Patents Examined by David D. Reynolds
  • Patent number: 4236490
    Abstract: A two-stroke cycle engine is provided with valveless exhaust and inlet ports in a cylinder wall. A piston is mounted for reciprocal movement in the cylinder. A precombustion chamber is formed in the piston, which communicates with the combustion chamber above the piston by a relatively large aperture adapted to receive the end of a spark plug. When the piston is at the bottom of its stroke, pressurized fresh air is supplied through the inlet ports for purposes of scavenging the combustion chamber and filling it with fresh air. There is also provided means for forcing a charge of rich fuel-air mixture into the precombustion chamber. The aperture providing communication between the precombustion chamber and the combustion chamber is sufficiently large that a desired amount of fuel can be ejected into the combustion chamber. During the compression stroke of the piston, the fuel-air mixtures in the precombustion chamber and in the combustion chamber are compressed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 1977
    Date of Patent: December 2, 1980
    Assignee: A. C. Engines, Inc.
    Inventor: Jerome B. Correll
  • Patent number: 4198946
    Abstract: An improved rotary valve construction is provided for use in conjunction with an internal combustion engine of the type having a housing and at least one piston member reciprocally received within a cylinder formed in the housing. In the conventional fashion, fuel intake passage means formed within the housing communicate a combustible fuel mixture to the cylinder while, likewise, exhaust passage means formed in the engine housing expel exhaust gases from the cylinder. A first and second cylindrical valve member, each having a diametric throughbore, are rotatably mounted in the intake passage means and exhaust passage means, respectively. The valve members are rotatably driven in synchronism with the reciprocation of the piston in the cylinder to thereby open the intake and exhaust passage means via the valve member diametric bore at predetermined rotational positions of the valve members.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 1977
    Date of Patent: April 22, 1980
    Inventor: Louis J. Rassey
  • Patent number: 4187823
    Abstract: A straight duct serves as an air flow entry passage to deliver air to a valve in a cylinder head, said valve being located to deliver air tangentially into the cylinder bore. The duct leaves the valve at such an angle that a center line of the duct forms a 30.degree. to 50.degree. angle with the valve axis, an inner wall forms an angle of at least 40.degree. with the valve axis and an outer wall forms an angle of 30.degree. to 50.degree. with the valve axis. The duct has a generally circular or oval cross-section and the inside of the outer wall, if extended in the direction of air flow, would clear the valve seat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 1978
    Date of Patent: February 12, 1980
    Assignee: Caterpillar Tractor Co.
    Inventor: William L. Brown, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4185597
    Abstract: Internal combustion engine apparatus includes a dual piston with a plurality of intake ports having reed type check valves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 1978
    Date of Patent: January 29, 1980
    Inventor: Vincent J. Cinquegrani
  • Patent number: 4184462
    Abstract: A sixty degree, V-6 engine for an outboard motor includes loop scavenging and charging with a pair of oppositely located input passageways with differently angles sidewalls and which provide progressive, smooth constriction to the charging port to establish a highly effective velocity pattern across the top of a flat piston. Cast "Blister" cylinder liners with integral ports are integrally cast into an aluminum block. The block is cast with a single manifold between the two cylinder blanks. A milling cutter is located within the manifold to open the exhaust passageways. A T-shaped manifold is secured to close the manifold and define a pair of separate exhaust passageways. The cylinders are rotated to align the upper and lower inlet ports and particularly to locate the exhaust port projecting downwardly into a center manifold. Adjacent piston rods are mounted upon a common crankshaft pin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 1978
    Date of Patent: January 22, 1980
    Assignee: Brunswick Corporation
    Inventor: David J. Hale
  • Patent number: 4183341
    Abstract: A system for remote control starting of model engines of the internal combustion type, used on model airplanes, automobiles, boats and the like, while stationary, in motion, or in flight. A starting gear or pulley is mounted by a combination roller bearing and one-way clutch directly on a section of the crank shaft of the engine. An electric starting motor drives the gear or pulley for cranking the engine. The motor is energized by power from a battery pack carried on the vehicle via a circuit having a pair of diodes therein, the voltage drop across which serves to energize the glow plug or igniter. A start switch in the motor circuit is activated by a servo device in turn activated by signals received from a radio receiver on the vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 1977
    Date of Patent: January 15, 1980
    Inventor: Fred R. Eastman
  • Patent number: 4182288
    Abstract: A mixture-compressing, spark-ignited internal combustion engine has a combined throttle and compression control. The engine has at least one main piston sliding in a main cylinder and driving a crankshaft, and an auxiliary piston sliding in an auxiliary cylinder, which auxiliary piston is driven at half the frequency of the crankshaft by a drive shaft activated by a drive means coupled to the crankshaft. The compression chamber formed by the auxiliary piston is connected with the compression chamber formed by the main piston, and a control device is provided for modification of the phase piston of the auxiliary piston relative to the main piston so as to achieve a compression chamber volume at compression top dead center of the main piston which is variable as a function of the operating parameters of the internal combustion engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 1978
    Date of Patent: January 8, 1980
    Assignee: Volkswagenwerk Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Peter Thauer
  • Patent number: 4181107
    Abstract: A control system for the choke valve of a caburetor employs a bimetal element heated by an electric resistance heater when the engine is running to move the choke valve toward open position. A vacuum actuator is connected to move the choke valve toward open position when manifold vacuum pressure develops upon starting of the engine. Linkage connects the throttle valve to an unloader device which insures that the choke valve is held open when the throttle valve is opened beyond a predetermined limit. A temperature responsive device subjected to a flow of engine coolant or lubricant operates a fast idle device which holds the throttle valve at fast idle position and allows it to return to slow idle position only when the engine coolant or lubricant has been heated to a sufficient extent. The fast idle device is connected through linkage to prevent closing movement of the choke valve in the event that the engine is stopped in hot condition, thereby facilitating re-starting of the engine while hot.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 1978
    Date of Patent: January 1, 1980
    Assignee: Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Toshio Nomura, Toshimasa Shishido
  • Patent number: 4181100
    Abstract: A lean mixture, rich in hydrogen, is introduced into the combustion chamber. Fuel is then injected to the center of the chamber to provide a rich strata. The rapid flame front propagation due to the hydrogen minimizes the HC production quench.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 1977
    Date of Patent: January 1, 1980
    Assignee: Nissan Motor Company, Limited
    Inventors: Kimitaka Yamane, Akira Morita, Zene Ueno
  • Patent number: 4180029
    Abstract: Disclosed is a 2-cycle engine having a scavenging passage communicating the crank case with the combustion chamber. The scavenging passage comprises a first passage and a second passage. The first passage has a long length and a small cross-sectional area for causing a fresh combustible mixture to flow at a high speed. The second passage has a short length and a large cross-sectional area for causing a fresh combustible mixture to flow at a low speed. The vaporization of the fresh combustible mixture is prometed in the first passage and, in addition, the fresh combustible mixture flows into the combustion chamber at a low speed. As a result of this, an active thermoatmosphere combustion is caused in the combustion chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 1977
    Date of Patent: December 25, 1979
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Sigeru Onishi
  • Patent number: 4180030
    Abstract: A device for attaching a valve stem to a valve spring retainer. The device includes two wedge-like key members for wedgably locking the valve spring retainer to the valve stem. Each key member has a cavity for receiving a portion of a cup-shaped lash cap which is mounted on the distal end of the valve stem.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 1977
    Date of Patent: December 25, 1979
    Inventor: John A. McWhirter
  • Patent number: 4178887
    Abstract: An intake gas distributor extending from one carburetor to a pair of two-cycle internal combustion cylinders. The cylinders are horizontal and arranged one above the other. The distributor is bifurcated, and its branches are proportioned and arranged so that air/fuel mixture in substantially equal quantity and density flows to both cylinders, despite the inherent tendency of fuel to settle out of the mixture, especially at low load conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 1977
    Date of Patent: December 18, 1979
    Assignee: Yamaha Hatsudoki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Kazumi Iida
  • Patent number: 4178886
    Abstract: Two stroke engines of the crankchamber precompression type are described which include an intake port leading from the intake passage and cyclically opened to the crankchamber by means of the piston. Auxiliary intake passages extend between the intake passage and the scavenging passages and include reed type check valves so that the intake mixture is introduced into the crankchamber as soon as the piston upward movement starts. Additional mixture can also be supplied through the auxiliary passages in the scavenging stroke of the engine operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 1977
    Date of Patent: December 18, 1979
    Assignee: Kawasaki Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Eizaburo Uchinishi
  • Patent number: 4177772
    Abstract: A method of operating a four-stroke internal combustion engine of the carburator or fuel injection type, with one or several reciprocating pistons or one or several rotary pistons wherein during the intake movement of the one or the several pistons an additional gaseous or liquid or gas-liquid mixture fluid is introduced into the cylinder working space through a cylinder side wall aperture in the vicinity of the piston to establish a layer charge overlying the piston. The introduction of this fluid may be effected by suction effects caused by the piston movement. The amount of fluid supplied may be controlled in dependence upon combustion pressure and/or exhaust gas composition. The internal combustion engine includes an aperture in a cylinder wall in communication with a fluid source whereby this aperture is adapted to be obstructed or exposed by the moving piston to control the admission of the additional fluid. Between the aperture and the fluid source may be provided control valve means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 1976
    Date of Patent: December 11, 1979
    Inventor: Walter Franke
  • Patent number: 4177784
    Abstract: Engine starting device which, if engine temperature is at a level such that vaporized fuel may be present in a carburetor while an engine is stopped, causes a throttle valve to open a certain amount when the cranking motor is actuated, whereby such vaporized fuel is rapidly evacuated and an air-fuel mixture having the correct air-fuel ratio to permit rapid starting is supplied to the engine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 1977
    Date of Patent: December 11, 1979
    Assignee: Toyo Kogyo Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasuo Tatsutomi, Hideo Shiraishi, Takashi Hamamoto
  • Patent number: 4177785
    Abstract: A glow plug or plugs for a Diesel engine is energized directly or indirectly through the normally closed contacts of a thermally operated switch, preferably a bimetal switch, in thermal communication with the engine and a local electric heater that is energized by the same source as the glow plug and controlled in unison with the glow plug. The bimetal switch is arranged to switch off at a temperature of the order of 80.degree. C. which, at an initial engine temperature of the order of -18.degree. C., permits the glow plug to heat to the order of 900.degree. C. The hysteresis in the bimetal switch is arranged to close the switch when the glow plug has cooled to the order of 810.degree. C., thus the glow plug is cycled between the order of 800.degree. C. and 900.degree. C. It has been found that the glow plug temperature rise at elevated temperatures is substantially less than proportional to heat input.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 1978
    Date of Patent: December 11, 1979
    Assignee: General Motors Corporation
    Inventor: Arthur R. Sundeen
  • Patent number: 4176631
    Abstract: In operation of an internal combustion engine, a lamina of air is introduced into the combustion chamber to line the wall thereof, the fuel being admitted into the interior of the lamina of air. In a two-stroke engine, air entering the combustion chamber is driven by the incoming fuel mixture to form a lamina which lines the wall of the combustion chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 1977
    Date of Patent: December 4, 1979
    Inventor: Mitsuhiro Kanao
  • Patent number: 4176648
    Abstract: An engine starting device for starting an engine by connecting an output member on the side of a spiral spring and an input member on the side of the engine with each other when the force accumulation by the spring is released. A driving member is driven by the output of the engine. An automatic force accumulating operation mechanism for the spiral spring is driven by the driving member. A one-way clutch connects the automatic force accumulating operation mechanism in a winding pressure accumulating mechanism for the spiral spring with each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 1977
    Date of Patent: December 4, 1979
    Assignee: Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Isamu Gotoh, Yoshinori Okamoto, Goroei Wakatsuki
  • Patent number: 4174685
    Abstract: A two-stroke cycle internal combustion engine wherein the cylinder is provided with spaced inlet ports with an intermediate wall section therebetween and the piston face is provided with a T-shaped guide outstanding therefrom, the center leg of the guide terminating in a face, which confronts the intermediate wall section when the piston is at bottom dead center, the face increasing in width from the outer edge of the guide leg to the root thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 1978
    Date of Patent: November 20, 1979
    Assignee: AB Volvo Penta
    Inventor: Hermann R. E. Meier
  • Patent number: 4173202
    Abstract: An internal combustion engine has an articulated connecting rod linkage which is automatically adjusted by an improved fluid-pressure-responsive control, so that different density fuel-air charges inducted into the engine cylinder will be compressed to substantially the same extent each time the cylinder is fired, regardless of throttle setting, engine speeds, or loads.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 1978
    Date of Patent: November 6, 1979
    Inventor: George W. Crise