Patents Examined by Jason D. Vierra Eisenberg
  • Patent number: 6011630
    Abstract: The invention relates to an apparatus and method for applying a finishing block to a lens. The apparatus displays an alignment pattern representing characteristics of the lens and includes a visual representation of the allowable tolerance in the position of the optical center of the lens and the prism of the lens. An imaging screen is provided for imaging the alignment pattern and reference data applied to a surface of the lens. The lens is positioned in the apparatus with the pattern and the data aligned. With the lens in this position, a determination is made using the visual representation as to whether the lens is within the allowable tolerance. If this is the case, the apparatus automatically attaches the finishing block to the lens in registration with the reference data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 1996
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2000
    Assignee: Gerber Optical, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert M. Shanbaum, David C. Finegan
  • Patent number: 5959738
    Abstract: Disclosed are photometric methods and devices for determining optical pathlength of liquid samples containing analytes dissolved or suspended in a solvent. The methods and devices rely on determining a relationship between the light absorption properties of the solvent and the optical pathlength of liquid samples containing the solvent. This relationship is used to establish the optical pathlength for samples containing an unknown concentration of analyte but having similar solvent composition. Further disclosed are methods and devices for determining the concentration of analyte in such samples where both the optical pathlength and the concentration of analyte are unknown. The methods and devices rely on separately determining, at different wavelengths of light, light absorption by the solvent and light absorption by the analyte. Light absorption by the analyte, together with the optical pathlength so determined, is used to calculate the concentration of the analyte.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 28, 1999
    Assignee: Molecular Devices Corporation
    Inventors: Dean G. Hafeman, Calvin T. Chow
  • Patent number: 5896192
    Abstract: Apparatus for discriminating bills includes a sensitive color plate provided on one side of a bill transport passage for transporting bills therethrough, and a light source for emitting light toward the sensitive color plate. A reflecting plate is provided parallel to the sensitive color plate on the other side of the bill transport passage for reflecting light from the light source transmitted through the sensitive color plate back toward the sensitive color plate. A band-pass filter passes light having a prescribed wavelength range and cuts light having other wavelengths. A photosensor detects the light reflected by the reflecting plate and transmitted through the sensitive color plate and the band-pass filter. With this arrangement, it is possible to discriminate bills having a transparent portion with high accuracy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 20, 1999
    Assignee: Laurel Bank Machines Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Mitsuhiro Nagase
  • Patent number: 5870196
    Abstract: An optical three-dimensional profilometry method in which are recorded SPECKLE images formed by the interference, due to different optical paths, of the rays reflected/diffused by a rough object and the rays generated by a beam source. The method presents a number of processing steps including the steps of digitizing a first SPECKLE image, modifying the optical path difference, and digitizing a second SPECKLE image recorded after modifying the optical path difference. The difference in the modulus of the corresponding pixels of the first and second digitized images is determined to generate a difference image which is subsequently analyzed. A first arbitrary value is assigned to all the difference image pixels exceeding a given threshold value, and a second arbitrary value is assigned to all the difference image pixels of a value below the threshold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 1996
    Date of Patent: February 9, 1999
    Assignee: European Community
    Inventors: Alfredo Lulli, Alfredo Carlo Lucia, Marco Franchi
  • Patent number: 5861946
    Abstract: A system is provided for positioning a substrate having a surface required to be characterized with a contact angle measurement. The system includes a stage which supports the substrate and a dispenser assembly having a dispensing tip through which a liquid droplet having a preselected volume is dispensed onto the surface of the substrate. A first actuating mechanism moves the stage in response to first actuation signals and a second actuating mechanism which changes the vertical spacing between the dispensing tip and the surface of the substrate and dispenses the liquid droplet from the dispenser assembly in response to second actuation signals. A controller is connected to the actuating mechanisms and delivers the first and second actuation signals to the first and second actuating mechanisms, respectively, so as to place the liquid droplet at a predetermined location on the surface of the substrate for performing the contact angle measurement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 19, 1999
    Assignee: AST, Inc.
    Inventors: David M. Hudson, Richard A. Loder, Wen-Chu Tseng, Yueh-Ju Lee
  • Patent number: 5854682
    Abstract: The present invention provides a new synchronized optical method for measuring surface pressure on rotating objects such as propellers or other rotating objects. The technique is based on the phenomenon of oxygen quenching of luminescence coatings and synchronized optical imaging. A surface coating, referred to as a pressure sensitive paint (PSP), is formed by mixing photo-luminescence molecules in an oxygen permeable polymer. The luminescence excited by an appropriate light source decreases as the oxygen concentration rises due to quenching. As a result, the luminescence intensity of light emitted from the coating varies as a function of the partial pressure of oxygen. A digital camera measures the luminescence intensity distribution over the object and the pressure distribution can be computed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 29, 1998
    Inventor: Xijia Gu
  • Patent number: 5854685
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an analyzer for determining the concentration of substances, such as chemicals, present in a fluid medium, such as gas, vapor or liquid, using holographic optics. The analyzer of the present invention is based on the infra red absorbance of the gas, vapor or liquid to be measured, where the optical functions of an infra red absorbance gas analyzer are performed by holographic functional representations of the required optical components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 29, 1998
    Inventor: Michael S. Levine
  • Patent number: 5850290
    Abstract: A three-dimensional shape measuring apparatus includes a moving frame arranged to surround a measurement space. The moving frame is arranged to be movable in a vertical direction. A plurality of sensors is disposed opposite to each other on two opposite sides of the moving frame and are arranged to effect a horizontal scanning of light to measure distances to a human body being measured. A driving mechanism moves the moving frame. An analyzer calculates distances to the human body, based on output signals from respective sensors, to analyze data of a surface position of the human body, i.e., a three-dimensional shape thereof. The apparatus further includes a placement state on which the human body is placed. Since the sensors are located so as to face the front and the back of the human body, the apparatus can also measure portions below an armpit and below a crotch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 15, 1998
    Assignee: Hamamatsu Photonics K.K.
    Inventors: Chiyoharu Horiguchi, Shigeo Takahashi, Tetsuo Amano, Hiroyuki Matsuura, Koji Watase, Hideo Hiruma
  • Patent number: 5847827
    Abstract: In the application of coherence distance measurement in medical biometry and in medical coherence tomography, an interferometric measurement light path is directed on the object to be measured and is focussed in order to improve the transverse resolution. Since the focus of the measurement light beam is fixed in the axial direction, high transverse resolution cannot be achieved over the entire object depth at all interferometric measurement points along the measurement light beam. This problem is not solved merely by displacing the focus along the measurement beam, since the focus will then lose coherence with respect to the reference light and the actual interferometric measurement location will then lie outside of this focus. In accordance with the invention, a simultaneous displacement of the reference light mirror be effected synchronously with the displacement of the focus by virtue of the optics generating the focus in order to maintain the coherence of the focus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 8, 1998
    Assignee: Carl Zeiss Jena GmbH
    Inventor: Adolf Friedrich Fercher
  • Patent number: 5847803
    Abstract: A progressive optic has an optical preform wherein the radius of curvature of the surface is altered by forming discrete spherical portions across the surface. A thin intermediate layer, having a different refractive index from the optical preform, is then cast over the formed optical preform surface. The optical preform having the thin intermediate layer is then cast with a resin superstrate layer which restores the curve of the optic. Each spherical section, defined by the spherical portions and corresponding portions of the outer surface of the superstrate layer, alters the spherical power of the adjacent spherical section by about 0.03 D to 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 8, 1998
    Assignee: Innotech, Inc.
    Inventors: Amitava Gupta, Ronald D. Blum
  • Patent number: 5841539
    Abstract: The three-dimensional measuring apparatus of the present invention includes an optical beam scanning unit for scanning a projected-and-depressed surface of an object with an optical beam while controlling the scanning operation, and a detector unit for receiving a reflected optical beam reflected by the projected-and-depressed surface through the scanning operation and for thereby measuring height information on the projections and depressions of the object, in which noise information due to noise generated during the control of the scanning operation with the optical beam is prevented from being transmitted as the height information from the detector unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 24, 1998
    Assignee: Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Ikurumi, Masaharu Tsujimura, Yoichiro Ueda
  • Patent number: 5841544
    Abstract: There is disclosed a method of positioning an optical subassembly for testing includes positioning an optical subassembly within a capture zone on a support surface of a test fixture. At least two probes engage surfaces of respective ones of precisely located fiducials in a surface of the optical subassembly. A third probe contacts a surface of the optical subassembly, which in a preferred embodiment may be another fiducial in the surface of the optical subassembly. Upon engagement of the probes with surfaces of respective fiducials and movement of the probes further into respective fiducials, the optical subassembly is translated into more precise alignment with optics of the test fixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 24, 1998
    Assignee: Lucent Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Mindaugas Fernand Dautartas, Edward A. Pitman
  • Patent number: 5841523
    Abstract: A method is provided for more accurately calculating the concentration of analytes or components in test samples. The method includes the use of an algorithm for analysis, and selection of sets of signal measurements from a spectrophotometer. Sets of signal measurements are selected to avoid inhomogeneities, i.e. air bubbles, artifacts and dilution, in test samples being analyzed. The method has application to the spectroscopic determination of the concentration of hemoglobin derivatives or fractions in a blood sample.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 24, 1998
    Assignee: Chiron Diagnostics Corporation
    Inventors: Beat R. Degen, Michael F. Garyantes
  • Patent number: 5841524
    Abstract: An apparatus for monitoring a moving filamentary product having a device for monitoring the centering of the filamentary product relative to the coating, and a device for monitoring the quality of the coating. The centering monitoring device includes two light sources positioned at to each other in a plane perpendicular to the filamentary product. The coating quality monitoring device includes an optical receiver disposed between the two light sources in the same plane, and at to each of them, to receive the light beams reflected by the coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 24, 1998
    Assignee: Alcatel Alsthom Compagnie Generale D'Electricite
    Inventors: Bernard Floch, Didier Rolland
  • Patent number: 5835213
    Abstract: For a step-scanning Fourier transform spectrometer comprising an interferometer, a detector, and a digital signal processor (DSP), a method for measuring a response of a sample to multiple modulations is disclosed. In one embodiment, the method comprises the steps of utilizing the DSP to measure a phase modulation angle and a sample modulation angle; obtain an interferogram that corresponds to a calibrated static sample response by using the measured phase modulation rotation angle; obtain another interferogram which corresponds to the calibrated dynamic sample response by using both the measured phase and sample modulation rotation angles; and computing one or more spectra from the interferograms which indicates the calibrated response of said sample to the multiple modulations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1998
    Assignee: Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc.
    Inventor: Raul Curbelo
  • Patent number: 5835223
    Abstract: A system for measuring surface characteristics of an electronic interconnection component, such as a printed circuit board, by analyzing shadow moire patterns. Printed circuit boards are carried on a continuous conveyor under a grating. For each printed circuit board, a shadow moire fringe pattern is created in response to a determination that the printed circuit board is properly located under a grating and within the field of view of a camera. Fringes of the shadow moire fringe pattern are quantified over one or a multiple of analysis paths to determining if the printed circuit board is unacceptably warped, in which case a signal is generated. For each printed circuit board, multiple images can be captured and mathematically combined, by image subtraction, to produce an enhanced shadow moire fringe pattern that is analyzed for warpage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1998
    Assignee: Electronic Packaging Services, Ltd.
    Inventors: Dirk A. Zwemer, Patrick B. Hassell
  • Patent number: 5831730
    Abstract: An improved method of monitoring particulates in stacks or ducts utilizes transmissometer/particulate monitor of the type which has an optical assembly containing a solid state light source of visible light such as a light-emitting diode or a solid-state laser. The light source emits a collimated beam that is split, part of which is focused onto a reference detector that monitors the intensity of the light source, while the other part is directed to a beam-steering apparatus that causes the beam to accurately pass through a gaseous sample to a desired location such as a retro-reflector. A position-sensing detector is used in a closed-loop manner to control the beam-steering apparatus. The ratio of the total energy of the detected light beam, relative to the reference detector output, is used to determine the opacity of the gaseous sample for the purpose of providing a basis for correlation to particulate loading of that portion of the particulates that are of a size comparable to the wavelength of light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 3, 1998
    Assignee: United Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: John E. Traina, Richard Myers, Edward A. Smierciak
  • Patent number: 5825475
    Abstract: A system and method for determining which of a plurality of visually indistinguishable objects have been marked with a covert indicator in which a portion of a surface of each of a first type of objects are provided with a covert holographic indicator which is exposed to be viewed but which is detectable only when illuminated with a coherent reference light of predetermined wavelength. The surfaces of objects are scanned with a coherent reference light with the predetermined wavelength, and evaluated to determine whether the scanned surfaces include the covert holographic indicator. The presence of the covert holographic indicator indicates that the object on which the covert holographic indicator is detected is one of the first type of objects. The first type of object may be a winning game ticket, or a genuine, as opposed to counterfeit, article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1998
    Assignee: Van Leer Metallized Products (USA) Limited
    Inventor: Joseph S. Formosa
  • Patent number: 5825477
    Abstract: A particle measuring apparatus includes a resistance detecting section for converting a sample solution containing particles into sample flow to detect an electric resistance thereof, an image capturing section for converting the sample solution into a flat flow to capture an image of the flat flow on a wider side thereof to obtain a particle image, and an analyzing section for analyzing a particle on the basis of the detected electric resistance and the captured particle image, the analyzing section including a first detecting section for detecting information on a volume of each particle from the detected electric resistance, a second detecting section for detecting information on a projected area of each particle from the captured particle image, a depth calculating section for calculating information on a depth dimension of the particle by using a first particle size distribution calculated on the basis of the information on the volume and a second particle size distribution calculated on the basis of the
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1998
    Assignee: TOA Medical Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Dai Furuie
  • Patent number: 5825497
    Abstract: An object surface height measuring device with two acousto-optical modules for refracting light from a light emitter with predetermined refractive indices depending on frequency modulation so that the light is swept over the X and Y axes of an object, and two other acousto-optical modules synchronized with the signals of the first two acousto-optical modules, respectively, so that the light reflected from the object is focused onto a light receiving portion. The change in the height of the object is measured from the variation between the spot of light focused onto the light receiving portion and the center of the light receiver.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1998
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Hyeong-cheol Kim