surface of the groove, such that when the protuberance of the plant base has been taken up in the groove of the other plant base, one of the two plant bases is lifted from the substrate at the location of the engaging protuberance and groove. Thus, the invention provides a plant base that continuously retains the same orientation during transport over a conveyor belt, with successive plant bases kept a sufficient distance apart.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2007
    Assignee: E. Van Zanten Holding B.V.
    Inventor: Evert Van Zanten
  • Patent number: 7246572
    Abstract: A confinement and feeding stall for livestock such as horses, cows and the like with side frames spaced so that an animal can stand comfortably but not turn around and narrow enough to prevent other animals from crowding into an occupied stall. A gate is provided at one end of the side panels and a rear closure member may be provided at the other end. The side panels and gate prevent the animal from reaching over or around the side frames to disturb adjoining animals in adjacent stalls. The side frames are connected by elevated top members and flat bottom members to form individual stalls and stalls linked in side-by-side relationship.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2007
    Inventor: Bruce E. Wade
  • Patent number: 7246574
    Abstract: A pet toy capable of dispensing catnip or similar substance. The toy comprises a compartment for holding the substance. The toy also comprises a movement-promoting element operative to move the compartment so the substance, or an aroma of the substance, may pass through a sifting hole of the compartment. One embodiment of the toy comprises a rotating element, such as a ball, rotating about a horizontal axis within a larger body as a result of propelling the toy across a horizontal surface. The rotating element includes the compartment holding the substance so that some of the substance escapes the compartment as a result of the rotation of the rotating element. Various alternative embodiments of the invention are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2007
    Assignee: Aspen Pet Products, Inc.
    Inventor: Jack W. Renforth
  • Patent number: 7243614
    Abstract: A modular animal enclosure includes a housing comprising a top portion affixed to a base portion to form a sheltered interior. The housing includes a door aperture and a climate conditioning aperture. A remove ably attachable climate conditioning unit is installed over the climate conditioning aperture to facilitate a flow of atmospheric air from the exterior environment into the interior of the housing. The climate conditioning unit can variously comprise a cover assembly, a heating unit, a cooling unit and a forced air unit, and different types of units can be installed at different times. In another aspect, the bottom portion can be selectively hinged to the top portion on opposing sides of the housing to allow pivotal movement of the top portion in two opposite directions, as desired to permit access to the interior of the housing for inspection, maintenance and cleaning of the interior.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2007
    Inventor: Thomas L. Byers
  • Patent number: 7237507
    Abstract: A selective bird feeder is provided. The selective bird feeder includes a selective housing having a side wall and a base. A cover supported by the side wall of the selected housing and a seed holder is contained within the selective housing. The selective housing restricts access of relatively large birds and predators, while allowing access of smaller birds, such as song birds, to the interior space in which the seed holder is disposed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2007
    Assignee: Droll Yankees, Inc.
    Inventor: Betsy P. Colwell
  • Patent number: 7225761
    Abstract: A device for holding identification information for pets is disclosed. The device is attachable to a collar, harness or leash. The device permits new identification information to be placed within it. Identification information may be placed within a slot located on the side of the device or can alternatively be placed inside the device by opening a securing member that can function like a door.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2007
    Inventor: Susan C. Reilly
  • Patent number: 7222455
    Abstract: In one aspect, the present invention provides methods for suppressing cracking, stem browning, and water loss in fruit or vegetables, such as cherries. The methods comprise applying to fruit or vegetables an amount of a wax emulsion effective to suppress cherry cracking, stem browning, and water loss. The wax emulsion used in the methods of the invention typically comprises a matrix of complex hydrocarbons, one or more emulsifying agents, and water. In some embodiments, the wax emulsion comprises from about 0.125% to about 25% (weight/weight) of carnauba wax, from about 0.1% to about 16% (weight/weight) of oleic acid, and from about 0.03% to about 6% (weight/weight) of morpholine, and from about 53% to about 99.7% (weight/weight) of water. In some embodiments, the wax emulsions further comprise one or more osmoregulators.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2007
    Assignee: Washington State University Research Foundation
    Inventor: Lawrence E. Schrader
  • Patent number: 7219468
    Abstract: An apparatus for automatically watering a plant in a container by regulating a flow of water to the container through flexible tubing. Upper and lower jaw members are interconnected by a horizontal pivot axis so that they develop a scissors action. A jaw area is formed on one side of the pivot axis for receiving the flexible plastic tubing, and a compression spring is mounted on the opposite side to provide resistance to closing of the jaw area. For use with pots and other non-hanging containers, the container is rested atop the upper jaw member on the side towards the jaw area so that the weight of the container acts directly to compress and close the jaw area. Baskets and other hanging containers are suspended from the other ends of the jaw members so that the tension caused by the weight of the container causes the jaw area to pivot closed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2007
    Inventor: Maurice A. Muxlow
  • Patent number: 7216605
    Abstract: An animal management system provides an alley to control the handling of animals when procedures are to be performed on the animals by veterinarians or cattle producers. The alley is formed by a base frame, and included therewith are a headgate and preferably two wedge-shaped access doors rotatably mounted with the base frame. The headgate is movable between an entrapping position to a releasing position for an animal, and coordinated movement of the at least one access door ensures that a lead animal is properly positioned while other down line animals do not interfere with care given to, or procedures performed on, the lead animal in the headgate. Each access door allows convenient access for persons to the lead animal, and the selective use of one of two doors at a time facilitates the access to and movement of animals of different sizes in the alley.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2007
    Inventor: David E. Cupps
  • Patent number: 7213367
    Abstract: A seed for enhancing the extended delivery of nitrogen needed for plant development and growth, the seed having a slow release nitrogen coating of a particulate UF polymer adhered to the seed with an adhesive binder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2007
    Assignee: Georgia-Pacific Resins, Inc.
    Inventors: Stacy L. Wertz, Kurt Gabrielson, James Knight, Paul Baxter, Charles R. Davis
  • Patent number: 7213537
    Abstract: A method of altering airflow of an aquarium air supply by placing a bottle over the air supply thus, altering the airflow. The method can be accomplished using a decorative attachment assembly that covers an air stone in an aquarium. The assembly includes a bottle having at least a first hole and a second hole, wherein the first hole is capable of accepting an aerating device, and the second hole is sized to allow air to flow from the aerating device into the aquarium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2007
    Inventor: Justin Sabbaugh
  • Patent number: 7207292
    Abstract: An improved automated litter box system which provides increased storage capacity of a waste receptacle which receives animal waste and clumped litter. The increased capacity of the waste receptacle is achieved by elevating the automated litter box system with an elevating apparatus so that a replacement waste receptacle of larger volume can replace the waste receptacle of the litter box system. The invention provides improved automated litter box systems which incorporate such a large volume waste receptacle as a component thereof. The elevating apparatus includes an elevated platform on which the lifter box system is placed. A ramp is provided to provide animal access to the system placed on the elevated platform.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2007
    Inventor: Steven K. Colten
  • Patent number: 7191735
    Abstract: The present invention provides a high voltage pulse generator used for deterring animals where the high voltage pulses are delivered to the animal through an electrical conductor that lays directly on the ground and is not insulated from the underlying ground system. The invention's high voltage pulse generator has a predetermined output impedance that is significantly lower than the impedance of an animal that may contact either the device's output or a conductor laying on the ground that is connected to the devices output. The invention's high voltage pulse generator also has a predetermined output impedance that is lower than the impedance of extremely long conductors in contact with the underlying ground system. This significantly low output impedance allows the device to deliver maximum output energy to the conductor in contact with the underlying ground system while maintaining high voltage and adequate energy levels to deliver an effective shock for deterring animals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2007
    Assignee: Wolfgram Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Kirk W. Wolfgram
  • Patent number: 7185612
    Abstract: The animal wound shield is a protective casing having a shank portion and an appendage cover that can be disposed around a limb and an attached appendage of the animal. The appendage cover is articulated to a lower end of the shank. Thus, the appendage cover is pivotally connected to the shank and moves with the movement of the appendage. The shank may have more than one section, or an upper and lower portion, to extend further up on the limb, and yet still accommodate for joints. The shield is designed for use around an injured limb to cover a bandaged area and prevent further damage to the wounded site. Vent openings are defined in the shank and the appendage cover to permit air circulation. Fasteners may be used at a top end of the shank to hold the shank on the limb.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2007
    Inventor: Kevin Faulk
  • Patent number: 7185610
    Abstract: A heated flooring module is provided for livestock stables, which includes an upper plaque, for walking on, which is essentially level; a hollowed central section, with no bottom surface, whose upper surface is equipped with at least one continuous runnel, adapted to contain a heat source that enters and exits the runnel through respective entry and exit tubular segments, with the abovementioned hollowed central section equipped with suspension elements for being suspended from resistant elements such as the bars of a horizontal grid; and an optional under-lid, all of the above arranged in such a way that, when the upper plaque is welded to the upper surface of the hollowed central section, the continuous runnel forms an enclosed circuit which contains the heat source inside, leaving the under-lid fitted into the underside of the hollowed central section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2007
    Assignee: Rotecna, S.A.
    Inventor: Gener Romeu Guardia
  • Patent number: 7181886
    Abstract: An hydroponic/aeroponic agricultural unit that involves sealing the plants in a highly water saturated environment which more closely recreates the feel of natural rainwater. Also, this invention features the ability of quickly changing from a small housing into a larger housing by varying the diameter of a drum so that a small drum can act as a nursery for seedlings. Once the seedlings have turned into plants, the drum is made larger. The plurality of planks making up the drum can be positioned close to the lamp when they are small and farther away when larger. A simple yet reliable system allows for the rotation of the drum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2007
    Inventors: Eric Bourgoin, Patrick Charron
  • Patent number: 7174851
    Abstract: An animal display and habitat assembly having a number of modular animal display units coupled together to enclose a common access area, each of the display units including an outwardly facing display frame with a viewing section between opposing upright members and laterally disposed transition members that include first sections coupled to the upright members and second sections projecting inwardly from their respective first sections to provide a pair of door jambs across which an access door may enclose a display compartment or may be opened into the common access area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2007
    Assignee: North America Pet Products
    Inventors: Ronald K. Bonner, Eric R. Knudsen
  • Patent number: 7174859
    Abstract: An adjustable pet collar comprises a long chain and an adjuster. The adjuster is constructed by a upper cover and seat body, in which a slit is opened on the upper cover and a slanting channel is disposed on the seat body. The chain is placed in the channel, and a sliding groove in which one end thereof is closed perpendicular to the channel is disposed at one side of the channel, and a recess groove is disposed at another end thereof. An inserting pin seat is installed in the sliding groove, and an elastic element is installed between the inserting pin seat and the closed end of the sliding groove. Whereby, the size of the collar formed by the chain is adjusted by the inserting pin seat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2007
    Inventor: Cheng Kai Lee
  • Patent number: 7174847
    Abstract: An insect storage, maintenance, dusting, and distribution device that dispenses living insects to caged animals. A Tower compartment is connected to a separate Dusting Chamber compartment with apertures on both compartments that may be aligned by rotating the Tower above the Dusting Chamber to form a passage for insects. The insects can move from the Tower to the Dusting Chamber which coats the insects with a nutritional dust. The insects are then allowed to move from the Dusting Chamber through a Feeder Tube into the animal(s)' habitat for their consumption by the animal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 13, 2007
    Inventor: William A. Hulteen, III