Patents Examined by Salil Jain
  • Patent number: 11440799
    Abstract: A carbon material has at least either a peak related to diamond bonds, or a peak related to diamond-like bonds, appearing in a range of 1250 to 1400 cm?1 in a spectrum measured by Raman scattering spectrometry, and a full width at half maximum of a maximum peak, or each of full widths at half maximum of the maximum peak and a second largest peak, among peaks appearing in the range of 1250 to 1400 cm?1, has a signal less than 100 cm?1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2022
    Assignees: SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTRIES, LTD., KYOTO UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Tomoyuki Awazu, Masatoshi Majima, Yoshiki Nishibayashi, Toshiyuki Nohira, Kouji Yasuda, Kouji Hidaka
  • Patent number: 11433353
    Abstract: Methods and systems for the separation of hydrogen isotopes from one another are described. Methods include utilization of a hydrogen isotope selective separation membrane that includes a hydrogen isotope selective layer (e.g., graphene) and a hydrogen ion conductive supporting layer. An electronic driving force encourages passage of isotopes selectively across the membrane at an elevated separation temperature to enrich the product in a selected hydrogen isotope.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2022
    Assignees: Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC, Clemson University Research Foundation, Georgia Tech Research Corporation
    Inventors: Dale A. Hitchcock, Steven M. Serkiz, Timothy M. Krentz, Josef A. Velten, Kyle S. Brinkman, Eric M. Vogel, Katherine T. Young
  • Patent number: 11434581
    Abstract: A method and system for substantially reducing iron and organic impurities in carbon nanotube materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2022
    Assignee: Nanocomp Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Mark W. Schauer, Erick C. Towle, Rachel Stephenson
  • Patent number: 11421331
    Abstract: Apparatus for seawater acidification including an ion exchange, cathode and anode electrode compartments and cation-permeable membranes that separate the electrode compartments from the ion exchange compartment. Means is provided for feeding seawater through the ion exchange compartment and for feeding a dissociable liquid media through the anode and cathode electrode compartments. A cathode is located in the cathode electrode compartment and an anode is located in the anode electrode compartment and a means for application of current to the cathode and anode is provided. A method for the acidification of seawater by subjecting the seawater to an ion exchange reaction to exchange H+ ions for Na+ ions. Carbon dioxide may be extracted from the acidified seawater. Optionally, the ion exchange reaction can be conducted under conditions which produce hydrogen as well as carbon dioxide. The carbon dioxide and hydrogen may be used to produce hydrocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2022
    Assignee: The Government of the United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Felice DiMascio, Dennis R. Hardy, M. Kathleen Lewis, Heather D. Willauer, Frederick Williams
  • Patent number: 11421332
    Abstract: The invention relates to an electrolytic cell equipped with microelectrodes for the generation of un-separated products and the method for obtaining it. The cell and the microelectrodes of the present invention are obtained using a technology for the production of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). The anodic and cathodic microelectrodes have an electrocatalytic coating and are mutually intercalated at an interelectrodic gap lower than 300 micrometres.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2022
    Assignee: INDUSTRIE DE NORA S.P.A.
    Inventor: Andrea Francesco Gulla
  • Patent number: 11421337
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for a low maintenance, high reliability on-site electrolytic generator incorporating automatic cell monitoring for contaminant film buildup, as well as automatically removing or cleaning the contaminant film. This method and apparatus preferably does not require human intervention to clean. For high current density cells, cleaning is preferably performed by reversing the polarity of the electrodes and applying a lower current density to the electrodes, preferably by adjusting the salinity or brine concentration of the electrolyte while keeping the voltage constant. Electrolyte flow preferably comprises water and brine flows which are preferably separately monitored and automatically adjusted. For bipolar cells, flow between modules arranged in parallel is preferably approximately equally distributed between modules and between intermediate electrodes within each module.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2022
    Assignee: De Nora Holdings US, Inc.
    Inventors: William J Stewart, Matthew R Santillanes, Kevin Schwarz, Justin Sanchez, Geofrey C Showalter, Kyle Lee
  • Patent number: 11414769
    Abstract: A water reservoir and electrolysis cell combination that has a flow connection between a lower fluid port of the water reservoir and an upper fluid port of the electrolysis cell. The flow connection includes a first conduit with an inner bore which serves as a first flow path for the flow of water by force of gravity from the water reservoir to an outlet for the first conduit positioned within the electrolysis cell. The second conduit is concentric to the first conduit and defines an annular space between the outer surface of the first conduit and the inner surface of the second conduit which serves as a second flow path for an upward flow of gas from the electrolysis cell to the water reservoir.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2022
    Assignee: Empire Hydrogen Energy Systems Inc.
    Inventor: Douglas Fortune
  • Patent number: 11414329
    Abstract: Provided herein are methods and compositions for reducing the level of a cyanotoxin in cyanotoxin contaminated-water. The electrolytic destruction methods can include contacting the contaminated water with an electrochemical cell in the presence of a magnesium salt and applying an electrical current to the water for a time and in an amount sufficient to oxidize the cyanotoxin. The methods are useful for treatment of lake water, reservoir water, pond water, river water, or irrigation water and any water that serves as a source of drinking water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2022
    Assignee: Evonik Operations GmbH
    Inventors: John M. Rovison, Weidong An, Ian Horner, Brianna Desjardins
  • Patent number: 11407662
    Abstract: Aspects described herein relate generally to adsorbent systems and methods for capturing and/or separating organic species (e.g., uncharged organic species) from mixtures with water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2022
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Xianwen Mao, Wenda Tian, Yinying Ren, Gregory C. Rutledge, Trevor Alan Hatton
  • Patent number: 11407663
    Abstract: Disclosed here is a capacitive deionization device for removing ions from a target solution. The capacitive deionization device includes a first porous electrode, a second porous electrode, a first header plate, a second header plate, and a sealant. The second porous electrode is disposed below and spaced from the first porous electrode. The first header plate is disposed on the first porous electrode. The first header plate defines an input flow channel that is in fluidic communication with the first porous electrode. The second header plate is disposed below the second porous electrode. The second header plate defines an output flow channel that is in fluidic communication with the second porous electrode. The sealant is disposed between the first header plate and the second header plate and surrounds the first porous electrode and the second porous electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2022
    Assignee: Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC
    Inventors: Patrick G. Campbell, Jennifer M. Knipe, Michael Stadermann
  • Patent number: 11402130
    Abstract: A system for utilizing solar power to generate carbon nano-materials. A system for utilizing the carbon dioxide byproduct of a fossil fuel power generation process to drive an electrolysis reaction which produces carbon nano-materials, and methods of producing the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2022
    Assignee: C2CNT LLC
    Inventor: Stuart Licht
  • Patent number: 11377375
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a capacitive deionization electrode module, a water treatment apparatus and method capable of saving energy using the same, and more particularly, to a capacitive deionization electrode module that is capable of improving durability, suppressing fouling, and increasing the amount of incoming water treated and to a water treatment apparatus and method that is capable of recovering and reusing energy generated while a saline adsorbed to the capacitive deionization electrode module is being desorbed through an energy recovery device, thereby saving the energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 5, 2022
    Assignee: Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction Co., Ltd
    Inventors: Hyunsung Choi, Seongju Kim, Jangyong You, Seokho Choi, Jaedong Hwang
  • Patent number: 11365136
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an electrode for electrochlorination processes, optionally operable under polarity reversal conditions, comprising an active layer provided with a doped Ru—Ti catalytic composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2022
    Assignee: INDUSTRIE DE NORA S.P.A.
    Inventors: Anna Ramunni, Fabio Timpano
  • Patent number: 11365485
    Abstract: An ozone generator system utilizes an electrochemical cell to produce and control ozone concentrations within an enclosure or to supply ozone to a flow conduit. The enclosure may he coupled with a flow conduit that carries the produced ozone to a desired location. An enclosure may be a sterilization chamber and the concentration of ozone produced by the ozone generating system may be sufficient to sterilize articles within the enclosure. An oxygen control electrolyzer cell and/or humidity control electrolyzer cell may be coupled with the enclosure to further control the environment of the enclosure. A humidity control electrolyzer cell may be fluidly coupled with the ozone generator to supply humidity for reaction on the anode of the ozone generator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2022
    Assignee: FFI Ionix IP, Inc.
    Inventors: Bamdad Bahar, Jacob Zerby
  • Patent number: 11358883
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a flow through electrode, capacitive deionization (FTE-CDI) system which is able to adsorb nitrates from water being treated using the system. The system makes use of a pair of electrodes arranged generally parallel to one another, with a water permeable dielectric sandwiched between the electrodes. The electrodes receive a direct current voltage from an electrical circuit. At least one of the electrodes is formed from a carbon material having a hierarchical pore size distribution which includes a first plurality of pores having a width of no more than about 1 nm, and a second plurality of micro-sized pores. The micron-sized pores enable a flow of water to be pushed through the electrodes while the first plurality of pores form adsorption sites for nitrate molecules carried in the water flowing through the electrodes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2022
    Assignee: Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC
    Inventors: Patrick Campbell, Maira Ceron Hernandez, Steven Hawks, Colin Loeb, Tuan Anh Pham, Michael Stadermann
  • Patent number: 11359294
    Abstract: The invention provides for the integration of a CO-consuming process, such as a gas fermentation process, with a CO2 electrolysis process. The invention is capable of utilizing a CO2-comprising gaseous substrate generated by an industrial process and provides for one or more removal modules to remove at least one constituent from a CO2-comprising gaseous substrate prior to passage of the gaseous substrate to a CO2 electrolysis module. The invention may further comprise one or more pressure modules, one or more CO2 concentration modules, one or more O2 separation modules, and/or an H2 electrolysis module. Carbon conversion efficiency is increased by recycling CO2 produced by a CO-consuming process to the CO2 electrolysis process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2022
    Assignee: LanzaTech, Inc.
    Inventors: Christophe Mihalcea, Robert Conrado, Nicholas Bourdakos, Xueliang Li, Sean Simpson
  • Patent number: 11339333
    Abstract: A fluidized catalytic cracking unit system includes a fluidized catalytic cracking unit assembly comprising a cracking unit; a reformer-electrolyzer-purifier assembly comprising a reformer-electrolyzer-purifier cell, the reformer-electrolyzer-purifier cell comprising an anode section and a cathode section; and a carbon capture assembly. The anode section of the reformer-electrolyzer-purifier assembly is configured to receive an input stream comprising hydrocarbon gases and water. The cathode section of the reformer-electrolyzer-purifier assembly is configured to produce a cathode exhaust stream comprising oxygen and carbon dioxide. The fluidized catalytic cracking unit assembly is configured to receive the cathode exhaust stream and to produce a flue gas comprising carbon dioxide, water, and less than 5 mole % oxygen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2022
    Assignee: FuelCell Energy, Inc.
    Inventor: Fred C. Jahnke
  • Patent number: 11298653
    Abstract: The present disclosure generally relates to apparatuses, systems, and methods for separating a target species (e.g., CO2) from a gas mixture (e.g., gas stream) via an electrochemical process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2022
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Sahag Voskian, Trevor Alan Hatton
  • Patent number: 11298660
    Abstract: A method of operating an electrochemical device includes periodically discharging a volume of concentrate reject in a timed batch cycle and replacing the concentrate reject with feed water. An electrochemical water treatment system includes a recycle line having a valve controlled by a control module. The control module periodically opens the valve to discharge concentrate reject from the recycle line in a batch timed cycle. The recycle line is fed with feed water to replace the discharged concentrate reject.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2022
    Assignee: Evoqua Water Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Li-Shiang Liang, Michael J. Shaw, Wenxin Du
  • Patent number: 11292733
    Abstract: An electrolyzed water generation device is provided with a first flow passage delivering electrolyzed water generated in one of a first polar chamber and a second polar chamber of an electrolytic chamber, a second flow passage delivering electrolyzed water generated in the other one of the first polar chamber and the second polar chamber, a double autochange crossline valve in which a flow rate regulating valve 74 and a flow passage switching valve 85 are interlocked, a polarity switching unit 51 switching the polarities of a first power feeder 41 and a second power feeder 42, and a determination unit 52 determining switching timing of the polarity switching unit 51 and the flow passage switching valve 85. The determination unit 52 integrates electrolysis time in the electrolytic chamber 40 and determines that the switching timing arrives when an integrated electrolysis time t reaches a predetermined threshold value T without the polarity being switched.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2022
    Assignee: NIHON TRIM CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Yoshinobu Koizumi