Abstract: A rotator assembly for a poppet valve employed in an internal combustion engine employs a garter spring mounted in a circular groove concentric with the valve axis. A rotator plate rests on the garter spring so that the plate turns incrementally through a small arc each time the valve completes its opening and closing cycle. Concentric coil compression springs resist opening movement of the poppet valve and both of these springs are supported by a valve retainer which rests on the rotator plate. The lower ends of both springs are supported at the same elevation and the springs are centralized by means of integral fingers struck from the retainer ring to hold one or both springs in central position.
Abstract: A hydraulic lash adjuster for valve gear of an internal combustion engine, the lash adjuster being of the type which operates from oil received under pressure from a gallery provided in the engine lubricant supply system. The body of the adjuster has a movable plunger with a one-way check valve for admitting and retaining oil in a chamber between the adjuster body and the plunger. A portion of the plunger includes a pivot surface for pivotally engaging associated components of the valve gear with a reservoir formed in the plunger which communicates with a one-way valve for admitting oil to the chamber. An inlet metering means including an annular metering land provides exclusive lubricant communication to the reservoir from an oil entry port in the body.
Abstract: A kit for converting an automobile engine from a conventional water pump driven by mechanical engine power to electrical drive which is separately controllable independently of engine operation. The kit includes a conventional air conditioning blower motor, and a bracket which permits motion of the electric motor on the bracket, whereby the motor, belts, pulleys, etc. can be changed without having to remove the bracket from the water pump on the engine.
June 9, 1977
Date of Patent:
August 5, 1980
W. R. Grace & Co.
Richard J. Smith, Jr., Ralph R. Bellino
Abstract: The invention concerns an improved cylinder head.The cylinder head is fixed to the engine block by means of two short bolts 13 and 14 and four long bolts 15 to 18, all arranged at the points of a regular hexagon. The inlet and exhaust manifolds 20 and 21 are on the same side, on each side of the bolt 13, opposite to the rocker arm push-rods 9 and 10, and an injector carrier 34 placed obliquely above the bolt 14. The cooling liquid arrives under the inlet manifold 20, passes between the valves 5 and 6, and then directly cools the injector carrier 34.Application: reduction in the bulk of the upper part of the engine as regards width.
Abstract: A cooling system for an internal combustion engine, having a first circuit means for circulating cooling water through a cylinder block and a second circuit means for circulating cooling water through a cylinder head and temperature control means for controlling the temperature of the cooling water circulating through the first and the second circuit means substantially independently from each other so that the temperature of the cooling water circulating through the first circuit means is higher than that of the cooling water circulating through the second circuit means.
Abstract: The camshaft is constructed in portions each of which has an integral flange at one end and a releaseably secured discoid member at the other end. The flange of one shaft portion is secured to the discoid member of an adjacent shaft portion by means of screws. Each shaft portion has a plurality of cams shrink fitted thereon.
Abstract: A cigarette lighter employing a combustible gas uses electric means for heating the combustible gas toward its flash point. The electric means is aided by catalytic or thermo-electric means to reduce the power supplied by a self-contained battery. In one embodiment, the combustible gas contains a component which reacts with a catalyst to provide an additional heat increment to the gas in order to reduce the amount of electricity required. In other embodiments, a thermo-electric generator, heated by the flame of the lighter, generates electricity which recharges a rechargeable battery.
Abstract: A reciprocating engine including a block having at least one cylinder therein, a piston reciprocally received in the cylinder and having a crown, a depending skirt and a ring-receiving groove on the skirt near the crown. The piston has a central cavity terminating near the crown and a coolant-receiving passage in heat exchange relationship to the groove. A nozzle is stationarily mounted on the engine and has first and second jets, the first jet directing coolant to the cavity and the second jet directing coolant to the coolant-receiving passage, both for all operating positions of the piston within the cylinder. A filtered oil supply for the nozzle is provided.
July 18, 1977
Date of Patent:
June 10, 1980
Caterpillar Tractor Co.
John L. Johnson, Jr., Robert M. Vize, Noel D. Wiggins
Abstract: Mechanism for varying the timing of the valves of an internal combustion engine to obtain optimum efficiency and performance of the engine throughout a substantial portion of its operating speed range, wherein cam means for at least each intake valve is mounted on a rotatable cam shaft of the engine. Each cam means includes at least one and preferably a pair of axially spaced first cam members contoured to provide a first timing for their associated valves such as to provide optimum performance throughout one operating speed range of the engine and a second cam member of smaller size than and positioned between the first cam members and contoured to provide optimum performance throughout another operating speed range. Timing of the valves is normally controlled by the first cam members acting through linkage connected to the valves, and a plurality of elongated finger followers are provided for coaction with the second cam members to render them effective to control the timing of the valves.
Abstract: A V-shaped, forced air-cooled engine includes a radial flow cooling fan mounted in front of the crankcase, within a housing containing air passageways leading to the cylinders on the opposite sides of the engine. The air passageways are constructed so as to assure the same amount of cooling air intake for each cylinder, the threshold areas of each passageway being provided with rounded surfaces shaped so as to assure a minimum of hissing sound and other noise caused by the moving, intake airstream.
Abstract: A quiet cooling system for internal combustion engines includes a radial impeller and a ring radiator. The ring radiator is disposed in the vicinity of the circumference of the radial impeller and is spaced at a distance from the impeller. The ring radiator can be made integral or in the form of segments. The radiator includes cooling water tubes which are to carry water and have fins fastened thereto. The cooling water tubes run parallel to the fan axis and are positioned parallel to the flow direction of cooling air leaving the radial impeller.
December 13, 1977
Date of Patent:
May 13, 1980
Suddeutsche Kuhlerfabrik Julius Fr. Behr GmbH & Co. K.G.
Manfred Nonnenmann, Kurt Hauser, Gebhard Schwarz
Abstract: A rotary valve system for a motor and the like includes a flow conduit and rotary valve means interposed in the flow conduit. Intermittent sealing means are provided for preventing flow through the flow conduit, comprising a sealing surface intermittently positionable in stationary, sealing relationship across the conduit. Means are also provided for moving the sealing surface into such stationary sealing relationship with the flow conduit, and out of sealing relationship with the flow conduit in a manner correlating with the operation of the rotary valve means, to facilitate sealing as the valve operates.
Abstract: Serious racers strive to squeeze as many revolutions per minute as possible out of their engines. They often use exotic metals like titanium in efforts to minimize the weight of some reciprocating parts. Almost exclusively, serious racers use titanium valve spring retainers to obtain higher speeds. This invention relates to an improved valve spring retainer for use in high performance engines. More particularly, it relates to an aluminum valve spring retainer which is lighter and less costly than titanium retainers of approximately equivalent strength.
Abstract: An air to fuel ratio control system for an internal combustion engine having a fixed venturi type carburetor is disclosed. The air to fuel ratio control system comprises a device for extracting an atmospheric pressure within a venturi or a pressure corresponding to a relieved venturi vacuum, a device for extracting a static fuel pressure downstream of a main jet provided in a fuel path, a device for comparing those pressures directly or indirectly and a device for controlling the static fuel pressure in accordance with an output of the detecting device. Control is made such that the difference between those pressures is always maintained substantially constant. The air to fuel ratio control system may further comprise a device for detecting composition of exhaust gas of the engine.
Abstract: A hydraulic valve actuator and fuel injection system for an internal combustion engine includes an engine driven pump, similar to a diesel fuel metering and distributing pump, which is used to sequentially supply pressurized fuel to each of a plurality of hydraulic actuator plungers positioned to effect opening movement of an associated normally closed inlet valve of the engine, the hydraulic line to each actuator plunger having a solenoid valve associated therewith for controlling flow from the hydraulic line to a relatively low pressure drain conduit whereby to control inlet valve lift duration. Each actuator plunger, during inlet valve opening movement, is used to pressurize liquid fuel for injection into the induction fluid flow to an associated combustion chamber of the engine.
Abstract: A method for preventing undesirable heat losses in a cooling system for liquid-cooled vehicular internal-combustion engines by affecting the flow at the connections of the lines to and from the header tank of the cooling system by measures commonly practiced in flow engineering such that the pressure will be the same at the inlet and the outlet of the header tank, so that with the thermostat closed no coolant is allowed to flow through the header tank and on through the radiator. With a cooling system having an engine vent line which connects to the header tank this method produces, by affecting the flow in the engine vent area and with the engine running and the thermostat closed, a pressure at the connecting point of the vent line for engine venting which is equal to that prevailing at the entry of the vent line to the header tank.
Abstract: The cage for the valve seat is provided with cooling ducts which are uniformly spaced about the cage. Alternating ducts are used as coolant supply ducts while the remaining ducts are used as exhaust ducts. The ducts are arranged to uniformly cool the cage and valve seat. Suitable cross ducts are used to achieve a uniform distribution of the coolants supplied to the cage as well as a uniform removal of a coolant.
Abstract: In an internal combustion engine its crankcase defines an oil reservoir and a pump receptacle. A crankshaft journaled in the crankcase carries a crank in the reservoir. A cylinder fixedly mounted on the crankcase is formed with a cooling jacket which communicates with the pump receptacle through communicating bores in the cylinder and crankcase. A pump shaft rotatably secured in the crankcase in the receptacle carries an impeller for common rotation about an axis parallel to the axis of rotation of the crankshaft, and the motion transmitting input member of a drive train, a toothed wheel, is mounted on the crankshaft next to a spur gear which meshes with a spur gear on the pump shaft.
Abstract: Hot gas engine units of the type having four parallel cylinders arranged in two parallel rows of two cylinders per row may be effectively balanced by a minimum of counterweight masses. The engine pistons are connected to two parallel crank shafts and four primary counterweights are positioned on the crankshafts each diametrically opposite a respective crank. The crankshafts engage a common gear wheel rotating opposite to but at the same angular speed as the two crank shafts, and the gear wheel is mounted on a third shaft parallel to the two crank shafts. Secondary counterweights including at least two axially spaced, oppositely directed secondary counterweights positioned on the third shaft are used to cancel the moment about the engine vertical axis produced by the primary counterweights.
April 14, 1978
Date of Patent:
April 1, 1980
Kommanditbolaget United Stirling (Sweden) AB & Co.