Abstract: A method of treating livestock animal feed grains by the addition thereto of a sarsasaponin as a wetting agent in conjunction with the mechanical processing to which feed grains are subjected. A preferred sarasasaponin is that extracted from the Yucca plant. Preferably the sarsasaponin is applied from a liquid medium. The sarsasaponin facilitates moisture uptake by the grain, making it more stable, more palatable and more digestible. When fed to livestock, faster weight gains are obtained with less feed. The wetting agent is desirably added to the grain prior to processing by grinding or rolling and steam flaking.
Abstract: A ruminant animal feed comprising whole linty cottonseed and preferably soybeans. The soybeans may be replaced by other oil bearing grains and additional nutrients may be added to the feed. The feed includes the lint of the cottonseed for providing fiber to the animals and has a reduced gossypol content as compared to whole raw cottonseed. A process utilizing an auger extruder is used to work the mixture of cottonseed and soybeans to heat the mixture and thereby cook it without charring the mixture. Subsequent to cooking the mixture is extruded and cooled for forming a meal that is provided to the animals for feed.
Abstract: An animal feed which is improved by the addition of a nonviable antibiotic biomass. The biomass may be obtained by drying a fermented biomass of an organism capable of producing an antibiotic which is effective against mycotoxin contamination. The resultant animal feed is substantially free of fungal mycotoxin contamination.
Abstract: The present invention pertains to a microencapsulated flavoring agent in the form of a spheroidal microcapsule which comprises a core and a coating layer over the core, wherein the microcapsule comprises (A) a core present in an amount up to about 90%, by weight of the microcapsule, which comprises (a) a flavoring agent in an amount from about 20% to about 80%, by weight of the core, and (b) a resin in an amount from about 80% to about 20%, by weight of the core, and (B) a coating layer over the core which comprises in percentages by weight of the coating layer, (a) gelatin in an amount from about 45% to about 49%, (b) gum arabic in an amount from about 45% to about 49%, and (c) glutaraldehyde in an amount from about 2% to about 10%. The encapsulated flavoring agents may be used in a wide variety of ingestible compositions and chewing gum products. The present invention also pertains to methods for preparing the encapsulated flavoring agents and the ingestible compositions in which they may be employed.
September 8, 1992
Date of Patent:
November 30, 1993
Subraman R. Cherukuri, Krishna P. Raman, Gul Mansukhani
Abstract: The invention relates to a new feed, feed additive and method for production of feed for marine species. Trimethylamine oxide (TMAO) or deriviatives of same are formed to be powerful iron inhibitors when added to a conventional feed composition.When used alone or in diluted dry or liquid form the amount needed to obtain an optional synergetic effect between iron and omega-3 fatty acids in the feed can be calculated according to a defined equation.
Abstract: A livestock feed supplement providing high by-pass protein, being substantially free of urea and molasses, and providing good palatability. The supplement is formulated using byproducts of grain alcohol fermentation, namely distillers dried grains obtained from the stillage of fermented, dry-milled whole grain, and condensed distillers solubles from such stillage. Standard amounts of other nutritional supplements, including vitamins and minerals, are added to the composition to form the block. The supplement may be compressed and cured into a substantially hard block for free-choice feeding, or packaged in its granular, somewhat moist form for subsequent mixing in livestock feed. The byproducts of the fermentation include natural flavors that provide good palatability without the addition of sweeteners such as molasses.
Abstract: Food coatingstuff comprising rice starch and food products obtained by coating or dusting with rice starch. Inorganic food additives like titanium dioxide, calcium carbonate, etc. are not necessary by use of the coatingstuff containing rice starch.
Abstract: Chocolate-flavored morsels essentially free of fat and a method for their preparation are provided. The morsels are manufactured by first preparing a mixture comprised of a major amount by weight of an aqueous syrup comprised of a crystallizable saccharide, said aqueous syrup being supersaturated with respect to said crystallizable saccharide, a minor amount by weight of defatted cocoa powder, a minor amount by weight of said crystallizable saccharide in crystalline form, and a minor amount by weight of an instant starch having a cold-water solubility of greater than 50 weight percent (and preferably a fat content of less than 0.25 weight percent), the amount of water in said aqueous syrup being insufficient to dissolve a major portion of said minor amount of instant starch.
Abstract: A blank for a paperboard container is provided on one of its surfaces with a layer of food-contacting polymethylpentene. The container formed from the blank, as by bending the blank along fold lines, requires one or more overlapped joints such as the usual manufacturer's joint. To overcome the non-stick properties of the polymethylpentene layer, the layer is flame treated so that it will adhere to a conventional water based, FDA approved adhesive and thereby make possible the formation of a seam or other overlapped joint or joints. Flame treatment is restricted to portions of the area of the polymethylpentene layer that are involved in the formation of the overlapped joint or joints.
Abstract: Powdered grain and/or legume material is mixed with a liquid binder containing algin to form a dough that is molded, or extruded and the extruded material severed, to form synthesized kernels or bits. Such kernels or bits are deposited in an edible boiling liquid, preferably containing calcium chloride and/or calcium lactate, for setting the binder, and cooked in such setting liquid for a few minutes after which they are removed from the setting or gelling liquid, rinsed, retrograded, or set and stabilized in their cooked and expanded state as by freezing or the like, and dried; or they may be canned or frozen. As a consequence, the kernels or bits can be rehydrated and rendered instantly edible merely by the addition of an edible hot or cold liquid without requiring further cooking. The bits may contain other food ingredients and/or fortifying agents such, merely by way of example, as vitamins, minerals, proteins, amino acids, fats, oils, medicaments and/or flavorings or coloring materials.
Abstract: A method for preparing a thixotropic animal feed suspension includes the steps of providing a liquid sugar solution and mixing a nongellatinized starch containing ingredient into the liquid sugar solution and thence mixing a dry bulk feed nutrient into the sugar and starch mixture to form a thixotropic suspension. All mixing steps are accomplished at ambient temperatures and the starch containing ingredient is preferably selected from feed stuffs, from wheat, corn, milo and mixtures thereof. The suspension resulting from this method is stable for long periods of time and at very low temperatures.
Abstract: In one embodiment this invention provides a process for preparing a dietary fatty acid salt supplement composition which contains a combination of additional nutrient or medicament ingredients.The dietary composition can function as a rumen bypass animal feed supplement, and permit a beneficial increase in the nutrient fat content of the feed.
December 4, 1991
Date of Patent:
October 5, 1993
Church & Dwight Co., Inc.
Kenneth R. Cummings, Thomas F. Sweeney, M. Stephen Lajoie, Alfredo Vinci
Abstract: Chicken eggs are provided which contain controlled amounts of vitamin E and iodine. No more than about 34% of the fatty acid content of the eggs comprises saturated fatty acid. The eggs may be eaten in the context of a standard low fat diet, without increasing the dieter's serum cholesterol concentration. The eggs are produced by maintaining egg laying chickens on a diet free of animal fat, wherein conventional feed is supplemented with controlled amounts of unsaturated fatty acid, iodine and vitamin E.
Abstract: Flours prepared from white sweet potatoes, cassava, edible aroids, tropical yams, lotus, arrowhead, buckbean, and amaranth, and a variety of different food products prepared from them, are substitutes for wheat and other grains, legumes, milk, eggs, and a partial substitute for nuts.
Abstract: In one embodiment this invention provides a liquid nutrient formulation which is an aqueous suspension with a high content of nutrient ingredients, and optional ingredients such as medicaments.A primary ingredient of an invention formulation is one or more C.sub.14 -C.sub.22 fatty acid alkali metal or ammonium salts suitable as a high energy supplement for ruminant feedstock.
December 4, 1991
Date of Patent:
September 14, 1993
Church & Dwight Co., Inc.
Alfredo Vinci, Kenneth R. Cummings, Thomas F. Sweeney, M. Stephen Lajoie
Abstract: A completely digestible highly nutritious dog chew, the texture or hardness of which is easily modified to suit a particular dog by the dog owner. By irradiating the chew in a microwave oven, the chew is caused to expand and is thereby rendered more easily chewable.
Abstract: A device for controlling fermentation and ensilagation of food for use with an apparatus for fermenting and ensilaging is disclosed. The device comprising a key input unit manually controlled by a user so as to set the rate of fermentation and the ripeness stage. A microprocessor controls the respective units in accordance with a preset program and in response to signals representing the present rate of fermentation and ripeness setting provided by the key input unit. A load control unit controls a heating unit and a cooling unit in response to a control signal applied thereto from the microprocessor and representing the present rate of fermentation and the ripeness stage. A temperature detecting unit detects the present temperature inside an ensilaging container and outputs a signal representing the detected temperature to the microprocessor.
Abstract: In a preferred embodiment this invention provides an animal feed block which has a high content of C.sub.14 -C.sub.22 fatty acid alkaline earth metal salt and nutrient carbohydrate.An invention feed block is suitable for free choice consumption by ruminants and other animals such as horses and house pets.
Abstract: Method for controlling the amount of feedstuff ingested by steers and heifers provided with feedstuff ad libitum without decreasing the rate of weight gain. In this method, steers and heifers are fed sorbitol, preferably in an amount of from 10 g to 250 g per day, to control the amount of feedstuff ingested without reducing rate of gain.