Patents Examined by Andrew Lee
  • Patent number: 11686622
    Abstract: A frequency-measurement method uses a dual frequency-comb spectrometer as an optical wavemeter to measure the frequency of a reference laser that is used to frequency-stabilize the spectrometer. The method includes measuring a walking rate of center bursts in a sequence of interferograms recorded by the spectrometer, determining a number of teeth in each of a plurality of Nyquist windows formed by the dual frequency-comb spectrometer, and determining a Nyquist number of the one Nyquist window covering the laser frequency. The reference laser frequency can then be determined from the number of teeth in each Nyquist window, the Nyquist number, and the comb spacing of either one of the two frequency combs of the dual frequency-comb spectrometer. The reference laser frequency does not need to be measured with a separate wavemeter, or calibrated with respect to a known atomic or molecular transition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2020
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2023
    Inventors: Gregory B. Rieker, Caroline B. Alden, Robert J. Wright, Sean C. Coburn
  • Patent number: 11681048
    Abstract: A LIDAR unit includes a housing defining a cavity. The LIDAR unit further include a plurality of emitters disposed on a circuit board within the cavity. Each of the emitters emits a laser beam along a transmit path. The LIDAR system further includes a first telecentric lens assembly positioned within the cavity and along the transmit path such that the laser beam emitted from each of the plurality of emitters passes through the first telecentric lens assembly. The LIDAR further includes a second telecentric lens assembly positioned within the cavity and along a receive path such that a plurality of reflected laser beams entering the cavity pass through the second telecentric lens assembly. The first telecentric lens assembly and the second telecentric lens assembly each include a field flattening lens and at least one other lens.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2020
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2023
    Assignee: UATC, LLC
    Inventors: James Allen Haslim, Michael Bryan Borden, Daniel Thomas Sing
  • Patent number: 11656072
    Abstract: A method for validating the placement of pieces in an assembly task by scanning a coherent light source, such as a laser, over a surface and characterizing the detected interference speckle pattern to discriminate the position of the placed piece from the surface on which the piece is placed. This discrimination is possible even if the characteristic features of the piece and background are smaller than the resolution of the scanning system. In addition, characteristics of the piece, such as the orientation of fibers in the material, may be sensed by classification of the associated speckle response.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2021
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2023
    Inventor: Kurt D Rueb
  • Patent number: 11650150
    Abstract: A prism for measuring liquid concentration includes: an accommodating space for accommodating a liquid; an interface formed on a bottom surface of the accommodating space; a first light transmission surface and a second light transmission surface respectively formed on two side surfaces of the accommodating space; a third light transmission surface and a light emitting surface respectively formed relative to the interface. When a first incident light beam enters the prism, the first incident light beam is reflected to the light emitting surface by the interface, and exits the prism from the light emitting surface. When a second incident light beam enters the prism to the first light transmission surface, the second incident light beam exits the prism to the accommodating space from the second incident light beam, passes through the liquid and the second light to the prism, and exits the prism from the third light transmission surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2021
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2023
    Assignee: Taiwan RedEye Biomedical Inc.
    Inventors: Tsung-Jui Lin, Yu-Hsun Chen, Shuo-Ting Yan
  • Patent number: 11652597
    Abstract: A method for a UE in a multiple transmission points communication system, mTRP, scheme, is provided. The method includes receiving downlink control information, DCI, indicating at least two transmission points scheme for a scheduled data transmission on physical resource blocks, PRBs. The PRBs includes at least a first subsets of PRBs, associated with a first transmission point, and a second subset of PRBs, associated with a second transmission point. The method further includes determining a first PT-RS frequency density for the first set of PRBs based on the number of PRBs in the first set of PRBs and a second PT-RS frequency density based on the number of PRBs in the second set of PRBs. A UE, methods for a base station and a base station are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2022
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2023
    Assignee: Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson (publ)
    Inventors: Mattias Frenne, Shiwei Gao, Siva Muruganathan
  • Patent number: 11650317
    Abstract: A LIDAR system includes a light source that outputs an outgoing LIDAR signal that includes multiple different channels. The LIDAR system also generate multiple composite light signals that each carries a signal couple and are each associated with a different one of the channels. A signal couple includes a reference signal and an associated comparative signal. The comparative signals each include light from the outgoing LIDAR signal that has been reflected by one or more objects located outside of the LIDAR system. The reference signals also include light from the outgoing LIDAR signal but also exclude light that has been reflected by any object located outside of the LIDAR system. There is a frequency differential between a frequency of the reference signal and a frequency of the associated comparative signal. The frequency differential includes a contribution from a frequency offset that is induced by electronics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2023
    Assignee: SiLC Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Majid Boloorian, Mehdi Asghari, Dazeng Feng, Bradley Jonathan Luff
  • Patent number: 11650299
    Abstract: An imaging-assisted angular calibration method comprises receiving an image of a spatial resolution chart on a flat board, the image taken by a camera positioned at a predetermined distance from the spatial resolution chart; determining an angular resolution of the camera based on the image of the spatial resolution chart and the predetermined distance; and receiving an image of laser spots in a raster scan pattern incident on the flat board, the laser spots emitted from a LiDAR device positioned at the predetermined distance from the flat board, the raster scan pattern generated based on a group of preset values in the LiDAR device. A set of stepwise moving angles of the LiDAR device corresponding to the group of preset values are then calculated based on the image of the laser spots and the angular resolution of the camera for use in calibrating the LiDAR device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2021
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2023
    Inventor: Yunpeng Song
  • Patent number: 11644381
    Abstract: There is provided a method for measuring the PDL of a DUT as a function of the optical frequency ? within a spectral range, which uses a single wavelength scan over which the input-SOP varies in a continuous manner. The power transmission through the DUT, curve T(?), is measured during the scan and the PDL is derived from the sideband components of the power transmission curve T(?) that results from the continuously varying input-SOP. More specifically, the Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) of the power transmission curve T(?) is calculated, wherein the DFT shows at least two sidebands. At least two sidebands are extracted and their inverse DFT calculated individually to obtain complex transmissions (?), =?J . . . J, where J is the number of sidebands on one side.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2021
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2023
    Assignee: EXFO Optics, SAS
    Inventors: Normand Cyr, Bernard Ruchet
  • Patent number: 11644544
    Abstract: An architecture for a chip-scale optical phased array-based scanning frequency-modulated continuous wave (FMCW) Light-detection and ranging (LiDAR) device is described. The LiDAR device includes a laser, a transmit optical splitter, an optical circulator, photodetectors, and an optical phased array. The laser, the transmit optical splitter, the optical circulator, the photodetectors, and the optical phased array are arranged as a chip-scale package on a single semiconductor substrate. The laser generates a first light beam that is transmitted to the optical phased array aperture via the transmit optical splitter, the optical circulator, and the optical phased array. A fraction of the first light beam is transmitted to the photodetectors via the transmit optical splitter to serve as the optical local oscillator (LO), the aperture of the optical phased array captures a second light beam that is transmitted to the photodetectors via the optical phased array and the optical circulator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2023
    Assignee: GM Global Technology Operations LLC
    Inventors: Raymond Sarkissian, Keyvan Sayyah, Shuoqin Wang, Biqin Huang, Ivan Alvarado
  • Patent number: 11638241
    Abstract: It is possible to solve the problem that a downstream control information amount is significantly increased if allocation information is periodically reported because no allocation method of a default E-DCH resource configuration is defined for a preamble signature. A base station and a mobile station decide a default resource configuration by using a total number of resource configurations or a value obtained from the total number.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2020
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2023
    Inventors: Hiroaki Aminaka, Jinsock Lee
  • Patent number: 11635608
    Abstract: A method is useable for determining a refractive index of an optical medium in a microscope, which has an objective facing toward a sample chamber. The optical medium is one of two optical media, which border two opposing surfaces of a cover slip or object carrier in the sample chamber and form two partially reflective interfaces, which are arranged at different distances from the objective. The method includes: deflecting a measurement light beam by the objective with oblique incidence on the cover slip or object carrier; generating two reflection light beams spatially separated from one another by the measurement light beam being partially reflected at each of the interfaces; receiving the two reflection light beams by the objective and conducting them onto a position-sensitive detector; registering intensities by the position-sensitive detector; and determining the refractive index of the optical medium based on the registered intensities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2023
    Inventors: Alexander Weiss, Christian Schumann, Ronja Capellmann
  • Patent number: 11635518
    Abstract: A measurement apparatus, including: a laser apparatus that outputs a frequency-modulated laser beam with a plurality of modes; a branching part that branches the frequency-modulated laser beam into a reference light and a measurement light; a beat signal generation part that generates a plurality of beat signals by mixing the reference light and a reflected light that is reflected by radiating the measurement light onto an object to be measured; a conversion part that converts the plurality of beat signals into digital signals by sampling the beat signals at a frequency greater than or equal to four times a resonator frequency of the laser resonator; and a calculation part that calculates a distance from the measurement apparatus to the object to be measured on the basis of the digital signals is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2020
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2023
    Assignee: Mitutoyo Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroki Ujihara, Yoshimasa Suzuki, Shinichi Hara
  • Patent number: 11633104
    Abstract: Exemplary embodiments of systems and methods can be provided which can generate data associated with at least one portion of a sample. For example, at least one first radiation can be forwarded to the portion through at least one optical arrangement. At least one second radiation can be received from the portion which is based on the first radiation. Based on an interaction between the optical arrangement and the first radiation and/or the second radiation, the optical arrangement can have a first transfer function. Further, it is possible to forward at least one third radiation to the portion through such optical arrangement (or through another optical arrangement), and receive at least one fourth radiation from the portion which is based on the third radiation. Based on an interaction between the optical arrangement (or the other optical arrangement) and the third radiation and/or the fourth radiation, the optical arrangement (or the other optical arrangement) can have a second transfer function.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 25, 2023
    Assignee: The General Hospital Corporation
    Inventors: Guillermo J. Tearney, Brett Eugene Bouma, Joseph A. Gardecki, Linbo Liu
  • Patent number: 11629996
    Abstract: An infrared spectrometer for operation in the mid-infrared spectral range is presented, where the spectrometer includes a Bragg-mirror-based spectral filter that is operative for providing an interrogation signal whose spectral content is dispersed along a first direction at a filter aperture. The filter aperture is imaged through a sample by a thermal-imaging camera to create a focused image that is based on the interrogation signal and the absorption characteristics of the sample. As a result, embodiments in accordance with the present disclosure can be smaller, less complex, and less expensive than infrared spectrometers known in the prior art.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2022
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2023
    Assignee: California Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Axel Scherer, Taeyoon Jeon
  • Patent number: 11629948
    Abstract: An optical proximity sensor includes an optical path extender that extends an optical path length of the optical proximity sensor without a corresponding extension of a geometric path length of the optical proximity sensor. The optical path extender may be a high-refractive index material positioned along the optical path through the optical proximity sensor. The optical path extender may include one or more redirection features configured to change a direction of the light traveling within the optical proximity sensor. The optical path extender may include a photonic component configured to simulate an extension of the geometric path within an optical proximity sensor by applying a momentum-dependent transfer function to the light traveling through it.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2021
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2023
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Nathan Shou, Daryl I. Vulis, Tong Chen
  • Patent number: 11627568
    Abstract: Various aspects of the present disclosure generally relate to wireless communication. In some aspects, a user equipment (UE) may receive, based at least in part on the UE being a reduced-capability UE, control information on a reduced capability control resource set (CORESET) at least partially in a reduced capability region of a CORESET region, wherein the reduced capability CORESET is associated with a reduced configuration relative to a CORESET for a non-reduced-capability UE; and communicate in accordance with the control information. Numerous other aspects are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2021
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2023
    Inventors: Iyab Issam Sakhnini, Wooseok Nam, Tao Luo, Juan Montojo, Peter Gaal, Peter Pui Lok Ang, Huilin Xu, Jelena Damnjanovic, Olufunmilola Omolade Awoniyi-Oteri
  • Patent number: 11604116
    Abstract: An optical device cut from a wafer into a chip by dicing, on the wafer, the optical device includes a plurality of optical waveguides; an optical circuit connected to the optical waveguide; and of the plurality of optical waveguides, a testing optical waveguide that guides test light to the optical circuit to be tested, by bypassing a non-connected optical waveguide portion at a terrace for mounting an optical chip component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2020
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2023
    Inventor: Masaki Sugiyama
  • Patent number: 11604281
    Abstract: A position and posture estimation apparatus includes: a laser sensor configured to be disposed on at least one of left and right sides of a forklift, to emit laser light to a side surface of a pallet lifted by a fork, and to receive reflected light of the laser light and acquire a laser measurement point group; and an estimation calculation unit configured to estimate a position and a posture of the pallet with respect to the fork based on the laser measurement point group acquired by the laser sensor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2020
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2023
    Inventor: Shingo Hattori
  • Patent number: 11606312
    Abstract: Various systems and methods for performing fast fail-over. One method involves receiving a packet at a primary forwarder node of a core network, determining whether the packet was received from a secondary forwarder node of the core network, via a tunnel, and, in response to a determination that the packet was received via the tunnel, forwarding the packet to another node in the core network. The tunnel communicatively couples the primary forwarder node and the secondary forwarder node. The primary forwarder node and the secondary forwarder node communicatively couple a local network and the core network. The packet was transmitted from the local network.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2020
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2023
    Inventors: Neale D. R. Ranns, Ijsbrand Wijnands, Gregory J. Shepherd
  • Patent number: 11585927
    Abstract: A LIDAR-type device for a remote spectroscopy of a matter includes an optical emission channel that includes a laser source and an optical waves frequency generator to generate a first comb, a second comb, and a local comb. Each comb includes at least one stripe. A transmit telescope emits an emission signal. A reception channel includes a receive telescope that receives a signal reflected by the matter traversed by the emission signal and a detection system that detects a first beat signal of the at least one stripe of the local comb with the corresponding first stripe of the first reflected comb, a second beat signal of the at least one stripe of the local comb with the corresponding second stripe of the second reflected comb, and a third beat signal of the at least one first beat signal with the at least one second beat signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2023
    Inventors: Philippe Hebert, Francois Lemaitre, Nicolas Cezard