Patents by Inventor Brian A. Naughton

Brian A. Naughton has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Patent number: 5858721
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a three-dimensional cell culture system which can be used to culture a variety of different cells and tissues in vitro for prolonged periods of time. In accordance with the invention, cells derived from a desired tissue are inoculated and grown on a pre-established stromal support matrix. The stromal support matrix comprises stromal cells, such as fibroblasts actively growing on a three-dimensional matrix. Stromal cells may also include other cells found in loose connective tissue such as endothelial cells, macrophages/monocytes, adipocytes, pericytes, reticular cells found in bone marrow stroma, etc. The stromal matrix provides the support, growth factors, and regulatory factors necessary to sustain long-term active proliferation of cells in culture. When grown in this three-dimensional system, the proliferating cells mature and segregate properly to form components of adult tissues analogous to counterparts found in vivo.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 12, 1999
    Assignee: Advanced Tissue Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Gail K. Naughton, Brian A. Naughton
  • Patent number: 5849588
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a three-dimensional cell and tissue culture system. In particular, it relates to this culture system for the long term culture of liver cells and tissues in vitro in an environment that more closely approximates that found in vivo. The culture system described herein provides for proliferation and appropriate liver cell maturation to form structures analogous to tissue counterparts in vivo. The resulting liver tissues survive for prolonged periods, perform liver-specific functions, and maintain hepatic tissue architecture following in vivo implantation.The liver cultures have a variety of applications ranging from transplantation or implantation in vivo, to screening cytotoxic compounds and pharmaceutical compounds in vitro, to the production of biologically active molecules in "bioreactors" and to the construction of extracorporeal liver assist device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 15, 1998
    Assignee: Advanced Tissue Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian A. Naughton, Gail K. Naughton
  • Patent number: 5827729
    Abstract: A tissue engineering bioreactor is disclosed for growing three-dimensional tissue. Cells are seeded onto a mesh and provided with two media flows, each contacting a different side of the cells. The media flows contain different concentrations of nutrients, allowing nutrients to be delivered to the cells by diffusion gradient. The bioreactor can be used to grow liver tissue, and designed as an extracorporeal liver assist device in which blood or plasma is exposed to the three-dimensional liver tissue. The blood or plasma from a patient directed to flow against the liver tissue. The liver tissue is further exposed on its opposite side to media providing nutrients and gases. The device provides porous boundaries between the blood or plasma, tissue, and media, allowing nutrient and protein delivery by diffusion gradient to dialyze a patient's blood.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 27, 1998
    Assignee: Advanced Tissue Sciences
    Inventors: Brian A. Naughton, Craig R. Halberstadt, Benson Sibanda
  • Patent number: 5785964
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a three-dimensional cell culture system which can be used to culture a variety of different cells and tissues in vitro for prolonged periods of time. In accordance with the invention, cells derived from a desired tissue are inoculated and grown on a pre-established stromal support matrix. The stromal support matrix comprises stromal cells, such as fibroblasts actively growing on a three-dimensional matrix. Stromal cells may also include other cells found in loose connective tissue such as endothelial cells, macrophages/monocytes, adipocytes, pericytes, reticular cells found in bone marrow stroma, etc. The stromal matrix provides the support, growth factors, and regulatory factors necessary to sustain long-term active proliferation of cells in culture. When grown in this three-dimensional system, the proliferating cells mature and segregate properly to form components of adult tissues analogous to counterparts found in vivo.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 28, 1998
    Assignee: Advanced Tissue Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Gail K. Naughton, Brian A. Naughton
  • Patent number: 5624840
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a three-dimensional cell and tissue culture system. In particular, it relates to this culture system for the long term culture of liver cells and tissues in vitro in an environment that more closely approximates that found in vivo. The culture system described herein provides for proliferation and appropriate liver cell maturation to form structures analogous to tissue counterparts in vivo. The resulting liver tissues survivo for prolonged periods, perform liver-specific functions, and maintain hepatic tissue architecture following in vivo implantation. The liver cultures have a variety of applications ranging from transplantation or implantation in vivo, to screening cytotoxic compounds and pharmaceutical compounds in vitro, to the production of biologically active molecules in "bioreactors" and to the construction of extracorporeal liver assist device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 29, 1997
    Assignee: Advanced Tissue Sciences Inc.
    Inventors: Brian A. Naughton, Gail K. Naughton
  • Patent number: 5580781
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a three-dimensional cell culture system which can be used to culture a variety of different cells and tissues in vitro for prolonged periods of time. In accordance with the invention, cells derived from a desired tissue are inoculated and grown on a pre-established stromal support matrix. The stromal support matrix comprises stromal cells, such as fibroblasts actively growing on a three-dimensional matrix. Stromal cells may also include other cells found in loose connective tissue such as endothelial cells, macrophages/monocytes, adipocytes, pericytes, reticular cells found in bone marrow stroma, etc. The stromal matrix provides the support, growth factors, and regulatory factors necessary to sustain long-term active proliferation of cells in culture. When grown in this three-dimensional system, the proliferating cells mature and segregate properly to form components of adult tissues analogous to counterparts found in vivo.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 3, 1996
    Assignee: Advanced Tissue Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Gail K. Naughton, Brian A. Naughton
  • Patent number: 5578485
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a three-dimensional cell culture system which can be used to culture a variety of different cells and tissues in vitro for prolonged periods of time. In accordance with the invention, cells derived from a desired tissue are inoculated and grown on a pre-established stromal support matrix. The stromal support matrix comprises stromal cells, such as fibroblasts actively growing on a three-dimensional matrix. Stromal cells may also include other cells found in loose connective tissue such as endothelial cells, macrophages/monocytes, adipocytes, pericytes, reticular cells found in bone marrow stroma, etc. The stromal matrix provides the support, growth factors, and regulatory factors necessary to sustain long-term active proliferation of cells in culture. When grown in this three-dimensional system, the proliferating cells mature and segregate properly to form components of adult tissues analogous to counterparts found in vivo.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 26, 1996
    Assignee: Advanced Tissue Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Gail K. Naughton, Brian A. Naughton
  • Patent number: 5559022
    Abstract: The present invention relates to liver reserve or progenitor cells. In particular, it relates to the isolation, characterization, culturing, and uses of liver reserve cells. Liver reserve cells isolated by density gradient centrifugation can be distinguished from other liver parenchymal cells by their morphology, staining characteristics, high proliferative activity and ability to differentiate in vitro. In long-term cultures described herein, these cells expand in numbers and differentiate into morphologically mature liver parenchymal cells, capable of mediating liver-specific functions. Therefore, isolated liver reserve cells may have a wide range of applications, including, but not limited to, their uses as vehicles of exogenous genes in gene therapy, and/or to replace and reconstitute a destroyed, infected, or genetically deficient mammalian liver by transplantation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 24, 1996
    Assignee: Advanced Tissue Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian A. Naughton, Benson Sibanda
  • Patent number: 5541107
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a three-dimensional cell culture system which can be used to culture a variety of different cells and tissues in vitro for prolonged periods of time. In accordance with the invention, cells derived from a desired tissue are inoculated and grown on a pre-established stromal support matrix. The stromal support matrix comprises stromal cells, such as fibroblasts actively growing on a three-dimensional matrix. Stromal cells may also include other cells found in loose connective tissue such as endothelial cells, macrophages/monocytes, adipocytes, pericytes, reticular cells found in bone marrow stroma, etc. The stromal matrix provides the support, growth factors, and regulatory factors necessary to sustain long-term active proliferation of cells in culture. When grown in this three-dimensional system, the proliferating cells mature and segregate properly to form components of adult tissues analogous to counterparts found in vivo.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 30, 1996
    Assignee: Advanced Tissue Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Gail K. Naughton, Brian A. Naughton
  • Patent number: 5518915
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a three-dimensional cell culture system which can be used to culture a variety of different cells and tissues in vitro for prolonged periods of time. In accordance with the invention, cells derived from a desired tissue are inoculated and grown on a pre-established stromal support matrix. The stromal support matrix comprises stromal cells, such as fibroblasts actively growing on a three-dimensional matrix. Stromal cells may also include other cells found in loose connective tissue such as endothelial cells, macrophages/monocytes, adipocytes, pericytes, reticular cells found in bone marrow stroma, etc. The stromal matrix provides the support, growth factors, and regulatory factors necessary to sustain long-term active proliferation of cells in culture. When grown in this three-dimensional system, the proliferating cells mature and segregate properly to form components of adult tissues analogous to counterparts found in vivo.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 21, 1996
    Assignee: Advanced Tissue Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Gail K. Naughton, Brian A. Naughton
  • Patent number: 5516681
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a three-dimensional cell culture system which can be used to culture a variety of different cells and tissues in vitro for prolonged periods of time. In accordance with the invention, cells derived from a desired tissue are inoculated and grown on a pre-established stromal support matrix. The stromal support matrix comprises stromal cells, such as fibroblasts actively growing on a three-dimensional matrix. Stromal cells may also include other cells found in loose connective tissue such as endothelial cells, macrophages/monocytes, adipocytes, pericytes, reticular cells found in bone marrow stroma, etc. The stromal matrix provides the support, growth factors, and regulatory factors necessary to sustain long-term active proliferation of cells in culture. When grown in this three-dimensional system, the proliferating cells mature and segregate properly to form components of adult tissues analogous to counterparts found in vivo.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 14, 1996
    Assignee: Advanced Tissue Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Gail K. Naughton, Brian A. Naughton
  • Patent number: 5516680
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a three-dimensional cell culture system which can be used to culture a variety of different cells and tissues in vitro for prolonged periods of time. In accordance with the invention, cells derived from a desired tissue are inoculated and grown on a pre-established stromal support matrix. The stromal support matrix comprises stromal cells, such as fibroblasts actively growing on a three-dimensional matrix. Stromal cells may also include other cells found in loose connective tissue such as endothelial cells, macrophages/monocytes, adipocytes, pericytes, reticular cells found in bone marrow stroma, etc. The stromal matrix provides the support, growth factors, and regulatory factors necessary to sustain long-term active proliferation of cells in culture. When grown in this three-dimensional system, the proliferating cells mature and segregate properly to form components of adult tissues analogous to counterparts found in vivo.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 14, 1996
    Assignee: Advanced Tissue Sciences, Inc. formerly Marrow-Tech
    Inventors: Gail K. Naughton, Brian A. Naughton
  • Patent number: 5512475
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a three-dimensional cell culture system which can be used to culture a variety of different cells and tissues in vitro for prolonged periods of time. In accordance with the invention, cells derived from a desired tissue are inoculated and grown on a pre-established stromal support matrix. The stromal support matrix comprises stromal cells, such as fibroblasts actively growing on a three-dimensional matrix. Stromal cells may also include other cells found in loose connective tissue such as endothelial cells, macrophages/monocytes, adipocytes, pericytes, reticular cells found in bone marrow stroma, etc. The stromal matrix provides the support, growth factors, and regulatory factors necessary to sustain long-term active proliferation of cells in culture. When grown in this three-dimensional system, the proliferating cells mature and segregate properly to form components of adult tissues analogous to counterparts found in vivo.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 30, 1996
    Assignee: Advanced Tissue Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Gail K. Naughton, Brian A. Naughton
  • Patent number: 5510254
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a three-dimensional cell and tissue culture system. In particular, it relates to this culture system for the long term culture of liver cells and tissues in vitro in an environment that more closely approximates that found in vivo. The culture system described herein provides for proliferation and appropriate liver cell maturation to form structures analogous to tissue counterparts in vivo. The resulting liver tissues survive for prolonged periods, perform liver-specific functions, and maintain hepatic tissue architecture following in vivo implantation. The liver cultures have a variety of applications ranging from transplantation or implantation in vivo, to screening cytotoxic compounds and pharmaceutical compounds in vitro, to the production of biologically active molecules in "bioreactors" and to the construction of extracorporeal liver assist device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 1994
    Date of Patent: April 23, 1996
    Assignee: Advanced Tissue Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian A. Naughton, Gail K. Naughton
  • Patent number: 5443950
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a three-dimensional cell culture system which can be used to culture a variety of different cells and tissues in vitro for prolonged periods of time. In accordance with the invention, cells derived from a desired tissue are inoculated and grown on a pre-established stromal support matrix. The stromal support matrix comprises stromal cells, such as fibroblasts actively growing on a three-dimensional matrix. Stromal cells may also include other cells found in loose connective tissue such as endothelial cells, macrophages/monocytes, adipocytes, pericytes, reticular cells found in bone marrow stroma, etc. The stromal matrix provides the support, growth factors, and regulatory factors necessary to sustain long-term active proliferation of cells in culture. When grown in this three-dimensional system, the proliferating cells mature and segregate properly to form components of adult tissues analogous to counterparts found in vivo.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 22, 1995
    Assignee: Advanced Tissue Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Gail K. Naughton, Brian A. Naughton
  • Patent number: 5266480
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a three-dimensional cell culture system which can be used to culture a variety of different cells and tissues in vitro for prolonged periods of time. In accordance with the invention, cells derived from a desired tissue are inoculated and grown on a pre-established stromal support matrix. The stromal support matrix comprises stromal cells, such as fibroblasts actively growing on a three-dimensional matrix. Stromal cells may also include other cells found in loose connective tissue such as endothelial cells, macrophages/monocytes, adipocytes, pericytes, reticular cells found in bone marrow stroma, etc. The stromal matrix provides the support, growth factors, and regulatory factors necessary to sustain long-term active proliferation of cells in culture. When grown in this three-dimensional system, the proliferating cells mature and segregate properly to form components of adult tissues analogous to counterparts found in vivo.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 1990
    Date of Patent: November 30, 1993
    Assignee: Advanced Tissue Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Gail K. Naughton, Brian A. Naughton
  • Patent number: 5160490
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a three-dimensional cell culture system which can be used to culture a variety of different cells and tissues in vitro for prolonged periods of time. In accordance with the invention, cells derived from a desired tissue are inoculated and grown on a pre-established stromal support matrix. The stromal support matrix comprises stromal cells, such as fibroblasts actively growing on a three-dimensional matrix. Stromal cells may also include other cells found in loose connective tissue such as endothelial cells, macrophages/monocytes, adipocytes, pericytes, reticular cells found in bone marrow stroma, etc. The stromal matrix provides the support, growth factors, and regulatory factors necessary to sustain long-term active proliferation of cells in culture. When grown in this three-dimensional system, the proliferating cells mature and segregate properly to form components of adult tissues analogous to counterparts found in vivo.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 1991
    Date of Patent: November 3, 1992
    Assignee: Marrow-Tech Incorporated
    Inventors: Gail K. Naughton, Brian A. Naughton
  • Patent number: 5032508
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a three-dimensional cell culture system which can be used to culture a variety of different cells and tissues in vitro for prolonged periods of time. In accordance with the invention, cells derived from a desired tissue are inoculated and grown on a pre-established stromal support matrix. The stromal support matrix comprises stromal cells, such as fibroblasts actively growing on a three-dimensional matrix. Stromal cells may also include other cells found in loose connective tissue such as endothelial cells, macrophages/monocytes, adipocytes, pericytes, reticular cells found in bone marrow stroma, etc. The stromal matrix provides the support, growth factors, and regulatory factors necessary to sustain long-term active proliferation of cells in culture. When grown in this three-dimensional system, the proliferating cells mature and segregate properly to form components of adult tissues analogous to counterparts found in vivo.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 1989
    Date of Patent: July 16, 1991
    Assignee: Marrow-Tech, Inc.
    Inventors: Gail K. Naughton, Brian A. Naughton
  • Patent number: 4963489
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a three-dimensional cell culture system which can be used to culture a variety of different cells and tissues in vitro for prolonged periods of time. In accordance with the invention, cells derived from a desired tissue are inoculated and grown on a pre-established stromal support matrix. The stromal support matrix comprises stromal cells, such as fibroblasts, grown to subconfluence on a three-dimensional matrix. Stromal cells may also include other cells found in loose connective tissue such as endothelial cells, macrophages/monocytes, adipocytes, pericytes, reticular cells found in bone marrow stroma, etc. The stromal matrix provides the support, growth factors, and regulatory factors necessary to sustain long-term active proliferation of cells in culture. When grown in this three-dimensional system, the proliferating cells mature and segregate properly to form components of adult tissues analogous to counterparts found in vivo.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 1988
    Date of Patent: October 16, 1990
    Assignee: Marrow-Tech, Inc.
    Inventors: Gail K. Naughton, Brian A. Naughton
  • Patent number: 4721096
    Abstract: According to the present invention there is provided a process for treating a person whose bone marrow has been destroyed or lost its functional ability. The process includes the steps of obtaining bone marrow from a donor, cryropreserving the marrow, replicating the bone marrow cells in vitro, and then infusing the replicated bone marrow cells into a person whose bone marrow has been destroyed or functionally compromised by disease or the treatment of disease. The person receiving the replicated bone marrow infusion may be the donor or another person. There is also disclosed a process for replicating bone marrow in vitro.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 1987
    Date of Patent: January 26, 1988
    Assignee: Marrow-Tech Incorporated
    Inventors: Brian A. Naughton, Gail K. Naughton