Patents Examined by K. P. Hantis
  • Patent number: 6353471
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for providing a non-destructive pre-test screen of specimen integrity for a blood analyzer by measurement of absorbance or reflectance is provided. The method involves measurement of polychromatic light in the near infrared and adjacent visible region, which is either transmitted or reflected from a specimen as presented for measurement, and correlation of the measurement, on the basis of predetermined algorithms, to the quantity of a known substance contained in the sample. The apparatus employs a spectrophotometer which emits radiation which is split into a beam which passes to a sample and a reference beam, the beam returning from the sample and the reference beam are variably combined and further separated into various components by means of a grating and focused onto a linear array detector. A microprocessor receives output from the array detector and performs calculations of concentration(s) of the known substance(s).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2002
    Assignee: CME Telemetrix Inc.
    Inventors: James Samsoondar, Merrit Nyles Jacobs
  • Patent number: 6204919
    Abstract: A spectrometer includes a light source, a fiber optic bundle with a first and second leg, where the first leg has more fibers than the second leg, a flow cell, focusing optics, a disperser, and a detector. The spectrometer may also include a mask and system electronics to control the spectrometer. The spectrometer allows for simultaneous dual analysis of a reference and sample beam and minimizes errors and attenuations in the signals. The elimination of mechanical moving parts and control of attenuation losses enables less sophisticated control electronics to be utilized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 1993
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2001
    Assignee: NovaChem BV
    Inventors: Yoav Barshad, Yael Barshad
  • Patent number: 6177992
    Abstract: An optical monochromator has high signal selectivity and low insertion loss, and is well-suited for characterizing a variety of optical signals, including closely-spaced optical channels within DWDM systems. The optical monochromator includes a bulk-optic polarization beam splitter that separates orthogonal polarization states of an applied optical signal into separate optical beams. Low insertion loss is achieved by reconciling the polarization states of the separate optical beams to an optimum polarization state that minimizes insertion loss when the optical beams are applied to a dispersive element. High signal selectivity is achieved using a multipass configuration and by illuminating large areas of the dispersive element, since large beam diameters are accommodated by the bulk-optic polarization beam splitter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 1998
    Date of Patent: January 23, 2001
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Company
    Inventors: David M. Braun, Loren F. Stokes
  • Patent number: 6151111
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a photometric device for measuring optical parameters. The invention functions in the ultraviolet light range through use of a monochromator and splits the test light in multiple channels by a rotor assembly, including a mirror.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2000
    Assignee: Molecular Devices Corporation
    Inventors: Mark Wechsler, Howard H. Barney, Roger A. Kaye, David G. Ogle, Michael M. Lacy, Calvin Y. Chow, Kimberly L. Crawford, Dean G. Hafeman
  • Patent number: 6147350
    Abstract: A spectroscopic detection system and method for quantitative measurements of non-volatile residues. A sample to be analyzed is spread out on the inside surface of a cup portion of a unique detector cup. The cup portion mates with a detector portion to create an enclosed reflecting volume. A small port in the detector portion permits entrance of light which diffusely reflects multiple times from the inside surface of the enclosed reflecting volume and which is partially absorbed by the sample depending on the spectral absorption characteristics of the sample. A light detector in the detector portion detects light after multiple reflections from the surfaces of the detector and cup portions and multiple passes through the sample on the surface of the cup portion. Light detected by the light detector is spectrally analyzed to determine the spectral characteristics of the sample.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 14, 2000
    Assignee: Surface Optics Corporation
    Inventors: Michael Beecroft, Marian Martin Szczesniak
  • Patent number: 6144451
    Abstract: A focusing state detecting or distance measuring apparatus or camera which measures a focusing state or distance of an object for a plurality of different areas in a scene. The apparatus or camera includes a light receiver for receiving a light beam associated with each area associated in the scene at a light receiving portion corresponding to each area. Each light receiving portion has a plurality of elements and provides an output corresponding to the received light. The apparatus also includes a processing circuit for performing calculation and regulation functions. When performing a calculation function, the circuit performs a correlation calculation on an output of each of the light receiving portions to detect a focusing state or distance for each light receiving portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2000
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Takashi Kawabata
  • Patent number: 6130750
    Abstract: A metrology apparatus for determining bias or overlay error in a substrate formed by a lithographic process includes an aperture between the objective lens and the image plane adapted to set the effective numerical aperture of the apparatus. The aperture is adjustable to vary the effective numerical aperture of the apparatus and the aperture may be non-circular, for example, rectangular, to individually vary the effective numerical aperture of the apparatus in horizontal and vertical directions. To determine bias or overlay error there is provided a target having an array of elements on a substrate, the array comprising a plurality of spaced, substantially parallel elements having a length and a width, the sum of the width of an element and the spacing of adjacent elements defining a pitch of the elements, edges of the elements being aligned along a line forming opposite array edges, the distance between array edges comprising the array width.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2000
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Christopher P. Ausschnitt, Timothy A. Brunner
  • Patent number: 6124935
    Abstract: Alignment system and method for use by pipefitters. A portable hand tool having the appearances of a flashlight and the capability of projecting a collimated, coherent or otherwise directed, highly focused and narrow light beam is provided a coupling device on the end opposite the light emanation end, swivel capability about its elongate axis and bubble-type level devices. A targeting subsystem, for use with the light emanating tool, completes the alignment system. A portion of the targeting subsystem uses a vertically adjustable stand having a bracket useful both for alignment of piping and/or pipe supports, as well as for securing target placards. The target placards are indexed referencing elements that are capturable by the stand bracket or otherwise suspendable pipe straps and brackets (supports). The system lends itself to highly diverse forms of application, in a host of piping and plumbing system installations, and is readily manipulable by a single person.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 26, 2000
    Inventor: David S. Matthews
  • Patent number: 6112988
    Abstract: A system for creating, dispensing, and redeeming electronic discount coupons in a store. The system includes a "smart card", product stations adjacent to selected products in the store, and a checkout station in the checkout area. To create an electronic coupon, the customer inserts the card into the product station adjacent to an product the customer wishes to purchase, and the product station then writes an electronic coupon onto the card. The customer thus shops throughout the store collecting electronic coupons for products of interest. Upon completion of shopping, the customer redeems the electronic coupons at the checkout area, by inserting the card into the checkout station. During checkout, when UPC data snatches data stored on the card, the customer is credited with the value of the corresponding coupon. Periodically, the electronic coupon data is transferred to a remote clearing house.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2000
    Assignee: SoftCard Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Ken R. Powell
  • Patent number: 6109530
    Abstract: A chip-battery micro-module and fabrication method thereof wherein an integrated circuit "chip" is secured to a battery coin cell using various conductive and insulative layers that provide power to the chip while also forming a protective structure for protecting the chip. The chip-battery micro-module may be used to power an electronic accessory which is directly attached thereto, such as an LCD display or speaker, or to power a circuit in a smart card or electronic device such as a portable telephone. The chip may be secured to the battery using epoxy layers, epoxy bodies, dielectric layers, and plasma- or vapor-deposited layers. The above elements may be conductive or insulative as required. The chip-battery micro-module can be integrated into a plastic smart card. The use of the rigid battery coin cell provides the chip-battery micro-module with improved strength characteristics for withstanding loads and impacts during assembly and handling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2000
    Assignees: Motorola, Inc., General Instrument Corporation
    Inventors: Erik N. Larson, Brant Candelore
  • Patent number: 6111650
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and apparatus for color matching of slightly colored objects which are transparent, diffusing an absorbent, by acuminating a small error of the objects with a first bunch of optical fibers. A second bunch of optical fibers is used to pick up the light back scattered from the area of the objects. The second fibers are located inside of the illuminating fibers. The light is measured at 3 wavelengths that correspond to blue, green and red colors and the pigmentation of the object is calculated as a difference between the red and blue spectrum components. Presentation of the brightness is calculated to be proportional to the green spectrum component. The pigmentation and brightness is then compared with the same perimeters of a standard shape pallet. The invention is particularly suitable for color matching the teeth in the mouth with dental prosthesis and dental restorative materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2000
    Inventors: Andrew Rawicz, Ivan Melnyk, Romuald Lakowski
  • Patent number: 6108089
    Abstract: By scanning a wafer mark to be detected in a measurement direction with respect to a sheet-shaped laser beam and by photoelectrically converting diffraction light generated from the wafer mark, a mark detection signal f(X) is obtained as a function of an X-coordinate value of the wafer mark. On the basis of an emphasized signal g(X) obtained by effecting convolution calculation of a numerical filter with respect to the mark detection signal f(X), slice level S1, Sr for both edge portions of the mark detection signal are determined, an average value of X-coordinate values of intersections between the slice levels S1, Sr and the mark detection signal f(X) or the emphasized signal g(X) is used as a detection position of the wafer mark.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2000
    Assignee: Nikon Corporation
    Inventor: Naomasa Shiraishi
  • Patent number: 6108094
    Abstract: An ultra-minute microscope for spectroscopy includes a rod-shaped lens having an index of refraction distribution gradient and capable of having a sample mounted on one end surface thereof, an element for projecting a laser beam into the rod-shaped lens from another end surface thereof and converging it to a focal point at an interface region between the one end surface of the rod-shaped lens and the sample, and a scanner for varying the incidence angle of the laser beam to scan the focal point two-dimensionally on the one end surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2000
    Assignee: Agency of Industrial Science & Technology, Ministry of International Trade & Industry
    Inventors: Toshiro Tani, Hiroshi Yokoyama, Martin Vacha
  • Patent number: 6100975
    Abstract: Raman spectrometer for analyzing the chemical composition of sample streams using an external cavity laser light source is disclosed. The laser provides an effective light source useful in continuously analyzing a sample stream containing petroleum products, aqueous or biological fluids, or solid slurries. The light is introduced into a bundle of optical fibers connected to a Raman sample cell. The Raman sample cell is configured to allow continuous sample flow therethrough. Scattered light from the sample cell preferably exits the optical fibers as a linear optical signal. A Raman spectrometer passes the optical signal through an excitation wavelength filter, an optical slit, and a volume holographic transmission grating with an aberration correction device before transmitting the optical signal to a charge coupled device array which converts the optical signal into a electronic signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2000
    Assignees: Process Instruments, Inc., The University of Utah Research Foundation
    Inventors: Lee M. Smith, Robert E. Benner, George R. Gray, Ming-Wei Pan, Richard D. Rallison
  • Patent number: 6094469
    Abstract: A computed tomography system having a fourfold improvement in both short-and long-term beam position stability. A beam-position detector is located at a peripheral edge of the primary fan beam and is fixed relative to the primary detectors so as to indicate beam position on the primary detectors. The beam-position detector is oriented so that its maximum sensitivity to beam motion is in the direction of beam movement due to focal spot drift due to thermal effects and gravity. Short-term focal spot drift is detected by a secondary beam out of the primary fan beam and is corrected in real time by adjusting the position of a collimator for the primary beam. Long-term changes in the focal spot position are corrected by using information from the beam-position detector to recalibrate the focal spot-beam collimator data set.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2000
    Assignee: Analogic Corporation
    Inventors: John Dobbs, Ruvin Deych, James Bowers
  • Patent number: 6089452
    Abstract: An operator's license validation system for a motor vehicle which uses an operator's license which is encoded with data. The data encoded includes the expiration date of operating privileges. A card reader is provided which is designed to read the expiration date encoded on the card. The card reader transmits the information encoded on the license to a control unit. The control unit compares the expiration date to the contemporaneous date. If the expiration date has not expired, the control unit activates an indicator. If the expiration date has expired the control unit will not activate the indicator. The indicator is to be mounted a predetermined location that is visible to oncoming traffic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2000
    Inventor: Edward W. Rhode, III
  • Patent number: 6091504
    Abstract: A system and method for determining the concentration of an analyte such as oxygen in an unknown gas sample. A Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Laser (VCSEL) is used as a variable wavelength light source which is "swept" through a wavelength range by varying the drive signal applied thereto. Quantitative spectroscopic analysis of the unknown gas sample is performed without the requirement of feedback circuitry for tuning the light source to the characteristic frequency of an analyte. Instead, the VCSEL is repeatedly "swept" through a range of frequencies determined by the drive signal, and the absorption is measured by the detector. The absorption lines do not always occur at the same place but instead move along around during the sweep based on the temperature and baseline current. The absorption at a particular wavelength may be determined by overlaying the drive signal and its timing information over the detected absorption signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2000
    Assignee: Square One Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen D. Walker, Robert A. Nichols, William A. Curnan, Sophat Svai, James R. Braig, Daniel S. Goldberger
  • Patent number: 6088116
    Abstract: A small battery powered instrument and method for measuring the finish appearance quality of highly reflective surfaces such as the paint on the exterior body panels of automotive vehicles. The instrument is placed on the surface to be measured; ambient light is prevented from entering from the interior space of the instrument by its opaque enclosure and by a seal which contacts the reflective surface. The user looks through a binocular viewing port at a reflection of a test object on the surface. The test object is illuminated by an internal bulb and internal power source which enables the instrument to be used in the field or with any ambient light levels. In the preferred embodiment, the test object is comprised of lines of alphanumeric characters; each line has successively smaller characters and the reflection is viewed at a fixed 20 degree angle to perpendicular to the surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2000
    Inventor: John Pfanstiehl
  • Patent number: 6084682
    Abstract: Distinct locking and sampling light beams are used in a cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS) system to perform multiple ring-down measurements while the laser and ring-down cavity are continuously locked. The sampling and locking light beams have different frequencies, to ensure that the sampling and locking light are decoupled within the cavity. Preferably, the ring-down cavity is ring-shaped, the sampling light is s-polarized, and the locking light is p-polarized. Transmitted sampling light is used for ring-down measurements, while reflected locking light is used for locking in a Pound-Drever scheme.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2000
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of the Leland Stanford Junior University
    Inventors: Richard N. Zare, Barbara A. Paldus, Charles C. Harb, Thomas Spence
  • Patent number: 6081327
    Abstract: A leveling instrument has an image-forming objective, a picture-taking spatial resolution optoelectronic detector, and electronics and a computing unit for driving the detector and evaluating the detector signals. The image-forming objective is subdivided into several zones of field depth designed each as a different aperture plate. Corresponding partial zone of the detector are associated to the aperture plate. The partial zones of the detector may also be designed as individual spatial resolution detectors. Since all level indicators, whatever their distance from the levelling instrument, may be sensed in one of the zones of field depth designed as aperture plates and reproduced by said aperture plate, the image-forming objective need not be manually or automatically refocused nor aligned with respect to the target.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2000
    Assignee: Leica Geosystems AG
    Inventors: Bernhard Gaechter, Bernhard Braunecker