Patents Examined by Evan Federman
  • Patent number: 5268191
    Abstract: Shortening compositions containing a lauric fat component such as coconut oil are provided in a form in which they are pourable and which have a eutectic characteristic wherein the solids content of the shortening composition is lower than the combined respective solids contents of the individual ingredients thereof, including a shortening base liquid edible oil component, the lauric fat component and, when desired, a flake component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 1991
    Date of Patent: December 7, 1993
    Assignee: Bunge Foods Corporation
    Inventor: Thomas G. Crosby
  • Patent number: 5229158
    Abstract: Macrocolloids of polyhydroxyalkanoates are used as fat substitutes. Polyhydroxybutyrate is the preferred homopolymer. The polymeric particles can have a particle size of from 0.1-10 microns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 1990
    Date of Patent: July 20, 1993
    Inventor: Manssur Yalpani
  • Patent number: 5225227
    Abstract: Polyhydroxyalkanoates are combined with fat soluble flavors to provide a flavor delivery system for low-fat and no-fat foods. The polyhydroxyalkanoates preferably have a porous structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 1990
    Date of Patent: July 6, 1993
    Inventor: Manssur Yalpani
  • Patent number: 5223300
    Abstract: A method is described for the preparation of a spread containing lactoprotein and/or vegetable protein and thickener, wherein, using a fat composition and a first aqueous composition as starting materials, the starting emulsion is first formed in a state in which the fat composition is entirely molten and a separately formed warm, thickener-containing, second aqueous composition is then emulsified in the starting emulsion at a temperature between 40.degree. and 70.degree. C. to form a final emulsion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 1991
    Date of Patent: June 29, 1993
    Assignee: Koninklejke Brinkers Margarinefabrieken B.V.
    Inventor: Bernardus H. C. Brinkers
  • Patent number: 5223283
    Abstract: There is disclosed a synthetic non-chocolate flavored chewing gum base which is substantially free of natural gum products, as well as a method of making such a gum base. The gum base includes between about 10 and about 30 percent of a synthetic elastomer, between about 20 and about 70 percent of a synthetic resin, and between about 0.3 and about 2.4 percent cocoa powder. In accordance with the present invention, the cocoa powder has a fat content of less than about 1 percent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 29, 1993
    Assignee: Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company
    Inventors: Michael A. Reed, Pamela M. Mazurek, Jeffrey S. Hook
  • Patent number: 5219605
    Abstract: Siloxy ester derivatives, notably compounds having a two-to twelve-carbon backbone to which is attached one to five fatty groups in ester or reversed ester linkage, and one or two siloxy groups each bearing three pendant aliphatic, ether, or ester groups, comprise a new class of edible fat mimetics. These compounds have the general formula ##STR1## where B is an aliphatic group having 2 to 12 carbons, X is an alkyl or oxaalkyl having 1 to 18 carbons (or mixtures thereof), or an ester group of the formula --O--(CO)--R, R is an aliphatic group having 1 to 29 carbons, m is 1 or 2, and n+p is 1 to 5. Methods of using the new fat mimetics and food compositions incorporating them are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 1991
    Date of Patent: June 15, 1993
    Assignee: Nabisco, Inc.
    Inventors: Lawrence P. Klemann, John W. Finley
  • Patent number: 5217742
    Abstract: The present invention is concerned with a plastic bi-continuous emulsion containing 5-21 wt. % fat and comprising a continuous aqueous phase, wherein the stress observed at the F-strain when the stress is registered as a function of the strain applied, is 10%, preferably at least 25% higher than the stress observed for the aqueous phase composition at the same strain.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 1991
    Date of Patent: June 8, 1993
    Assignee: Van den Bergh Foods Co., Division of Conopco, Inc.
    Inventors: Malcolm G. Jones, Ian T. Norton
  • Patent number: 5211981
    Abstract: A process for making a uniform liquid, pourable shortening involves preparing a melted base oil containing partially hydrogenated oil and optionally highly hydrogenated oil, then blending a melted emulsifier containing at least 30% monoglyceride with the base oil so that the monoglyceride content of the total blend is 10% to 16%. The amounts of emulsifier and highly hydrogenated oil are chosen so that they fall within the cross-hatched area EFGD in FIG. 1. The melted blend is rapidly cooled and partially crystallized in a first zone, and then worked by agitation in a second zone. The product shortening has the following solid fat index: 3-12 at 50.degree. F., 0-7 at 70.degree. F., 0-4 at 80.degree. F., 0-3 at 92.degree. F., and not more than 3 at 104.degree. F.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 1992
    Date of Patent: May 18, 1993
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Edward R. Purves, Larry D. Halstead, Keith D. Adams
  • Patent number: 5211979
    Abstract: The present invention is concerned with a fat composition comprising a mixture of one or more polyol fatty acid polyesters, which mixture exhibits Newtonian rheology at solid fat content of at least 15%, and with a fatty acid distribution which complies with the condition:PY<1.1wherePY=2.94*y+2.1*x+16.6*y.sup.2 +2.7*x.sup.2 +14.6*xy-0.26wherein x=[P]-[M] and y=[S]-[P] and PY means predicted yield and which in the same time complies with each of the following conditions:[B]<0.35either [P]<0.40 or [P]<0.65and [L]<0.15,wherein [P] is the molar fraction of palmitic acid residues, [M] is the molar fraction of myristic acid residues and [S] is the molar fraction of stearic acid and longer saturated fatting acid residues, [B] is the molar fraction of lauric and shorter fatty acid residues, [L] is the molar fraction of saturated fatty acid residues having a carbon chain length of at least 20.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 1991
    Date of Patent: May 18, 1993
    Assignee: Van den Bergh Foods Co., Division of Conopco, Inc.
    Inventors: Dirk W. Bruijne, Wilhelmus A. Castenmiller, Theodorus J. Liefkens, Johannus de Looff, Volkmar K. Muller
  • Patent number: 5204029
    Abstract: Microcapsules having a solid, fusible shell and a multiplicity of liquid cores. The microcapsules can be made by spray-cooling a water-in-oil type emulsion. The microcapsules, in aggregate, are a dry, free-flowing powder, and can be heated or otherwise processed to release their contents. The microcapsules can be used in food and non-food applications. The core can be any liquid, preferably aqueous, which does not readily dissolve or disperse the shell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 1989
    Date of Patent: April 20, 1993
    Assignee: Morgan Food Products, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert Morgan, Peter A. Blagdon
  • Patent number: 5194282
    Abstract: At least part of the fat in fat-containing manufactured food products is replaced by gelatin in an amount by weight which is generally no more than 10% of the weight of the original fat content which has been replaced. Suitable gelatin for this purpose may be made from fish waste comprising fish skins by an aqueous extraction process, such as e.g. a stepwise process including separate alkaline, mineral acid and organic acid treatment steps. The gelatin is said to mimic the sensation experienced by the consumer of the creaminess or richness of foodstuffs containing regular fat levels. Exemplary products to which the invention may be applied are baked goods, dressings, whipped toppings, frostings, cream fillings and spreads. In Examples, the fat content is thus reduced substantially, to give food products which closely resemble in quality the higher fat-containing analogs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 26, 1990
    Date of Patent: March 16, 1993
    Assignee: Bar Ilan University
    Inventors: Shlomo Grossman, Margalit Bergman, Abraham I. Bakal, Penny A. Cash
  • Patent number: 5194285
    Abstract: The present invention is concerned with a process for preparing a dispersion comprising a continuous fat phase and a dispersed gelled aqueous phase, wherein a water-continuous composition, containing, calculated on the water:(i) more than 200 ppm amino acid residues; and(ii) more than the critical concentration of one or more gelling polysaccharides capable of forming a reversible gel,is cooled from above the gel setting temperature of the water-continuous composition to below said gel setting temperature and subjected to such conditions of shear that the water-continuous composition is converted into small gelled aqueous beads, after which a fat-continuous dispersion is formed while maintaining the temperature at below the gel melting temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 1991
    Date of Patent: March 16, 1993
    Assignee: Van den Bergh Foods Co., Division of Conopco, Inc.
    Inventor: Ian T. Norton
  • Patent number: 5194281
    Abstract: This invention relates to polyol fatty acid polyester compositions having improved physiological properties, organoleptic properties (i.e. mouth feel), liquid/solid stability and chemical stability. These polyol fatty acid polyesters are characterized in that (a) not more than about 0.6% of the fatty acid groups contain three or more double bonds, not more than about 20% of the fatty acid groups contain two or more double bonds, and not more than about 35% of the fatty acid double bonds are trans double bonds; (b) the polyesters have an iodine value between about 15 and about 60; and (c) the solid fat content/liquid solid stability ratio is not greater than 0.25. This invention also relates to a process for preparing these improved polyol polyester compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 16, 1993
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Robert W. Johnston, Josephine L. Kong-Chan, Richard G. Schafermeyer, Paul Seiden
  • Patent number: 5192577
    Abstract: A nutritional composition in the form of an oil-in-water emulsion containing an amino acid source and a glucide is stabilized by the presence of a combination of kappa-carrageenan and xanthan gum. The composition is prepared by mixing a colloidal solution containing an amino acid source and a glucide with an oil-in-water emulsion. The stabilizers may be incorporated into the composition by adding them to the colloidal solution prior to mixing the solution with the emulsion or by adding them after mixing the colloidal solution with the emulsion. The composition also may be sterilized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 1991
    Date of Patent: March 9, 1993
    Assignee: Nestec S.A.
    Inventor: Gerard Masson
  • Patent number: 5192569
    Abstract: Microcrystalline cellulose intimately admixed with a galactomannan gum such as guar gum, in an aqueous medium and then dried, preferably by spray drying, forms a novel aggregate comprising a powder whose particles are spheroidal in shape. The resulting material may be used e.g., as a low-calorie fat-like material in certain foods. Optionally, a third, edible, component such as a lipophilic material, or a hydrophilic material, such as a proteinaceous material or a polysaccharide, or mixtures thereof, may be incorporated in this composition to enhance taste and/or other desired properties. When this composition, in colloidal form, is added to such foods as salad dressings or dairy products as a fat substitute, it imparts a fat-like mouth feel and consistency without the caloric value of fat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 1991
    Date of Patent: March 9, 1993
    Assignee: FMC Corporation
    Inventors: Emanuel J. McGinley, Domingo C. Tuason, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5192566
    Abstract: A whole egg analogue is disclosed wherein a yolk analogue is treated to form a membrane on its outer surface. The yolk analogue with its attendant membrane is combined with natural egg white, treated egg white or an egg white analogue to form the whole egg analogue.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 1990
    Date of Patent: March 9, 1993
    Inventors: James P. Cox, Jeanne M. Cox
  • Patent number: 5192575
    Abstract: A fat simulating composition is composed of a substantial portion of elongated, irregularly shaped carbohydrate gel particles having a longest axial dimension of up to 250 microns with a mean volume diameter ranging from about 10 microns to about 100 microns; the particles are in a hydrated state so as to have the substantially smooth organoleptic character of an oil emulsion. This fat simulating product is substituted in foods for all or a portion of the fat and/or oil used in that food product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 1991
    Date of Patent: March 9, 1993
    Assignee: Hercules Incorporated
    Inventors: Andrew C. Hoefler, Julia A. Sleap, Jens E. Trudso
  • Patent number: 5190783
    Abstract: Primary amide esters, ester amide derivatives of the general formula: ##STR1## where B is an organic radical having from 2 to 6 carbons,m=1 to 3,n=1 to 3, andeach R is, independently, an aliphatic, ether or ester group having 1 to 29 carbon atomsare edible, preferably partially digestible, fat replacements for foods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 12, 1991
    Date of Patent: March 2, 1993
    Assignee: Nabisco, Inc.
    Inventors: Lawrence P. Klemann, John W. Finley, Ronald G. Yarger
  • Patent number: 5190781
    Abstract: The invention is concerned with water-continuous non-dairy creams (NDC) with 20-50 wt. % of fat and optionally thickeners and emulsifiers. These NDC's are stable and spoonable and display preferably Stevens values of 10-500 g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 1991
    Date of Patent: March 2, 1993
    Assignee: Van den Bergh Foods Co., Division of Conopco, Inc.
    Inventors: Jan Van Heteren, David M. King, Evelyn M. Moriarty
  • Patent number: 5190782
    Abstract: Acylated amino acid ester derivatives are disclosed as fat mimetic compounds for reduced calorie food compositions. These compounds are derived from amino acids and contain one amino group acylated with a fatty acid or fatty acid derivative, one carboxylic group esterified with a fatty alcohol or a fatty alcohol derivative, and, optionally, a free or derivatized amino acid side chain. Many of the compounds can be represented by the following formula: ##STR1## where A is a hydrocarbyl group derived from an amino acid, X is a free or derivatized amino acid side chain, n is 0 or 1, and R and R' are aliphatic, ether or ester groups. Preferred compounds have one side chain and are partially digestible, achieving reduced caloric value and reducing problems associated with non-metabolizable fat substitutes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 1991
    Date of Patent: March 2, 1993
    Assignee: Nabisco, Inc.
    Inventors: Ronald G. Yarger, Lawrence P. Klemann, John W. Finley