Abstract: A vortex generating apparatus has the capability of attracting and removably adhering one or more solid objects. The apparatus comprises an impeller housed within a shell. The vortex attractor generates a vortical fluid flow generally in the form of a helical or spiral shaped flow. The fluid flow creates a low pressure region extending from the impeller end of the device. This low pressure region is contained by the walls of the fluid flow, thus directing the attractive forces toward a surface and minimizing effects of ambient fluid on the system. When the surface is part of a stationary object, wall, floor or ceiling, the vortex attractor may move toward and adhere to the surface. When the surface is part of a movable object, the vortex attractor may attract the object and maintain the attracted position.
Abstract: A pressure regulating valve is provided in a hydrostatic, continuously variable transmission having a hydraulic closed circuit including a hydraulic pump, a hydraulic motor, and a high pressure oil passage and a low pressure oil passage disposed between the hydraulic pump and the hydraulic motor. The pressure regulating valve is provided for relieving the hydraulic pressure in the low pressure oil passage into the high pressure oil passage when the hydraulic pressure in the low pressure oil passage exceeds a predetermined value. The present invention prevents excessive pressure in the oil passages, particularly in the normally low pressure passage that serves as a high pressure side during a speed reducing operation, e.g. an engine braking or reverse load situation.
Abstract: A dual alloy metallic piston is made by casting a first alloy into a mold to form a corresponding first portion. Before the first alloy solidifies, a second alloy is cast into the mold to form a corresponding second portion of the piston. The first and second portions are joined across a transition zone which is a blend of the two alloys.
Abstract: An annular diffuser has its inlet located at the exit of a last row of blades of a gas turbine having initially very slowly increasing cross-sectional area with distance to accommodate the diffusion produced by the decaying wakes in the diffuser so as to prevent flow separation from diffuser walls and as a result to foster the diffusion process and to increase the efficiency of the gas turbine. The rate of increase of cross-sectional area, which is much smaller than that appropriate in diffusers having uniform flow at their inlets, allows wakes which form near the trailing edges of the last turbine blades to dissipate while avoiding flow separation. In the diffuser of this invention, at a distance from inlet of one half of diffuser height at inlet, the cross-sectional area increase is smaller than 6.5% of the inlet cross-sectional area. This is equivalent to the corresponding two-dimensional straight-wall diffuser angle of, approximately 3.7 degrees.
Abstract: A system for remotely controlling an undersea device. The system employs a gas-pressurized liquid reservoir that can be recharged from at least one replaceable gas bottle. A pressure-regulating valve is employed to control the pressure of the liquid leaving the reservoir. A number of one-shot units, each in the form of a squib-actuated valve coupled with a piston accumulator, are employed to create a hydraulic pilot for a hydraulic direction control valve. The control valve functions to direct pressurized liquid from the reservoir to a hydraulic actuator or other type of hydraulic device.
Abstract: A hydraulic brake device for a vehicle includes a master piston, an auxiliary piston having first and second pistons, and an assisting device for assisting actuation of the master piston through the auxiliary piston. The brake pressure increase gradient in the assisting operation of the assisting device after the assisting output force of the assisting device reaches a maximum value is the same as the brake pressure increase gradient in the assisting operation of the assisting device before the assisting output force of the assisting device reaches the maximum value because the second piston of the auxiliary piston includes a large diameter portion possessing a diameter that is the same as the diameter of the master piston.
Abstract: A negative pressure type servo unit which allows the size of the actuator to be reduced includes a housing, a movable wall positioned in the housing, a power piston, an input member, a plunger, a valve mechanism, an output rod, an actuator and a seal member. The seal is designed to include a first engaging portion and a second engaging portion producing a pressure difference on a front side and a rear side of the seal.
Abstract: The present invention provides a control booster which is capable of appropriately detecting a pedal-operated brake operation during an automatic brake operation. For moving a stop key from a position on a side of a rear-side abutment surface (where a reaction force of a switch acting on a switch operating rod and a spring force of a switch spring are balanced) toward an intermediate position, when the stop key is located on a side of the rear-side abutment surface, only a return force of the spring acts on a contact operating element of the switch. On the other hand, when the stop key moves toward the intermediate position, an abutment portion is separated from the contact operating element (that is, the switch operating rod moves in a direction for separation relative to the switch), so that no load is applied to the contact operating element.
Abstract: A blade assembly for a hydraulic power transmitting apparatus is made up of a plurality of blades disposed at an equal distance from one another; a joint piece provided at a radially outer end of each of the blades; and a tie member for tying the blades together at the joint pieces. The blades, the joint pieces and the tie member are integrally formed as a continuous semi-manufactured product of a belt-shaped metal plate. Each of the blades is raised or erected from a plane including the tie member. The joint piece is bent to change a direction of the tie member. The tie member containing therein a required number of blades is fixedly joined together at both ends into a ring shape.
Abstract: The inventive hydrostatic gear unit (1) comprises a hydraulic pump (2) and an adjustable hydraulic motor (6) which is connected to the hydraulic pump (2) via operating lines (4, 5). A drive control valve (3) is arranged in the operating lines (4, 5) for adjusting the delivery volume of the hydraulic medium flowing from the hydraulic pump (2) to the hydraulic motor (6). An adjusting device (7) is used to adjust the displacement volume of the hydraulic motor (6). The adjusting pressure of the adjusting device (7) is controlled via a control valve (24). A pilot control (12) is also provided which produces a control pressure in accordance with a transmitter (11). Said control pressure acts on the drive control valve (3) for adjusting the delivery volume flowing from the hydraulic pump (2) to the hydraulic motor (6). Said control pressure also acts on the control valve (24) for adjusting the displacement volume of the hydraulic motor (6).
Abstract: A novel arrangement of a hydraulic actuator assembly is disclosed. The hydraulic actuator assembly comprises a bi-directional electric motor driving a drive screw. A shaft coupler is threaded onto the drive screw. The shaft coupler is splined to a stationary coupler retainer to prevent rotational movement thereof. The shaft coupler is connected to a hydraulic piston slidably mounted within a pressure chamber by a compression spring. The spring functions both as a damper and as accumulator in a hydraulic system to help stabilize hydraulic pressure. An electrical control system for the hydraulic actuator comprises a high-pressure cutoff switch, a low-pressure cutoff switch, and a control switch. The control switch is adapted for activating the hydraulic actuator assembly and selecting desired operation mode.
Abstract: A damping device for installation in a hydraulic adjustment device such, for example, as for motor vehicle clutches. The hydraulic adjustment device has a cylinder that is either an input cylinder or actuator or an output cylinder. The input cylinder or actuator, which is connected to an operating pedal of the motor vehicle, is also connected to the output cylinder via a hydraulic line filled with fluid. The damping device opposes a throttle resistance to the flow of the fluid in both flow directions. The damping device comprises a disk having first and second spring washers on either side of the disk. The disk has passage openings, which are covered on the respective sides by one of the first and second spring washers. The damping device is installed in the hydraulic adjustment device to suppress disturbing vibrations acts as both a vibration filter and an operating speed limiter. In addition, a constant throttle resistance is maintained relative to the fluid at all ambient temperatures.
Abstract: A valve block mounting arrangement for mounting a valve block directly to the ports of a hydraulic motor. The inventive device includes a main body having a first bore, a second bore and a cartridge bore. The first bore and the second are substantially parallel to one another with the cartridge bore intersecting the parallel bores and designed for removably receiving a control cartridge. A first female coupler and a second female coupler are rotatably positioned within the bores for connecting to a pair of corresponding hydraulic hoses. A first male coupler and a second male coupler are rotatably positioned within the bores opposite of the female couplers for threadably securing to the first port and second port of a rear ported hydraulic motor. The female couplers are preferably connected to the male couplers thereby allowing an individual to apply a tool to the female couplers to rotate the male couplers into the ports of the hydraulic motor.
Abstract: The invention relates to a method for adjusting supply pressure (ps) in a hydraulic system. The method comprises a feeder pump (23) for producing the supply pressure (ps), at least two hydraulic actuators (8a, 8b, 8c), measuring means for measuring the pressure levels of the actuators (8a, 8b, 8c), and a pressurized medium flow channel system. In the method, it is examined, in which actuators (8a, 8b, 8c) the load pressure is caused by moving a load (positive work). From the pressure levels of the actuators (8a, 8b, 8c) performing load-moving work, the highest is selected, and the supply pressure (ps) is adjusted on the basis of the selected pressure level.
Abstract: According to the invention, a servo ratio regulating member is disposed on the front end face of the valve body for abutment against the rear end face of a reaction disc. The servo ratio regulating member comprises an engaging portion which is engaged with a portion of a reduced diameter formed on the front end face of the valve body, and an abutment portion continuing from the engaging portion and projecting forwardly for abutment against the reaction disc. An external diameter D″ of the abutment portion as well as an external diameter of the reaction disc which is seated thereon are greater than an external diameter D of the outer periphery of the valve element, reducing the proportion of a brake reaction which is transmitted to a driver. With this arrangement, a higher servo ratio can be established with an arrangement which is simplified and inexpensive as compared with the prior art.
Abstract: In a steam cooling type gas turbine, a sealing structure for improving sealing performance between an interior of a rotor and a gas path of a turbine section which performs inter-disk sealing such that leakage of cooling steam and self-induced vibration of a baffle plate are prevented. A groove is formed along a circumferential direction in an end face of at least one of disk lands which protrude in opposition to each other between adjacent rotor disks, and an annular sealing member having an interior space is disposed in a sandwiched fashion, being brought into contact under pressure with an inner wall surface of the groove and an end face of the other disk land, or alternatively, an inner wall surface of a groove formed in the other disk land to thereby realize the inter-disk sealing structure for the gas turbine.
Abstract: A hydraulic system includes a hydraulic transformer with a rotor which is coupled with the hydromotor. The hydromotor may be subjected to a variable load which has to be moved in different directions. By using various switching means, the combination hydromotor and hydraulic transformer has been made suitable for the necessary four-quadrant operation.
Abstract: The present invention discloses a brake force booster for automotive vehicles having a control valve which is operable independently of an actuating rod displacing a valve piston, by way of an electromagnet which actuates a third sealing seat. Displacement of the sealing seat in opposition to the actuating direction of the brake force booster permits ventilating the working chamber. To eliminate all pneumatically induced force components in an independent activation, according to the present invention, a permanent pneumatic connection is provided between a pneumatic chamber delimited in the control housing by the valve member and the vacuum chamber, and in that both a second sealing seat which is provided on the valve piston and used to ventilate the working chamber, the third sealing seat, and the valve member in its sealing lip delimiting the pneumatic chamber in the control housing have almost identical diameters.
April 5, 1999
Date of Patent:
June 6, 2000
Continental Teves AG & CO. OHG
Mark Bayens, Thomas Berthold, Peter Drott, Horst Kramer
Abstract: A method and apparatus for operating a fluid actuated actuator between one and another alternate positions provides different forces for locking and unlocking the actuator. The actuator may use the same fluid pressure to operate a primary piston within a cylinder and to operate the locking mechanism. Actuator fluid is communicated to unlock the lock member and to move the piston back to its open or unactuated position. A sequencing valve determines the proper sequence of actuating the primary piston before the locking mechanism is driven in place, and clearing the locking mechanism prior to reciprocating the piston back to its unactuated position. Different forces for locking and unlocking the locking mechanism is provided by a free-floating piston mounted on a guide rod. The invention may also be applied to a BOP or the like where different opening and closing forces are desired.
Abstract: A gas turbine engine cooling airflow pickup and delivery system which radially inwardly traverses the torque transmittal path of the compressor section at a relatively large radius location, then extends substantially farther inwardly to a significantly smaller radius location, all with minimal static pressure loss to the cooling airflow. Pressurized, substantially non-swirling air from the compressor stage is supplied to a collector, and from the collector thru pickup holes arranged at an angle of 45 degrees reversely to the direction of rotation of the shaft. The pressurized air is then lead into a vortex spoiler which has a plurality of blades smoothly curved reversely to the direction of rotation of the shaft, the radially outer end of each blade being inclined in matching relation to the pickup holes.
February 27, 1998
Date of Patent:
December 7, 1999
Yoseph Gebre-Giorgis, Mark C. Johnson, Michael J. Kolodziej, Daniel M. Voron, Bruce D. Wilson