Patents Examined by Margaret J. Page
  • Patent number: 5399770
    Abstract: Compounds of the formula I ##STR1## in which R.sub.1 is C.sub.1 -C.sub.18 alkyl, cyclopentyl or cyclohexyl, and R.sub.2 and R.sub.3, independently of one another, are phenyl which is unsubstituted or monosubstituted to tetrasubstituted by halogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl and/or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkoxy, with the proviso that R.sub.1 is not decyl if R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 are chlorine-substituted phenyl, are suitable for the photopolymerization of compounds containing ethylenically unsaturated double bonds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 21, 1995
    Assignee: Ciba-Geigy Corporation
    Inventors: David G. Leppard, Manfred Kohler, Ljubomir Misev
  • Patent number: 5362898
    Abstract: A bis(pentaerythritol phosphate alcohol) alkylphosphonate compound, such as one comprising an alkyl group of from about one to four carbon atoms, preferably bis(pentaerythritol phosphate alcohol) methylphosphonate, is a flame retardant compound. Such a compound can be prepared by the transesterification of a diphenyl alkyl phosphonate carrying the desired alkyl group with pentaerythritol phosphate alcohol. An alternative process of preparation comprises the reaction of pentaerythritol phosphate alcohol, a trialkylamine, and an alkylphosphonic dihalide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 8, 1994
    Assignee: Akzo Nobel nv
    Inventor: Jeffrey E. Telschow
  • Patent number: 5354918
    Abstract: The method for preparing a monoalkylphosphine of high purity comprises reacting phosphine and an alkene in the presence of an anhydrous alkanesulfonic acid as a catalyst in a solvent having a boiling point higher than that of the monoalkylphosphine produced. The resulting monoalkylphosphine is brought into contact with an alkali solution to remove the catalyst, which is a sulfur atom-containing compound, remaining in the solution. The reaction solution from which the remaining catalyst is removed is then brought into contact with alkali metal hydrides or alkaline earth metal hydrides to eliminate any moisture remaining in the reaction solution. The alkali metal hydride is preferably sodium hydride or lithium aluminum hydride, while the alkaline earth metal hydride is preferably calcium hydride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 11, 1994
    Assignees: Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., Ltd., Nippon Chemical Industrial Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiromi Ohsaki, Kazuyuki Asakura, Masashi Sugiya, Yutaka Demura, Tomio Yanai
  • Patent number: 5354894
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for the preparation of alkali metal diarylphosphide compounds wherein at least one of the aryl radicals is substituted with an alkyl group. Also disclosed is the preparation of alkyl(diaryl)phosphine compounds which are obtained by the reaction of the alkali metal diarylphosphide compounds with alkyl halide alkylating agents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 11, 1994
    Assignee: Eastman Chemical Company
    Inventor: Thomas J. Devon
  • Patent number: 5352844
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process for isolation of partially brominated diphenyl ether mixtures ("Octabrom") having an average bromine content of 7.2-8.5. The process comprises: (i) adding a C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkanol to the Octabrom in solution in an organic solvent; (ii) maintaining the contact of the alkanol with Octabrom in the organic solvent for that period of time which is sufficient to allow the Octabrom to precipitate in crystalline form, making a slurry; and (iii) recovering the final Octabrom from the slurry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 4, 1994
    Assignee: Great Lakes Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Bhabatosh Bhattacharya, Wayne C. Muench
  • Patent number: 5352838
    Abstract: A process for selectively producing ethyl mercaptan from a reactant mixture such as, for example, refinery fuel gas mixture is provided which comprises contacting, in the presence of a catalyst such as, for example, oxides of cobalt and molybdenum supported on aluminum, the reactant mixture with hydrogen sulfide wherein the reactant mixture contains ethylene and at least one other olefin such as, for example, propylene. The reactant mixture can also contain other components such as, for example, hydrogen, ethane, methane, propylene, or propane, or mixtures thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 4, 1994
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventor: William E. Sattich
  • Patent number: 5352785
    Abstract: A process for the purification of a perfluorochemical composition comprises continuously mixing the perfluorochemical composition, comprising a liquid mixture of inert perfluorochemicals (e.g., perfluoroalkanes, perfluoroethers, perfluoroaminoethers, or perfluoroalkyl tertiary amines) and isomeric fluorohydrochemicals, with a stabilization composition comprising water-miscible alkanol and an aqueous solution of base (such as potassium hydroxide) made by dissolving the base in an amount of water sufficient to dissolve or disperse the fluoride salt by-products of the subsequent reaction of the base with the fluorohydrochemicals to form fluoroolefins, the amount of the alkanol in the stabilization composition being in stoichiometric excess of the amount needed to completely convert the fluoroolefins to alkoxyvinyl ethers. The process can be utilized to purify the product mixtures resulting from fluorination methods such as direct fluorination or ECF.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 4, 1994
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Thomas C. Herzberg, Robert B. Fletcher, Randall F. Henderson
  • Patent number: 5349071
    Abstract: Processes for synthesizing tertiary alkynols by reacting carbonyl-group-containing compounds with alkynes in the presence of a basic catalyst are disclosed. Preferred products are 6,10,14-trimethyl-4-pentadecyn-6-ol compounds having the structure: ##STR1## A preferred, novel compound, 6,10,14-trimethyl-4-pentadecyne-2,6-diol, can be used in the synthesis of Vitamin E or Vitamin K.sub.1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 1992
    Date of Patent: September 20, 1994
    Assignee: Loyola University of Chicago
    Inventor: James H. Babler
  • Patent number: 5349091
    Abstract: Solid waste materials comprising oxidatively-cured, solid polysulfide sealants containing spent oxidant, fillers, plasticizers, and other formulating aids are reverted to a liquid sealant comprising mercaptan-terminated polysulfides by reducing them with a liquid mercaptan-terminated polysulfide at temperatures ranging from about 50.degree. to about 110.degree. C. Upon the addition of fresh curing agent and recuring, the reclaimed sealant has satisfactory tensile strength and elongation properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 20, 1994
    Assignee: Morton International, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael J. Hallisy, John R. Gilmore, Steven J. Hobbs, Warren G. Duncan
  • Patent number: 5347040
    Abstract: Onium salt capable of generating acid upon exposure to actinic radiation having the following structure:(R.sub.1).sub.a (R.sub.2).sub.b (R.sub.3).sub.c Q.sup.+ --A--M.sup.+ X.sup.- --B--X'.sup.-where:Q is S;R.sub.1, R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 are independently substituted or unsubstituted aromatic, aliphatic, or aralkyl groups having 7-18 carbon atoms;M.sup.+ is a cationic organic radical;A is a divalent radical selected from the group of hindered alkylene groups, substituted or unsubstituted aromatic or aralkyl groups;B is a divalent aromatic sensitizer which absorbs radiation having a wavelength longer than 300 nm and is capable of transferring an electron to Q,x.sup.- and X'.sup.- are anionic groups; and wherein A provides a spatial separation between Q and M, and B provides a spatial separation between X and X', such that the spatial separation provided by A between Q and M is substantially the same as the spatial separation provided by B between X and X'.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 1992
    Date of Patent: September 13, 1994
    Assignee: E. I. Du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Arnost Reiser, Xiaohua He
  • Patent number: 5338886
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for preparation of an aromatic thiol corresponding to the structureA-(SH)nwhereinA is a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic radical and n is 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 comprising contacting at a temperature of at least 80.degree. C. an aromatic halide corresponding to the structureA-XmwhereinA is the same as above, X is bromine oriodine and n is 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6with thiourea in the presence of nickel metal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 16, 1994
    Assignee: Eastman Chemical Company
    Inventors: Mark Rule, James T. Tanner, III
  • Patent number: 5336800
    Abstract: Oxamides useful as dye intermediates have the formula ##STR1## where R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 are independently of each other hydrogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkyl or phenyl,X is hydroxyl, nitro or a radical of the formula --NR.sup.3 R.sup.4, where R.sup.3 is hydrogen or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkanoyl and R.sup.4 is hydrogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkyl or phenyl,Z is C.sub.2 -C.sub.8 -alkylene, substituted or unsubstituted phenylene or substituted or unsubstituted naphthylene, or X--Z and R.sup.1 are, together with the nitrogen atom joining them together, the radical of the formula ##STR2## where R.sup.3 is as defined above,L is a bridge member andY is vinyl or a radical of the formula --C.sub.2 H.sub.4 --A, where A is hydroxyl or a group which is detachable under alkaline reaction conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 9, 1994
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Bernd Siegel, Manfred Patsch, Knut Kessel
  • Patent number: 5334766
    Abstract: A process for the resolution of racemic diphosphine oxides into the optically active antipodes by reacting the racemate with a resolving agent comprising using a carbamate or thiocarbamate of an optically active .alpha.-hydroxycarboxylic acid or .alpha.-aminocarboxylic acid as the resolving agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 1992
    Date of Patent: August 2, 1994
    Assignee: Hoffmann-La Roche Inc.
    Inventors: Marco Cereghetti, Alain Rageot
  • Patent number: 5332725
    Abstract: The invention is concerned with novel odorants, namely enol ethers of alky-substituted oxo-tetralins and oxo-indanes, for example of oxo-tetralins or oxo-indanes having up to 6 or 7 alkyl substituents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 26, 1994
    Assignee: Givaudan-Roure Corporation
    Inventor: Josianne Baudin
  • Patent number: 5324862
    Abstract: The surfactant of this invention is a compound of general formula (I) ##STR1## wherein R.sub.1 is an alkyl, alkenyl or aralkyl group containing 6 to 18 carbon atoms; R.sub.2 is a hydrogen atom or an alkyl, alkenyl or aralkyl group containing 6 to 18 carbon atoms; R.sub.3 is a hydrogen atom or a propenyl group; A is an alkylene group of 2 to 4 carbon atoms; n is an integer of 1 to 200.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 1993
    Date of Patent: June 28, 1994
    Assignee: Dai-Ichi Kogyo Seiyaku Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kinya Yokota, Akinobu Ichihara, Hitoshi Shinike
  • Patent number: 5324858
    Abstract: New sulfurized compounds, their preparation and their use are described. They correspond to the general formula: {[R--S.sub.X --(CH.sub.2).sub.n --].sub.z CH.sub.3-z --(CH.sub.2).sub.P --}.sub.2 S.sub.y, in which R represents a monovalent hydrocarbon radical with 1 to 30 carbon atoms, optionally functionalized; x is a number equal to or greater than 1; z is an integer equal to 1 or 2; when z=1, n is an integer from 0 to 3 and p is an integer from 0 to 3, with n+p being an integer from 0 to 3; when z=2, n is an integer from 1 to 3 and p is an integer from 0 to 3; and y is a number equal to or greater than 1, at last one of the numbers x and y being strictly greater than 1. These sulfurized compounds can be used as extreme-pressure and anti-wear additives in lubricating oils, in particular oils for gear systems and oil for working metals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 28, 1994
    Assignee: Instiut Francais du Petrole
    Inventors: Ourida Aberkane, Maurice Born, Jean Luc Mielzoszynski, Daniel Paquer, Guy Barc
  • Patent number: 5324867
    Abstract: High quality bisphenol A is produced from a neutral crystalline adduct of bisphenol A and phenol by fusing the adduct in an atmosphere having a maximum oxygen content of 0.005% by volume, followed by evaporation of liberated phenol. The crystalline adduct may be mixed with an aliphatic carboxylic acid before the fusion to reduce the coloring of the product. When an acidic crystalline adduct is used, the use of a strong alkali salt of an aliphatic carboxylic acid is suitably used. Interior surfaces of the apparatuses for carrying out the fusion and evaporation are desirably washed with an organic solvent to remove oxygen therefrom. The evaporation of phenol is suitably performed by two stage steam stripping wherein a used stripping gas obtained in the second stage is employed as a stripping gas in the first stage while steam is used as the stripping gas in the second stage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 28, 1994
    Assignee: Chiyoda Corporation
    Inventors: Sachio Asaoka, Tetsuo Maejima, Kouji Sakashita, Noriyuki Yoneda, Makoto Yasui, Nobuhiro Onda, Tsuneo Watanabe, Nobuo Moriya, Akio Shindo, Hiroaki Nishijima, Athumi Kukidome, Ryuichi Inaba, Takashi Imazeki, Kaoru Shimogawara
  • Patent number: 5321163
    Abstract: A multi-purpose distillation column reactor is disclosed which may be used for the production of tertiary amyl methyl ether from the reaction of the isoamylenes contained in a light naphtha with methanol. Two reaction distillation zones are disposed above a stripping section. The stripping, in addition to removing the TAME product, also removes the C.sub.6 and heavier components. The first reaction distillation zone contains a hydrotreating catalyst for removing diolefins and mercaptans. The second distillation reaction zone contains an acid cation exchange resin for the etherification reaction and the entire column serves to fractionate the multiple component reaction system (reacts, inerts, products and contaminants) concurrently with the multiple reactions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 1993
    Date of Patent: June 14, 1994
    Assignee: Chemical Research & Licensing Company
    Inventors: Thomas P. Hickey, John R. Adams
  • Patent number: 5319148
    Abstract: The preparation of pyrocatechol monoethers or pyrocatechols of the formula Ia or Ib respectively ##STR1## ( R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 =H or C.sub.1 --C.sub.8 -hydrocarbon radicals; R.sup.3 =C.sub.1 --C.sub.8 -hydrocarbon radical ) by rearranging a 2-hydroxycyclohexanone dialkyl ketal II ##STR2## a) in the gas phase in the presence of a platinmetal or in the presence of a compound of one of these metals as catalyst in order to obtain a compound Ia, orb) carrying out step a) in the presence of water in order to obtain a compound Ib. The products are used as intermediates in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals, fragrances and flavors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 1993
    Date of Patent: June 7, 1994
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Michael Karcher, Horst Zimmermann, Jochem Henkelmann
  • Patent number: 5319144
    Abstract: Thiobisphenols of the formula: ##STR1## wherein X is 1, 2, 3 or 4 and R.sub.1 and R.sub.2 are straight or branch-chained alkyl group of 1 to 10 carbon atoms, which are useful as antiodiants and synergists for antioxidants, are prepared by reaction of a 2,6-dialkylphenol with an excess of sulfur in a solvent comprising a mixture of an alcohol and water wherein the solvent contains from 10 to 50 wt. % of water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 1993
    Date of Patent: June 7, 1994
    Assignee: Pennzoil Products Company
    Inventor: I. Ching Chiu