Patents Examined by Jacqueline V. Howard
  • Patent number: 6613725
    Abstract: A refrigerating oil composition for a carbon dioxide refrigerant which comprises as a main component a mixture comprising (A) a polyvinyl ether having a kinematic viscosity of 3 to 50 mm2/s at 100° C. in an amount exceeding 40% by weight and of 99.1% by weight or less and (B) a polyoxyalkylene glycol having a kinematic viscosity of 3 to 50 mm2/s at 100° C. in an amount of 0.1% by weight or more and less than 40% by weight. The composition exhibits an excellent lubricating property and a great viscosity index even when a carbon dioxide refrigerant is used. The composition exhibits excellent stability and an excellent lubricating property under the atmosphere of carbon dioxide in the supercritical condition while the above advantageous properties are maintained and can be used for a long period of time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2003
    Assignee: Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Toshinori Tazaki
  • Patent number: 6610637
    Abstract: A lubricant containing (a) a synthetic base oil composition having an overall kinematic viscosity of at least about 4.8×10−6m2/s (4.8 cSt) at 100° C. and a viscosity index of at least about 110; (b) a dispersant-viscosity modifier; and (c) a sulfur-free functionalized hydrocarbyl-substituted phenol detergent provides improved valve train wear, with longer drain intervals, to heavy duty diesel engines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2003
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Thomas T. Curtis, Gordon D. Lamb, William D. Abraham
  • Patent number: 6610636
    Abstract: A premium synthetic lubricant having antiwear properties comprises a synthetic isoparaffinic hydrocarbon base stock and an effective amount of at least one antiwear additive. The antiwear additive is preferably at least one of a metal phosphate, a metal dialkyldithiophosphate, a metal dithiophosphate a metal thiocarbamate, a metal dithiocarbamate, an ethoxylated amine dialkyldithiophosphate and an ethoxylated amine dithiobenzoate. Metal dialkyldithiophosphates are preferred, particularly zincdialkyldithiophosphate (ZDDP). The base stock is derived from a waxy, Fischer-Tropsch synthesized hydrocarbon feed fraction comprising hydrocarbons having an initial boiling point in the range of about 650-750° F., by a process which comprises hydroisomerizing the feed and dewaxing the isomerate. The lubricant may also contain hydrocarbonaceous and synthetic base stock material in admixture with the Fischer-Tropsch derived base stock.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2003
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: Paul J. Berlowitz, Jacob J. Habeeb, Robert J. Wittenbrink
  • Patent number: 6610110
    Abstract: A novel aviation fuel characterized by having a low freeze point (typically no higher than −40° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2003
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventor: John S. Manka
  • Patent number: 6605575
    Abstract: The object of the present invention is to provide a cutting oil composition excellent in solubility, lubricity, cutting properties, antirust ability, safety, and washing ability and reduced in foaming, and for that purpose, an N-acylamino acid having a long chain acyl group and/or a salt thereof, or an N-alkylamino acid having a long chain alkyl group and/or a salt thereof is used concurrently with an alkylalkylene oxide and/or an acylalkylene oxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2003
    Assignee: Ajinomoto Co., Inc.
    Inventor: Naoya Yamato
  • Patent number: 6605572
    Abstract: This invention relates to a lubricating oil composition, comprising: (A) a base oil and (B) a boron-containing compound represented by the formulae wherein in Formulae (B-I), (B-II) and (B-III), each R is independently an organic group and any two adjacent R groups may together form a cyclic group; the lubricating oil composition containing sulfur, boron and optionally phosphorus with the ratio of sulfur to boron to phosphorus being represented by the formula S1+5B1+3P1>0.35 wherein S1 is the concentration in percent by weight of sulfur in the composition, B1 is the concentration in percent by weight of boron in the composition, and P1 is the concentration in percent by weight of phosphorus in the composition; the concentration of sulfur in the lubricating oil composition being from about 0.01% to about 0.25% by weight; the concentration of phosphorus in the lubricating oil composition being up to about 0.08% by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2003
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Virginia A. Carrick, Ewa A. Bardasz, William D. Abraham, Gordon D. Lamb
  • Patent number: 6602829
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for the application of a lubricant layer to a frictionally stressed surface of an object, and to a corresponding object, the lubricant layer, in use, containing boric acid. For production, the object is introduced into a reactor and the reactor is evacuated. Then, to produce an adhesion-promoter layer, a process gas is introduced, which contains boron, nitrogen and/or carbon at least in the form of a compound or releases the corresponding element under process conditions, and penetrates into the region of the surface of the object, in particular by diffusion. To produce an intermediate layer containing boron and oxygen, a second precursor material, which contains boron at least in the form of a compound and releases the boron under process conditions, and a first precursor material, which contains oxygen at least in the form of a compound and releases the oxygen under process conditions, are introduced into the depositing gas phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2003
    Assignee: DaimlerChrysler AG
    Inventor: Hans-Jürgen Füsser
  • Patent number: 6602832
    Abstract: An oil-soluble lubricant additive composition comprising: (a) at least one compound of formula I:  wherein R1, R2, R3 and R4 are independently hydrogen, alkyl, alkenyl, aryl or aralkyl; or R1 and R2, or R3 and R4, combine with the carbon atom to which they are attached to form an alkyl or alkenyl ring; and (b) an acid having the formula RCO2H, wherein R is C1-C25 alkyl, C2-C25 alkenyl, C2-C25 alkynyl, C5-C25 aryl or C5-C25 aralkyl.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2003
    Assignee: Crompton Corporation
    Inventors: Ravindranath Mukkamala, Rajiv Manohar Banavali
  • Patent number: 6599865
    Abstract: It has unexpectedly been found that the combination of (1) an alkylated diphenylamine, (2) a sulfurized olefin/fatty oil and/or an ashless dialkyldithiocarbamate, and (3) an alkylated phenothiazine, is highly effective at controlling crankcase lubricant oxidation and deposit formation. The present invention includes lubricating compositions, lubricating additives, and methods for improving the antioxidancy and/or deposit formation properties of a lubricating composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2003
    Assignee: Ethyl Corporation
    Inventors: Carl K. Esche, Jr., Vincent J. Gatto, William Y. Lam
  • Patent number: 6599864
    Abstract: The invention concerns a novel hydrocarbon base oil for lubricants, having a viscosity index not less than 130, comprising mainly long isoparaffinic hydrocarbon chains, branched over several carbon atoms. The invention is characterized in that said chains comprise a number of carbon atoms greater than 25 and have a ratio of the number of substituents consisting of at least two carbon atoms over the number of methyl-type substituents, not less than 0.9.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2003
    Assignee: Total Raffinage Distribution S.A.
    Inventor: Olivier Bertomeu
  • Patent number: 6599867
    Abstract: Overbased detergent additives for lubricating oils comprise an organic substantially aromatic carboxylate, such as an alkylsalicylate, as a surfactant and have a TBN of 200 or greater, an active ingredient content of 70 mass % or greater, a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. of less than 1000 mm2s−1 and a basicity index (BI) of less than 13.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2003
    Assignee: Infineum International Ltd.
    Inventors: Steve Hammond, Mark A. Price, Philip Skinner
  • Patent number: 6596674
    Abstract: The invention is a liquid composition of matter useful as a metal working lubricant. The composition comprises a primary lubricity component, such as a polyether or polyether ester, and dissolved salts of carboxylic acids. The composition preferably contains not more than 0.2 percent of any element except carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, alkaline earth metals, alkali metals, inorganically bonded halogens, inorganically bonded nitrogen, inorganically bonded sulfur, and inorganically bonded phosphorus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2003
    Assignee: Henkel Corporation
    Inventor: Frank K. Botz
  • Patent number: 6596671
    Abstract: A bi-metal aluminum includes bearing an aluminum-based bearing layer, a steel backing, and an intermediate aluminum-based layer that has a thickness of from 60 to 120 micrometers positioned between the aluminum-based bearing layer and the steel backing. The intermediate layer has a yield strength that is less than that of the aluminum-based bearing layer. The aluminum-based bearing layer has a fine microstructure which imparts a very high fatigue strength. The aluminum bearing layer generally includes 4% to 15% by weight lead or tin, up to 26% by weight silicon and up to 2% by weight of any of the elements magnesium, manganese, nickel, zirconium, zinc, copper, or chromium with the remainder of the bearing layer being aluminum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2003
    Assignee: Federal-Mogul World Wide, Inc.
    Inventors: Warren J. Whitney, Jr., Jeffrey C. Hunter
  • Patent number: 6593281
    Abstract: To provide a lubricating oil composition for automatic transmission which ensures both a high torque capacity of a wet clutch and a good &mgr;(coefficient of friction)-V (sliding velocity) characteristic in an automatic transmission along with excellent storage stability in a high humidity environment. A lubricating oil composition for automatic transmission is provided, which comprises a lubricating base oil made of a mineral oil and/or a synthetic oil formulated with a friction modifier, a metal detergent and an ashless dispersant, characterized in that said ashless dispersant consists of an succinimide having boron at a rate of three or less atoms in one molecule of the ashless dispersant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2003
    Assignee: TonenGeneral Sekiyu K.K.
    Inventors: Takehisa Sato, Takanori Kugimiya
  • Patent number: 6589920
    Abstract: The lubricating oil composition of the invention comprises a lubricating oil base (A) and a copolymer (B) of ethylene and an &agr;-olefin of 3 to 20 carbon atoms. The copolymer (B) of ethylene and an &agr;-olefin of 3 to 20 carbon atoms is contained in the composition in an amount of 1 to 20% by weight and has the following properties: (1) the ethylene content (E) is in the range of 40 to 77% by weight, (2) the weight-average molecular weight (Mw) in terms of polystyrene, as measured by GPC, is in the range of 80,000 to 400,000, (3) Mw/Mn is not more than 2.4, (4) the melting point (Tm), as measured by DSC, is not higher than 60° C., (5) the ethylene content (E, % by weight) and the melting point (Tm, ° C.), as measured by DSC, satisfy the following relation (I): 3.31×E−186≧Tm  (I), and (6) the intensity ratio, S&agr;&bgr;/S&agr;&agr;, measured by 13C-NMR spectrum is not more than 0.5.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2003
    Assignees: Mitsui Chemicals, Inc., The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Keiji Okada, Ryousuke Kaneshige
  • Patent number: 6589918
    Abstract: This invention is to provide a conductive grease which is less to decrease conductivity as a time passes. The conductive grease comprises abase oil, a thickener, a conductive solid powder, and at least one kind of a wear inhibitor, an extreme pressure agent and an oiliness agent, wherein an amount of the conductive solid powder added is 0.1 to 10 wt %, and an amount of the at least one kind of a wear inhibitor, an extreme pressure agent and an oiliness agent added is 0.1 to 10 wt %. Further, the conductive grease comprises the base oil and at least one of conductive additives, and the conductive additives are fibrous carbon, metallic particle, metallic compound particle and carbon nano-tube. The conductive grease to be packed into the rolling bearing comprises conductive fine particles such as carbon black and has an oil separation degree of 2% or lower.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2003
    Assignee: NSK Ltd.
    Inventors: Katsuaki Denpo, Atsushi Yokouchi, Koichi Hachiya, Michiharu Naka, Tooru Shouda, Hideki Koizumi
  • Patent number: 6586646
    Abstract: Various vinylidene-containing polymers are obtained in the presence of a single-site catalyst. For example, the polymers include ethylene/isobutene copolymer, ethylene/propylene/isobutene terpolymer, ethylene/styrene/isobutene terpolymer, ethylene/&agr;-methyl-styrene/isobutene terpolymer, propylene/isobutene copolymer, styrene/isobutene copolymer, and &agr;-methyl-styrene/isobutene copolymer. These polymers may be used to formulate lubricant oils.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2003
    Assignee: Pennzoil-Quaker State Company
    Inventors: William J. Heilman, I-Ching Chiu, Wei Song, James C. W. Chien
  • Patent number: 6586374
    Abstract: A synthetic lubricant for gasoline and diesel engines having a viscosity ranging between about 14.5 and 16.5 cs at 100° C., the lubricant containing from about 55 to about 75 volume percent polyalphaolefin having a viscosity of about 6 to 8 cs at 100° C., an ethylene-propylene copolymer, an ester or diester, a packaged additive, a total base number enhancer and a minor effective amount of an antifoamant. A method of use is also provided whereby the subject lubricant is recirculated through an operating engine while periodically monitoring the total base number and adjusting the total base number to a level of about 12.0 by the addition of a total base number enhancer such as calcium phenate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2003
    Assignee: Primrose Oil Company
    Inventor: Edward Alan Paul
  • Patent number: 6585966
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a water-soluble solid composition that produces a lubricating liquid when dissolved in water. The composition is preferably prepared by kneading particles of a solid, such as sodium polyacrylate, with water and one or more optional additives to form a mixture. This kneaded mixture is then molded or otherwise formed into a desired shape, preferably one that is easily held such as a lump, sphere, or rod. The shaped composition may also be provided with a partial cover of a water-insoluble material or other modified surface so that it may be held more securely. In use a dry portion of the solid composition can be held in the hand and applied to an area of moistened skin to apply a lubricating liquid without also applying the lubricating liquid to the hand. Similarly, a portion of the solid composition may be moistened and then rubbed on dry skin to apply a lubricating liquid to the skin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2003
    Inventor: Minoru Kojima
  • Patent number: 6586375
    Abstract: This invention relates to a lubricating composition comprising a major amount of an oil of lubricating viscosity and a minor amount of a salt of at least one nitrogen containing polyacrylate and at least one phosphorus acid ester. The invention also relates to lubricating compositions and concentrates containing the same. The present phosphorus salts of the nitrogen containing copolymers provide improved dispersant, viscosity improver and antiwear properties to lubricating compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2003
    Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation
    Inventors: Michael P. Gahagan, Matthew R. Sivik