Patents Examined by Ronald Capossela
  • Patent number: 6532748
    Abstract: A cryogenic refrigerator for cooling a rotating device includes a stationary regenerator, and a rotatable cold heat exchanger coupled to the stationary regenerator to rotate relative thereto. The cryogenic refrigerator is, for example, of the Gifford-McMahon type or pulse tube type. In the Gifford-McMahon type, a stationary cylinder houses the regenerator, and a rotatable cylinder mounted to the cold heat exchanger is concentrically arranged about the stationary cylinder. Alternatively, the rotatable cylinder is axially offset of the stationary cylinder. A seal, for example, a ferrofluidic seal, is located between the stationary and rotatable cylinders. In the pulse-tube type, a pulse tube is concentrically arranged about the regenerator, and the cold heat exchanger includes a stationary portion coupled to the regenerator and a rotatable portion coupled to the pulse tube. A back-up valve system is provided for increased reliability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 20, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2003
    Assignee: American Superconductor Corporation
    Inventors: Jie Yuan, James F. Maguire, Ahmed Sidi-Yekhlef, Peter M. Winn
  • Patent number: 6533754
    Abstract: A dilatation catheter has a tubular proximal shaft having relatively high rigidity, a tubular distal shaft having rigidity lower than that of the proximal shaft, a tubular intermediate section interposed between the proximal shaft and the distal shaft, a hub mounted on the proximal end portion of the proximal shaft, a balloon arranged on the distal end portion of the distal shaft so as to be in fluid communication with the distal shaft, and an inner shaft into which a guide wire can be inserted. The distal end portion of the proximal shaft can be inserted into the intermediate section to form an insertion portion having a spiral slit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2003
    Assignee: Terumo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Takatomo Hisamatsu, Toshinobu Ishida
  • Patent number: 6530233
    Abstract: A hydrogen storage device prevents localization of hydrogen occlusion alloy and ensures rapid discharge of hydrogen. The hydrogen storage device has a plurality of porous molded pieces arranged longitudinally at predetermined intervals. Conductive cushioning materials are inserted between the molded pieces and between the molded pieces and an adiabatic insulation material. The conductive cushioning materials include first conductive cushioning materials inserted between the adiabatic insulation material and upper and lower end surfaces of the molded pieces and second conductive cushioning materials inserted between left and right end surfaces of the adiabatic insulation material. Disposed at opposed ends of a row of the molded pieces are movable urging electrodes which can move in response to dimensional changes of the molded pieces resulting from their volume changes and which urge the molded pieces to constantly maintain physical contact between the molded pieces and lids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2003
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Kenji Nakamura, Taketoshi Minohara
  • Patent number: 6530241
    Abstract: An apparatus for use on board ship to reliquefy a compressed vapour employs pre-assemblies of components. The reliquefaction is effected in a closed cycle in which a working fluid is compressed in at least one compressor, is cooled in a first heat exchanger, is expanded in a turbine and is warmed in a second heat exchanger in which the compressed vapour is at least partially condensed. The apparatus comprises a first pre-assembly including the second heat exchanger and a second pre-assembly including the first heat exchanger, the compressor and the expansion turbine are positioned. The pre-assemblies are positioned on respective platforms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2003
    Assignee: Cryostar-France SA
    Inventor: Josef Pozivil
  • Patent number: 6530234
    Abstract: A miniature refrigeration system and method of operation. A primary refrigerant is pressurized by a compressor to a relatively low pressure, for safety reasons. The compressed primary refrigerant is passed through a primary-to-secondary heat exchanger, to precool the gas mixture. The secondary side of the primary-to-secondary heat exchanger is cooled by a secondary refrigeration system. The primary refrigerant exiting the primary outlet of the primary-to-secondary heat exchanger passes to a primary Joule-Thomson expansion element where the high pressure gas is expanded to a lower temperature. This low temperature gas cools a heat transfer element mounted in the outer wall of the catheter or cryoprobe, to cool surrounding tissue. Return gas can flow back through a distal primary-to-primary heat exchanger to further cool the incoming high pressure gas mixture. A proximal primary-to-primary heat exchanger can be added between the primary-to-secondary heat exchanger and the primary compressor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2003
    Assignee: CryoGen, Inc.
    Inventors: John D. Dobak, III, Terry L. Brown, Kambiz Ghaerzadeh, Xiaoyu Yu
  • Patent number: 6526760
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and an apparatus for conveying a cryogenically-stored fuel to an internal-combustion engine for providing a combustible working gas. In accordance with the invention, the cryogenically-stored fuel is drawn, in the liquid state, from a thermally-insulated fuel tank, and forced into a fuel line by a conveying device. At least from time to time, within the scope of the operation of the conveying device, the pressure in the fuel tank is increased by an amount that is larger than the difference between a drop in the supply-flow pressure occurring on the intake side of the conveying device and the difference between the dominant tank pressure at a pump-inlet point and the boiling pressure dictated by the instantaneous fuel temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2003
    Assignee: Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Hans Fickel, Juergen Ringler
  • Patent number: 6526778
    Abstract: A resilient multi-layer container is configured to receive a quantity of hyperpolarized noble fluid such as gas and includes a wall with at least two layers, a first layer with a surface which minimizes contact-induced spin-relaxation and a first or second layer which is substantially impermeable to oxygen. The container is especially suitable for collecting and transporting 3He. The resilient container can be formed of material layers which are concurrently responsive to pressure such as polymers, deuterated polymers, or metallic films. The container can include a capillary stem and/or a port or valve isolation means to inhibit the flow of gas from the main volume of the container during transport. The resilient container can be configured to directly deliver the hyperpolarized noble gas to a target interface by deflating or collapsing the inflated resilient container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2003
    Assignee: Medi-Physics, Inc.
    Inventors: David L. Zollinger, Daniel M. Deaton, Bastiaan Driehuys, Kenton C. Hasson
  • Patent number: 6526759
    Abstract: A rotating magnetic refrigeration apparatus has magnetic regenerator beds arranged in a ring that is mounted for rotation about a central axis, such that each bed moves into and out of a magnetic field provided by a magnet as the ring rotates. Heat transfer fluid is directed to and from the regenerator beds by a distribution valve which is connected by conduits to the hot and cold ends of the beds and which rotates with the ring of beds. The distribution valve has a stationary valve member which is connected by conduits to a hot heat exchanger and to a cold heat exchanger. The beds include magnetocaloric material that is porous and that allows heat transfer fluid to flow therethrough.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2003
    Assignee: Astronautics Corporation of America
    Inventors: Carl B. Zimm, Alexander Sternberg, Alexander G. Jastrab, Andre M. Boeder, Lewis M. Lawton, Jeremy Jonathan Chell
  • Patent number: 6526972
    Abstract: Device for scuba diving consisting of at least a processor and of at least a manometer, both housed within a sheath, said manometer being connected to one or more bottles containing compressed air. The said processor includes a corresponding central unit for data processing, operatively connected to the manometer by means of connecting elements which allow said processor and said manometer to exchange information flows and also to be positioned within the housing sheath independently one from the other, so as to obtain a device for scuba diving with a modular structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2003
    Assignee: HTM Sport S.p.A.
    Inventors: Giovanni Garofalo, Claudio Ferrantino
  • Patent number: 6526761
    Abstract: A shaped article is capable of at least one of containing and delivering a cryogenic fluid. The article has a porous structure that restricts the passage of cryogenic fluid in the liquid phase while permitting the passage of cryogenic fluid in the gaseous phase. The article may be in the form of a tube or container. The article permits a liquid cryogen to be transported to a specific site, and then cool the site by means of conduction from the cold article and convection of cold gas, the phase change of the evaporating liquid greatly enhancing the heat loss.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2003
    Assignees: Gore Enterprise Holdings, Inc., W. L. Gore & Associates (UK) Ltd.
    Inventors: Mark John Robbie, David Myers
  • Patent number: 6526774
    Abstract: A device for separating dry solid and liquid by cooling spray has a material reservoir which can adjust and control low temperature for preserving material, a high-pressure pump for extracting material to high-pressure sprayer. Besides, material is pressurized to become a spray state for spraying by adjusting a nozzle of the high-pressure sprayer, and then dry air having high temperature can form a circulating cycle in the steel tub via a heat exchanger of a gas-drying machine to make water content of a spray of liquid be absorbed by dry air having high temperature such that original material becomes powder solid. Besides, air inside the steel tub absorbs much water content due to heat exchange, and then the air with much water content and high temperature is cooled via the heat exchanger when passing through an air filter. After water content of the air is condensed, the air is reheated for using in next cycle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2003
    Inventors: Shun-Tsung Lu, Ta-Wei Lu
  • Patent number: 6526777
    Abstract: A process for liquefying natural gas in conjunction with processing natural gas to recover natural gas liquids (NGL) is disclosed. In the process, the natural gas stream to be liquefied is taken from one of the streams in the NGL recovery plant and cooled under pressure to condense it. A distillation stream is withdrawn from the NGL recovery plant to provide some of the cooling required to condense the natural gas stream. The condensed natural gas stream is expanded to an intermediate pressure and supplied to a mid-column feed point on a distillation column. The bottom product from this distillation column preferentially contains the majority of any hydrocarbons heavier than methane that would otherwise reduce the purity of the liquefied natural gas, and is routed to the NGL recovery plant so that these heavier hydrocarbons can be recovered in the NGL product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2003
    Assignee: Elcor Corporation
    Inventors: Roy E. Campbell, John D. Wilkinson, Hank M. Hudson, Kyle T. Cuellar
  • Patent number: 6519954
    Abstract: Viable biological material is cryogenically preserved (cryopreservation) by preparing the material for freezing, immersing the material in a tank of cooling fluid, and circulating the cooling fluid past the material at a substantially constant predetermined velocity and temperature to freeze the material. A method according to the present invention freezes the biologic material quickly enough to avoid the formation of ice crystals within cell structures (vitrification). The temperature of the cooling fluid is preferably between −20° C. and −30° C., which is warm enough to minimize the formation of stress fractures in cell membranes due to thermal changes. Cells frozen using a method according to the present invention have been shown to have approximately an 80 percent survival rate, which is significantly higher than other cryopreservation methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2003
    Assignee: Supachill International Pty. Ltd.
    Inventors: Samuel D. Prien, John Blanton, Kevin R. Pond, Markus F. Miller, Brian Wood, Allan J. Cassell
  • Patent number: 6519952
    Abstract: An open flow cryostat for cooling a sample in use comprises a supply (1) for supplying a coolant, an outlet (2) for directing a flow of the coolant towards the sample, a supply line (3) for transporting coolant from the supply to the outlet and an isolation line (5) arranged to transport at least some of the coolant away from the outlet. The isolation line (5) is positioned in contact with at least a portion of the supply line (3) to thermally isolate the supply line (3) from the surroundings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2003
    Assignee: Oxford Diffraction LTD
    Inventor: Damian Kucharczyk
  • Patent number: 6520183
    Abstract: A double endobronchial catheter that is suited for one lung isolation anesthesia and surgery that has an outer sheath that is adapted to be introduced into the patient such that the distal end of the sheath is positioned within the patient and the proximal end remains exterior of the patient. A pair of catheters are slidingly retained in separate lumens within the outer sheath lumen. Each of the catheters has an inflatable balloon at the distal end thereof with the proximal ends extending outwardly from the proximal end of the outer sheath. A stylet is removably positioned within each of the catheters so that each catheter can be manipulated independently of the other catheter within the confines of the outer sheath so that the distal ends of the catheters can be positioned at a site within the bronchi of the patient and, upon inflation of the balloons, one of the patient's lungs can be isolated and ventilation and anesthesia administered to the other lung.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2003
    Assignee: Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
    Inventor: David Amar
  • Patent number: 6516631
    Abstract: A cryogenic natural gas liquids recovery process which includes the use of a demethanizer and a deethanizer includes a step of recycling a portion of the deethanizer overhead to the demethanizer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2003
    Inventor: Mark A. Trebble
  • Patent number: 6516620
    Abstract: A specimen holder for freezing water-containing preparations under high pressure is disclosed. The specimen holder possesses a housing sheath in which a cutout is provided. A specimen retention element is arranged in the cutout of the specimen holder, and can be sprayed with a coolant, from both sides, through the cutout. The specimen retention element is made up of at least a first part and a second part, a recess for holding the specimen is shaped in the second part. The second part is pressed with a screw against the first part in such a way that the recess is sealed in pressure-tight fashion. Also disclosed are a method and system for freezing water-bearing specimens under high pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2003
    Assignee: Leica Mikrosysteme GmbH
    Inventor: Anton Lang
  • Patent number: 6513336
    Abstract: A method and apparatus are set forth for transferring a cryogenic fluid. A polymeric, coaxial (i.e. “tube-in-tube” geometry) transfer line is utilized where a first portion of the cryogenic fluid flows through the inner tube while a second portion flows through an annulus between the inner tube and outer tube which annulus is at a lower pressure than the inside tube. In one embodiment, the inner tube is substantially non-porous and the transfer line is preceded by a flow control means to distribute at least part of the first and second portions of the cryogenic fluid to the inner tube and annulus respectively. In a second embodiment, the inner tube is porous with respect to both gas permeation and liquid permeation such that both a gaseous part and a liquid part of the first portion permeates into the annulus to form at least a part of the second portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2003
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Zbigniew Zurecki, John Herbert Frey, Jean-Philippe Trembley
  • Patent number: 6513345
    Abstract: A nozzle of converging-diverging shape for creating mist flow at supersonic velocity comprising: a throat having a characteristic diameter D*; an inlet having a characteristic diameter D1, positioned a distance L1 upstream of the nozzle throat; and an outlet having a characteristic diameter D2, positioned a distance L2 downstream of the nozzle throat, wherein the ratio of L2/(D2−D*) is larger than 4, but smaller than 250; an inertia separator based thereon, and a method for supersonic separation of one or more components of a predominantly gaseous stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2003
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Marco Betting, Theodoor Van Holten, Cornelis Antonie Tjeenk Willink, Johannes Miguel Henri Maria Van Veen
  • Patent number: 6510697
    Abstract: In a power failure recovery, the operating state before a power failure and present conditions of a cryopump are determined to initiate a regeneration or startup process. Where the refrigerator was operating before power failure, it is turned on during recovery to condense gases in the cryopump. A startup process is initiated where the cryopump was in a startup process before the power failure and present conditions of the cryopump indicate that the cryopump is sufficiently empty or clean. If the operating state and present conditions indicate that a corrosive or hazardous liquid remains in the cryopump, a regeneration process is initiated. If the cryopump was in a shutdown process before the power failure, the cryopanel of the cryopump is refrigerated to a temperature at which gases sublimate from the cryopanel. The temperature of the cryopanel is then maintained until the gases are removed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2003
    Assignee: Helix Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Maureen C. Buonpane, Philip D. Acomb, Brian D. Foley, Michael J. Eacobacci, Jr., Stephen J. Yamartino, Robert M. Patterson