Patents Examined by John M. Cooney
  • Patent number: 10259771
    Abstract: A preparation method of vegetable oil polyol, which is obtains by carrying out allylic oxidation treatment of vegetable oil, increasing the content of hydroxyl group in the product and then one step reaction between epoxidation and ring-opening. At the same time, the present invention also discloses novel vegetable oil polyol made by the preparation method and the application of the vegetable oil polyol in preparation of polyurethane foam material. Compared with the prior art, the method has the advantages of simple operation, low energy consumption and low side reaction occurrence rate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2019
    Assignee: NANJING TECH UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Kai Guo, Zheng Fang, Dong Ji, Junjie Tao, Xin Li, Li Wan, Ning Zhu, Kai Zhang, Pingkai Ouyang
  • Patent number: 10259906
    Abstract: The present invention relates to polyester polyols obtainable or obtained by esterification of 10 to 70 mol % of at least one compound from the group consisting of terephthalic acid (TPA), dimethyl terephthalate (DMT), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), phthalic anhydride (PA), phthalic acid and isophthalic acid, 0.1 to 30 mol % of one or more fatty acids and/or fatty acid derivatives, 10 to 70 mol % of one or more aliphatic or cycloaliphatic diols having 2 to 18 carbon atoms or alkoxylates thereof, 5 to 70 mol % of a polyether polyol prepared by alkoxylating an aromatic starter molecule having a functionality of not less than 2, and of 0 to 70 mol % of a tri- or polyol other than the polyether polyol, all based on the total amount of the components used, wherein the amounts used of the components add up to 100 mol %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2019
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Tobias Kaluschke, Gunnar Kampf
  • Patent number: 10202499
    Abstract: Compositions and methods for making a novel liquid gel mixture comprising at least one flexible polymer carrier, parachlorobenzotrifluoride, optional thermally-conductive materials, and optional performance-enhancing additives; using the liquid gel mixture for making surface-infused layers on layering substrates; and using combinations of surface-infused gel layer and layering substrate in cushioning foams and mattresses. Layering substrates are surface-infused with a liquid gel mixture and may be compressed to increase the penetration depth of liquid gel mixture into the substrate layer surface. This compositions may be used in mattresses, mattress topper pads, pillows, bedding products, furniture upholstery, pet beds, medical cushioning foams, seat cushions and backs, automotive foam, sports cushioning, transportation cushioning, headrests, arm rests, personal protective equipment, toys, and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2019
    Assignee: PETERSON CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY, LLC
    Inventors: Mark L. Crawford, Bruce W. Peterson, Matthew D. McKnight, Jonathon M. Walker
  • Patent number: 10196493
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the production of polyurethanes where (a) polyisocyanate, (b) polymeric compounds having groups reactive toward isocyanates, (c) catalysts, (d) a CH-acidic compound of the general formula R1—CH2—R2, where R1 and R2 independently of one another are an electron-withdrawing moiety of the general formula —C(O)—R3 or —CN, where the moiety R3 is selected from the group consisting of —NH2, —NH—R4—NR5R6, OR7 or R8, where R4, R5, R6, R7, and R8 are independently selected from the group consisting of aliphatic, araliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbons, which may have substitution, and optionally (e) blowing agent, (f) chain extender and/or crosslinking agent, and (g) auxiliaries and/or additives are mixed to give a reaction mixture, and the reaction mixture is allowed to complete a reaction to give the polyurethane. The present invention further relates to polyurethanes produced by this process and to the use of these polyurethanes in the interior of means of transport.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Iran Otero Martinez, Georg Partusch, Christian Hagen
  • Patent number: 10196476
    Abstract: Catalyst compositions useful in the production of insulating polyurethane or polyisocyanurate foam are disclosed. The catalyst compositions impart increased stability of a mixture of the catalyst, a halogen-containing blowing agent, and a polyol. These catalyst compositions comprise of at least 10% of a tetraalkylguanidine and at least 10% of a tertiary amine catalyst with an isocyanate reactive group. These improved catalysts can be used with any halogenated blowing agent, and provide substantial stability benefits with the use of hydrofluoroolefins and hydrofluorochloroolefins. In an exemplary embodiment, a process includes providing a pre-mix comprising a hydrohaloolefin blowing agent, at least one polyol, water, and a catalyst comprising 10-50% tetramethylguanidine and 10-90% of one or more of an amine catalyst containing an isocyanate reactive group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Assignee: Evonik Degussa GmbH
    Inventors: Juan Jesus Burdeniuc, Jean Louise Vincent, Timothy J. Miller
  • Patent number: 10196478
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a composition comprising a lignin polyol, a method for the manufacturing of said composition and use thereof in different application areas, such as in adhesives, binders, castings, foams (such as in rigid polyurethane and polyisocyanurate foams for thermal insulation and construction applications, semi-rigid, flexible, moulded, laminated, microcellular and viscoelastic polyurethane foams), fillers, glues, sealants, elastomers and rubbers. The present invention also relates to a method for the manufacturing of a foam and use of this foam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Assignee: Stora Enso OYJ
    Inventors: Henri J. M. Grünbauer, Dimitri Areskogh
  • Patent number: 10189963
    Abstract: Polyurethane foam compositions and processes to make flexible polyurethane foams are disclosed. Polyurethane foam is produced in the presence of additives comprising guanidine derivatives. Improvements in physical properties such as air flow, dimensional stability, tensile, tear, elongation and foam hardness is observed when these additives are present in polyurethane formulations. In addition, these additives can minimize polymer degradation under humid ageing conditions resulting in foam products with better mechanical properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2019
    Assignee: Evonik Degussa GmbH
    Inventors: Juan Jesus Burdeniuc, James Douglas Tobias, Renee Jo Keller, You-Moon Jeon
  • Patent number: 10189964
    Abstract: Disclosed are methods and systems for preparing open-celled polyurethane foams by a discontinuous box foam process in which (a) a polyurethane foam-forming composition is deposited into a container having a gas-permeable base and (b) the polyurethane-foam forming composition is allowed to form an open-celled polyurethane foam in the container. In these methods and systems, the gas-permeable base is heated before, during, and/or after step (a) and heating is continued during at least a portion of step (b).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2019
    Assignee: COVESTRO LLC
    Inventors: Bin Lee, Paul O. Barley
  • Patent number: 10174151
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for producing polyether carbonate polyols, wherein: (i) in a first step, (a) carbon dioxide and propylene oxide or (b) carbon dioxide and a mixture of propylene oxide and at least one further alkylene oxide in a ratio by weight of >90:10 are attached to one or more H-functional starting substances in the presence of at least one DMC catalyst; (ii) in a second step, the reaction mixture obtained from step (i) is (ii-1) first chain-lengthened with a mixture containing propylene oxide (PO) and ethylene oxide (EO) in a PO/EO ratio by weight of 90/10 to 20/80 in the presence of at least one DMC catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: COVESTRO DEUTSCHLAND AG
    Inventors: Joerg Hofmann, Norbert Hahn
  • Patent number: 10165823
    Abstract: A process for producing a shoe sole, having a hybrid material of a polyurethane foam as a matrix material and an inlay component of expanded particles of a thermoplastic polyurethane is provided. The process includes preparing an inlay form by joining the expanded particles of a thermoplastic polyurethane in an amount and size of the desired inlay; preparing the shoe sole by placing the prepared inlay form in a shoe sole mold such that an edge of the inlay component is 0.2 cm or more from an edge of the shoe sole mold; embedding the inlay form within a reaction mixture in the shoe sole mold; and reacting the reaction mixture to form the matrix in the shoe sole mold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2019
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Frank Prissok, Andre Kamm, Bin-Eric Chen, Yoke Khim Raymond Toh
  • Patent number: 10155837
    Abstract: Polyester polyol compositions are disclosed. The polyol compositions, which comprise recurring units of a digested thermoplastic polyester, a glycol, and castor oil, ricinoleic acid, or a mixture of castor oil and ricinoleic acid, have hydroxyl numbers within the range of 20 to 150 mg KOH/g and average hydroxyl functionalities within the range of 2.5 to 3.5. The invention includes flexible polyurethane foams that incorporate the polyester polyols. Sustainable polyester polyols made completely or in substantial part from recycled, post-industrial, and/or biorenewable materials such as polyethylene terephthalate, glycols, and castor oil are provided. The polyols have desirable properties for formulating flexible polyurethane foams and other products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2018
    Assignee: RESINATE MATERIALS GROUP, INC.
    Inventors: Matt Brown, Michelle Samson, Jack R. Kovsky, Woo-Sung Bae, Shakti L. Mukerjee, Rick Tabor
  • Patent number: 10155856
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process comprising reacting polyisocyanate with active hydrogen-containing compound in the presence of Z-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene at a temperature of at least 135° F. (57.2° C.) or a temperature of 135° F. (57.2° C.) to 150° F. (65.6° C.) to obtain as a result thereof, foamed reaction product, wherein the thermal conductivity of the foamed reaction product exhibits no appreciable change at any of the foaming temperatures within this range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 18, 2018
    Assignee: THE CHEMOURS COMPANY FC, LLC
    Inventor: Ernest Byron Wysong
  • Patent number: 10145061
    Abstract: Foamed, opacifying element comprising a thermal colorant image is prepared using a porous substrate having an opposing external surface and an internal surface, and a dry foamed composition disposed on the internal surface of the porous substrate as a dry opacifying layer that has a light blocking value of at least 4 as well as a luminous reflectance that is greater than 40% as measured by the Y tristimulus value. A thermal colorant image is provided on either the opposing external surface, the dry opacifying layer, or both the opposing external surface and the dry opacifying layer, by thermal colorant transfer from a thermal donor element comprising a colorant donor layer having one or more thermal colorants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2018
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Diane Marie Herrick, Mridula Nair
  • Patent number: 10144811
    Abstract: Disclosed are a process of producing a polyurethane foam product, a polyurethane foam product pre-mix, polyurethane foam product formulation, and a polyurethane foam product. The process of producing the polyurethane foam product includes contacting a halohydrin component with a polyurethane foam product pre-mix. The polyurethane foam product pre-mix includes the halohydrin component. The polyurethane foam product formulation includes a polyol component, an isocyanate component, and a halohydrin component. The polyurethane foam product is formed by the pre-mix having the halohydrin component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2018
    Assignee: Evonik Degussa GmbH
    Inventors: Juan Jesus Burdeniuc, Boxun Leng, Torsten Panitzsch, Stephan Hermann Wendel, Renee Jo Keller
  • Patent number: 10144797
    Abstract: A storage stable isocyanate-reactive composition includes a reactive component including (a) 5 wt % to 30 wt % of at least one Novolac-type polyoxypropylene polyether polyol having a hydroxyl functionality from 2 to 5 and a hydroxyl number from 130 to 450 mg KOH/g, (b) 20 wt % to 60 wt % of at least one high functional polyether polyol having a hydroxyl functionality from 6 to 8 and a hydroxyl number from 300 to 700 mg KOH/g, (c) 2 wt % to 30 wt % of at least one low functional polyether polyol having a hydroxyl functionality from 2 to 5 and a hydroxyl number from 50 to 400 mg KOH/g, (d) 2 wt % to 30 wt % of at least one amine initiated polyol having a hydroxyl number from 250 to 600 mg KOH/g, and (e) 1 wt % to 25 wt % of one or more additives; and a hydrocarbon physical blowing agent component in an amount of at least 10 parts by weight for each 100 parts by weight of the reactive component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2018
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Davide Micheletti, Rossella Riccio, Jean-Paul Masy, Vanni Parenti
  • Patent number: 10144872
    Abstract: There is provided herein a flame retardant additive composition comprising (a) a cyclic phosphonate mixture of (i) (5-ethyl-2-methyl-2-oxido-1,3,2-dioxaphosphorinan-5-yl)methyl methyl ester of P-alkylphosphonic acid and (ii) bis[(5-ethyl-2-2-methyl-2-oxido-1,3,2-dioxaphosphorinan-5-yl)methyl]ester of P-alkyl phosphonic acid; and, (b) an aryl bisphosphate ester of the general formula (I) herein. There is also provided herein a polyurethane foam containing the flame retardant additive composition as well as articles made comprising said polyurethane foam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2018
    Assignee: ICL-IP America Inc.
    Inventors: Jeffrey K. Stowell, Andrew Piotrowski, Mike Nagridge, Greg Symes
  • Patent number: 10138341
    Abstract: Polyurethane composites and methods of preparation are described herein. The methods of making the polyurethane composite can include mixing (1) at least one isocyanate selected from the group consisting of diisocyanates, polyisocyanates, and mixtures thereof, (2) at least one polyol, (3) an inorganic filler, and (4) an evaporative coolant in an extruder to form a mixture. The method also include extruding the mixture into a mold cavity, generating heat in the mold cavity from the reaction of the at least one isocyanate and the at least one polyol, and allowing the evaporative coolant to migrate to an interface between the mixture and the interior mold surface. The temperature of the mixture causes evaporation of the evaporative coolant at the interface thereby removing heat at the interface. Suitable evaporative coolants for use in the methods of making the polyurethane composites include hydrofluorocarbons and hydrochlorofluorocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2018
    Assignee: Boral IP Holdings (Australia) PTY Limited
    Inventors: Guy Crocco, Russ K. Majors, Russell L. Hill, Brian Shaw
  • Patent number: 10138342
    Abstract: Foamable aqueous compositions can be foamed and applied to porous substrates to make light-blocking dry opacifying elements. Such compositions have 0.05-15 weight % of porous particles; at least 20 weight % of a binder; at least 0.0001 weight % of additives (including a surfactant); water; and at least 0.001 weight % of an opacifying colorant. Each porous particle includes a continuous polymeric phase and discrete pores; a mode particle size of 2-50 ?m; and a porosity of 20-70 volume %. The continuous polymeric phase Tg is >80° C. and has a polymer viscosity of 80-500 centipoises at an ethyl acetate shear rate of 100 sec?1 at a concentration of 20 weight % at 25° C. The dry opacifying element light blocking value is at least 4 and has a luminous reflectance >40% as measured by the Y tristimulus value. The foamed aqueous composition has a foam density of 0.1-0.5 g/cm3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2018
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Mridula Nair, Mary Christine Brick, Ellen M. Pyszczek
  • Patent number: 10131759
    Abstract: A polyurethane foam, polyisocyanurate foam or polyurea foam is obtainable from the reaction of a mixture comprising A) a compound reactive towards isocyanate (“NCO-reactive compound”); B) a blowing agent selected from the group comprising linear, branched or cyclic C1 to C6 hydrocarbons, linear,branched or cyclic C1 to C6 fluorocarbons, N2, O2, argon and/or CO2, where the blowing agent B) is present in the supercritical or near-critical state; C) a polyisocyanate; D) an amphiphilic isocyanate; and E) optionally a surfactant and F) optionally other auxiliaries and additives. The invention further relates to the production of this polyurethane foam, where the blowing agent is emulsified in the isocyanate component containing amphiphilic isocyanate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2018
    Assignee: Covestro Deutschland AG
    Inventors: Stefan Lindner, Wolfgang Friederichs, Meike Niesten, Reinhard Strey, Thomas Sottmann, Niels Becker, Agnes Chalbi, Diana Engelen, Paul Heinz
  • Patent number: 10132031
    Abstract: A foamed, opacifying element has a thermal colorant image on either an opposing external surface and an internal surface of a porous substrate. The internal surface has a dry foamed composition disposed thereon as a dry opacifying layer that comprises: (a) 0.1-40 weight % of porous particles; (b) at least 10 weight % of an at least partially cured binder material; (c) at least 0.2 weight % of one or more additives comprising a surfactant; (d) less than 5 weight % of water; and (e) at least 0.002 weight % of an opacifying colorant different from all of the one or more (c) additives, which opacifying colorant absorbs predetermined electromagnetic radiation. The thermal colorant image is derived from thermal colorant transfer of sublimable colorants from a thermal donor element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2018
    Assignee: EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY
    Inventors: Mridula Nair, Diane Marie Herrick