Abstract: A power conversion device includes: first and second control devices that generate first and second control commands respectively; and first and second relay devices that transmit, to each sub module, the first and second control commands respectively. The first and second control devices receive instruction information indicating a system that is to control operation of each sub module. The first and second control commands each include a drive command, abnormality determination information about the control device, and instruction information. Even when the instruction information indicates a first system, each sub module selects a second system as a system to control operation of each sub module in response to detection of occurrence of abnormality to the first control device, and performs PWM control for a switching element in accordance with the drive command included in the second control command for the second system.
Abstract: The present invention is a smart electrical system comprising a smart control panel connected to various electrical interfaces. Each electrical interface is inbuilt with at least one IC chip to identify it. The smart control panel comprises a processing unit to process information from various electrical interfaces and load connected to each electrical interface. The processed information is displayed on the display unit, as at least one menu list, that allows the user to select and control various electrical interfaces from panel itself. The smart control panel allows the user to reset the circuit breaker box in case if it is tripped due to overload. The panel monitors each electrical interface and alerts user when overload or marginal load condition occurs.
Abstract: Various embodiments described herein provide a system that uses a capacitor-based power converter to generate a gate voltage (e.g., boot strap voltage) for a buck converter. According to various embodiments described herein, the capacitor-based power converter includes at least one of a combination of a capacitive voltage divider circuit with a low-dropout (LDO) regulator, or a combination of a capacitive doubler circuit with an LDO regulator, to generate the gate voltage for the buck converter.
Abstract: An input circuit includes a first input transistor and a second input transistor connected to an input terminal; a current source which makes a current flow in the second input transistor through a current mirror; a switch provided between the current mirror and the current source, and having a switch control terminal connected to the drain of the first input transistor; and a transistor connected to the first input transistor, on/off of the transistor being controlled by an output signal, wherein a current drivability of the second input transistor is switched by an output signal, and a threshold voltage to the input signal is determined based on the current drivability of the second input transistor and the current source.
Abstract: A regulator includes: a first transistor connected between an input terminal and an output terminal; a feedback circuit configured to control a control voltage of a control electrode of the first transistor such that a voltage of the output terminal approaches a target voltage according to a feedback voltage proportional to the voltage of the output terminal; a second transistor having one end connected to the input terminal and a control electrode to which the control voltage is applied in common with the first transistor; and a clamp circuit configured to set the other end of the second transistor to a voltage determined by the voltage of the output terminal.
Abstract: The invention relates to a multi-level modular converter provided with a control circuit comprising a computer to calculate an internal control setpoint of the converter and an energy management circuit allowing a power setpoint to be determined that is to be transmitted to the alternating electrical power supply network, the control circuit being configured to regulate the voltage at the point of connection of the converter to the direct electrical power supply network and to regulate the voltage at the terminals of each capacitor modelled as a function of the internal control setpoint and of the power setpoint to be transmitted to the alternating electrical power supply network.
Abstract: A multi-level inverter having at least two banks, each bank containing a plurality of low voltage MOSFET transistors. A processor configured to switch the plurality of low voltage MOSFET transistors in each bank to switch at multiple times during each cycle.
Abstract: Disclosed is a low dropout linear regulator and a voltage stabilizing method therefor in embodiments. The low dropout linear regulator includes: a drive circuit, generating a first control signal according to a voltage reference and a feedback voltage and generating an output current according to the first control signal, a load capacitor providing an output voltage according to the output current; a voltage feedback circuit, obtaining the feedback voltage according to the output voltage; a current feedback circuit, generating a second control signal according to the output current; a switch circuit, providing the voltage reference according to the second control signal. Among them, in a first phase of a startup process, the voltage reference is less than or equal to an initial value, and the current feedback circuit limits the output current according to the second control signal; in a second phase of the startup process, the switch circuit switches a voltage value of the voltage reference to a target value.
Abstract: Disclosed herein are methods, systems, and devices for providing power conversion between a direct current (DC) source and an alternating current (AC) power grid. According to one embodiment, a power converter device includes a transformer having a first winding and a second winding. The power converter device further includes zero voltage switch circuitry and zero current switch circuitry. The zero voltage switch circuitry is electrically coupled to the first winding, and configured to be electrically coupled to a DC voltage source via a first port and a second port. The zero current switch circuitry is electrically coupled to the second winding of the transformer and configured to be electrically coupled with an AC power grid.
Abstract: A power supply circuit is disclosed. The circuit includes n capacitors, m power branches, and a control chip, where the m power branches include at least one first-type power branch and at least one second-type power branch, the first-type power branch includes a pre-boost topology structure and an open-loop topology structure connected in series to the pre-boost topology structure, the pre-boost topology structure is connected to the control chip, the pre-boost topology structure includes a straight-through state and a closed-loop state, and the control chip is configured to control, based on an output voltage of the power source, the pre-boost topology structure to switch between the straight-through state and the closed-loop state, so that the pre-boost topology structure pre-adjusts the output voltage of the power source and outputs a voltage range that meets a requirement of the open-loop topology structure.
Abstract: The feedback loop of a switching power converter controller is provided with an averaging circuit that averages either an output voltage, an error signal, or a control voltage. Regardless of which feedback signal is averaged, the averaging occurs over a first cycle of a rectified input voltage to form an averaged signal that is used by the feedback loop in a subsequent cycle of the rectified input voltage.
Abstract: A wireless power receiver has over-voltage protection (OVP) circuitry that performs different techniques for different over-voltage conditions. The OVP circuitry includes controllable resistive clamp circuitry (a resistor in series with a resistor control switch) and controllable capacitive clamp circuitry (a capacitor in series with a capacitor control switch). Based on an output-based feedback signal and a reference signal, comparison circuitry generates comparison signals, based on which a controller selectively enables (i) the resistive clamp circuitry intermittently for a relatively low over-voltage condition and continuously for a higher over-voltage condition and (ii) the capacitive clamp circuit to detune the receiver, both in order to decrease the rectified output voltage.
Abstract: In a three-phase, four-wire electrical distribution system, a zig-zag transformer and at least one Cascade Multilevel Modular Inverter (CMMI) is coupled between the distribution system and the neutral. A controller modulates the states of the H-bridges in the CMMI to build an AC waveform. The voltage is chosen by the controller in order to control an equivalent impedance that draws an appropriate neutral current through the zig-zag transformer. This neutral current is generally chosen to cancel the neutral current sensed in the line. In other embodiments, the chosen neutral current may be based on a remotely sensed imbalance, rather than on a local value, determined by the power utility as a critical load point in the system. The desired injection current is then translated by the controller into a desired zero-sequence reactive impedance, based on measurement of the local terminal voltage, allowing the controller to regulate the current without generating or consuming real power.
January 13, 2021
Date of Patent:
July 6, 2021
Switched Source PB LLC
Nicholas Benavides, Brett Robbins, Thomas Craddock
Abstract: A switch apparatus is provided. The switch apparatus includes a signal control switch, a switch circuit, a blocking capacitor and a surge current dissipation circuit. The signal control switch and the switch circuit are respectively controlled by a first control signal and a second control signal to be turned on or off. The blocking capacitor is serially coupled between the switch circuit and a reference voltage end. The surge current dissipation circuit includes a Zener diode circuit or at least one diode circuit, and the at least one diode circuit has one or more diodes coupled in series. The one or more diodes coupled in series are coupled between two ends of the surge current dissipation circuit according to a first polarity direction.
Abstract: A modular multilevel power converter includes first electric components on a first vehicle and second electric components on a second vehicle. The first vehicle and the second vehicle are placed at a spacing distance from each other. The first electric components and the second electric components are electrically interconnected by a plurality of first connecting conductors.
February 21, 2017
Date of Patent:
June 29, 2021
Thomas Mangold, Martin Pieschel, Uwe Stuermer, Tobias Tepe
Abstract: A multi-stage, multi-level DC-DC step-down converter includes a first stage and a second stage having two identical cells connected in parallel. The first stage includes an input capacitor, four switches, and one flying capacitor. The two cells of the second stage each include four switches and one flying capacitor, and an output filter. The cells of the second stage are driven at half the switching frequency of the input stage, and provides a step-down ratio of 4:1. A third stage having four cells may be added to achieve a step-down ratio of 8:1, a fourth stage having eight cells may be added to achieve a step-down ration of 16:1, etc., each additional stage including a doubling of the number of cells connected in parallel, with all cells being substantially identical, and each stage operating at a further reduced fraction of the switching frequency. Embodiments are particularly suitable for applications such as a 48V intermediate bus architecture for servers and datacenters.
Abstract: A bidirectional DC DC converter that transfers power among an energy source (for example, a solar PV array), an energy storage system, and an energy usage system (for example, a DC AC inverter). The converter controls the charge and discharge times of the energy storage system so that power harvested during daylight can be metered to the DC AC inverter at predetermined times. During charge times, the converter utilizes synchronous rectification when down-converting higher voltages to lower voltages and during discharge times the converter utilizes variable overlapping of switch drive signals to provide a continuous range of voltage levels of transferred power from the energy storage system to the DC AC inverter.
January 24, 2020
Date of Patent:
June 22, 2021
Eugene F. Krzywinski, William B. Reed, James A. Allen, Jr.
Abstract: A method for providing operationally safe activation of at least one electronic component in a system, a start process of the system being initiated, a decision logic being activated, at least one temperature sensor being read out by the decision logic, the decision logic, based on the measured temperature of the at least one temperature sensor, checking whether the at least one electronic component is activatable in an operationally safe manner, and an activation of the at least one electronic component being initiated by the decision logic, if the temperature measured by the at least one temperature sensor is below a threshold value. A related system is also described.
Abstract: An insulation-type switching power supply according to the present invention includes: a PWM control circuit that generates and outputs a PWM pulse and a PWM pulse respectively by alternately extracting pulses of a PWM control pulse signal at a field-effect transistor in a flyback converter circuit; a pulse transformer; a bidirectional excitation circuit that excites a primary winding of the pulse transformer in the forward direction using the PWM pulse and excites the primary winding of the pulse transformer in the reverse direction using the PWM pulse; and a switching circuit that generates a pulse signal by inverting a negative pulse of a pulse signal, induced in a secondary winding of the pulse transformer, to a positive pulse and switches the field-effect transistor by using the generated pulse signal.
Abstract: Disclosed is a circuit for controlling a single-inductor multiple-output voltage regulator. The voltage regulator includes the single inductor and is configured to generate an independent regulated voltage at each of a plurality of outputs. The circuit includes: a plurality of output switches configured to selectively respectively connect each of the plurality of outputs to a first inductor terminal of the inductor; and a controller configured to control the plurality of output switches in a plurality of switching periods such that, in an operational state, each of the plurality of outputs is periodically connected to the first inductor terminal for a respective connected time duration to generate the regulated voltage at a corresponding output.