Patents by Inventor Gary Nelson

Gary Nelson has filed for patents to protect the following inventions. This listing includes patent applications that are pending as well as patents that have already been granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).

  • Publication number: 20190343455
    Abstract: The present disclosure pertains to a system configured to output an indicator representative of effects of stimulation provided to a subject during a sleep session. The indicator is determined based on a combination of the effect of stimulation on sleep restoration, stimulation quality, sleep architecture factors, and/or other information. The indicator is determined using age matched reference information on deep sleep duration and EEG slow wave activity. The contribution to the indicator associated with sleep architecture factors is determined based on age matched reference information including sleep onset latency, wake after sleep onset, total sleep time, micro-arousal count, sleep stage(s) prior to awakening, and/or other information.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 21, 2017
    Publication date: November 14, 2019
    Inventors: Gary Nelson GARCIA MOLINA, Tsvetomira Kirova TSONEVA, Stefan PFUNDTNER, Surya Subrahmanya Sreeram VISSAPRAGADA VENKATA SATYA, Anandi MAHADEVAN, Diana KOSOBUD
  • Publication number: 20190344042
    Abstract: The present disclosure pertains to a system and method for delivering sensory stimulation to a user during a sleep session. The system comprises one or more sensors, one or more sensory stimulators, and one or more hardware processors. The processor(s) are configured to: determine one or more brain activity parameters indicative of sleep depth in the user based on output signals from the sensors; cause a neural network to indicate sleep stages predicted to occur at future times for the user during the sleep session; cause the sensory stimulator(s) to provide the sensory stimulation to the user based on the predicted sleep stages over time during the sleep session, and cause the sensory stimulator(s) to modulate a timing and/or intensity of the sensory stimulation based on the one or more brain activity parameters and values output from one or more intermediate layers of the neural network.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 9, 2019
    Publication date: November 14, 2019
    Inventors: Gary Nelson GARCIA MOLINA, Sander Theodoor PASTOOR, Ulf GROSSEKATHÖFER, Erik BRESCH, Adrienne HEINRICH
  • Publication number: 20190336723
    Abstract: The present disclosure pertains to determining timing of stimulation provided to a subject during sleep. The system receives a raw signal carrying information related to slow wave activity; buffers a portion of the raw signal; determines a timing of slow wave events in the buffered portion of the raw signal; filters the raw signal; determines a timing of slow wave events in the filtered raw signal; compares the timing of the slow wave events in the buffered portion of the raw signal to the timing of the slow wave events in the filtered raw signal; determines a first correction factor associated with reducing slow wave activity in the subject and a second correction factor associated with enhancing slow wave activity in the subject; and adjusts a timing of the stimulation provided to the subject during the sleep session based on the first and/or second correction factors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 7, 2017
    Publication date: November 7, 2019
    Inventors: Gary Nelson GARCIA MOLINA, Anandi MAHADEVAN, Surya Subrahmanya Sreeram VISSAPRAGADA VENKATA SATYA
  • Publication number: 20190298967
    Abstract: The present disclosure pertains to a system configured to adjust a volume of auditory stimulation delivered to a subject during sleep. The system is configured to determine a deepening time indicative of a rate at which sleep of the subject deepens during the sleep session. The deepening time is determined based on (i) a ratio of power in a high frequency band of an EEG signal to power in a low frequency band, (ii) a density of slow waves, or (iii) a hypnogram, indicative of sleep depth in the subject during the sleep session. The system is configured to determine a rate of volume increase for auditory stimulation during a subsequent sleep session based on the deepening time; and control the one or more sensory stimulators to adjust the volume of auditory stimulation provided to the subject during the subsequent sleep session based on the determined rate of volume increase.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 26, 2017
    Publication date: October 3, 2019
    Inventors: Gary Nelson GARCIA MOLINA, Michele BELLESI, Brady Alexander RIEDNER, Giulio TONONI
  • Publication number: 20190254591
    Abstract: The present disclosure pertains to a system and method for providing sensory stimulation (e.g., tones and/or other sensory stimulation) during sleep. The delivery of the sensory stimulation is timed based on a combination of output from a trained time dependent sleep stage model and output from minimally obtrusive sleep monitoring devices (e.g. actigraphy devices, radar devices, video actigraphy devices, an under mattress sensor, etc.). The present disclosure describes determining whether a user is in deep sleep based on this information and delivering sensory stimulation responsive to the user being in deep sleep. In some embodiments, the system comprises one or more sensory stimulators, one or more hardware processors, and/or other components.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 19, 2019
    Publication date: August 22, 2019
    Inventors: Gary Nelson GARCIA MOLINA, Birpal Singh SACHDEV, William GAUSSA, David WHITE
  • Patent number: 10363388
    Abstract: Systems and methods for providing sensory stimuli induce and/or enhance sleep and/or slow wave neural activity of a subject during sleep. Operation of the systems and methods is based on measured information related to cardiac attributes and/or respiratory attributes of the subject, and corresponding cardiac parameters and/or respiratory parameters based thereon. Attributes may be measured and/or monitored via one or more sensors, e.g. worn on an extremity of the subject and/or placed at a distance from the subject. Sensory stimulation delivered to the subject during specific targeted periods of sleep may enhance slow wave neural activity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2019
    Assignee: KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.
    Inventors: Pedro Miguel Fonseca, Gary Nelson Garcia Molina, Reinder Haakma
  • Publication number: 20190216353
    Abstract: The present disclosure pertains to a system configured to deliver sensory stimulation to a user to enhance a target cognitive domain during a sleep session. Example target cognitive domains include memory consolidation, vigilance, verbal fluency, sleepiness, and/or other target cognitive domains. The stimulation is adjusted based on the target cognitive domain to be enhanced. Responsive to one or more brain activity parameters indicating the user is in sufficiently deep sleep, the system is configured to cause one or more sensory stimulators to provide sensory stimulation to the user according to a stimulation strategy associated with the target cognitive domain. The system is configured to determine the effect of the sensory stimulation provided to the user using a quantification method associated with the stimulation strategy and the target cognitive domain. The system includes one or more sensory stimulators, one or more sensors, one or more hardware processors, and/or other components.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 15, 2018
    Publication date: July 18, 2019
    Inventors: Gary Nelson GARCIA MOLINA, David WHITE, Birpal Singh SACHDEV, William GAUSSA
  • Publication number: 20190192069
    Abstract: The present disclosure pertains to a system configured to facilitate prediction of a sleep stage and intervention preparation in advance of the sleep stage's occurrence. The system comprises sensors configured to be placed on a subject and to generate output signals conveying information related to brain activity of the subject; and processors configured to: determine a sample representing the output signals with respect to a first time period of a sleep session; provide the sample to a prediction model at a first time of the sleep session to predict a sleep stage of the subject occurring around a second time; determine intervention information based on the prediction of the sleep stage, the intervention information indicating one or more stimulator parameters related to periheral stimulation; and cause one or more stimulators to provide the intervention to the subject around the second time of the sleep session.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 4, 2018
    Publication date: June 27, 2019
    Inventors: Gary Nelson GARCIA MOLINA, Erik BRESCH, Ulf GROSSEKATHÖFER, Adrienne HEINRICH, Sander Theodoor PASTOOR
  • Publication number: 20190192068
    Abstract: The present disclosure pertains to a system and method for determining sleep onset latency in a subject. The system is configured to generate output signals conveying information related to brain activity in the subject, determine sleep stages of the subject based on the output signals, determine a sleep onset moment in the subject based on the determined sleep stages, determine a sleep intention moment for the subject by: (i) detecting eye blinks in the subject based on the output signals, and determining the sleep intention moment responsive to the detected eye blinks ceasing for a predetermined period of time; and/or (ii) determining whether brain activity power in a target frequency band has breached a threshold power level based on the output signals, and determining the sleep intention moment responsive to a breach; and determine the sleep onset latency based on the sleep onset moment and the sleep intention moment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 30, 2018
    Publication date: June 27, 2019
    Inventors: Tsvetomira Kirova TSONEVA, Gary Nelson GARCIA MOLINA
  • Patent number: 10328234
    Abstract: The present disclosure pertains to a system for enhancing knowledge consolidation in a subject during sleep. New declarative memories may be better consolidated by presenting sensory stimuli during slow wave sleep that correspond to sensory stimuli presented during prior wakeful learning. The sensory stimuli may include odors, sounds, visual stimulation, touches, tastes, and/or other types of sensory stimuli. The system is configured to provide a prompt sensory stimulus during slow wave sleep that corresponds to a wakeful stimulus provided during wakeful learning. The prompt sensory stimulus may prompt enhanced knowledge consolidation in the subject. In some embodiments, the system may comprise one or more of a slow wave sleep inducer, a sensory stimulator, a sensor, a processor, electronic storage, a user interface, and/or other components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignees: Koninklijke Philips N.V., Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
    Inventors: Gary Nelson Garcia Molina, Michele Bellesi, Giulio Tononi, Joanne Henriëtte Desirée Monique Westerink
  • Publication number: 20190142335
    Abstract: A system configured to determine sleep need dissipation without monitoring brain activity during a sleep session. The system comprises a sensory stimulator configured to provide repetitive visual stimulation (RVS); a sensor configured to generate output signals conveying information related to brain activity; and one or more hardware processors configured to: before the sleep session, cause the one or more sensory stimulators to provide first RVS, and determine a first steady state visually evoked potential (SSVEP) response based on the output signals during the first RVS; and after the sleep session, cause the one or more sensory stimulators to provide second RVS, determine a second SSVEP response based on the output signals during the second RVS; compare the second SSVEP response to the first SSVEP response, and determine the sleep need dissipation for the sleep session based on the comparison.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 2, 2017
    Publication date: May 16, 2019
    Inventor: Gary Nelson GARCIA MOLINA
  • Publication number: 20190090785
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and an apparatus for the detection of the body position, especially while sleeping. More particularly, the invention relates to how the main body positions during sleep can be derived from the distribution of the reflection of a projected IR light from a subject's body under a blanket. Additionally, the breathing signals can be analyzed to determine the body posture.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 29, 2018
    Publication date: March 28, 2019
    Inventors: Adrienne HEINRICH, Henriette Christine VAN VUGT, Rene Martinus Maria DERKX, Gary Nelson GARCIA MOLINA, Jia DU
  • Publication number: 20190083028
    Abstract: The present disclosure pertains to facilitating sleep improvement for a user. In a non-limiting embodiment, user data associated with a sleep session of a user is received from one or more sensors. Based on the user data, one or more sleep metrics associated with the sleep session are generated. One or more reference sleep metrics are determined based on prior user data obtained from one or more prior sleep sessions. One or more immediate values related to the sleep session is/are determined based on a comparison of the sleep metrics with the reference sleep metrics. A sleep session score value is generated based on the immediate values, and the sleep session score value and the sleep metrics are caused to be presented on via an output device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 14, 2018
    Publication date: March 21, 2019
    Inventors: Gary Nelson GARCIA MOLINA, Edouard Robert Marcus GEBSKI, Mark CHOI, Annette KAPITAN, Stefan PFUNDTNER, Tsvetomira Kirova TSONEVA, Anandi MAHADEVAN, Megan KING, Diane KOSOBUD, Jessica WEEDEN, Guy Anthony BROWN
  • Publication number: 20190070886
    Abstract: A gift card holder which is a single unit having a gift card retainer for holding a gift card therein and an outer body containing two separate pieces which are slidably engaged with the gift card retainer. The two portions of the outer body of the gift card holder can be in a first position wherein they are flush with each other along at least one edge and wherein the gift card retainer is concealed therein. The two portions of the outer body of the gift card holder can move from the first position to a second position wherein the two portions are pulled in opposing directions away from each other, thereby revealing the gift card retainer (and gift card contained therein).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 6, 2018
    Publication date: March 7, 2019
    Inventor: Gary Nelson
  • Patent number: 10220183
    Abstract: A system is configured to provide sensory stimuli to a subject at a first intensity level, determine the effectiveness of the provided sensory stimuli, and incrementally increase the intensity level of the sensory stimuli based on the determined effectiveness. The effectiveness determination and the corresponding intensity increase are repeated one or more times during a given slow wave sleep episode. The system is configured to continue the effectiveness determinations and the corresponding intensity increases during the slow wave sleep episode until the intensity level reaches a maximum level, until an arousal level of the subject breaches an arousal level threshold, and/or until expiration of the period of slow wave sleep.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2019
    Assignee: KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.
    Inventors: Gary Nelson Garcia Molina, Michele Bellesi, Brady Alexander Riedner, Giulio Tononi
  • Publication number: 20190039399
    Abstract: Various themed gift card and gift card holder combinations are disclosed. Some embodiments are contained inside a box along with novelty gift items that are themed or otherwise related to the type of gift card contained therein. Other embodiments contain various three-dimensional pop-up structures and other paper engineered constructs that are shaped, decorated and otherwise themed to match an accompanying gift card. And in yet other embodiments, the gift card holders are directed to specific holidays or special occasions with appropriate gift cards included. Each embodiment may include electronic features, such as audio and light. The packaging of gift card and gift card holder combinations is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 8, 2018
    Publication date: February 7, 2019
    Inventors: David Mayer, Gary Nelson, Charles Robert Kelly, Lynne Shlonsky, Terry Flores, Dave Sapp, Madeline Simon
  • Patent number: 10183142
    Abstract: The present disclosure pertains to a system and method for managing a sleep session of a subject. Managing the sleep session is based on cardiac activity in the subject during the sleep session. Cardiac activity, as monitored via one or more sensors worn on an extremity of the subject and/or placed at a distance from the subject, is used to determine periods of slow wave sleep. Sensory stimulation is delivered to the subject during the periods of slow wave sleep to enhance slow wave activity. Wearing a sensor on an extremity, and/or placing a sensor at a distance from the subject during sleep, as opposed to the subject wearing an EEG cap, is more comfortable for the subject.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2019
    Assignee: Koninklijke Philips N.V.
    Inventors: Gary Nelson Garcia Molina, Cristian Nicolae Presura, Stefan Pfundtner, Sander Theodoor Pastoor
  • Publication number: 20190016169
    Abstract: Various themed gift card and gift card holder combinations are disclosed. Some embodiments are contained inside a box along with novelty gift items that are themed or otherwise related to the type of gift card contained therein. Other embodiments contain various three-dimensional pop-up structures and other paper engineered constructs that are shaped, decorated and otherwise themed to match an accompanying gift card. And in yet other embodiments, the gift card holders are directed to specific holidays or special occasions with appropriate gift cards included. Each embodiment may include electronic features, such as audio and light. The packaging of gift card and gift card holder combinations is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 18, 2018
    Publication date: January 17, 2019
    Inventor: Gary Nelson
  • Patent number: D842707
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2019
    Assignee: American Greetings Corporation
    Inventors: Gary Nelson, Madeline Simon
  • Patent number: D843827
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2019
    Assignee: American Greetings Corporation
    Inventors: Gary Nelson, Charles Robert Kelly