Abstract: A high speed turbogenerator functionally combining, in one machine, an electrical generator and an expansion turbine. The electrical generator itself has a shaft supported on two bearings and the expansion turbine comprises an expander wheel overhung on the generator shaft and which rotates as a high pressure gas is let down in the expansion turbine to a lower pressure at a minimum predetermined flow rate and pressure drop. The shaft operates at speeds of about 6,000 rpm to 32,000 rpm, preferably at the higher end of such range, i.e. 20,000 to 24,000 rpm. The unit is sufficiently compact that a new use for the electrical generator is to modify the same such that the entire high speed turbogenerator is contained within the conduit carrying the gas to be let down in pressure and only electrical wires need be led through the conduit. The integrity of the conduit is thus retained to the extent possible and only a high pressure cable fitting extends through the conduit.
Abstract: A gas turbine power plant is provided with an industrial gas turbine which drives a rotating brushless exciter generator coupled to a power system through a breaker. One or more of the turbine-generator plants are operated by a hybrid digital computer control system during sequenced startup, synchronizing, load, and shutdown operations. The program system for the computer and external analog circuitry operate in a multiple gas turbine control loop arrangement. Automatic synchronization is achieved with a hybrid subsystem which includes the programmed computer and external phase detection circuitry. An automatic synchronization program for the computer is divided into rough speed and voltage matching, fine speed matching and breaker closure subprograms.
Abstract: An antiskid control circuit for aircraft or other braked vehicles in which a deceleration detector determines the instantaneous rate of deceleration of the vehicle, and provides a deceleration signal to an integrator and lead network, in parallel interconnection. The outputs of the lead network and modulator are applied to an antiskid valve through a summing circuit. The deceleration detector is provided with a selectable gain, such that the gain is greater when the wheel is decelerating than when it is accelerating, allowing the integrator to obtain an average charge as a function of deceleration.
Abstract: An automatic machining apparatus includes means of sensing or measuring displacements of a work model, manual operation means for manually operating said sensing means, a displacement determining device for measuring the pressure difference responsive to the displacement measured by said sensing means, means for conversion of said pressure difference into electric signals and transmission of said signals, means for memorizing said signals transmitted from the signal transmitting means and storing the information in response to said transmitted signals, including means for computing the positional difference or disagreement between the sensing means and the work model, means for displacing machining means for machining a work piece in accordance with the necessary information provided from the memory stored in the memorizing means, means for slidably, rotatably or withdrawably mounting the sensing means nearby the machining means, means for holding the work model or work piece, means of controlling the holding
Abstract: The present control device is used in connection with a diphase or polyphase stepper motor in which the coils of two phases (b.sub.i, b.sub.j) are not simultaneously supplied with driving current. A commutation circuit CC is adapted to connect the coils to a voltage source V or to a detection circuit CD. A logic control circuit CL.sub.1, CL.sub.2, CL.sub.3, itself controlled by a clock signal source G.sub.1 and by a generator of programmed control pulses PG, supplies control signals to said circuits CC and CD. The control device provides a feedback control of the motor as a function of the speed and the position of the rotor at various instants of the control cycle in accordance with a predetermined program so as to assure perfectly reliable operation of the motor with a minimum of electric energy even for motors manufactured with rather wide manufacturing tolerances.
Abstract: An improved control apparatus and method for servo system control is disclosed wherein a generally increasing or decreasing control signal is supplied to a source of energy when a desired parameter of interest produced by said source of energy is not equal to a desired value, and a constant control signal when the parameter of interest does equal the desired value. The constant control signal is determined by the previous constant control signal plus the product of the difference between the peak value of the generally increasing or decreasing control signal and the previous constant control signal multiplied by a constant.
Abstract: A supply reel servo for a tape transport in which a motor-driven capstan of low inertia draws tape past a cylindrical scanning drum includes a tension servo arm which provides a signal denoting tape tension in a loop adjacent the supply reel. This signal is compared with a reference to develop an error signal to control the supply reel motor. The reference is modified in response to a signal which represents the energization of the capstan motor and accordingly the torque output thereof so as to provide automatic compensation for variation in tape tension at the scanning drum.
Abstract: An elevator system, and method of operating same, in which emergency back-up service is provided all floors of a building when normal service is degraded, such as due to a dispatcher malfunction, a communication failure between the elevator cars of a bank of cars and a group supervisory controller or dispatcher, failure of the hall call circuits, and the like. When the emergency service is provided, a different initial block of floors is assigned to each elevator car, and as each elevator car completes a round trip its block of assignments are revised in a rotational manner. Thus, all floors are guaranteed service as long as at least one elevator car is operational.
Abstract: A D.C. commutatorless electric motor comprises a rotor having a permanent magnet, first and second Hall elements for detecting rotational angle of the rotor according a magnetic field formed by the permanent magnet of the rotor, first and second stator coils respectively coupled to the first Hall element through first and second switching elements, third and fourth stator coils respectively coupled to the second Hall element through third and fourth switching elements, first impedance control element for controlling impedances of the first and second switching elements, and a second impedance control element for controlling impedances of the third and fourth switching elements. One terminal of the first and second stator coils is coupled to a positive power source terminal, and the other terminal of the first and second stator coils is coupled at a common connection point to the third and fourth stator coils which have one terminal coupled to a negative power source terminal.
Abstract: Airfoils (32) are secured to the frame (26) of a vertical axis windmill (20) to provide vertical lift to a rotatable vertical shaft (22) and to armatures (54) of electrical generators (50), thereby eliminating friction between each armature (54) and its end bearing (58) as well as between the vertical shaft (22) and its end bearing (68). An indicator (180) provides an indication that the generators (50) of the windmill (20) are generating an alternating electrical current having at least a predetermined voltage magnitude.
Abstract: Using a two Reservoir System, a portion of the water moves from Reservoir to Reservoir. In its path, it collects air, which is expanded by Solar Energy, which helps to move weights, by an expanding and contracting float method to create substantial Hydro Power, after which it returns back to the path of which it started, without causing any pollution and without using any outside fuel whatsoever.
Abstract: A brushless, preferably coreless, disc-type DC motor or generator characterized by a positive, unidirectional, nearly constant torque is disclosed. The machine in a preferred form comprises a rotor disc mounted for rotation with the shaft and a stator fixedly mounted in coaxial parallel relation to the rotor. The stator contains at least two interleaved sets of coils, with the sets of coils adapted to be alternately energized for current flow in the same direction in the plane of the stator to generate axially extending magnetic fields all of the same polarity. The rotor disc carries in a circular array at least one permanent magnet, asymmetrically shaped in relation to the shape of the stator coils, each having a tip portion and a base portion; and with a magnetic field of common polarity extending in the same axial direction as the magnetic fields of the energized coils. When the tip portions of the magnets are aligned with a first set of coils, that set is energized to create a torque on the rotor.
Abstract: A brushless DC motor utilizing only a single position detector and which provides a uniform torque output characteristic with little or no vibration. N phase drive coils are fixedly mounted on a stator yoke. A magnetic rotor assembly, which is rotated by the drive coils, is coupled to rotate a rotary encoder on which m tracks of digitally coded waveform data are recorded. A single m-channel stationary detecting element detects the waveform data produced by rotating the rotary encoder to provide an m-bit parallel signal. The m-bit parallel signal is code converted and applied through power amplifiers to drive the drive coils.
Abstract: Proximity detector circuitry of particular value in controlling the operation of elevator car doors. Sensors are set in the edge of the door. The outputs of the sensors are fed to one or more differential amplifiers which produce outputs dependent on the sensors. One such output may be compared in a further differential amplifier with its previous output slightly delayed in time and the results of the comparison used to actuate a door closing/opening control circuit. In addition large outputs arising from major differences in the sensors output may be fed (suitably attenuated) to the closing/opening control circuit.
Abstract: An elevator operating system includes an abnormality detector for detecting an abnormal door opening of an elevator car, a response limiting circuit which is responsive to the detection of the abnormal door opening to limit the response to car calls and floor calls for the elevator car, a re-execution circuit for re-executing the door opening of the elevator car detected as being abnormal, and a releasing circuit for releasing the limitation of the response to the car and floor calls in response to no detection of the abnormal door opening during its re-execution.
Abstract: A starter motor housing comprising a tubular housing formed by an annular wall having a thickened wall portion adjacent the stator winding of the starter motor. The stator cores abut against and are secured to the inner periphery of the thickened wall portion to increase the flux path and, thus, the effective flux energy produced by the stator windings. However, the thickened wall portion is disposed intermediate radially reduced wall end portions to reduce the weight and size of the motor housing. Preferably, the tubular housing is an iron casting.
Abstract: A speed switch for an elevator system which obtains its information from distance pulses generated in response to car travel. The reference speed setting of the switch is a function of the desired predetermined speed at which the switch is to operate, the number of distance pulses produced per inch of car travel, and the time required by a counter to count to a predetermined value. This arrangement facilitates the selection of the reference speed setting of the speed switch, such as by using a thumb switch. An emergency terminal stopping arrangement using the speed switch is also disclosed, as is a new and improved elevator system in which the normal slow-down speed pattern and emergency terminal stop functions are both resposive to distance pulses produced in response to car movement, enabling a terminal slow-down speed pattern to be initiated by circuitry independent of the distance pulses, such as via a notched terminal slow-down blade adjacent to each terminal floor.
August 19, 1983
Date of Patent:
March 12, 1985
Westinghouse Electric Corp.
Fitzroy L. Lawrence, Pantelis G. Tinios
Abstract: Disclosed is a robot control apparatus which drives a rotational drive unit (103) for rotating a robot arm about an axis of rotation. The robot control apparatus includes a rotational speed decision unit (SJC) to assure that the rotational speed of the robot arm driven by the rotational drive unit (103) will not exceed a maximum allowable speed. The rotational speed decision unit (SJC) is adapted to compute an allowable rotational speed (Ft) for an input arm length (Ra), compare the computed allowable rotational speed (Ft) with an input speed (Fin), and produce, as a commanded speed (Fc), the smaller of the two compared speeds.
Abstract: A power supply in which a single variable voltage supply device is used as a power source for a plurality of motors which are simultaneously or successively rotated, in which each motor is subjected to constant current driving by a current control device connected to the motor, and in which the variable voltage supply device is controlled so as to produce a voltage which is the sum of the highest one of the voltages required for driving the motors and necessary and minimum voltage with which all the current control devices are operable.
Abstract: Ordinarily, an interpolator (102) executes pulse calculations on the basis of a movement command from a command tape (101), to generate the respective distributed pulses XP, YP, ZP, BP and CP of cartesian coordinate axes and spherical coordinate axes, and these pulses drive corresponding servomotors (113)-(117) through servo circuits (108)-(112). In order to keep the relative position between the nose of a tool and a workpiece unchanged in a manual operation, a tool holder is positioned in the cartesian coordinate system, whereupon manual pulses in the B-axial or C-axial direction are generated by a manual pulse generator (103). Then, the distributed pulses BP and CP are generated through the interpolator (102) and rotate the servomotors (116) and (117). The distributed pulses are simultaneously impressed on a compensation circuit (104), which calculates the compensation pulses XHP, YHP and ZHP so as to drive the servomotors with pulses obtained by adding the compensation pulses to the distributed pulses.