Patents Examined by Donald F. Norton
  • Patent number: 5012940
    Abstract: An originality guarantee for closures of containers, particularly bottles. It has a label (12) which, after it has been removed or damaged, indicates that the closure has been opened. The closure portions (4,6) which are to be moved apart when it is opened are provided with flat recesses for receiving the label (12). The recesses merge from one closure portion into the other or others and together have the external shape and size of the label. Such a label indicates that the closure has been opened when it is torn or cut through. The invention also prevents the possibility of the label being removed and glued on again. This purpose can be served by the said recess which makes it impossible for a user to engage beneath the label with a finger nail or a tool and to lift it away. Instead of a recess a horseshoe-shaped wall (22) can be provided which surrounds at least a portion of the label. It may be broken away so that the user has access to the label.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 7, 1991
    Assignee: Zeller Plastik GmbH
    Inventor: Jochen Koehn
  • Patent number: 5012941
    Abstract: A tamper-proof container and cap assembly includes apertured flanges disposed on the container and cap, the apertures of which become substantially aligned when the cap is inserted onto the container. Integrally molded with one of the flanges is a locking strip designed for one-way passage through the aligned holes, whereby removal of the strip is possible only by permanent destruction thereof. Structure may be provided for preventing relative lateral movement between the flanges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 1990
    Date of Patent: May 7, 1991
    Assignee: Robert S. Abrams
    Inventors: Robert S. Abrams, H. Carl Smith
  • Patent number: 4978017
    Abstract: A tamper-indicating plastic closure is disclosed, with the closure configured for interfering coaction with an associated container. The closure includes a plastic cap having a top wall portion and an internally threaded annular skirt portion, with an annular pilfer band depending therefrom. The pilfer band includes a plurality of circumferentially spaced flexible tabs configured for interfering engagement with an annular locking ring portion of the associated container. The pilfer band further includes an annular interference bead positioned beneath the flexible tabs. By this arrangement, two modes of interfering engagement with the associated container locking ring are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 1990
    Date of Patent: December 18, 1990
    Assignee: H-C Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Stephen W. McBride
  • Patent number: 4978016
    Abstract: A closure for a container has a tamper indicating band with band retaining means in the form of a conical hoop. The hoop is hinged to the band by arcuate hinges which are spaced by narrower windows along the hinge line, the windows extending partway toward but not to the inner edge of the hoop. As the hoop is turned inside out from its as-molded position to its use position, the inner edge of the hoop deforms radially adjacent the windows and thereby relieves hoop strength. As a result of the deformtion, the hoop in its use position assumes an advantageous polygonal peripheral shape rather than a circular shape.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 1989
    Date of Patent: December 18, 1990
    Assignee: Anchor Hocking Corporation
    Inventor: Thomas H. Hayes
  • Patent number: 4976364
    Abstract: An improved cap and straw assembly for use with a water bottle or the like, wherein a bottle cap of the type having a poppet valve is equipped with a drinking straw for facilitated dispensing or drinking of a beverage from the bottle. The poppet valve includes a valve member adapted for movement to a position defining an open outlet port through which the bottle contents can be dispensed. The drinking straw has an upper end carried by the cap in surrounding relation to the outlet port, and a lower end terminating within the bottle near a bottle wall thereof. When the valve member is open, the straw permits the beverage to be sucked through the straw and poppet valve, thereby permitting beverage dispensing without requiring bottle inversion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 1990
    Date of Patent: December 11, 1990
    Inventor: Stanley B. Solomon
  • Patent number: 4971212
    Abstract: A tamper indicating package comprising a container having a finish with external threads thereon and a plastic closure comprising a base wall and a peripheral skirt. The closure has a tamper indicating band connected to the skirt along a weakened line and has at least one flange extending upwardly and inwardly for engagement with a retaining bead on the container. The flange is hinged to the band along a first hinge at one end extending circumferentially of the band and along a second hinge at an angle to the first hinge. The other end of the flange circumferentially spaced with respect to the second hinge is free such that when the closure is applied to the container the flange flexes over the retaining bead on the container until the free edge of the flange extends beneath the retaining bead on the container and when the closure is rotated to remove the closure, the flange prevents the band from being removed and causes severing of the band along the weakened line.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 1989
    Date of Patent: November 20, 1990
    Assignee: Owens-Illinois Closure Inc.
    Inventor: Maximillian Kusz
  • Patent number: 4967920
    Abstract: This relates to a closure for containers wherein the closure is provided with a tamper indicating member. However, in lieu of the tamper indicating member being in the form of a continuous band which remains on the container neck after the closure is removed, the closure indicating member is of a limited circumferential extent filling a notch in a band extending from the closure skirt in lieu of a conventional tamper indicating band. This band does not interlock with the container. Only the tamper indicating member interlocks with the container, which container is provided with the normal tamper bead. The tamper indicating member is attached to the lower edge of the closure skirt by axial bridges and two opposite ends of the band by circumferential bridges. The bridges may all rupture when the closure is removed from the container with the tamper indicating member dropping out and leaving a readily observable notch in the band.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 1989
    Date of Patent: November 6, 1990
    Assignee: Continental White Cap, Inc.
    Inventor: Randal A. Dahl
  • Patent number: 4967921
    Abstract: A container having a base connected to sidewalls which extend to a neck which is substantially elliptical in shape which is surmounted by a rim which forms a substantially elliptical shape, wherein the neck and rim define a container opening which is substantially elliptical in shape, has a closure which locks to the rim for closing the opening. The closure which encompasses the opening and rim, has a base which is substantially rectangular in shape from which a deformable skirt, which forms sides of the closure, extends.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 1989
    Date of Patent: November 6, 1990
    Assignee: Nestec S. A.
    Inventors: Gerard Pre, Yvo Sturny
  • Patent number: 4967919
    Abstract: A blood collection assembly is provided for blood collection tubes, and more particularly for evacuated blood collection tubes, whereby the potential exposure of laboratory technicians or hospital personnel to potentially infectious blood specimens is reduced. The device consists of a cap which is configured to be placed over and fitted onto the rubber stopper of an evacuated collection tube. The top surface of the cap includes a centrally located bore section which is surrounded by a downwardly directed retaining ring to prevent accidental exposure of the user to the upper flange portion of the stopper wherein the user is protected from exposure to the contaminated bottom surface of the stopper as the cap and stopper are removed from the collection tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 1989
    Date of Patent: November 6, 1990
    Assignee: Sherwood Medical Company
    Inventor: Stephen B. Earhart
  • Patent number: 4967922
    Abstract: A cap 6 has an outlet 8 and an air bleed valve 10 including a non return valve 18. The non return valve is isolated from the hydrostatic pressure which would prevent it opening, by a housing 12 and a breather tube 13.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 1989
    Date of Patent: November 6, 1990
    Assignee: Imperial Chemical Industries PLC
    Inventor: Malcolm Alder
  • Patent number: 4961511
    Abstract: A closure or closure element manufactured by injection moulding and provided with an easy opening device having a pull-ring and a tearing strip emerging therefrom.The tearing strip forms and defines a region which is concave. A recess is arranged cross-wise in a major part of an inlet to the concave region. The recess can be formed by the injected molten material having been diverted and delayed when entering the concave region. The delay enables the concave region and the portion of the tearing strip defining it to be formed substantially simultaneously. The orientation of the material at the junction of the tearing strip and the concave region is also diverted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 1989
    Date of Patent: October 9, 1990
    Assignee: AB Akerlund & Rausing
    Inventor: Lars-Erik Piltz
  • Patent number: 4960217
    Abstract: A bottle sealer includes a telescopic expansible hollow extension of a balloon shape formed on a disk portion of the sealer sealed in a bottleneck, and in fluid communication with a liquid filled in a bottle so that when the bottle filled with a liquid or water is subjected to a freezing temperature to become ice, the balloon extension may serve as a buffer for absorbing the volume expansion due to a conversion of water into ice.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 1989
    Date of Patent: October 2, 1990
    Inventor: Hsieh-Yih Teng
  • Patent number: 4955500
    Abstract: A sealing groove cover for a cylindrical fluid container includes a circular body, a circular outer sealing member, a circular inner sealing member and a circular male element. The outer sealing member is coupled to the circular body along its outer perimeter edge and snugly contacts the outer surface of the container wall. The circular inner sealing member is coupled to the circular body along its inner perimeter edge and is dimensioned to snugly contact the inner perimeter of a female groove which forms a part of the cylindrical container and is dimensioned to receive and seal with a removable lid. The circular male element of the sealing groove cover is located at a radial distance between the inner and outer sealing members and is aligned with the female groove of the container to form an interference fit between the sealing groove cover and the container female groove.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 1989
    Date of Patent: September 11, 1990
    Inventor: John R. Rhoads
  • Patent number: 4953731
    Abstract: A locking apparatus for selectively securing a lid to a box having one or more posts depending from the lid and engageable in mating vertical bores formed in the walls of the box, elongated locking members mounted for both axial and rotational adjustment in bores formed the walls of the box in perpendicularly partially intersecting relation to the vertical bores, each post having a notch registerable with the associatd locking member and each of the locking members having a notch registerable with associated the post when placed in a predetermined rotational and axial position so that the post is prevented by the locking member from being withdrawn from its vertical bore except when the notch in the locking member is in axial and rotational registration with the post, the rotational and axial positioning of the locking member being accomplished by manually engageable knobs projecting from the box, and each locking member having spring detents for holding same in the desired rotational and axial position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 1989
    Date of Patent: September 4, 1990
    Inventors: Michael R. Thornton, Allison A. Thornton
  • Patent number: 4951845
    Abstract: An enteral delivery universal port assembly fabricated from a first portion and a second portion of different materials. The first portion has a generally cylindrical side wall, an annular top surface and a corresponding annular bottom surface. The second portion has a central portion with a peripheral flange extending radially outward therefrom, and an annular portion positionable is superposed adjacent relationship to the annular bottom surface. Extending upwardly from the surface of the central portion are first and second projections, the first projection having a base which is a spikable membrane and the second projection being associated with filter means which allow air to enter the enteral nutritional product container to which the enteral delivery universal port assembly is secured in its operative embodiment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 1989
    Date of Patent: August 28, 1990
    Assignee: Abbott Laboratories
    Inventors: Paul A. Pezzoli, Gary N. Smith, Jerold Montgomery
  • Patent number: 4951830
    Abstract: There is disclosed a snap-on closure which has upper and lower annular beads on the inside wall of a peripheral skirt with a tear band defined by at least one score line in the skirt, located between the annular beads. The closure has a center corking skirt that is downwardly dependent from its undersurface and this corking skirt has sufficiently thin side walls to flex. The corking skirt is spaced concentrically within the outer peripheral skirt of the closure and is spaced apart from the peripheral skirt by an annulus having a width which is slightly less than the width of the inner lip found on the neck finish of conventional bottles. This ensures that the corking skirt will resiliently engage the inside mouth of the bottle and be deflected thereby, thus forming a seal in the mouth of the bottle. The corking skirt can have reinforcement gussets that project radially inwardly from its side wall and depend from the undersurface of the top disk of the closure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 1989
    Date of Patent: August 28, 1990
    Inventor: Benjamin A. Cochrane
  • Patent number: 4951829
    Abstract: A crown cap for sealing bottles comprising a cap body including substantially a flat top, a crimped portion formed on the periphery of the cap body and an outwardly extending finger tab integrally connected to a part of the crimped portion and having a width of about 5 to 7 included teeth. A small notch is formed at the intersection between the basal end of the finger tab and the crimped portion, from which a score line extends upwardly along the crimped portion and passes slightly across the peripheral curved portion of the flat top and has an appropriate depth. The finger tab is formed at the margin with a pleated portion to strengthen the rigidity. The score line may be curved at the terminal end towards any of one side on the right or the left and may be additionally provided with a short score line perpendicular to the first score line. In this construction, the crown cap can be easily opened off of the mouth of a bottle by pulling the finger tab over with fingers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 1989
    Date of Patent: August 28, 1990
    Inventor: Shih C. Hsu
  • Patent number: 4949858
    Abstract: A sample collection container for use in receiving samples for analysis and testing of fluids from a sample valve forming part of a chemical process line. The container includes a closure element which selectively engages the sample valve during collection and provides means for protecting the user handling the sample container after disengagement from the sample valve from spillage. The container closure is selectively engageable by a cap element when disengaged from the sample valve, the cap element having an orificed end wall which may be selectively closed or provided with means supporting a penetrable membrane for hypodermic extraction of fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 1989
    Date of Patent: August 21, 1990
    Assignee: Ethylene Corp.
    Inventor: Michael Sheridan
  • Patent number: 4949866
    Abstract: Disclosed is an improved cover or door for a bin type refuse container. In a preferred two-piece embodiment the invention comprises an upper member and a lower member joined together to form a generally unitary structure. A plurality of water channeling troughs or ribs are formed on the upper surface (upper member) of the cover. A plurality of support ribs are formed on the lower surface (lower member) of the member. In a preferred single piece embodiment, the invention comprises a ribbed, grooved, channeled, or corrugated platform member with lips or flanges extending downwardly from the periphery thereof so as to form a grooved, ribbed, channeled or corrugated platform like member with a slightly concaved underside. A plurality of support rods, tubes or other members extend across the underside of the platform like member abutting against the opposing edge lips or flanges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 1989
    Date of Patent: August 21, 1990
    Inventor: Glen D. Sanders
  • Patent number: 4948008
    Abstract: A can has two closed can ends, one of which is provided with a pull tab having a pull-up member connected to the pull tab. The pull tab can be torn away from the associated can end to form an opening by pulling up the pull-up member which is connected to the pull tab. The pull-up member includes a bottom portion and a tapered insert portion extending upwardly from the bottom portion. After the pull tab is detached from the can, the pull tab can be broken off from the pull-up member and the tapered insert portion can be used to snugly seal the opening in the can end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 1989
    Date of Patent: August 14, 1990
    Inventors: Jaw-Shyong Wu, Yun-Terng Wang, Hann-Chang Wu, Jiin-Tsong Shieh