Patents Examined by Arthur D. Kellogg
  • Patent number: 4874417
    Abstract: An improved purified vitreous silica body is made at high temperature by applying a polarizing potential across the boundary surfaces of the vitreous silica body or vessel to cause migration of impurities of ions away from one of the boundary surfaces thereof while the silica body is held at 1000 degrees centrigrade and during the cooling until the body is less than 800 degrees centrigrade whereby alkali ions move to one boundary of the silica body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 1988
    Date of Patent: October 17, 1989
    Assignee: Thermal Syndicate P.L.C.
    Inventor: John A. Winterburn
  • Patent number: 4859222
    Abstract: A method for the manufacture of a light wave guide providing a cladding and a light conducting core, from a glass tube, showing a material on or below its inner surface which forms the core of the finished light wave guide comprising at least one substance which is diffused out selectively of this material, forming the core subsequently, into the interior space of the glass tube, whereby during the diffusing-out process the partial pressure of the diffusing-out substance in the interior space of the glass tube is maintained as small as possible, whereby a premature collapsing of the glass tube during the diffusion process is prevented by adjusting an overpressure in the glass tube, that the glass tube after the diffusing out process is largely collapsed by rinsing with a rinsing gas and in a last collapsing step is completely collapsed to a rod (perform) without rinsing with a rinsing gas and that the rod is subsequently drawn out to a fiber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 1988
    Date of Patent: August 22, 1989
    Assignee: Schott Glaswerke
    Inventors: Hartmut Bauch, Peter Krause, Ulrike Jost, Ralf Kersten, Volker Paquet, Wolfgang Siefert
  • Patent number: 4816053
    Abstract: The use of a flat faceplate comprised of self-polished float glass substantially reduces the cost of a cathode ray tube incorporating a flat tensioned shadow mask while affording a high degree of video image acuity. The float glass flat faceplate does not require polishing and acid etching to provide a high degree of smoothness in its inner and outer surfaces and, in combination with a flat tensioned shadow mask mounted to the flat faceplate, offers a low cost, easily manufactured and assembled color CRT front assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1987
    Date of Patent: March 28, 1989
    Assignee: Zenith Electronics Corporation
    Inventors: Kazimir Palac, deceased, Judith A. Palac, heir, Donald T. Palac, heir, Susan M. Palac, heir
  • Patent number: 4798617
    Abstract: A method for forming parisons in the manufacture of hollow articles of glassware. The method comprising forming each parison by introducing a gob of molten glass into a mould cavity (10) having the shape desired for the external surface of the parison, and moving a plunger (14,70) into the mould cavity to cause the molten glass to conform to the shape of the cavity. The method also comprises forming a layer of gas (G.98) between a surface portion of the plunger and the molten glass so that, as the plunger moves into the cavity, the glass is pushed into shape by the layer of gas, and rotating or vibrating the plunger while it is in the mould cavity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 1987
    Date of Patent: January 17, 1989
    Assignee: Emhart Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas V. Foster, Stanley P. Jones, David L. Alderson
  • Patent number: 4738700
    Abstract: An apparatus for more accurately measuring the temperature of a fiber glass forming bushing is described which includes the placing of sidewall and bottom thermocouples in locations on the bushing so that electrical signals representing noise are eliminated or reduced significantly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 1986
    Date of Patent: April 19, 1988
    Assignee: PPG Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Reed H. Grundy
  • Patent number: 4516999
    Abstract: A process for the thermal tempering of glass wherein the hot glass is immersed in a vessel in which there are two mutually immiscible liquids. The liquid of lower density is above the liquid of higher density. The glass is precooled for a specific time in the liquid of lower density and then is brought into the liquid of higher density.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 1982
    Date of Patent: May 14, 1985
    Assignee: JENAer Glaswerk, Schott & Gen.
    Inventors: Werner Kiefer, Klaus Stetter
  • Patent number: 4508684
    Abstract: A method is disclosed of protecting heated aluminum based metals subject to heat transfer through the metal to a circulating aqueous cooling solution in contact therewith. The initially constituted cooling solution contains an alkali metal silicate in an adjusted amount above 0.2 gram per liter. The solution while functioning in the cooling system is then exposed to an alkali metal silicate glass causing the glass to progressively dissolve and stabilize the silicate at a level of at least 0.1 gram per liter. The initially prepared solution may also contain ethylene or propylene glycol, alkali metal phosphates and tetraborates in a ratio greater than 4:1, and nitrate, mercaptobenzothiazole or tolyltriazole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 1981
    Date of Patent: April 2, 1985
    Assignee: Ford Motor Company
    Inventors: John Huff, Ronald R. Wiggle, Vladimir Hospadaruk
  • Patent number: 4481014
    Abstract: An arrangement for producing gaseous products from solid and liquid, ash-containing fuels and mixtures thereof in an air stream in a reactor. The fuels are introduced into the reactor parallel to the axis thereof. The solid and liquid ash constituents are extensively separated from the gaseous products of the fuel in a slag bath before further cooling-off. The gaseous products are reversed by after leaving the reactor, and subsequently flow into one or more consecutively or parallel connected annular chambers, which are provided with heat exchanger heating surfaces and concentrically surround the reactor. The gaseous products are cooled in these annular chambers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 1982
    Date of Patent: November 6, 1984
    Assignee: L. & C. Steinmuller GmbH
    Inventor: Rolf Dorling
  • Patent number: 4470836
    Abstract: A parison mold and baffle system for an automatic molding machine of the I-S type including a two piece split parison mold with an integral funnel thereon. The funnel portion terminates upwardly in an annular opening with walls of outwardly tapering cross section. A combined blow-down and baffle head has blow-down nozzles, a downwardly facing annular groove which is snugly received on the walls of the funnel in both the blow-down and mold closing baffle positions. Blow-down starts from the initial engagement of the blow-down and baffle head on the funnel and continues until said mold end is completely closed by the baffle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 1982
    Date of Patent: September 11, 1984
    Assignee: Vitro Tec Fideicomiso
    Inventors: Benigno C. Delgadillo, Oscar B. Narvaes, Jose G. Sanchez
  • Patent number: 4470835
    Abstract: A deformable vacuum mold for shaping glass sheets to complicated shapes includes mold stiffening structure engaging the central portion of the mold, mold lifting means engaging the longitudinal end portions of the vacuum mold to lift the latter relative to the mold stiffening structure and optional bar means adjustable in position and orientation to provide local control imparted to the shape of the vacuum mold when the longitudinal end portions of the mold are lifted. The deformable vacuum mold may also include a pair of lifting means providing different amounts of lift to the longitudinal end portions on opposite sides of the longitudinal center line of the mold and approximately equal amounts of lift to the longitudinal end portions on opposite sides of the transverse center line of the mold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 1982
    Date of Patent: September 11, 1984
    Assignee: PPG Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael T. Fecik, Robert G. Frank, John J. Ewing, George R. Claassen
  • Patent number: 4461637
    Abstract: An individual section glassware forming machine comprises generating means (29) for generating an electrical command signal which is used to control transfer means (2) of the machine. The transfer means (2) is used for transferring a parison (P) from a blank station (A) at which the parison is formed in an inverted position and presenting the parison (P) in an upright position at another station (B). The magnitude of the electrical command signal varies in accordance with the desired position against time curve for the movement of the parison (P) and is used to operate an electrical or hydraulic servo-mechanism (32; 42) for controlling the movement of the transfer means (2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1982
    Date of Patent: July 24, 1984
    Assignee: Emhart Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Stanley P. Jones, Derek Gennard, Frank A. Fenton
  • Patent number: 4460397
    Abstract: A cylindrical ribbon engaging device is rotated about an axis of rotation substantially parallel to the direction of ribbon flow to positively exert lateral forces to an elongated substantial continuum of the marginal edge portion of the ribbon. Provisions are made to maximize lateral forces while minimizing longitudinal forces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 1982
    Date of Patent: July 17, 1984
    Assignee: PPG Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Edward M. Kapura, Henry C. Goode
  • Patent number: 4459133
    Abstract: A sulfur-containing fuel is passed into a first fluidized bed (13) containing CaSO.sub.4 and CaO and an oxygen-transfer mediator (e.g. H.sub.2) whereby the fuel is converted to combustible gas (18), some CaSO.sub.4 being reduced to CaS and sulfur being fixed as CaS by reaction with CaO. Bed particles pass from the bottom layer of the first bed (13) into the bottom layer of the second bed (14) which is fluidized by air at conditions such that some, but not all of the CaS is selectively oxidized to CaSO.sub.4 with no liberation of sulfur moieties. Bed particles pass from the bottom layer of the second bed (14) to the bottom layer of a third bed (15) optionally after passage via a fourth bed (60, FIG. 2) between the second and third beds. In the third bed (15), particles are fluidized with air to convert CaS selectively to CaSO.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 1982
    Date of Patent: July 10, 1984
    Assignee: Exxon Research and Engineering Co.
    Inventor: Gerald Moss
  • Patent number: 4459148
    Abstract: A roll (4) for conveying sheets of glass at a heat-tempering temperature horizontally through a heat-tempering furnace enclosure includes a core (10) of refractory metal and a shell (20). The shell (20) is formed of a refractory material composed of a calcium silicate base agglomerate having a specific mass of from 200 to 800 kg/m.sup.3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1982
    Date of Patent: July 10, 1984
    Assignee: Saint-Gobain Vitrage
    Inventors: Werner Diederen, Heinz Ueberwolf, Heinz G. Zilgens, Mario Roth
  • Patent number: 4459146
    Abstract: The machine has a plurality of individual glassware forming sections each having a plurality of glassware forming mechanisms and means for distributing gobs of molten glass to each of the individual sections in an ordered sequence over one machine cycle consisting of a fixed number of clock pulses by cycling the forming mechanisms in a predetermined sequence of forming steps. Each individual section has an electronic control system responsive to each clock pulse for providing a load signal and forming signals to actuate the forming and a circuit for providing a gob load signal in response to a load signal from any one of the control systems and means responsive to the absence of a gob load signal for deflecting a gob from being distributed to an individual section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 1982
    Date of Patent: July 10, 1984
    Assignee: Owens-Illinois, Inc.
    Inventors: Daniel S. Farkas, Joseph F. Billmaier
  • Patent number: 4457772
    Abstract: The present invention is a computer control system for a glass factory having a plurality of individual section glassware forming machines. The glass factory control system preferably comprises four microprocessor systems, respectively responsible for overall factory control, overall shop control, individual shop control and individual section control. At the most general level, a microprocessor called the factory supervisory computer performs such functions as scheduling jobs, controlling inventory, forecasting sales, determining fuel availability and cost, performing IS machine simulation and providing maintenance information. At the next level, another microprocessor called the console computer stores and manages all job history files, provides shop status information on demand and collects selected production data. Each shop computer performs such functions as controlling a stacker motor, monitoring temperatures, storing section status information and storing job timing information in nonvolatile storage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 1983
    Date of Patent: July 3, 1984
    Assignee: Ball Corporation
    Inventors: James D. Haynes, Jerome A. Kwiatkowski, Glenn H. Mapes
  • Patent number: 4456455
    Abstract: This invention relates to a two stage coal gasification plant which comprises a gasifier 1 and a predistillation retort 2. The gasifier has a plurality of gas extraction outlets 4 located in the periphery thereof which feed into a manifold 5 from where a percentage of the gas from the gasifier is extracted. Gas from the predistillation retort is extracted through an outlet near the top of the retort. An agitator 8 is provided for agitation of the coal in the agglomeration zone. The agitator is preferably automatically controlled by means of a temperature sensing device 10 located on an arm thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 1982
    Date of Patent: June 26, 1984
    Assignee: Fluidised Bed Combustion (Proprietary) Limited
    Inventor: Neville M. Shoebotham
  • Patent number: 4456462
    Abstract: An individual section glassware forming machine has three operating stations including an intermediate reheating station (B) and a shaping station (C). Transfer means (5) for carrying parisons from the intermediate station (B) to the shaping station (C) is controlled by means of an electrical command signal the magnitude of which varies in accordance with a desired position against time curve for the movement of a reheated parison. The signal is supplied to an electrical or hydraulic servo-mechanism (32; 42) which is operated by the electrical command signal to control the movement of the transfer means (5).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1982
    Date of Patent: June 26, 1984
    Assignee: Emhart Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Stanley P. Jones, Derek Gennard
  • Patent number: 4453963
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for controlling the delivery of gobs to each section of a multiple section glassware forming machine to assure that no one section can authorize the delivery of a gob of molten glass to any other section. The invention discloses means for monitoring the time of occurrence within a machine cycle of the delivery enable pulse from each section and for determining whether this delivery enable pulse occurs within a predetermined time window. In the event either the leading or trailing edge of this pulse occur outside predetermined time windows, the gob interceptor associated with the machine is activated to reject the gobs intended for that section. The invention also discloses means for monitoring the motion of a gob interceptor to provide assurance to an operator that the interceptor has moved to either a delivery or intercept position in a timely manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1982
    Date of Patent: June 12, 1984
    Assignee: Emhart Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: John P. Larson, Robert J. Japenga
  • Patent number: 4453964
    Abstract: An arm which may support a baffle or blowhead is adapted at one end for clamping to a vertical shaft. First and second holder units are supported by the arm between its ends. Each unit has a holder open at its bottom and into which a baffle or blowhead may be inserted from below. A spring biased latch is provided for each unit and adapted to prevent relative rotation between the holder and its associated baffle or blowhead. A manifold in the arm communicates with each unit by exposed conduits.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 1982
    Date of Patent: June 12, 1984
    Assignee: Maul Technology Corporation
    Inventor: Edward Parkell