Patents Examined by Thomas G. Dunn, Jr.
  • Patent number: 6080377
    Abstract: A method for reducing gaseous nitrogen oxides present in a gas stream by reaction with a reductant species is practiced by flowing the gas stream under lean NO.sub.X -reducing conditions in contact with a catalytic material containing a catalytically effective amount of a catalytic species, e.g., a platinum group metal, and a reductant storage material, e.g., a zeolite, effective for storing reductant species for reaction with NO.sub.X, and providing an intermittent supply of the reductant to the gas stream. The catalytic material may be prepared in any manner, but one method is to incorporate a catalytically effective amount of the platinum into a template-bearing molecular sieve material, preferably ZSM-5 zeolite, to hinder the platinum from being incorporated into the pores of the molecular sieve material, and then calcining the molecular sieve material, whereby the template is removed from the molecular sieve material after the platinum is incorporated therein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2000
    Assignee: Engelhard Corporation
    Inventors: Michel Deeba, Jennifer S. Feeley, Robert J. Farrauto
  • Patent number: 6074620
    Abstract: A powdered medium for the cleaning of exhaust gases, e,g.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 1994
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2000
    Assignee: Rheinische Kalksteinwerke GmbH
    Inventors: Ekkehard Kienow, Bernd Morun, Thomas Schwertmann, Heinz Hoberg
  • Patent number: 5968466
    Abstract: A process for the removal of carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, and nitrogen oxides in an oxidizing exhaust gas comprising contacting the exhaust gas with a catalyst comprising a crystalline zeolite having the following characteristics:a) a Si/Al atomic ratio between 5 and 100;b) a pore size in the range of from about 0.5 to about 1.3 nm;c) essentially no octahedral aluminum detectable by .sub.27 Al NMR spectroscopy;d) a sodium ion exchange capacity, with regard to total aluminum content, of greater than 75%;e) a copper content in the range of from about 0.5 wt. % to about 12 wt. %; andf) a silver content in the range of from about 0.25 wt. % to about 20 wt. %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 19, 1999
    Assignee: ASEC Manufacturing
    Inventor: Karl C. C. Kharas
  • Patent number: 5958817
    Abstract: An improved process for production of mixed cation-exchanged adsorbents that involves a single pass ion exchange. The precursor (non-exchanged) zeolite is treated with a combined essentially stoichiometric and excess solution of desirable weakly held and strongly held cations so that the resultant zeolite has the required mixed cation composition, while consuming smaller amounts of weakly held cation. Ion exchange post-treatment includes an optional equilibration step to ensure a uniform adsorbent and an optional washing step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 28, 1999
    Assignee: Praxair Technology, Inc.
    Inventor: Frederick Wells Leavitt
  • Patent number: 5952541
    Abstract: Lead impurities are removed from a liquid hydrocarbon stream by contacting the hydrocarbon stream with an adsorbent, which has been prepared by contacting the adsorbent with an organohalide under conditions which cause the organohalide to decompose; thus, producing an adsorbent containing hydrogen halide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 14, 1999
    Assignee: Exxon Chemical Patents, Inc.
    Inventors: John Di-Yi Ou, Daniel David Rosenfeld
  • Patent number: 5948719
    Abstract: Ferrierite is ion exchanged with trivalent rare earth metals by a hydrothermal ion exchange method. The ion exchange is carried out by contacting ferrierite, in which its cation exchange positions are occupied by hydrogen or a hydrogen precursor, with an aqueous solution of one or more rare earth metal cations at a temperature above the boiling point of the solution. After the ion exchange, preferably at least 10% and more preferably at least 15% of the ferrierite cation exchange capacity is occupied by a trivalent rare earth metal cation. When combined with a catalytic metal, such as a Group VIII noble metal, the trivalent rare earth metal ion exchanged ferrierite is useful as a dewaxing catalyst having good selectivity for lubricating oil fractions, particularly when dewaxing a Fischer-Tropsch wax hydroisomerate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 7, 1999
    Assignee: Exxon Research and Engineering Co.
    Inventors: Jack W. Johnson, Bruce R. Cook, Guang Cao, Rich A. McEvoy, Richard H. Ernst
  • Patent number: 5935891
    Abstract: Crystalline molecular sieves which comprise mostly single and/or twinned crystal particles can be loaded into organic matrices in comparatively high amounts with less viscosity buildup than molecular sieves conventionally used for such desiccant applications. Desiccant/organic matrix compositions made with the single and/or twinned crystal zeolites exhibit improved rheological and adsorption characteristics in comparison to conventional systems. The compositions are especially useful in insulated glass window spacer applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 10, 1999
    Assignee: W. R. Grace & Co.-Conn.
    Inventor: James Neil Pryor
  • Patent number: 5929296
    Abstract: A catalyst for transforming aromatic hydrocarbons, preferably for dismutation of toluene to produce benzene and xylenes and transalkylation of toluene and aromatic compounds containing at least 9 carbon atoms per molecule, preferably trimethylbenzenes, to produce xylenes, contains a mordenite in its acid form in a proportion of 40% to 90% by weight and a binder, which is preferably alumina, and which is generally present in a proportion of 10% to 60% by weight. The mordenite contains less than 0.1% by weight of sodium and has a SiO.sub.2 /Al.sub.2 O.sub.3 molar ratio of over 40-60.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1999
    Assignee: Institut Francais du Petrole
    Inventors: Elisabeth Merlen, Fabio Alario
  • Patent number: 5919721
    Abstract: Processes for washing zeolites, preferably less than about 0.5 micron in size, with a microfiltration system employing a washing liquid, such as an aqueous solution or water (preferably deionized water), to produce zeolite crystals having a zeolite pH in the pH range of 9.4 to 10.0 are provided. The zeolite pH is determined by a special procedure. The preferred washing processes include slurring the zeolite crystals with water (or an appropriate wash solution), initially concentrating the slurry with a microfilter to a preselected initial concentration, washing the crystals by adding make-up water at the same rate as the fluid loss due to permeate flow until the permeate pH is below a preselected value, then stopping the make-up flow and concentrating the slurry to a preselected maximum final concentration. A sample of the zeolite is dried and tested for its pH and if within the desired range, the batch of maximally concentrated slurry is dried.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 6, 1999
    Assignee: Exxon Chemical Patents Inc
    Inventor: Mark James Potter
  • Patent number: 5919995
    Abstract: The invention concerns the use of a catalyst for the dismutation of alkylaromatic hydrocarbons, preferably for the dismutation of toluene to produce benzene and xylenes, and/or for the transalkylation of alkylaromatic hydrocarbons, preferably for the transalkylation of toluene and trimethylbenzenes to produce xylenes. The catalyst is a composite comprising at least one zeolite with structure type mazzite, at least partially in its acid form, at least one zeolite with structure type mordenite, at least partially in its acid form, at least one matrix and, optionally, at least one element selected from the group formed by groups IB and VIII of the periodic classification of the elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 6, 1999
    Assignee: Institut Fran.cedilla.ais du Petrole
    Inventors: Fabio Alario, Eric Benazzi
  • Patent number: 5916836
    Abstract: Zeolites exchanged with lithium ions and, optionally, with polyvalent cations are prepared by ion-exchanging a sodium-containing zeolite, a potassium-containing zeolite or a sodium- and potassium-containing zeolite with ammonium ions, thereby replacing the sodium and/or potassium ions with ammonium ions, and then reacting the ammonium ion-exchanged zeolite with a water-soluble lithium compound under conditions which result in the removal of ammonia from the reaction zone. Polyvalent ions, which may be present in the zeolite undergoing ion-exchange, will not be substantially replaced by the ammonium or lithium ions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 29, 1999
    Assignees: Tricat Management GmbH, The BOC Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Helge Toufar, Simone Toufar, Philip Kenerick Maher, Adeola Florence Ojo, Frank R. Fitch, Martin Bulow
  • Patent number: 5914293
    Abstract: A collapsed composition is described which is substantially composed of microcrystallites collectively of the formula:M.sub.2m.sup.2+ Al.sub.2-p M.sub.p.sup.3+ T.sub.r O.sub.7+r.multidot.swhere M.sup.2+ is a divalent metal, M.sup.3+ is a trivalent metal, and T is vanadium, tungsten, or molybdenum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 22, 1999
    Assignee: BP Amoco Corporation
    Inventors: Alakananda Bhattacharyya, Michael J. Foral, William J. Reagan
  • Patent number: 5912393
    Abstract: A catalyst for converting methanol to light olefins along with the process itself are disclosed and claimed. The catalyst is a metalloaluminophosphate molecular sieve having the empirical formula (EL.sub.x Al.sub.y P.sub.z)O.sub.2 where EL is a metal such as silicon or magnesium and x, y and z are the mole fractions of EL, Al and P respectively. The molecular sieve has a crystal morphology in which the average smallest crystal dimension is at least 0.1 microns. Use of this catalyst gives a product with a larger amount of ethylene versus propylene.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 15, 1999
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Paul T. Barger, Stephen T. Wilson, Thomas M. Reynolds
  • Patent number: 5908806
    Abstract: A catalyst for the removal of carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides in an exhaust gas made by a process comprising:a) preparing a suspension comprising a liquid, a zeolite, a weak base, and salts of copper and silver,said zeolite being crystalline and having a Si/Al atomic ratio between about 5 and about 100, a pore size between about 0.5 nm and about 1.3 nm, essentially no octahedral aluminum detectable by .sup.27 Al NMR spectroscopy and a sodium ion exchange capacity, with regard to total aluminum content, greater than 75%, and wherein said suspension contains sufficient amounts of said copper and silver salts to result in a copper content in said catalyst, when finished, between about 0.5 wt. % and about 12 wt. % and a silver content between about 0.25 wt. % and about 20 wt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 1, 1999
    Assignee: ASEC Manufacturing
    Inventor: Karl C. C. Kharas
  • Patent number: 5905050
    Abstract: The active carrier particles of even size of the polymerization catalyst are prepared so that a melt of a complex composition is provided having the formula (I)MgCl.sub.2 nROH mED (I)in which ROH depicts an aliphatic alcohol, R is a C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 alkyl, ED depicts an electron donor, n is 1 to 6 and m is 0 to 1; the melt provided is fed to a nozzle (4); the melt is sprayed from the nozzle (4) to the spraying area (5), in which it is divided into fine melt droplets and possibly partly solidifies; the possibly partly solidified melt particles are transferred to a cooled crystallization area (6), where they crystallize to solid carrier particles; and the solid carrier particles are recovered. The melt mentioned is sprayed through a nozzle (4), which is rotated or which has attached to it a member that rotates and throws melt outwards from the rotating center to the spraying area (5).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 18, 1999
    Assignee: Borealis Holding A/S
    Inventors: Jukka Koshinen, Jarmo Louhelainen
  • Patent number: 5900222
    Abstract: A process is described for treating nitrogen-oxide containing gases at temperature in the range of 300-560.degree. C. in the presence of a cerium containing zeolite catalyst and an excess of an NH-containing compound such as ammonia or an aqueous urea solution as a reducing agent. Excess reducing agent is converted to nitrogen gas during the process. Selective catalytic reduction using ammonia water or an aqueous urea solution as a reducing agent is also described for converting nitrogen oxides in diesel exhaust gas and preventing oxidation of sulfur dioxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 1996
    Date of Patent: May 4, 1999
    Assignee: Technische Universiteit Delft
    Inventors: Eri Ito, Cornelis Maria C.M. van den Bleek, Herman H. van Bekkum, Jacobus Cornelis J.C. Jansen, Ronald Johannes R.J. Hultermans, Pieter Martin P. M. Lugt
  • Patent number: 5895769
    Abstract: Applicant has discovered a new zeolite containing composition and a process for preparing the same. The composition is unique in that the zeolite crystals making up one layer of the composition pack in a manner such that the composition is essentially continuous with no large scale voids even when the zeolite layer is <10 .mu.m thick. Thus, the present invention is directed toward a composition comprised of a porous substrate and a layer of zeolite crystals wherein said layer of zeolite crystals is a polycrystalline layer with at least 99% of said zeolite crystals having at least one point between adjacent crystals that is .ltoreq.20 .ANG. and wherein at least 90% of said crystals have widths of from about 0.2 to about 100 microns (preferably about 2 to about 50 microns) and wherein at least 75% of said crystals have a thickness of within 20% of the average crystal thickness. Preferably the composition has at most 1 Volume % voids in the zeolite layer. Use of the composition is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 20, 1999
    Assignee: Exxon Research and Engineering Company
    Inventor: Wenyih Frank Lai
  • Patent number: 5888921
    Abstract: Disclosed is a novel binary sieve catalyst useful for olefin upgrading and fluid catalytic cracking which comprises a crystalline zeolite metallosilicate core and a shell selected from an aluminum phosphate molecular sieve (AlPO.sub.4), a silicon-substituted aluminophosphate (SAPO), a metal aluminophosphate (MeAPO), and a crystalline metal aluminophosphate (MeAPSO) and is generally synthesized by a method comprising:adding a powdered form of crystalline zeolite metallosilicate into an aqueous slurry comprising phosphoric acid, alumina source, metal salt and an amine, mixing the slurry for 1 to 12 hours in a Teflon liner at room temperature, sealing said slurry in an autoclave and placing said slurry in an oven at 130.degree. C. to 240.degree. C. for 12-168 hours to form said binary molecular sieve catalyst, washing and drying the product, calcining the product at 530.degree. to 570.degree. C. in nitrogen for 5-15 hours, calcining the product in air for 1 to 3 hours to burn off the template.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 1995
    Date of Patent: March 30, 1999
    Assignee: ABB Lummus Global Inc.
    Inventors: Chih-Hao Mark Tsang, Pei-Shing Eugene Dai, Randall Hughes Petty
  • Patent number: 5888922
    Abstract: A catalyst system is described and claimed which is useful for various hydrocarbon conversion processes and is tolerant to large amounts of sulfur (about 30,000 ppm sulfur) in the feedstream. The catalyst comprises a first component which comprises at least one Group VIII metal dispersed on an inorganic oxide support and a second component comprising a metal phthalocyanine dispersed on an inorganic oxide support. Preferred Group VIII metals are platinum and palladium, while preferred metal phthalocyanines are cobalt or nickel phthalocyanine. Preferred inorganic oxide supports are molecular sieves, aluminas and mixtures thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 30, 1999
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventor: Leonid B. Galperin
  • Patent number: 5885543
    Abstract: A method for producing chlorine dioxide by activating zeolite crystals (which have been impregnated with metal chlorite such as sodium chlorite, and a water-retaining substance such as magnesium sulfate, potassium chloride, or potassium hydroxide, or calcium chloride) with an acid, or activating an aqueous solution of metal chlorite (preferably sodium chlorite) and such a water-retaining substance. Acids useful for performing the activation are acetic acid, phosphoric acid, and citric acid. The activation can be performed by causing fluid to flow through a bed of zeolite crystals impregnated with calcium chloride (or another water-retaining substance) and sodium chlorite, and a bed of zeolite crystals impregnated with the acid. The two beds can be physically mixed together, or the fluid can be caused to flow sequentially through distinct first and second beds (preferably first through the bed containing acid-impregnated zeolite).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 23, 1999
    Inventor: Fred Klatte