Patents Examined by Michael E. Lavilla
  • Patent number: 7445854
    Abstract: It is disclosed a method of deposting a seal coating and a seal system comprising at least two layers on the surface of an article. The upper or surface layer has a higher chromium activity than a bottom layer to reduce a diffusion of cobalt and the formation of cobalt oxide is reduced. The coating of invention may be heat-treated to reduce or optimize the formation of cobalt oxide to sustin the wear property.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2008
    Assignee: ALSTOM Technology Ltd
    Inventors: Abdus Suttar Khan, Ian William Boston, James Alexander Hearley
  • Patent number: 7381673
    Abstract: A composite material according to the present invention, is composed of SiC, SiO2, at least one out of Al and Si, with He leak rate of 1.3×10?10 Pa·m3/sec or below, thereby providing a composite material, which has a higher vacuum air-tightness, an excellent thermal conductivity, an adjustable coefficient of thermal expansion, small variation in strength and higher reliability, and a method for manufacturing the composite material, and a wafer holding member including the composite material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2008
    Assignee: Kyocera Corporation
    Inventors: Kiyoshi Yokoyama, Naoko Itonaga
  • Patent number: 7378160
    Abstract: The invention has an object of obtaining a low-profile electrolytic copper foil made by electrolytic copper foil manufacturing using a cathode drum such that the surface roughness on the rough surface side (the opposite side to the lustrous surface) is low. In particular, the invention has an object of obtaining an electrolytic copper foil that can be finely patterned and have an excellent elongation and tensile strength at normal and high temperatures. This object is attained by using a copper electrolytic solution containing, as additives, an organosulfur compound, and an amine compound having a specific skeleton represented by undermentioned general formula (1) obtained by additively reacting an amine compound and a compound having one or more epoxy groups in a molecule thereof to an addition reaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2008
    Assignee: Nikko Materials Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masashi Kumagai, Mikio Hanafusa
  • Patent number: 7371461
    Abstract: Interconnect structures possessing an organosilicate glass based material for 90 nm and beyond BEOL technologies in which a multilayer hardmask using a line-first approach are described. The interconnect structure of the invention achieves respective improved device/interconnect performance and affords a substantial dual damascene process window owing to the non-exposure of the OSG material to resist removal plasmas and because of the alternating inorganic/organic multilayer hardmask stack. The latter feature implies that for every inorganic layer that is being etched during a specific etch step, the corresponding pattern transfer layer in the field is organic and vice-versa.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2008
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Nicholas C. M. Fuller, Stephen McConnell Gates, Timothy J. Dalton
  • Patent number: 7371428
    Abstract: Method of forming different diffusion aluminide coatings on different surface regions of the same superalloy substrate involves positioning the substrate in a coating chamber having a aluminum-bearing coating gas flowing therein with a first substrate surface region enclosed in a masking enclosure having one or more coating gas entrance apertures communicating the interior of the enclosure to the coating gas in the coating chamber and with a second substrate surface region freely communicated to the coating gas in the coating chamber, and gas phase aluminizing the substrate by heating the substrate to an elevated coating temperature in the coating chamber having the coating gas therein to concurrently form an outwardly-grown diffusion aluminide coating on the first substrate surface region and to form an inwardly-grown, diffusion aluminide coating on the second substrate surface region of the same substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2005
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2008
    Assignee: Howmet Corporation
    Inventors: Vincent J. Russo, Thomas P. Slavin
  • Patent number: 7371467
    Abstract: A component capable of being exposed to a plasma in a process chamber has a structure having an electroplated coating comprising yttrium-containing species. The electroplated coating is resistant to corrosion in the plasma, and can have a compositional gradient of yttrium-containing species through a thickness of the coating. In one embodiment, the coating is formed by electroplating a layer comprising yttrium onto the surface, and then electroplating a second layer onto the first layer, and annealing the first and second layers. The second layer can comprise aluminum or zirconium. In another embodiment, the coating is formed by electroplating a layer comprising a mixture of aluminum and yttrium onto the surface and annealing the layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2008
    Assignee: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Nianci Han, Li Xu, Hong Shih, Yang Zhang, Danny Lu, Jennifer Y. Sun
  • Patent number: 7368176
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method that involves (a) removing graphite from at least one surface of a metal graphite composite material; (b) chemically cleaning or plasma etching the surface of the metal graphite composite material; (c) applying a metal-containing material to the surface of the chemically cleaned or plasma etched metal graphite composite material, and thereby forming an intermediate layer; (d) applying a metal coating on the intermediate layer, and thereby forming a composite material. The invention also relates to a composite material comprising (a) a metal graphite composite substrate having at least one surface that is substantially free of graphite; (b) a metal-containing intermediate layer located on a surface of the substrate; and (c) a metal coating on the intermediate layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2008
    Assignees: H.C. Starck Inc., Metal Matrix Cast Composites, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard Wu, James Cornie, Stephen Cornie, Hank Breit, Larry Ballard, Richard Malen, Prabhat Kumar, John Shields, Robert Desberg
  • Patent number: 7364801
    Abstract: An environmental coating suitable for use on turbine components, such as turbine disks and turbine seal elements, formed of alloys susceptible to oxidation and hot corrosion. The environmental coating is predominantly a solid solution phase of nickel, iron, and/or cobalt. The coating contains about 18 weight percent to about 60 weight percent chromium, which ensures the formation of a protective chromia (Cr2O3) scale while also exhibiting high ductility. The coating may further contain up to about 8 weight percent aluminum, as well as other optional additives. The environmental coating is preferably sufficiently thin and ductile to enable compressive stresses to be induced in the underlying substrate through shot peening without cracking the coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2008
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Brian Thomas Hazel, Michael James Weimer
  • Patent number: 7361302
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a metallic coating to be deposited on gas turbine engine components. The metallic coating comprises up to 18 wt % cobalt, 3.0 to 18 wt % chromium, 5.0 to 15 wt % aluminum, 0.1 to 1.0 wt % yttrium, up to 0.6 wt % hafnium, up to 0.3 wt % silicon, 3.0 to 10 wt % tantalum, up to 9.0 wt % tungsten, 1.0 to 6.0 wt % rhenium, up to 10 wt % molybdenum, and the balance nickel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2008
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Russell Albert Beers, Allan A. Noetzel, Abdus Khan
  • Patent number: 7354660
    Abstract: Alloy compositions which are resistant to metal dusting corrosion are provided by the present invention. Also provided are methods for preventing metal dusting on metal surfaces exposed to carbon supersaturated environments. The alloy compositions include an alloy (PQR), and a multi-layer oxide film on the surface of the alloy (PQR). The alloy (PQR) includes a metal (P) selected from the group consisting of Fe, Ni, Co, and mixtures thereof, an alloying metal (Q) comprising Cr, Mn, and either Al, Si, or Al/Si, and an alloying element (R). When the alloying metal (Q) includes Al, the multi-layer oxide film on the surface of the alloy includes at least three oxide layers. When the alloying metal (Q) includes Si, the multi-layer oxide film on the surface of the alloy (PQR) includes at least four oxide layers. When the alloying metal (Q) includes Al and Si, the multi-layer oxide film on the surface of the alloy (PQR) includes at least three oxide layers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2008
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company
    Inventors: ChangMin Chun, Trikur A. Ramanarayanan
  • Patent number: 7354651
    Abstract: An article comprising a silicon-containing substrate, a silicide-containing bond coat layer overlying the substrate, and an environmental barrier coating (EBC) overlying the bond coat layer, wherein the EBC comprises a corrosion resistant outer layer comprising a corrosion resistant metal silicate. A process is also provided for forming the corrosion resistant outer layer over the silicide-containing bond coat layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2008
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Brian Thomas Hazel, Irene Spitsberg, Brett Allen Boutwell
  • Patent number: 7354658
    Abstract: The present invention provides a metal part in which a rubber is adhered to a portion or the whole of a surface thereof, and a surface treating method of the metal part, in order to improve adhesive property between the metal and the rubber, to easily form a surface roughness in a specific portion of a metal part, and to achieve an improvement of working accuracy in the surface roughness, an improvement of mold maintenance property, a reduction of cost and, man hour. A surface roughness is formed in a portion of a surface of the metal part to which the rubber is adhered, and the surface roughness is transcribed from a mold to the metal part by previously providing with a surface roughness in the mold. A magnitude of the surface roughness is preferably set to be 10 ?m or more and less than 60 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2008
    Assignee: NOK Corporation
    Inventors: Norio Sugano, Tsutomu Watanabe, Mitsuo Kakimoto
  • Patent number: 7351480
    Abstract: Tubular structures having aspect ratios of at least about 3 and comprising interior surfaces comprising substantially uniform coatings generated from a gaseous precursor material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2008
    Assignee: Southwest Research Institute
    Inventors: Ronghua Wei, Chistopher Rincon, James Arps
  • Patent number: 7351479
    Abstract: A device or an enclosed area that can cause or is sensitive to electromagnetic interference (EMI) is shielded by at least partially surrounding the device or the area with a visible light-transmissive film comprising a flexible support, an extensible visible light-transmissive metal or metal alloy layer and a visible light-transmissive crosslinked polymeric protective layer, and optionally connecting at least one grounding electrode to the metal or metal alloy layer. The film has reduced susceptibility to fracture or corrosion compared to commercially available EMI shielding films, especially when bent or deformed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2008
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Arnold W. Funkenbusch, Clark I. Bright, Robert J. Fleming
  • Patent number: 7348068
    Abstract: A surface-treated steel sheet includes a steel sheet; a plating layer containing at least one metal selected from zinc and aluminum; a first layer film containing (?) 1 to 2000 mg/m2 of silica in terms of SiO2, (?) a total of 1 to 1000 mg/m2 of phosphoric acid groups in terms of P, (?) a total of 0.5 to 800 mg/m2 of at least one metal selected from Mg, Mn, and Al, and (?) 0.1 to 50 mg/m2 of a tetravalent vanadium compound; and a second layer film formed to a thickness of 0.1 to 5 ?m on the first layer film and containing a resin (A) having at least one type of functional group selected from OH and COOH groups, and at least one rust-proofing additive (B) selected from (a) a phosphate, (b) Ca ion-exchanged silica, (c) a molybdate, (d) silicon oxide, and (e) at least one organic compound selected from triazoles, thiols, thiadiazoles, thiazoles, and thiurams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2008
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Takeshi Matsuda, Akira Matsuzaki, Kazuhisa Okai
  • Patent number: 7347924
    Abstract: Metallization is disposed on at least a portion of an electrically nonconductive substrate. Plating is then disposed on the metallization, and an anodized layer of the plating is configured to provide the substrate with an anodized surface. The substrate may be glass or ceramic, and in particular sapphire. The substrate may be optically transmissive, and the metallization and plating may define a window adapted to transmit light through the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2008
    Assignee: IJ Research, Inc.
    Inventor: Ick Jhin Yoon
  • Patent number: 7341795
    Abstract: The invention provides a Fe—Cr alloy structure containing Cr of about 6% or more by mass but about 25% or less by mass, having a corrosion-resistant paint film containing metal powder having ionization tendencies greater than iron, with a content of the metal powder of about 20% or more by volume but about 60% or less by volume in a dry paint film, with a dry film thickness of about 5 ?m or more but about 100 ?m or less; and a manufacturing method thereof; whereby excellent corrosion resistance and excellent adhesion is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2008
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshihiro Yazawa, Osamu Furukimi, Yasushi Kato, Sadao Hasuno
  • Patent number: 7341796
    Abstract: A copper foil with a blackened surface or layer wherein one or both surfaces of a copper foil is subject to black treatment, and having a color difference ?L*??70 and chroma C*?15 of a black-treated surface when measured by a color difference meter represented by black; ?L*=?100, white; ?L*=0. The copper foil with a blackened surface or layer is especially useful for a plasma display panel (PDP) and has superior shielding characteristics of effectively shielding electromagnetic waves, near infrared rays, stray light, outside light and the like, has sufficient contrast, has a deep blackened color, is able to limit the reflected light of incoming light from the outside and reflected light of outgoing light from a plasma display panel, and has superior etching characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2008
    Assignee: Nippon Mining & Metals Co., Ltd
    Inventor: Mikio Hanafusa
  • Patent number: 7326441
    Abstract: A coating and process for depositing the coating on a substrate. The coating is a nickel aluminide overlay coating of predominantly the beta (NiAl) and gamma-prime (Ni3Al) intermetallic phases, and is suitable for use as an environmental coating and as a bond coat for a thermal barrier coating (TBC). The coating can be formed by depositing nickel and aluminum in appropriate amounts to yield the desired beta+gamma prime phase content. Alternatively, nickel and aluminum can be deposited so that the aluminum content of the coating exceeds the appropriate amount to yield the desired beta+gamma prime phase content, after which the coating is heat treated to diffuse the excess aluminum from the coating into the substrate to yield the desired beta+gamma prime phase content.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2008
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Ramgopal Darolia, Joseph David Rigney, Gillion Herman Marijnissen, Eric Richard Irma Carolus Vergeldt, Annejan Bernard Kloosterman
  • Patent number: 7314671
    Abstract: A chromium(VI)-free, chromium(III)-containing and substantially coherent conversion layer on zinc or zinc alloys presenting, even in the absence of further components such as silicate, cerium, aluminum and borate, a corrosion protection of approx. 100 to 1000 h in the salt spray test according to DIN 50021 SS or ASTM B 117-73 until first attack according to DIN 50961 Chapter 10; being clear, transparent and substantially colorless and presenting multi-colored iridescence; having a layer thickness of approx. 100 nm to 1000 nm; and being hard, adhering well and being resistant to wiping.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2008
    Assignee: SurTec International GmbH
    Inventors: Patricia Preikschat, Rolf Jansen, Peter Hulser