Patents Examined by Wilbert J. Briggs, Sr.
  • Patent number: 5231126
    Abstract: This invention relates to obtaining beta crystalline Phase isotactic polypropylene with high purity and thermal stability simply by melt-crystallization in the presence of a two component beta nucleating agent. The two component beta-nucleating agent is formed by mixing 0.0001-1 weight % of dibasic acid with 0.001-1 weight % oxide, hydroxide or acid salt of a Group IIA metal. Such beta phase polypropylene can be used for the production of high impact strength molding extrusion shapes, microporous film and microporous hollow fiber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 1989
    Date of Patent: July 27, 1993
    Inventors: Guan-yi Shi, Jing-yun Zhang, Hesheng Jing
  • Patent number: 4962158
    Abstract: A radical polymerizable composition comprising(A) a compound having a pi-electron conjugated structure and(B) a radical polymerizable compound, which is useful for molding into an arbitrary shape, which can be rendered electrically conductive and which is, therefore, useful as a material for electrodes or circuits in the electrical and electronic industry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 1988
    Date of Patent: October 9, 1990
    Assignee: Showa Denko Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Masao Kobayashi, Reiko Otsuka
  • Patent number: 4954568
    Abstract: A toughened multiphase thermoplastic composition is provided by incorporating at least one functionalized, selectively hydrogenated alkenyl arene/conjugated diene block copolymer to which has been grafted an effective amount of carboxyl functional groups primarily in the alkenyl arene blocks thereof with a thermoplastic polyester. The carboxyl functional groups may be in the form of carboxylic acids, their salts, their esters, and combinations of two or more of these.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 1989
    Date of Patent: September 4, 1990
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Richard Gelles, Carl L. Willis, Robert G. Lutz, William P. Gergen
  • Patent number: 4952637
    Abstract: Fuel oils and lubricants of improved properties contain ethylene-propylene copolymers bearing units derived from N-vinyl pyrrolidone and phenothiazine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 1988
    Date of Patent: August 28, 1990
    Assignee: Texaco Inc.
    Inventors: Maria M. Kapuscinski, Larry D. Grina, Ronald E. Jones, Rodney Lu-Dai Sung
  • Patent number: 4952627
    Abstract: In a process for producing a high impact styrene resin by continuously polymerizing a styrene monomer in bulk in the presence of a rubbery polymer, the improvement whereina polymerization line is used which is comprised of an initial-stage polymerization line (II) following a material feed line (I) and consisting of one or more tubular reactors having fixedly set therein a plurality of mixing elements having no moving parts, a main polymerization line (III) following the initial-stage polymerization line (II) and consisting of one or more tubular reactors having fixedly set therein a plurality of mixing elements having no moving parts, and a recycle line (IV) which branches between the initial-stage polymerization line (II) and the main polymerization line (III) and returns to the initial-stage polymerization line (II), anda minor part or a major part of a flow of the initial-stage polymer solution leaving the initial-stage polymerization line (II) is recycled through the recycle line (IV) while the remaining
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 1988
    Date of Patent: August 28, 1990
    Assignee: Dainippon Ink and Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Tsuyoshi Morita, Masaru Enomoto, Kyotaro Shimazu
  • Patent number: 4946909
    Abstract: A process for forming random copolymers which comprises forming a polymer melt containing one or more polyamides and one or more aryl phosphoryl azide compounds, such as diphenyl phosphoryl azide; and heating said melt for a period of time sufficient to form the desired amount of the copolymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 1988
    Date of Patent: August 7, 1990
    Assignee: Allied-Signal Inc.
    Inventors: Himangshu R. Bhattacharjee, Yash P. Khanna
  • Patent number: 4946899
    Abstract: Block copolymers compose a polyisobutylene rubbery soft segment of M.sub.n of about 5,000 to above 500,000 and glassy hard segments of M.sub.n of about 5,000 or higher and usually about 10,000 to 35,000 or more, are made by preparing a living polymer block of the polyisobutylene and then polymerizing on said living polyisobutylene block the glassy hard segments by adding thereto an electron donor having a donor number of 15 to 50 and then adding and polymerizing the monomers for the glassy hard segments. The monomers for the glassy hard segments are styrene and its derivatives and indene and its derivatives and mixtures thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 1988
    Date of Patent: August 7, 1990
    Assignee: The University of Akron
    Inventors: Joseph P. Kennedy, Judit E. Puskas, Gabor Kaszas, William G. Hager
  • Patent number: 4945125
    Abstract: A process for producing a semi-interpenetrating polymer network of polytetrafluoroethylene and silicone elastomers is described which comprises the steps of (1) intimately blending a mixture of a major amount of unsintered and unfibrillated particulate polytetrafluoroethylene dispersion resin and minor amounts of (A) a hydrocarbon liquid and (B) an addition curable silicone composition consisting essentially of a polydiorganosiloxane having alkenyl unsaturation, an organohydrogenpoly-siloxane crosslinking agent, a catalyst for promoting crosslinking of said polysiloxane, and an inhibitor for the catalytic reaction; (2) forming said blend into an extrudable shape; (3) biaxially extruding said blend through a die into a shaped extrudate product having a randomly fibrillated structure; (4) evaporating said hydrocarbon liquid, and activating said catalyst so as to generate a cured silicone elastomer and polytetrafluoroethylene semi-interpenetrating polymer network comprising said fibrillated extrudate structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 1987
    Date of Patent: July 31, 1990
    Assignee: Tetratec Corporation
    Inventors: Joseph A. Dillon, Mark E. Dillon
  • Patent number: 4942204
    Abstract: New amphiphilic networks have been synthesized by free-radical copolymerization of hydrophobic methacryloyl capped polyisobutylenes (MA-PIB-MA) with hydrophilic 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA). Two MA-PIB-MAs have been prepared with M.sub.n =4920 and 10,200, and two series of networks were prepared with MA-PIB-MA contents between 48% and 71.5%. Variation of the molecular weight of MA-PIB-MA and its concentration in the network allows for a wide range of mechanical properties and swellability in hydrophilic and hydrophobic solvents. Differential scanning calorimetry shows the existence of two glass transitions in these networks and thus indicates a phase-separated domain structure. Tensile strengths and elongations are dependent on MA-PIB-MA contents, varying from 57.7 kg/cm.sup.2 to 39.8 kg/cm.sub.2 and 168% to 200%, respectively, with increasing MA-PIB-MA content.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 1988
    Date of Patent: July 17, 1990
    Assignee: The University of Akron
    Inventor: Joseph P. Kennedy
  • Patent number: 4942218
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method of making a polymer by reacting, in the absence of water, an organic compound having the general formula R-H wherein R represents an organo radical having at least one unsaturated carbon-carbon bond and H is covalently bonded to one of said carbons, with PX.sub.3, wherein X is a halide radical, and zirconium ions to yield a reaction product and oxidizing and hydrolyzing such reaction product to yield a polymer represented by the general formula Zr(O.sub.3 PR).sub.n wherein n varies from about 1 to about 2.5. R may comprise sulfonic acid groups or may comprise sulfonatable site for sulfonation during the oxidation step. In either case, the resulting product is useful as an acid catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 1988
    Date of Patent: July 17, 1990
    Assignee: Catalytica Associates, Inc.
    Inventors: William A. Sanderson, David L. King
  • Patent number: 4940756
    Abstract: An elastomeric composition suitable for tires comprising(A) 5 to 50% by weight of copolymer block (A) of an aromatic vinyl compound and a conjugated diene and containing 52-90% wt of vinyl compound and having an average mol. wt. >20,000 and a vinyl content in the diene units of <20% wt, and(B) 95-50% by weight of a block (B) which is a homopolymer of a conjugated diene or a copolymer block of an aromatic vinyl compound and a conjugated diene, block (B) containing <20% wt. of aromatic vinyl compound and having a Tg <-40.degree..degree.C.,after vulcanization blocks (A) and (B) being incompatible.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 1989
    Date of Patent: July 10, 1990
    Assignee: Shell Oil Company
    Inventors: Antonius A. Broekhuis, Pieter Luijk, Jan E. Stamhuis
  • Patent number: 4939208
    Abstract: Transparent linear resinous conjugated diene/monovinyl-substituted aromatic block copolymers of improved properties are prepared by forming a monovinyl-substituted aromatic homopolymer block referred to as S.sub.1, followed by forming a conjugated diene homopolymer block, referred to as B.sub.1 and linked to segments S.sub.1, followed by the formation of a conjugated diene/monovinyl-substituted aromatic random copolymer block, referred to as B/S and linked to segment B.sub.1, followed by the formation of a monovinyl-substituted aromatic homopolymer block, referred to as S.sub.2 and linked to segment B/S thereby forming the block copolymer S.sub.1 -B.sub.1 -B/S-S.sub.2 wherein the molecular weight of the S.sub.2 block is significantly greater than the molecular weight of the S.sub.1 block.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 1987
    Date of Patent: July 3, 1990
    Assignee: Labofina, S.A.
    Inventors: Emmanuel Lanza, Jean M. M. G. Naveau, Michel Daumerie
  • Patent number: 4933415
    Abstract: There are provided polyethers end-blocked with hydrolyzable silyl groups which have molecular weight from 500 to 50,000 and are represented by the formula: ##STR1## where R.sup.1, R.sup.2, R.sup.3 and R.sup.4 individually represent a divalent hydrocarbon group, R.sup.5 represents a monovalent hydrocarbon group, R.sup.6 represents an alkyl group with 1 to 6 carbon atoms, A represents a substituted or non-substituted divalent aromatic group, a represents a number of 1 to 3, m represents a number of 10 to 500 and n represents a number of 1 or greater. The polyether is produced by reacting an epoxy end-blocked polyoxyalkylene, a mono-epoxy substituted hydrolyzable silane, and an aromatic diamine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 1988
    Date of Patent: June 12, 1990
    Assignee: Toshiba Silicone Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Chiyuki Shimizu, Tamio Yoshida
  • Patent number: 4929683
    Abstract: This invention provides a novel catalyst composed of a complex of an organic ether and a Lewis acid, preferably boron trichloride that can add olefin monomers to increase the molecular weight of the complex from as low as 200 to in excess of 100,000 preferably 500 or 1000 to 10,000 and higher, with the complex being active viz., living, until the complex dies, viz., is decomposed or destroyed so that polymers in the liquid or easily liquefiable range of 300 to about 10,000 and preferably 500 or 1000 to 10,000 and higher can be made or those more difficult to be liquified or unliquefiable, viz., those of over 10,000 up to 100,000 and having useful end groups such as the halogens and specifically chloride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 29, 1990
    Assignee: University of Akron
    Inventors: Joseph P. Kennedy, Munmaya K. Mishra
  • Patent number: 4929305
    Abstract: A fixing agent comprising poly(akylene oxide) moieties is used to fix a delayed cure of UV curable epoxy compositions exposed to UV radiation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 1989
    Date of Patent: May 29, 1990
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Thomas P. Wacker, Raymond J. Zabinski
  • Patent number: 4927888
    Abstract: Maleic anhydride can be satisfactorily grafted to polymers at low pressures by feeding the polymer through a multiple screw extruder and injecting the maleic anhydride and a free radical initiator into the extruder. The maleic anhydride and initiator can be pre-mixed in a solvent solution. The solvent and unreacted maleic anhydride can be removed by low pressure devolatilization. The graft copolymer has a yellowness index as measured by ASTM D-1925-70 less than about 10.0 and as measured by ASTM E-313-73 less than about 11.0. Further, between 0.75 and 2.0 weight percent of the graft copolymer comprises maleic anhydride. The graft copolymer can further be blended with an olefinic polymer to yield adhesive thermoplastics suitable for use as food packaging multilayer coextruded films.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 22, 1990
    Assignee: The Dow Chemical Company
    Inventors: Chad A. Strait, Ricky L. Tabor, Gerald M. Lancaster
  • Patent number: 4927890
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of synthesizing a bigraft compolymer based on grafted type peracid polymer, which comprises graft polymerizing a first ethylenically unsaturated monomer containing a carboxyl group onto a polymer substrate having a form of a membrane, particulate or tube; oxidizing the carboxyl groups of the resulting graft polymer into peracids; and then graft polymerizing a second ethylenically unsaturated monomer onto the grafted chain of the graft polymer through the decomposition of the peracid. Surface profile and morphology of the bigraft copolymer membrane product is also investigated by scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 22, 1990
    Assignee: National Science Council
    Inventors: Ging-Ho Hsiue, Wen-Kuei Huang
  • Patent number: 4927889
    Abstract: A modified block copolymer composition comprising a thermoplastic polymer and a modified block copolymer consisting essentially of a base block copolymer of a monovinyl substituted aromatic hydrocarbon polymer block and an olefin compound polymer block having an ethylenic unsaturation degree not exceeding 20%, the base block copolymer having a molecular unit containing a carboxylic acid group and/or a group derived therefrom grafted thereto. The modified block copolymer composition of the present invention is a resinous composition excellent in impact resistance, adhesion, paint adhesion, weatherability, resistance to thermal deterioration, transparency and gloss or a rubbery or leather-like composition excellent in heat resistance, abrasion resistance, compression set resistance, adhesion, transparency, oil resistance, weatherability and resistance to heat aging.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 1987
    Date of Patent: May 22, 1990
    Assignee: Asahi Kasei Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Toshinori Shiraki, Fusakazu Hayano, Hideo Morita
  • Patent number: 4925899
    Abstract: Bimodal star-block copolymers are disclosed containing from 60 to 90% by weight of an aromatic vinyl monomer and from 40 to 10% by weight of a conjugated diene, said copolymers having the general formula:(S--S.sub.1 --B/S.sub.2 --B.sub.1).sub.m --X--(B.sub.1 --S.sub.2 /B--S.sub.1).sub.nwherein X is a polyfunctional radical, m and n are integers (being m.ltoreq.n) the sum of which is between 3 and 20 and equal to the functionality degree of the radical X, S and S.sub.1 are polymer blocks of an aromatic vinyl monomer, B.sub.1 is an elastomeric copolymer of conjugated dienic units, containing up to 20% of all the dienic units of the copolymer, and B/S.sub.2 and S.sub.2 /B are blocks of copolymers of aromatic vinyl monomer and conjugated diene of the random and/or tapered type.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 15, 1990
    Assignee: Montedipe S.p.A.
    Inventors: Gabriele Rendina, Roberto Nocci, Andrea Callaioli, Francesco Corrado
  • Patent number: 4925896
    Abstract: Process for the continuous production in solution of styrene thermoplastic resins by polymerization of a vinyl-aromatic monomer and of a vinyl-nitrile monomer in the presence of an elastomer and of a starter, wherein polymerization is conducted in two or more steps, wherein the elastomeric component is fed, in solution in the solvent and/or in the monomers, to the first step, polymerization is carried out in the subsequent steps at temperatures ranging from 70.degree. to 150.degree. C., in each step the reaction mass is gently and homogeneously stirred and the reaction product is caused to flow to a thin evaporator heated at 150.degree.-300.degree. C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 15, 1990
    Assignee: Montedipe, S.p.A.
    Inventors: Savino Matarrese, Anna Grazia Rossi, Mauro Lo Consolo, Giuseppe Cigna, Italo Borghi