Patents by Inventor Ali Afzali Ardakani

Ali Afzali Ardakani has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20210020241
    Abstract: Programmable memory devices having a cross-point array of polymer junctions with individually-programmed conductances are provided. In one aspect, a method of forming a memory device includes: forming first metal lines on an insulating substrate; forming polymeric resistance elements on the first metal lines; and forming second metal lines over the polymeric resistance elements with a single one of the polymeric resistance elements present at each intersection of the first/second metal lines forming a cross-point array. A memory device and a method of operating a memory device are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 18, 2019
    Publication date: January 21, 2021
    Inventors: Ali Afzali-Ardakani, James B. Hannon
  • Patent number: 10832775
    Abstract: Memory devices are provided having a cross-point array of polymer junctions with individually-programmed conductances that can be reset. In one aspect, a memory device is provided. The memory device includes: bottom metal lines; top metal lines; and polymer junctions in between the bottom metal lines and the top metal lines, wherein the polymer junctions include an organic polymer doped with a spiropyran and an acid. A method of forming and a method of operating the memory device are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2020
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Ali Afzali-Ardakani, James B. Hannon
  • Patent number: 10830646
    Abstract: A computer-implemented method of forming a thermal-based electronic image of an object that includes receiving electromagnetic radiation emitted by the object at an optically sensitive layer including a superpixel having a plurality of pixels. Each pixel of the plurality of pixels includes a plasmonic absorber having a characteristic resonance wavelength and that generates a radiance measurement of the electromagnetic radiation at its characteristic resonance wavelength. The method further provides for determining, at a processor, an emissivity and temperature for the electromagnetic radiation received at the superpixel using the radiance measurements obtained at the pixels of the superpixel. In addition, the method provides for forming an image of the object from the determined emissivity and temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2020
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ali Afzali-Ardakani, Abram L. Falk, Damon B. Farmer, Shu-Jen Han, George S. Tulevski
  • Patent number: 10830647
    Abstract: A computer-eimplemented thermal imaging device having an optically-sensitive layer that includes a superpixel having at least one pixel. The at least one pixel includes a plasmonic absorber configured to obtain radiance measurements of electromagnetic radiation emitted from an object at a plurality of wavelengths. The device further includes a processor configured to determine an emissivity and temperature for the electromagnetic radiation received at the plasmonic material from the object using the radiance measurements and to form an image of the object from the determined emissivity and temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2020
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ali Afzali-Ardakani, Abram L. Falk, Damon B. Farmer, Shu-Jen Han, George S. Tulevski
  • Patent number: 10830645
    Abstract: A computer-implemented method and thermal imaging device includes a layer of plasmonic material and a processor. The layer of plasmonic material receive electromagnetic radiation from an object and generates radiance measurements of the electromagnetic radiation at a plurality of wavelengths. The processor determines an emissivity and temperature of the object from the radiance measurements and forms a thermal-based electronic image of the object from the determined emissivity and temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2020
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ali Afzali-Ardakani, Abram L. Falk, Damon B. Farmer, Shu-Jen Han, George S. Tulevski
  • Publication number: 20200343531
    Abstract: A catholyte-like material including a cathode material and an interfacial additive layer for providing a lithium ion energy storage device having low impedance is disclosed. The interfacial additive layer, which is composed of vapor deposited iodine, is present between the cathode material and an electrolyte layer of the device. The presence of such an interfacial additive layer increases the ion and electron mobile dependent performances at the cathode material interface due to significant decrease in the resistance/impedance that is observed at the respective interface as well as the impedance observed in the bulk of the device. The catholyte-like material of the present application can be used to provide a lithium ion energy storage device having high charge/discharge rates and/or high capacity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 29, 2019
    Publication date: October 29, 2020
    Inventors: John Collins, Ali Afzali-Ardakani, Joel P. de Souza, Teodor K. Todorov, Devendra K. Sadana
  • Publication number: 20200343597
    Abstract: An interfacial additive layer for decreasing the interfacial resistance/impedance of a silicon based electrode-containing device such as, for example, an energy storage device or a micro-resistor, is disclosed. The interfacial additive, which is composed of evaporated lithium fluoride, is formed between a silicon based electrode and a solid polymer electrolyte layer of the device. The evaporated lithium fluoride serves as ion conductive layer. The presence of such an interfacial additive layer increases the ion and electron mobile dependent performances at the silicon based electrode interface due to significant decrease in the resistance/impedance that is observed at the respective interface as well as the impedance observed in the bulk of the device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 29, 2019
    Publication date: October 29, 2020
    Inventors: John Collins, Teodor K. Todorov, Ali Afzali-Ardakani, Joel P. de Souza, Devendra K. Sadana
  • Publication number: 20200335829
    Abstract: An interfacial additive layer for decreasing the interfacial resistance/impedance of a silicon based electrode-containing device such as, for example, an energy storage device or a micro-resistor, is disclosed. The interfacial additive layer, which is composed of a molten lithium containing salt, is formed between a silicon based electrode and a solid polymer electrolyte layer of the device. The presence of such an interfacial additive layer increases the ion and electron mobile dependent performances at the silicon based electrode interface due to significant decrease in the resistance/impedance that is observed at the respective interface as well as the impedance observed in the bulk of the device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 19, 2019
    Publication date: October 22, 2020
    Inventors: John Collins, Ali Afzali-Ardakani, Teodor K. Todorov, Joel P. de Souza, Devendra K. Sadana
  • Publication number: 20200335826
    Abstract: Making a rechargeable Lithium energy storage device begins by forming one or more trenches in a solid silicon substrate. One or more region interface precursors are deposited in the trench followed by one or more anode materials, one or more solid polymer electrolytes (SPE), and one or more cathode materials. Electrically cycling transforms the battery structures prior to full operation of the battery. Some, or all, of the process steps can be performed while the materials are within the trench, i.e. in-situ.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2019
    Publication date: October 22, 2020
    Inventors: John Collins, Ali Afzali-Ardakani, Devendra K. Sadana, Teodor Krassimirov Todorov
  • Publication number: 20200335819
    Abstract: A device such as, for example, an energy storage device or a micro-resistor, is disclosed which includes a silicon based electrode in which decreased interfacial resistance/impedance throughout the charge-mobile region of the device is provided. The decreased interfacial resistance/impedance is provided by forming an interfacial additive composite layer composed of a molten lithium containing salt layer and a layer of a Li-salt containing conductive polymeric adhesive material between the silicon based electrode and a solid polymer electrolyte layer. The presence of such an interfacial additive composite layer increases the ion and electron mobile dependent performances at the silicon based electrode interface due to significant decrease in the resistance/impedance that is observed at the respective interface as well as the impedance observed in the bulk of the device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 19, 2019
    Publication date: October 22, 2020
    Inventors: John Collins, Ali Afzali-Ardakani, Teodor K. Todorov, Joel P. de Souza, Devendra K. Sadana
  • Patent number: 10790336
    Abstract: Hybrid high electron mobility field-effect transistors including inorganic channels and organic gate barrier layers are used in some applications for forming high resolution active matrix displays. Arrays of such high electron mobility field-effect transistors are electrically connected to thin film switching transistors and provide high drive currents for passive devices such as organic light emitting diodes. The organic gate barrier layers are operative to suppress both electron and hole transport between the inorganic channel layer and the gate electrodes of the high electron mobility field-effect transistors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2020
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Ali Afzali-Ardakani, Bahman Hekmatshoartabari, Devendra K. Sadana, Davood Shahrjerdi
  • Patent number: 10783334
    Abstract: Systems, methods, and electronic circuits facilitating embedded sensor chips in polymer-based coatings are provided. In one example, a method comprises fabricating an electronic circuit, the electronic circuit comprising one or more semiconductor devices, one or more sensors, and a communication element; encapsulating the electronic circuit within an insulator, resulting in an encapsulated circuit; and dispersing the encapsulated circuit into a lacquer solution comprising a polymer carrier and a solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2020
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ali Afzali-Ardakani, Homa Alemzadeh, Maryam Ashoori, Bahman Hekmatshoartabari, Elham Khabiri
  • Patent number: 10768109
    Abstract: A method of forming a chemical sensor includes forming a dielectric layer on an electrode. A carbon nanotube film is deposited on the dielectric layer. The carbon nanotube film is patterned into strips.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2020
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ali Afzali-Ardakani, Abram L. Falk, Damon B. Farmer, Shu-Jen Han, George S. Tulevski
  • Patent number: 10761089
    Abstract: Techniques for selective placement of carbon nanotubes using bifunctional acid monolayers are provided. In one aspect, a method for selective placement of carbon nanotubes on a metal oxide surface includes the steps of: dispersing poly-fluorene polymer-wrapped carbon nanotubes in an organic solvent; creating a patterned monolayer of a bifunctional acid on the metal oxide surface, wherein the bifunctional acid comprises a first acid functional group for binding to the metal oxide surface, and a second acid functional group for binding to the poly-fluorene polymer-wrapped carbon nanotubes; and contacting the poly-fluorene polymer-wrapped carbon nanotubes dispersed in the organic solvent with the patterned monolayer of the bifunctional acid on the metal oxide surface to selectively place the carbon nanotubes on the metal oxide surface via the patterned monolayer of the bifunctional acid. A carbon nanotube-based device and method of formation thereof are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2020
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Ali Afzali-Ardakani, James B. Hannon, George S. Tulevski
  • Publication number: 20200212492
    Abstract: A Lithium energy storage device comprising a cathode, electrolyte, anode, and substrate. The materials contained in the anode and electrolyte region are electrochemically altered during initial formation and exposed to current cycles to create a lower impedance composite anode. The resulting composite anode bottom is a bi-layer comprising: i. a lithium metal layer and ii. a silicon-based interphase layer. The bi-layer acts as a barrier to inhibit Lithium ions from entering or leaving a Lithium saturated substrate, once the interphase surface is formed and the substrate is saturated with Lithium ions. This prevents cell failure from large volume changes/stresses during charge/discharge cycles and enables a significant decrease in cell impedance to enable better rechargeable cell performance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 27, 2019
    Publication date: July 2, 2020
    Inventors: John Collins, Ali Afzali-Ardakani, John M. Papalia, Devendra K. Sadana
  • Patent number: 10692821
    Abstract: Silicon-based or other electronic circuitry is dissolved or otherwise disabled by reactive materials within a semiconductor chip should the chip or a device containing the chip be subjected to tampering. Triggering circuits containing normally-OFF heterojunction field-effect photo-transistors are configured to cause reactions of the reactive materials within the chips upon exposure to light. The normally-OFF heterojunction field-effect photo-transistors can be fabricated during back-end-of-line processing through the use of polysilicon channel material, amorphous hydrogenated silicon gate contacts, hydrogenated crystalline silicon source/drain contacts, or other materials that allow processing at low temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2020
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Ali Afzali-Ardakani, Joel P. de Souza, Bahman Hekmatshoartabari, Daniel M. Kuchta, Devendra K. Sadana
  • Patent number: 10658030
    Abstract: A method of forming an Integrated Circuit (IC) chip, the IC chip and an on-chip synaptic crossbar memory array. Chip devices are formed on a surface of a semiconductor wafer. A connective layer is formed above the chip devices. A bottom electrode layer is formed on the connective layer. A neuromorphic synapse layer is formed above the bottom electrode layer with each synapse on a bottom electrode. Upper electrodes are formed above the synapses and orthogonal to bottom electrode lines. Each synapse being beneath an upper electrode where the upper electrode crosses a bottom electrode. Upper electrodes are refractory metal and the bottom electrodes are copper, or vice versa.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2020
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Ali Afzali-Ardakani, Talia S. Gershon, Pouya Hashemi, Bahman Hekmatshoartabari
  • Publication number: 20200141899
    Abstract: A method for making a hydrophobic biosensing device includes forming alternating layers over a top and sides of a fin on a dielectric layer to form a stack of layers. The stack of layers are planarized to expose the top of the fin. The fin and every other layer are removed to form a cathode group of fins and an anode group of fins. A hydrophobic surface on the two groups of fins.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 3, 2020
    Publication date: May 7, 2020
    Inventors: Ali Afzali-Ardakani, Karthik Balakrishnan, Stephen W. Bedell, Pouya Hashemi, Bahman Hekmatshoartabari, Alexander Reznicek
  • Patent number: 10585063
    Abstract: A method for making a hydrophobic biosensing device includes forming alternating layers over a top and sides of a fin on a dielectric layer to form a stack of layers. The stack of layers are planarized to expose the top of the fin. The fin and every other layer are removed to form a cathode group of fins and an anode group of fins. A hydrophobic surface on the two groups of fins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2020
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Ali Afzali-Ardakani, Karthik Balakrishnan, Stephen W. Bedell, Pouya Hashemi, Bahman Hekmatshoartabari, Alexander Reznicek
  • Patent number: 10578577
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention are directed to a solid-state zinc sensor. A non-limiting example of the sensor includes a semiconductor substrate. The sensor can also include an assembly surface on the semiconductor substrate. The sensor can also include a zinc detection monolayer chemically bound to the assembly surface. The sensor can also include a power supply electrically connected to the semiconductor substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2020
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ali Afzali-Ardakani, Abram L. Falk, Bharat Kumar