Patents Examined by Susan D Leong
  • Patent number: 10256391
    Abstract: Embodiments are notably directed to a thermoelectric device including a thermoelectric element. The thermoelectric element includes a Weyl semimetal and a plurality of magnetized elements. The plurality of magnetized elements are configured to apply a directed magnetic field on the Weyl-semimetal. Embodiments further concern a related method for cooling a device and a related method for generating electrical energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 25, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Johannes Gooth, Bernd Gotsmann, Fabian Menges
  • Patent number: 10256357
    Abstract: A method for fabricating a device with integrated photovoltaic cells includes supporting a semiconductor substrate on a first handle substrate and doping the semiconductor substrate to form doped alternating regions with opposite conductivity. A doped layer is formed over a first side the semiconductor substrate. A conductive material is patterned over the doped layer to form conductive islands such that the conductive islands are aligned with the alternating regions to define a plurality of photovoltaic cells connected in series on a monolithic structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Stephen W. Bedell, Bahman Hekmatshoartabari, Devendra K. Sadana, Ghavam G. Shahidi, Davood Shahrjerdi
  • Patent number: 10250182
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for focusing light onto a plurality of solar cells. The apparatus comprises a plurality of solar cells, a plurality of groups of reflectors corresponding to the plurality of solar cells, and a control module in communication with the plurality of solar cells and the plurality of groups of reflectors. The control module includes control logic for monitoring an electrical output from the plurality of solar cells and repositioning the plurality of groups of reflectors when the electrical output is below a selected threshold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2019
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Scott Benjamin Singer, Dimitri D. Krut, Nasser H. Karam
  • Patent number: 10247697
    Abstract: A gas sensor includes a solid electrolyte substrate that has oxygen-ion conductivity, and a counter plate, made of ceramic, that is arranged so as to face a first surface of the solid electrolyte substrate. The gas sensor further includes a first spacer, made of ceramic, that is held between the counter plate and the solid electrolyte substrate, a heater substrate, made of ceramic, that is arranged so as to face a second surface of the solid electrolyte substrate, and a second spacer, made of ceramic, that is held between the heater substrate and the solid electrolyte substrate. Of the counter plate, the sintered density of an inside portion that comes in contact with a measurement-gas chamber is 0.8 to 5.0% lower than the sintered density of an outside portion that comes in contact with the first spacer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2019
    Assignee: DENSO CORPORATION
    Inventor: Shigekazu Hidaka
  • Patent number: 10243128
    Abstract: The present invention has a first substrate having a high thermal conduction portion which has a thermal conductivity higher than that of other regions in a plane direction, a thermoelectric conversion layer which is formed on the first substrate, consists of an organic material, and has a thermoelectric conversion material having a positive Seebeck coefficient, a second substrate which is formed on the thermoelectric conversion layer and has a high thermal conduction portion having a thermal conductivity higher than that of other regions in the plane direction and in which the high thermal conduction portion does not completely overlap the high thermal conduction portion of the first substrate in the plane direction, and a pair of electrodes which are connected to the thermoelectric conversion layer and consist of a metal material having a negative Seebeck coefficient.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2019
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Naoyuki Hayashi, Hiroki Sugiura, Toshiaki Aoai
  • Patent number: 10236822
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for calibrating a reflector in a solar array. A switch device is switched from a first state to a second state. A calibration voltage is applied to each of a set of actuation devices associated with the reflector in response to the switch device switching to the second state when the calibration circuit is electrically connected to the set of actuation devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2019
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Scott Benjamin Singer, Dimitri D. Krut, Nasser H. Karam
  • Patent number: 10234421
    Abstract: The present application is directed to the use of electrophoresis with UV detection in the determination of iodine nutritional status in human biological specimens, specifically for monitoring iodine deficiency/inadequacy in large-scale epidemiological studies. In particular, the present application is directed to a method for determining iodide and iodide uptake inhibitors in a human biological sample when using sample self-stacking with capillary electrophoresis and UV detection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2019
    Assignee: McMaster University
    Inventor: Philip Britz-McKibbin
  • Patent number: 10236460
    Abstract: Photovoltaic cells, methods of fabricating photovoltaic cells, and methods of using photovoltaic cells to capture light energy are provided. A photovoltaic cell can include an electron transporting layer, a photoactive layer, and a hole transporting layer. The electron transporting layer can be ultraviolet ozone treated. The photovoltaic cell can have an inverted configuration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2019
    Assignee: University of Florida Research Foundation, Incorporated
    Inventors: Franky So, John R. Reynolds, Song Chen, Cephas Small
  • Patent number: 10230011
    Abstract: A solar cell is provided including a substrate having a front and back side, a metallization pattern deposited on the front side, the metallization pattern including a plurality of front side bus bars each including fingers extending therefrom, and a plurality of back side bus bars deposited on the back side. On the front side, one front side bus bar is formed along an edge of the front side of the substrate, and a remainder of the front side bus bars are unequally spaced across the substrate. On the back side of the substrate, only one back side bus bar is formed along an edge of the back side of the substrate, and a remainder of the back side bus bars are unequally spaced across the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2019
    Assignee: Flex Ltd
    Inventors: Lisong Zhou, Huaming Zhou
  • Patent number: 10228343
    Abstract: An electrochemical sensor for an analyte is provided. The electrochemical sensor includes CDMOF-2. The CDMOF-2 is capable of binding reversibly to CO2 as an analyte, thereby quantitatively detecting the analyte in a mixture. The CDMOF-2 is formed from reaction of ?-cyclodextrin with RbOH in the presence of methanol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2019
    Assignees: Northwestern University, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST)
    Inventors: James Fraser Stoddart, Jeremiah J. Gassensmith, Nak Cheon Jeong, Omar K. Farha
  • Patent number: 10227634
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates generally to the integration of isotachophoresis (ITP) and isothermal nucleic acid amplification methods such as recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA). One aspect of the disclosure relates to a method for concentrating and amplifying a nucleic acid, the method including an isotachophoresis device, the isotachophoresis device including a porous matrix, and first and second electrodes, having a leading electrolyte, a trailing electrolyte and a set of isothermal nucleic acid amplification reaction reagents disposed in the porous matrix as described herein, and applying a voltage across the first electrode and the second electrode for a time sufficient to provide a first isotachophoresis (ITP) plug comprising an amplification product of the nucleic acid, wherein the concentration of the nucleic acid is substantially higher in the first FTP plug than in the first and/or second fluids outside of the first ITP plug.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2019
    Assignee: University of Washington
    Inventors: Jonathan D. Posner, Mark D. Borysiak, Kevin Kimura
  • Patent number: 10228346
    Abstract: A sensor element includes a sensor element main body a including an oxygen ion-conductive solid electrolyte layer and a porous protective layer covering at least part of the sensor element main body. Then, the porous protective layer has the value of the number of interfaces in a unit thickness direction, which is the number of particle interfaces of constituent particles every 100 ?m in the thickness direction, of 15 or more and 250 or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2019
    Assignee: NGK INSULATORS, LTD.
    Inventors: Hironori Sakakibara, Shuichi Ozawa, Hiroki Fujita, Shinsaku Maeda
  • Patent number: 10224442
    Abstract: Methods of fabricating solar cell emitter regions with differentiated P-type and N-type regions architectures, and resulting solar cells, are described. In an example, a back contact solar cell can include a substrate having a light-receiving surface and a back surface. A first polycrystalline silicon emitter region of a first conductivity type is disposed on a first thin dielectric layer disposed on the back surface of the substrate. A second polycrystalline silicon emitter region of a second, different, conductivity type is disposed on a second thin dielectric layer disposed on the back surface of the substrate. A third thin dielectric layer is disposed over an exposed outer portion of the first polycrystalline silicon emitter region and is disposed laterally directly between the first and second polycrystalline silicon emitter regions. A first conductive contact structure is disposed on the first polycrystalline silicon emitter region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2019
    Assignee: SunPower Corporation
    Inventors: David D. Smith, Timothy Weidman, Scott Harrington, Venkatasubramani Balu
  • Patent number: 10217885
    Abstract: An interconnector includes a first electrode configured to be connected to a first photovoltaic cell, a second electrode configured to be connected to a second photovoltaic cell, and a connection body that connects the first electrode and the second electrode. The connection body includes a first detour, a second detour, and a joint. The first detour includes a first curved part that is curved toward a first side in a first direction and connected to the first electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2019
    Assignees: KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA JIDOSHOKKI, TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Hirotaka Inaba, Shoichi Iwamoto, Hiroyuki Ohba
  • Patent number: 10210999
    Abstract: A semiconducting nanocomposite and a dye-sensitized solar cell including the same, wherein the semiconducting nanocomposite comprises nanocomposite particles selected from the group consisting of TiO2/ZnO/CdS, TiO2/ZnO/CdSe, TiO2/ZnO/PbS, TiO2/ZnO/PbSe, TiO2/ZnS/CdSe, TiO2/ZnS/PbS, TiO2/ZnS/PbSe, WO3/ZnO/CdSe, Nb2O5/ZnO/CdSe, and combinations thereof. Various embodiments of each component of the dye-sensitized solar cell, including electrodes, conductive layers, dyes, and electrolytes are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2019
    Assignees: Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM AND MINERALS
    Inventors: Jwaher Mohammed Alghamdi, Mohammed Ashraf Gondal
  • Patent number: 10211351
    Abstract: A solar cell containing a plurality of CIGS absorber sublayers has a conversion efficiency of at least 13.4 percent and a minority carrier lifetime below 2 nanoseconds. The sublayers may have a different composition from each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2019
    Assignee: BEIJING APOLLO DING RONG SOLAR TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: John Corson, Alex Austin, Robert Tas, Neil Mackie, Mats Larsson, Korhan Demirkan, Weijie Zhang, Jochen Titus, Swati Sevanna, Robert Zubeck, Randy Dorn, Asit Rairkar, Ron Rulkens, Ajay Saproo, Dan Vitkavage
  • Patent number: 10203302
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing an electrochemical sensing system is provided. The method includes forming a sensor with a first sensing element disposed on a sensor, the first sensing element configured to detect a target gas, disposing a second sensing element on the sensor, the second sensing element configured to detect the target gas, and coupling a protective feature to the second sensing element, the protective feature configured to prevent non-target gases from contacting the second sensing element. The sensor is configured such that if the first sensing element generates a current exceeding a first threshold current value and the second sensing element does not exceed a second threshold current value it is determined that the first sensing element is contaminated and a restoration protocol is performed on the first sensing element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2019
    Assignee: CARRIER CORPORATION
    Inventors: Matthew J. Buchholz, Lei Chen, Zhiwei Yang, Valeriy V. Miagkov
  • Patent number: 10177320
    Abstract: The present invention provides a photoelectric conversion element having a photoelectric conversion film which exhibits excellent photoelectric conversion efficiency and responsiveness, an imaging device, an optical sensor, and a method of using a photoelectric conversion element. In the photoelectric conversion element of the invention, a photoelectric conversion material contains at least one selected from the group consisting of a compound represented by General formula (1), a compound represented by General formula (2), and a compound represented by General formula (3).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Tomoaki Yoshioka, Masaaki Tsukase, Takahiko Ichiki, Daigo Sawaki
  • Patent number: 10171024
    Abstract: A solar collector may include a frame for supporting a plurality of photovoltaic (PV) panels. The frame may be adapted to removably attach to a base. The solar collector may include a first panel assembly, including at least one of the plurality of PV panels, pivotally attached to the frame about a first axis. The solar collector may also include a second panel assembly, including at least one of the plurality of PV panels, pivotally attached to the first panel assembly. The second panel assembly may collectively move with the first panel assembly about the first axis and to pivot relative to the frame, and to pivot about a second axis that is substantially parallel to and radially offset from the first axis, to move between a deployed position and a retracted position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2019
    Assignee: DIVERSIFIED SOLAR SYSTEMS, LLC
    Inventor: Steven Polk
  • Patent number: 10170659
    Abstract: An integrated thin-film lateral multi junction solar device and fabrication method are provided. The device includes, for instance, a substrate, and a plurality of stacks extending vertically from the substrate. Each stack may include layers, and be electrically isolated against another stack. Each stack may also include an energy storage device above the substrate, a solar cell above the energy storage device, a transparent medium above the solar cell, and a micro-optic layer of spectrally dispersive and concentrating optical devices above the transparent medium. Furthermore, the device may include a first power converter connected between the energy storage device and a power bus, and a second power converter connected between the solar cell and the power bus. Further, different solar cells of different stacks may have different absorption characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2019
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Hans-Juergen Eickelmann, Ruediger Kellmann, Hartmut Kuehl, Markus Schmidt