Abstract: A SrAl12O19 green luminescent material is doped with Mn2+ activator ions and at least one trivalent rare earth sensitizer ion species. Preferably, the material contains four rare earth ions: Ce3+, Pr3+, Gd3+ and Tb3+. Optionally, a portion of the aluminum may be substituted with magnesium. The material may be used as a display device or lamp phosphor or as an X-ray diagnostic or laser scintillator.
December 26, 2000
Date of Patent:
August 10, 2004
Alok Mani Srivastava, Holly Ann Comanzo, Douglas Allen Doughty, William Winder Beers
Abstract: A method and apparatus for encapsulating one or more small electronic devices, including for example light-emitting diodes, mounted directly on a substrate by providing a three-dimensional formation on the substrate adjacent to the device and injection molding a thermoplastic encapsulating material to cover the device and extend over the three-dimensional formation on the substrate and wherein the encapsulating material mechanically bonds to the three-dimensional formation. A gate plate for use in injection molding a thermoplastic encapsulating material over a small electronic device mounted directly on a substrate including a cavity formed to enclose the device, and a short gate formed entirely within the gate plate having an input for receiving an encapsulating material and an output communicating with the cavity.
Abstract: A cathode-ray tube includes a glass envelope having a panel with an inner surface formed with a phosphor screen, and a cylindrical neck extending substantially coaxially with a tube axis. An electron gun is arranged in the neck, and a stem is welded to an end of the neck. The stem has a substantially circular disk-like flare made of glass and having an outer peripheral portion welded to the end of the neck, and a plurality of stem pins attached to the flare. The end of the neck and the flare of the stem are welded to each other such that a glass portion of the flare surrounds a glass portion of the end of the neck from outside.
Abstract: In a color cathode ray tube, an electron gun assembly is received in a neck and includes three cathode electrodes, which are heated by heaters, respectively, and a plurality of electrodes. A sealing portion is welded to a stem section of the neck, and stem pins holding the electron gun are buried in the sealing portion. A wire is connected at one end to the stem pin and also connected at the other end to the electrode corresponding to the stem pin so as to electrically connect the electrode to the stem pin. The wire is provided with a folded portion. Even if the wire is thermally expanded, the thermal expansion is absorbed by the folded portion so as to suppress the fluctuation of the cathode current flowing into the electrode.
April 19, 2001
Date of Patent:
August 5, 2003
Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
Takahiro Hasegawa, Masashi Takeshima, Hiroyuki Oda
Abstract: In accordance with the present invention, there is provided a spark plug for producing a plurality of sparks which define a three-dimensional volume in a combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine. The spark plug is provided with an insulative body having a support end. The spark plug is further provided with a central positive electrode which extends through the insulative body. The central positive electrode has a spark ignition end. The spark plug is further provided with a conductive outer shell which is disposed about the insulative body. The spark plug is further provided with at least two neutral electrodes which are attached to the support end of the insulative body. One of the neutral electrodes is adjacent to the spark ignition end of the central positive electrode and spaced apart therefrom to form a spark gap therebetween. Another one of the neutral electrode is adjacent to the conductive outer shell and spaced apart therefrom to form a spark gap therebetween.
Abstract: The invention relates to a discharge lamp with a discharge vessel of silica glass which has a higher operating pressure than atmospheric pressure, where the high temperature viscosity (VA) in the outer surface area of the arc tube portion of the discharge vessel is lower than the high temperature viscosity (VB) at a depth of 100 microns from the outer surface of the arc tube portion. Since the high temperature viscosity (VA) in the outer surface area of the arc tube portion of the discharge vessel is lower than the high temperature viscosity (VB) at a depth of 100 microns from the outer surface of the arc tube portion, formation of thermal distortion in the vicinity of the outer surface of the arc tube portion can be suppressed. This prevents the discharge vessel from being damaged or from breaking by thermal distortion even after operation for a long time.
Abstract: A plasma display panel having a high power efficiency by reducing parasitic capacitances comprises first and second substrates disposed facing each other, a plurality of address lines formed on the first substrate and extending along a first direction and a plurality of X and Y electrodes formed on the second substrate and extending along a second direction crossing the first direction. A first dielectric layer covers the X and Y electrodes formed on the second substrate, the first dielectric layer having a dielectric constant higher than a dielectric constant of the second substrate, and a trench formed at least through the first dielectric layer in an area between two adjacent X and Y electrodes, the trench extending along the second direction.
Abstract: The present invention relates to an organic luminescent material/clay nanocomposite with improved luminescent efficiency and stability, which is prepared by blending an organic luminescent material with a nanoclay, and an electroluminescent device employing the same. The electroluminescent device of the invention comprises: a transparent substrate; a semitransparent electrode deposited on the transparent substrate; a clay nanocomposite emissive layer spin-coated with an organic EL material/clay nanocomposite, positioned on the semitransparent electrode; and, a metal electrode deposited on the clay nanocomposite emissive layer. Since the electroluminescent device of the invention provides improved luminescent efficiency and stability, it can be practically applied to the development of organic semi-conductor.
November 27, 2001
Date of Patent:
July 15, 2003
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
Abstract: The present invention is directed to anode screens of field emission displays wherein the phosphors on said anode are surrounded by a black or dark matrix which reduces the threshold and operating voltages of the display.
Abstract: A vacuum envelope of a cathode ray tube includes a substantially rectangular panel with a skirt portion standing on an outer peripheral edge thereof. A substantially rectangular implosion-proof band made of metal is banded on the outer surface of the skirt portion. The implosion-proof band has a pair of long sides and a pair of short sides, and a yield point of a middle portion of each of the long sides differs from that of a middle portion of each of the short sides.
Abstract: In a field emission electron source, a strong electric field drift part 106 is formed on the n-type silicon substrate on the principal surface thereof and a surface electrode 107 made of a gold thin film is formed on the strong electric field drift part 106. And the ohmic electrode 2 is formed on the back surface of the n-type silicon substrate 101. In this field emission electron source 110, when the surface electrode 107 is disposed in the vacuum and a DC voltage is applied to the surface electrode 107 which is of a positive polarity with respect to the n-type silicon substrate 101 (ohmic electrode 2), electrons injected from the n-type silicon substrate 101 are drifted in the strong electric field drift part 106 and emitted through the surface electrode 107.
Abstract: The invention relates to a tube emitting electromagnetic radiation which is made of glass or transparent non-fluorescent quartz, and has an elongated boring able to house a radiation-emitting filament or bundle. The boring has a substantially square or rectangular cross-section, at least two opposite sides of which form dioptric convex surfaces shaped to alter the direction of the radiation emitted by the filament or axis of the bundle so as to render them parallel or substantially parallel in the solid transparent glass medium.
Abstract: The invention relates to a metal halide lamp provided with a discharge vessel having a ceramic wall, which vessel encloses a discharge space in which an electrode is positioned. The discharge vessel is closed off by a plug in which a lead-through element is sealed in a gastight manner by means of a sealing ceramic. The lead-through element forms an electrical connection from the electrode inside the discharge vessel to a current supply conductor outside the vessel.
According to the invention, the lead-through element has a ceramic core which is sealed to the plug in a direct joint in a gastight manner by means of sealing ceramic. The core is provided with a metal envelope at either side of the direct joint, which envelopes are interconnected by a small metal strip.
Abstract: Spark plug with an electrically insulating ceramic insulator (1), a metallic spark plug body (2), a ground electrode (3) and a middle electrode (4) which is located centrally in a hole (5) of the ceramic insulator (1), around the ignition-side end area on the periphery of the middle electrode (4) a peripheral tip (10) being formed which encompasses the middle electrode (4) in an annular manner.
Abstract: Disclosed is a spark plug 100 with a built-in resistor comprises an insulator 2 having an axially extending passing-through-hole 6, a terminal metal fitting 13 fixed within the passing-through-hole 6 at an end thereof, a center electrode 3 fixed within the same passing-through-hole at the other end thereof and a resistor 15 provided between the terminal metal fitting 13 and the center electrode 3 within the passing-through-hole 6. A surface layer region including the surface of the center electrode 3 which is exposed to the resistor 15 is a metallic layer 30 formed of a metal based on at least one of Zn, Sn, Pb, Rh, Pd, Pt, Cu, Au, Sb and Ag or a Ni alloy containing at least one of B and P, so that the center electrode 3 is provided in direct contact with the resistor 15 on the surface of the metallic layer 30.
Abstract: Spark plugs having a center electrode and surrounding ground electrode configurations that allow the spark to selectively fire across the path of least resistance are disclosed. In one embodiment the plug has a cylindrical ground electrode with plural inverted V-shaped projections at its outer end that face outwardly from the end of the electrode. The side wall of the ground electrode may be provided with apertures to facilitate radial gas flow. In another embodiment the ground electrode has plural spherical projections at its outer end. In another embodiment the ground electrode is a cylindrical foraminous configuration with inverted V-shaped projections at its outer end. In another embodiment the center electrode has a spherical outer end encircled by and a cylindrical ground electrode. In another embodiment the center electrode has a spherical outer end surrounded by a hemispherical foraminous dome-shaped ground electrode.
Abstract: A color CRT having an inner shield being mounted at a frame inside a panel and a funnel to shield an earth magnetic field, in which the inner shield comprises: a vertical portion formed in parallel to the central axis of the CRT and mounted at the frame, a slope portion extended slanted against the central axis of the CRT at a rear side of the vertical portion and a notch with its central portion formed concave at the end portion of the slope portion, the opposite of the frame; and on the assumption that the entire height of the inner shield constructed with the vertical portion and the slope portion is ‘V’, a height (V1) of the vertical portion satisfies the relational expression of 0.18≦V1/V≦0.25, and on the assumption that the shortest height from a starting point of the vertical portion to the notch is V2, the height V1 of the vertical portion satisfies a relational expression of 0.40≦V1/V2≦0.54.
Abstract: A flat cathode ray tube is provided. The flat cathode ray tube includes a shadow mask having a plurality of electron beam holes, a shadow mask frame having multiple-layered support members continuously connected, for supporting the shadow mask, and an inner shield connected to the shadow mask frame. The support member for supporting a shadow mask is solidified by forming multiple-layer laminates. Also, mobility is provided to the longer sides of the shadow mask, thereby easily applying a tension to the shadow mask.
Abstract: A mercury lamp of the short arc type which can stably emit an intense spectrum at a wavelength of 365 nm with an extremely narrowed band region over a long time, and which has an anode and a cathode disposed opposite one another in a silica glass arc tube which is filled with mercury and a rare gas, is achieved by the amount of mercury being less than or equal to 1.0 mg/cc of the inside volume of the arc tube and at least one of the gases argon (Ar) and krypton (Kr) are used as the rare gas at room temperature with 1.0 to 8.0 atm.
Abstract: A field emission cathode device consisting of an electrically conducting material and with a narrow, rod-shaped geometry or a knife edge, to achieve a high amplification of the electric field strength is characterized in that the electron-emitting part of the field emission cathode at least partly has preferred cylindrical host molecules and/or compounds with host compounds and/or cylindrical atomic networks, possibly with end caps with diameters measuring in the nanometer range.