Patents Examined by Stanley S. Silverman
  • Patent number: 7112309
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus are described which utilize an aqueous hydrogen peroxide composition of hydrogen peroxide and at least one additive which serves to catalyze the rapid decomposition of the hydrogen peroxide into hydroxyl radicals. When contacted with an atmospheric effluent containing odor and/or noxious components, the hydroxyl radicals formed oxidize the odor and noxious components to non-odor offensive, environmentally acceptable by-product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 26, 2006
    Assignee: Steen Research LLC
    Inventors: Michael J. Stoltz, Stephen R. Temple
  • Patent number: 7108842
    Abstract: A multistage oxygen-added catalytic partial oxidation process and apparatus for converting H2S in an acid gas stream to elemental sulfur and water are disclosed. Each staged addition of oxygen or air at the top of the catalyst bed and at points along the catalyst bed maintain oxygen-limited H2S catalytic partial oxidation conditions whereby incidental SO2 production is minimized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2006
    Assignee: ConocoPhillips Company
    Inventors: Sriram Ramani, Alfred E. Keller
  • Patent number: 7105147
    Abstract: Methane in a feedstock gas having methane as its main component, is partially oxidized with oxygen, which selectively permeates from a first side to a second side of a oxygen selective permeation ceramic membrane. Air is contacted with the first side of the oxygen selective permeation ceramic membrane, and the feedstock gas containing methane is contacted with the second side of the oxygen selective permeation ceramic membrane. A first catalyst for partial oxidation of methane is disposed two-dimensionally on the second side of the oxygen selective permeation ceramic membrane, and a second catalyst for partial oxidation of methane is disposed three-dimensionally in the feedstock gas stream downstream from the first catalyst. Furthermore, steam is mixed into the feedstock gas stream at a ratio of 0.25 to 0.5 moles of steam based on the moles of carbon in the feedstock gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2006
    Assignee: Teïkokuoil Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hideki Kurimura, Shoichi Kaganoi, Yohei Suzuki
  • Patent number: 7105138
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the macroporous manganese oxide material having ferromagnetic property and a method of preparing the same, more particularly to the macroporous ferromagnetic manganese oxide having three-dimensionally ordered nanopores, which is prepared by aligning colloidal polymer particles with an average diameter of a few hundred nanometers in 3D, infiltrating a solution of the precursor compound capable of forming manganese oxide represented by the following Chemical Formula 1 into interstices of the colloidal template and heating in an oxygen atmosphere to decompose and remove the polymer template, and a method for preparing the same: La1-xCax-ySryMnO3 ??(1) wherein 0.25<x<0.35 and 0<y?0.35.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2006
    Assignee: Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science
    Inventors: Nam Hwi Hur, Young Nam Kim, Eun Ok Chi, Jin Cheol Kim, Eun Kwang Lee
  • Patent number: 7101530
    Abstract: Processes are provided for the storage and release of hydrogen by means of a substantially reversible catalytic hydrogenation of extended pi-conjugated substrates which include large polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons with nitrogen heteroatoms, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons with oxygen heteroatoms, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons with alkyl, alkoxy, ketone, ether or polyether substituents, pi-conjugated molecules comprising 5 membered rings, pi-conjugated molecules comprising six and five membered rings with nitrogen or oxygen hetero atoms, and extended pi-conjugated organic polymers. The hydrogen, contained in the at least partially hydrogenated form of the extended pi-conjugated system, can be facilely released for use by a catalytic dehydrogenation of the latter in the presence of a dehydrogenation catalyst which can be effected by lowering the hydrogen gas pressure, generally to pressures greater than 0.1 bar or raising the temperature to less than 250° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2006
    Assignee: Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Guido P. Pez, Aaron R. Scott, Alan C. Cooper, Hansong Cheng
  • Patent number: 7101527
    Abstract: The present invention provides new amorphous or partially crystalline mixed anion chalcogenide compounds for use in proton exchange membranes which are able to operate over a wide variety of temperature ranges, including in the intermediate temperature range of about 100 ° C. to 300° C., and new uses for crystalline mixed anion chalcogenide compounds in such proton exchange membranes. In one embodiment, the proton conductivity of the compounds is between about 10?8 S/cm and 10?1 S/cm within a temperature range of between about ?60 and 300° C. and a relative humidity of less than about 12%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2006
    Assignee: Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Steven Andrew Poling, Carly R. Nelson, Steve W. Martin
  • Patent number: 7101528
    Abstract: A process for producing nano sized boehmite aluminas which are stable at alkaline pH values wherein an aqueous medium of a peptized boehmite alumina is treated with a water dispersible polycarboxylic acid polymer and optionally with an organic water dispersible base having a molecular weight ranging from 500 to 3000 and having no more than three basic groupings to produce a treated boehmite alumina which forms a stable sol at a pH of greater than 6, the treated boehmite alumina having a dispersed particle size of less than 500 nm in the sol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2006
    Assignee: Sasol North America Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas J. Martin, Dave S. Pope
  • Patent number: 7101529
    Abstract: A method for producing aluminum hydroxide, comprises the steps of: elevating a temperature of a slurry having agglomerated secondary particles of aluminum hydroxide obtained through the Bayer's process suspended in a sodium aluminate solution from not more than 70° C. to not less than 85° C. within 15 minutes, thereby disintegrating the agglomerated secondary particles; and retaining, for a period of at least 15 minutes from temperature elevation, the temperature of the slurry so as not to be lowered to not less than 80° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2006
    Assignee: Showa Denko K.K.
    Inventors: Akira Onishi, Shirou Tomitsuka, Seisuke Takahashi
  • Patent number: 7098162
    Abstract: Provided herein are monocomponent and hybrid catalyst compositions for use in steam-cracking of hydrocarbon feeds to selectively produce light olefins. The catalyst compositions being characterized by a first catalytic component comprising oxides of aluminum, silicon, chromium, and optionally, oxides of monovalent alkaline metals, and further comprising a binder, preferably bentonite clay. Preferably, the catalyst compositions will comprise a catalytic component in accordance with the following formula: (a) SiO2·(b) A12O3·(c) Cr2O3(d) alk2O, with alk being a monovalent alkaline metal, preferably selected from sodium, potassium and lithium. The second catalytic component is selected from a crystalline zeolite or a silica molecular sieve. Also provided in the present invention are methods of making the catalyst compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2006
    Assignee: Valorbec Societe en Commandite
    Inventor: Raymond Le Van Mao
  • Patent number: 7097820
    Abstract: This invention relates generally to carbon fiber produced from single-wall carbon nanotube (SWNT) molecular arrays. In one embodiment, the carbon fiber which comprises an aggregation of substantially parallel carbon nanotubes comprises more than one molecular array. Another embodiment of this invention is a large cable-like structure with enhanced tensile properties comprising a number of smaller separate arrays. In another embodiment, a composite structure is disclosed in which a central core array of metallic SWNTs is surrounded by a series of smaller circular non-metallic SWNT arrays.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2006
    Assignee: William Marsh Rice University
    Inventors: Daniel T. Colbert, Hongjie Dai, Jason H. Hafner, Andrew G. Rinzler, Richard E. Smalley
  • Patent number: 7097671
    Abstract: A methanol/water scrubbing solution containing colloidal metal sulfides formed from metal carbonyls and resulting from the scrubbing of industrial gases, such as synthesis gas, is subjected to agglomeration of the metal sulfides before the scrubbing solution to be separated enters the separating column which separates the methanol from the water containing precipitated metal sulfides. The agglomeration is carried out in a precipitation vessel and the scrubbing liquid is diluted before it enters the precipitation vessel. The result is minimal encrustation of the trays or other parts of the cleaning plant for the scrubbing solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2006
    Assignee: Lurgi AG
    Inventors: Manfred Meyer, Ulrich Wagner, Hans Kammerer
  • Patent number: 7097816
    Abstract: In a method of producing ferrous sulfate heptahydrate, ferrous sulfate monohydrate is converted in a crystallization reactor in the presence of water into ferrous sulfate heptahydrate as crystallized product, and water is subsequently isolated from the ferrous sulfate heptahydrate. Ferrous sulfate monohydrate is obtained from a pickling solution containing ferrous chloride, hydrochloric acid and water and reacted in a precipitating reactor in the presence of excess sulfuric acid to form ferrous sulfate monohydrate and hydrochloric acid. The ferrous sulfate monohydrate is then dehumidified and converted in a crystallization reactor in the presence of excess water into ferrous sulfate heptahydrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2006
    Inventor: Alexander Kehrmann
  • Patent number: 7094382
    Abstract: A device (1) for separating sulphur dioxide from a gas has an inlet (2) for the gas (4) and an outlet (42) for gas (40), from which sulphur dioxide has been separated. An apertured plate (20) is arranged between the inlet (2) and the outlet (42) and allows the gas (4) to pass from below. On its upper side (22), the apertured plate supports a flowing layer (24) of absorption liquid. An inlet duct (12) connects a container (6) for absorption liquid to the upper side (22) of the apertured plate (20). A means (10) conveys the absorption liquid (8) from the container (6), through the inlet duct (12), to the upper side (22) of the apertured plate (20) and along the apertured plate (20).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 4, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2006
    Assignee: ALSTOM Technology Ltd
    Inventors: Sune Bengtsson, Lars-Erik Johansson, Kjell Nolin, Mati Maripuu
  • Patent number: 7094728
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a method of distributing a washcoat along channels of a particulate filter substrate, the method including: forcing a washcoat slurry a predetermined distance into the channels, the predetermined distance being less than or equal to the full length of the channels; clearing an excess amount of washcoat slurry from the channels; and arranging a remainder of the washcoat slurry within the channels, the arranging including applying a first vacuum to a first end of the particulate filter substrate after the clearing. In one embodiment the clearing includes applying a second vacuum to a second end of the particulate filter substrate. In another embodiment, the clearing includes pulling the excess washcoat slurry from the channels. The predetermined distance may be less than or equal to the full length of the channels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2006
    Assignee: Delphi Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Jiyang Yan, Scott F. Reid, Ming Wei
  • Patent number: 7094385
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a process for the mass production of carbon nanotubes and particularly a process for selectively producing multiwalled carbon nanotubes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2006
    Assignee: CNRS
    Inventors: François Beguin, Sandrine Delpeux, Katarzyna Szostak
  • Patent number: 7090826
    Abstract: An improved process for the catalytic partial oxidation of hydrocarbons to produce hydrogen and carbon monoxide and less than ˜2% carbon dioxide is disclosed. The process further permits the reaction to be initiated at room temperature, and utilizes a metal catalyst deposited on a ceria-coated zirconia monolith support, which exhibits high conversions of hydrocarbons to synthesis gas (hydrogen and carbon monoxide).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2006
    Assignee: The BOC Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Weibin Jiang, Seungdoo Park, Mark S. Tomczak, Divyanshu R. Acharya, Satish S. Tamhankar, Ramakrishnan Ramachandran
  • Patent number: 7091393
    Abstract: The present invention utilizes one or more processes to immobilize a waste that contains one or more of radionuclides, hazardous elements, hazardous compounds, and/or other compounds present in the waste. Each of the processes create a barrier against leaching and diffusion of the wastes. The first barrier is created by integrating the waste with an immobilizing mineral. The second barrier is a layer of non-radioactive or non-hazardous material that covers the first barrier. The second barrier may be created using an overgrowth procedure or by sintering. The third barrier is created by a rock or glass matrix that surrounds the first and/or second barriers. The fourth barrier is created by ensuring that the rock or glass has the same or similar composition as the indigenous rock at the disposal site. The resultant rock or glass matrix is in equilibrium with the groundwater or local hydrothermal solutions that are saturated with components of the indigenous rock of the disposal area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2006
    Assignee: Geomatrix Solutions, Inc.
    Inventors: Anatoly Chekhmir, Arthur Gribetz
  • Patent number: 7090823
    Abstract: A method for preparing a gel containing nanometer titanium dioxide particles for visible light photocatalysis, the method has the following acts of: obtaining titanium hydroxide; inverting titanium hydroxide into titanium dioxide by adding an oxidant, an improving agent, an optional acid, and an optional surfactant to compose a solution; and aging the solution by heating to make the solution become a gel. The gel made by the present invention has photocatalystic characteristic and self-cleaning efficiency particularly in visible light but not in ultraviolet light as conventional gel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2006
    Assignee: ONID Technology Corp.
    Inventor: Wen-Chuan Liu
  • Patent number: 7090827
    Abstract: A process for immobilizing metallic sodium in glass form. The process comprises: (A) introducing in a dispersed state, into a reactor, an amount of a vitrified matrix precursor, metallic sodium and iron oxide (Fe2O3) sufficient to ensure oxidation of the metallic sodium; (B) producing a homogeneous mixture of these constituents; (C) heating the mixture to a temperature between 1000–1600° C. to form a molten homogeneous mixture in which the sodium introduced in (A) is converted to sodium oxide; and (D) recovering and cooling the molten mixture to obtain a vitrified matrix having a homogeneous composition, which matrix incorporates the sodium introduced in (A) as a constituent oxide. In a particular embodiment, the process may be used for the containment of metallic sodium containing radioactive elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2006
    Assignee: Technip France
    Inventors: Philippe Mulcey, Jean-Yves Frayer
  • Patent number: 7087120
    Abstract: A method for chemically decontaminating radioactive material. The method includes reducing-dissolving step for setting surface of radioactive material in contact with reducing decontamination liquid including mono-carboxylic acid and di-carboxylic acid as dissolvent; and oxidizing-dissolving step for setting the surface of the radioactive material in contact with oxidizing decontamination liquid including oxidizer. The method may include repeated pairs of steps, each pair including the reducing-dissolving step and the oxidizing-dissolving step. The mono-carboxylic acid may include formic acid, and the di-carboxylic acid includes oxalic acid. The oxidizer may be ozone, permanganic acid or permanganate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2006
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Masami Enda, Yumi Yaita, Mitsuyoshi Sato, Hitoshi Sakai, Takeshi Kanasaki, Ichiro Inami