Abstract: An ethylene polymer extrusion composition having high draw down and substantially reduced neck-in, a process for making such a composition and a process of using such a composition to prepare extrusion coatings, extrusion profiles and extrusion cast films are disclosed. The ethylene polymer extrusion composition is made of 75-95 weight percent of at least one ethylene .alpha.-olefin interpolymer and 5-25 weight percent of at least one high pressure ethylene polymer characterized as having high melt strength and a broad, bimodal molecular weight distribution. In profiles, coatings or films, the composition can be used as sealant, adhesive or abuse resistance layers.
June 7, 1995
Date of Patent:
June 30, 1998
The Dow Chemical Company
Lawrence T. Kale, Pradeep Jain, David C. Kelley, Deepak R. Parikh, Sharon L. Baker, Osborne K. McKinney
Abstract: A polyolefin composition, which comprises: (A) 1 to 99% by weight of a polyolefin having the following properties of (a) to (e); (a) a ratio of kinematic viscosity .eta..sub.1 at a frequency of 10.sup.-1 rad/sec to kinematic viscosity .eta..sub.2 at a frequency of 10 rad/sec at a temperature of 190.degree. C. according to a kinematic viscoelasticity determination method of 4 to 20, (b) a crystallization peak temperature Tcp according to a Differential Scanning Calorimetry of 110.degree. C. to 130.degree. C., (c) a ratio (Tmp/Tcp) of melting peak temperature Tmp to crystallization peak temperature Tcp according to a Differential Scanning Calorimetry of 1.1 to 1.5, (d) Tmp/(Tmp-Tcp)=3.0 to 9.8, and (e) a crystal structure exhibiting a-axial orientation in a diffraction pattern according to a X-ray diffraction method, and (B) 99 to 1% by weight of a propylene resin having the following properties of (f) and (g); (f) a ratio of kinematic viscosity .eta..sub.1 at a frequency of 10.sup.
Abstract: A functionalised polymer, especially an ashless dispersant or a viscosity index improver dispersant, suitable for use as a lubricating or fuel oil additive, or as an intermediate for use in the manufacture of such an additive, is prepared from reactants in different phases by reacting the reactants in a reaction region defined by adjacent surfaces between which there is relative movement or in a thin film on a surface over which they move.
Abstract: The present invention provides a golf ball having excellent hit feeling and control property as well as excellent flying performance and cut resistance, which comprises a core and a cover for covering the core, wherein a heated mixture of an ionomer resin and a polymer containing a glycidyl group is used as a main component of a base resin for the cover.
Abstract: Intervulcanized compositions having improved curing efficiency are prepared by the free radical curing of a mixture of an ethylenically unsaturated diolefin polymer such as natural or synthetic rubber and a saturated or low unsaturation polymer such as an ethylene propylene elastomers copolymer which contains functional groups pendant to the polymer chain. These functional groups contain an olefinic or vinyl double bond positioned alpha, beta to a substituent group which activates the double bond towards free radical addition reactions with the diolefin polymer. Preferred functionality includes benzylic ester functionality represented by the structure: ##STR1## wherein R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 are independently selected from hydrogen or C.sub.1 to C.sub.6 alkyl, and R.sub.4 is selected from hydrogen, C.sub.1 to C.sub.28 alkyl, aryl or C.sub.2 to C.sub.28 alkenyl.
Abstract: A polypropylene resin composition comprising from 5 to 99.9 wt % of a polypropylene resin (A) and from 95 to 0.1 wt % of an ethylene/.alpha.-olefin copolymer elastomer (B) satisfying the following conditions (a) to (d):(a) the .alpha.-olefin has a carbon number of from 4 to 20,(b) the .alpha.-olefin content is larger than 65 wt % and at most 95 wt %,(c) the density at 23.degree. C. is less than 0.88 g/cm.sup.3, and(d) no peak of crystal fusion is observed by a DSC method.
Abstract: In accordance with the present invention, there is provided a method for the preparation of an ethylene polymer composition having a density of 0.86-0.94 g/cm.sup.3 and an intrinsic viscosity [.eta.] of 1-6 dl/g using an olefin polymerization catalyst composed of a transition metal compound containing a ligand having a cycloalkadienyl skeleton and an organoaluminium oxy-compound, and there is also provided a method for the preparation of an ethylene polymer composition having density of 0.87-0.93 g/cm3 and an intrinsic viscosity [.eta.] of 0.5-6 dl/g.
Abstract: A solid golf ball includes a solid core enclosed in a cover. The resin component of the cover consists of 30 to 100% by weight of an ethylene-methacrylic acid-acrylate terpolymer ionomer resin having a flexural modulus of 2,500-14,000 psi and a Shore D hardness of 20-59 and 70 to 0% by weight of an ethylene-(meth)acrylic acid copolymer ionomer resin having a flexural modulus of 20,000-29,000 psi and a Shore D hardness of 56-62. The ball is excellent in spin receptivity, burring resistance, and feel on hitting.
May 22, 1995
Date of Patent:
February 25, 1997
Bridgestone Sports, Co., Ltd.
Yoshinori Egashira, Hisashi Yamagishi, Hideo Watanabe, Jun Shindo
Abstract: A tetrafluoroethylene/fluoroalkoxy trifluoroethylene copolymer (PFA) composition which has finer spherulite diameters compared to a conventional PFA is provided, so as to give fabricated articles having excellent surface smoothness, and which are free from problems, such as process contamination and the like, caused by leaching. This effect is obtained by incorporating into the composition prior to fabrication a polytetrafluoroethylene having a crystallization temperature of at least 305.degree. C. and a heat of crystallization of at least 50 J/g.
Abstract: A pressure-sensitive coating composition of an organic solvent solution of i) an acrylic copolymer containing carboxyl or hydroxyl groups; and ii) 0.1 to 15% by weight, based on the weight of i), of styrene-maleic copolymer.
Abstract: Crystalline propylene polymer compositions having improved impact strength and improved clarity are disclosed. The composition is prepared by melt blending a propylene polymer, e.g., polypropylene, and from about 1 to 35 wt % of an elastomeric interpolymer of a C.sub.4 to C.sub.8 isomonoolefin, e.g., isobutylene, and a para alkystyrene comonomer, e.g., para-methylstyrene. The interpolymer preferably contains a benzylic functional group such as halogen (bromine). The composition may also contain from about 0.5 to 15 wt % of the amide reaction product of an organic acid-grafted propylene polymer, e.g., maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene, and a polyfunctional primary amine.
June 30, 1995
Date of Patent:
January 28, 1997
Exxon Chemical Patents Inc.
Donald A. White, Hsien-Chang Wang, Dongming Li
Abstract: A thermoplastic composition comprising an uncrosslinked blend of (A) from 1 to 80 weight percent of at least one partially crystalline polymer or copolymer of ethylene, having a density lying between 0.870 and 0.945, and (B) from 20 to 99 weight percent of at least one hydrophobic, non-elastomeric, random or graft copolymer.
Abstract: An ethylene copolymer composition comprising an ethylene/.alpha.-olefin copolymer [A-I] which has a density, a melt flow rate (MFR), an amount of a n-decane-soluble portion in the specific ranges and whose melt tension (MT) at 190.degree. C. and MFR satisfy the relation MT>2.2.times.MFR.sup.-0.84 and one (co)polymer selected from the group consisting of [B-1] a low-density polyethylene obtained by high-pressure radical polymerization, [B-2] a crystalline polyolefin and [B-3] an olefin type elastomer. Also disclosed is an ethylene copolymer composition comprising an ethylene/.alpha.-olefin copolymer composition and the low-density polyethylene [B-1] obtained by high-pressure radical polymerization, said ethylene/.alpha.-olefin copolymer composition comprising ethylene/.alpha.-olefin copolymers [A-2] and [A-3] both having physical properties similar to those of the above ethylene/.alpha.-olefin copolymer [A-1] and having intrinsic viscosities different from each other.
Abstract: The polypropylene composition of the present invention comprises polypropylene and a rubber component, and has the following characteristics that(i) the melt flow rate (MFR: 230.degree. C., 2.16 kg load), as measured in accordance with ASTM D1238, is not less than 8 g/10 min,(ii) the flexural modulus (FM), as measured in accordance with ASTM D790, is not less than 20,000 kg/cm.sup.2,(iii) the Izod impact strength (IZ), as measured in accordance with ASTM D256, is not less than 20 kg.cm/cm,(iv) the heat deflection temperature (HDT), as measured in accordance with ASTM D648, is not lower than 135.degree. C.
February 27, 1995
Date of Patent:
January 7, 1997
Mitsui Petrochemical Industries, Ltd., Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
Abstract: A polyolefin composition, which comprises: (A) 1 to 99% by weight of a polyolefin in having the following properties of (a) to (e); (a) a ratio of kinematic viscosity .eta..sub.1 at a frequency of 10.sup.-1 rad/sec to kinematic viscosity .eta..sub.2 at a frequency of 10 rad/sec at a temperature of 190.degree. C. according to a kinematic viscoelasticity determination method of 4 to 20, (b) a crystallization peak temperature Tcp according to a Differential Scanning Calorimetry of 110.degree. to 130.degree. C., (c) a ratio (Tmp/Tcp) of melting peak temperature Tmp to crystallization peak temperature Tcp according to a Differential Scanning Calorimetry of 1.1 to 1.5, (d) Tmp/(Tmp-Tcp)=3.0 to 9.8, and (e) a crystal structure exhibiting a-axial orientation in a diffraction pattern according to a X-ray diffraction method, and (B) 99 to 1% by weight of a propylene resin having the following properties of (f) and (g); (f) a ratio of kinematic viscosity .eta..sub.1 at a frequency of 10.sup.
Abstract: Blends of chlorinated polyvinyl chloride and chlorinated polyethylene and methods for preparing extruded profiles such as a window spacer, a glazing bead, a window lineal, and a track for lighting, having smooth surface characteristics are disclosed. The blends comprise 100 weight parts CPVC containing from 62% to 72% chlorine, preferably 65% to 71% chlorine and from 10 to 30 weight parts, preferably 15 to 25 parts of chlorinated polyethylene containing from 25 to 45% chlorine and extruding the blend. The preferred embodiments of the invention are further defined by a particular combination for the chlorine content of CPVC, the real weight average molecular weight of CPE (M.sub.w) and polydispersity (M.sub.w /M.sub.n), defined as the ratio of the weight average to number average molecular weight, and extrusion shear rate.
Abstract: A resin composition for extrusion molding which has a melt flow rate (MFR) of from 0.5 to 30 g/10 min., having (A) 1 to 80 parts by weight of an ethylenic polymer which gives an endothermic peak in a temperature range of from 80.degree. to 120.degree. C. in a temperature rise thermogram as measured by a differential scanning calorimeter, has a melt flow rate (MFR) of from 0.5 to 50 g/10 min., and is prepared by high-pressure radical polymerization, (B) 5 to 80 parts by weight of a copolymer of ethylene and an .alpha.-olefine containing 3 to 12 carbon atoms which gives at least one endothermic peak in a temperature range of from 110.degree. to 130.degree. C. in the temperature rise thermogram as described above, has a melt flow rate (MFR) of from 0.5 to 30 g/10 min. and a density of from 0.900 to 0.935 g/cm.sup.3 and (C) 5 to 70 parts by weight of the copolymer of ethylene and an .alpha.-olefin containing 3 to 12 carbon atoms which has a melt flow rate (MFR) of from 0.5 to 30 g/10 min. and a density of from 0.
Abstract: The present invention provides a rubber composition having high impact residence, preferred processability and workability which may be used for the manufacture of one-piece solid golf ball, solid core of multi-layered solid golf ball, solid center of thread-wound golf ball, etc. The rubber composition is characterized by that a rubber component is made from a mixture of:(1) 60 to 95 wt % of a polybutadiene containing at least more than 40% of cis-1,4 bond and having a Mooney viscosity [ML.sub.1+4 (100.degree. C.)] of 50 to 70, obtained by using lanthanum rare earth-based catalyst, nickel-based catalyst or cobalt-based catalyst, or a mixture thereof with another polybutadiene obtained by using a catalyst other than the above mentioned one, and(2) 5 to 40 wt % of a polyisoprene containing at least more than 90% of cis-1,4 bond and a Mooney viscosity of 70 to 90.
Abstract: A thermoplastic elastomer powder composition for powder molding, comprising 100 parts by weight of the following thermoplastic elastomer powder (A) and 0.05 to 20 parts by weight of a fine powder having an average particle diameter of 30 .mu.m or less:(A) (i) a powder of a thermoplastic elastomer comprising a composition composed of an ethylene-.alpha.-olefin copolymer rubber and a polyolefin resin or (ii) a powder of a thermoplastic elastomer comprising a partially crosslinked composition composed of an ethylene-.alpha.-olefin copolymer rubber and a polyolefin resin, the thermoplastic elastomer powder having a complex dynamic viscosity .eta.*(1), as measured at a frequency of 1 radian/sec and at 250.degree. C., of 1.5.times.10.sup.5 poise or less and a Newtonian viscosity index n, calculated from the following formula by using the above-mentioned complex dynamic viscosity .eta.*(1) and the complex dynamic viscosity .eta.*(100) measured at a frequency of 100 radian/sec of 0.67 or less:n=(log.eta.*(1)-log.eta.